Terry Bradshaw partner

Terry Bradshaw is a former American footballer who is best known for playing professionally in the National Football League (NFL). He is also widely known for being the television sports analyst and co-host of Fox NFL Sunday.. Terry Bradshaw's early life. Terry Bradshaw was born as Terry Paxton Bradshaw on September 2, 1948, and is currently aged 70. Terry Bradshaw' Wiki-Bio; His Height, Net Worth, and College. Terry Bradshaw was born on September 2, 1948, in Shreveport, Louisiana, the United States. He is the son of William Marvin Bradshaw and Novis Bradshaw. In addition, Terry grew up with his two brothers Gary Bradshaw and Craig Bradshaw. Terry Bradshaw Grandchildren,Video: Reality TV show 'The Bradshaw Bunch,' set on Terry,Terry Bradshaw Bio, Age, Wife, Family, Children, Net Worth,Terry Bradshaw’s Gorgeous Daughters Flaunt Bikinis Before Terry Paxton Bradshaw is an American former football quarterback. Terry Paxton played professionally in the National Football League. Since 1994, he has been a television sports analyst and co-host of Fox NFL Sunday. Bradshaw is also an actor, Meet Tammy Bradshaw, she is the loving, caring and stunning wife of former NFL player Terry Bradshaw. Back in the 70’s, Terry was the starting quarterback for the Pittsburgh Steelers. After his retirement in 1983, he has been a TV analyst and co-host of Fox NFL Sunday. Terry Bradshaw has been working each day for the past 25 years and humbly credits all his success to the four pivotal women in his life: his partner and their daughters. After going through three broken marriages, the legendary NFL quarterback found love in Tameria Alice (now Tammy Bradshaw). They dated and lived together for 15 years before tying the knot in a private While folks still say Terry Bradshaw is gay, their comments hold no consistency or accuracy of any sort. Regardless of what people may think, it is increasingly common for people to openly admit to being gay, even more being such an important such as artist Terry Bradshaw. Terry Bradshaw with his wife Tammy (Source: Earn the Necklace) Tammy was the one who helped him when his mental health condition was not right. As of now the pair live a happily married life. They dated for about 15 years before heading towards marriage. Short bio on Terry Bradshaw. Terry Bradshaw is a former American football player. On 2-9-1948 Terry Bradshaw (nickname: The Blond Bomber) was born in Shreveport, Louisiana. He made his 15 million dollar fortune with Pittsburgh Steelers, Terry & Jake . The actor & American Football player is currently single, his starsign is Virgo and he is now 72 years of age. Relationships. Terry Bradshaw was previously married to Charlotte Hopkins (1986 - 1999), JoJo Starbuck (1976 - 1983) and Melissa Babich (1972 - 1974).. About. Terry Bradshaw is a 72 year old American Football (American) Player. Born Terry Paxton Bradshaw on 2nd September, 1948 in Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, he is famous for Sportscaster, former Steelers quarterback.

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  1. Understanding Human Sexuality, 11th Edition:Janet Shibley Hyde & John D. DeLamater
  2. Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases,1st Edition: Jeffrey H. Dyer & Paul Godfrey & Robert Jensen & David Bryce
  3. New Perspectives on Computer Concepts 2018: Introductory, 20th Edition:June Jamrich Parsons
  4. The Everyday Writer with 2016 MLA Update, 6th Edition:Andrea A. Lunsford
  5. Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 & Word 2016: Intermediate, 1st Edition:Misty E. Vermaat
  6. Writing about Writing: A College Reader, 3rd Edition:Elizabeth Wardle
  7. March's Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms and Structure, 7th Edition:Michael B. Smith
  8. Contemporary Sport Management, 5th Edition: Paul M. Pedersen &. Lucie Thibault
  9. Database Concepts (7th Edition): David M. Kroenke & David J. Auer
  10. Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy, 7th Edition:Peter Dicken
  11. Gould's Pathophysiology for the Health Professions, 5th Edition: Karin VanMeter & Robert Hubert
  12. Global Business, 4th Edition:Mike W. Peng
  13. Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change, 2nd Edition: Callie Marie Rennison & Mary J. Dodge
  14. Essentials of Ecology, 4th Edition: Michael Begon & Robert W. Howarth & Colin R. Townsend
  15. Operations and Supply Chain Management, 9th Edition: Roberta S. Russell & Bernard W. Taylor
  16. Digital Design and Computer Architecture, 2nd Edition: David Harris & Sarah Harris
  17. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, 7th Edition: Serope Kalpakjian & Stephen R. Schmid
  18. Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk about How to Do It Right, 7th Edition: Linda K. Trevino & Katherine A. Nelson
  19. International Project Management, 1st Edition:Kathrin Koster
  20. Organizational Behavior, 1st Edition: Afsaneh Nahavandi & Robert B. Denhardt & Janet V. Denhardt & Maria P.
  21. A Teacher's Pocket Guide to School Law (3rd Edition):Nathan L. Essex
  22. Corrections in America: An Introduction (14th Edition): Harry E. Allen & ‎ Edward J. Latessa & ‎ Bruce S. Ponder
  23. Fundamentals of Construction Estimating, 4th Edition:David Pratt
  24. Psychology Around Us, Canadian Edition, 2nd Edition: Ronald Comer & Nancy Ogden & Michael Boyes & Elizabeth Gould
  25. Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life, 11th Edition:David M. Newman
  26. Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality, 8th Edition:Joel Spring
  27. Research Methods in Psychology: Evaluating a World of Information, 3rd Edition:Beth Morling
  28. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People, Volume I: To 1877, Concise,7th Edition:Paul S. Boyer
  29. Financial & Managerial Accounting,14th Edition: Carl S. Warren & James M. Reeve &‎ Jonathan Duchac
  30. Natural Resource Economics: An Introduction,3rd Edition:Barry C. Field
  31. Marketing Management: A Strategic Decision-Making Approach,8th Edition: John Mullins & Orville C Walker
  32. Microeconomics, 2nd edition: B. Douglas Bernheim & ‎ Michael Whinston
  33. Microeconomics: A Contemporary Introduction,11th Edition:William A. McEachern
  34. Excursions in Modern Mathematics (8th Edition):Peter Tannenbaum
  35. College Physics,10th Edition:Raymond A. Serway
  36. Psychology in Everyday Life,3rd Edition:David G. Myers
  37. Chemistry The Science in Context , 5th Edition: Thomas R. Gilbert & Rein V. Kirss
  38. Starting Out with C++ from Control Structures to Objects,9th Edition:Tony Gaddis
  39. Precalculus, 6th Edition :Robert F. Blitzer
  40. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter, 7th Edition: Neil D. Jespersen & James E. Brady & Alison Hyslop
  41. Precalculus with Limits,4th Edition:Ron Larson
  42. Occupied America: A History of Chicanos (8th Edition):Rodolfo F. Acuna
  43. Development Economics,1st Edition:Gérard Roland
  44. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach,2nd Edition: Nivaldo J. Tro & Travis D. Fridgen & Lawton E. Shaw
  45. Construction Contracting: A Practical Guide to Company Management,8th Edition:Richard H. Clough, Glenn A. Sears, S. Keoki Sears, Robert O. Segner, Jerald L. Rounds
  46. Statistics for the Life Sciences (5th Edition): Myra L. Samuels & Jeffrey A. Witmer & Andrew Schaffner
  47. Financial Management: Core Concepts (3rd Edition):Raymond Brooks
  48. South-Western Federal Taxation 2018: Comprehensive,41th Edition: William H. Hoffman & David M. Maloney
  49. Human Resource Management,15th Edition: Robert L. Mathis & John H. Jackson
  50. Disorders of Childhood: Development and Psychopathology,3rd Edition: Robin Hornik Parritz & Michael F. Troy
  51. Public Speaking for College & Career,10th Edition:Hamilton Gregory
  52. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others (8th Edition): Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe
  53. Student Solutions Manual, Chapters 10-17 for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus,8th Edition:James Stewart
  54. Exploring Management,5th Edition: John R. Schermerhorn & Daniel G. Bachrach
  55. English Vocabulary Elements, 2nd Edition: Denning, Keith, Kessler, Brett, Leben, William R
  56. Linear Algebra and Its Applications,5th Edition: David C. Lay & Steven R. Lay
  57. Principles of Macroeconomics,12th Edition: Karl E. Case & Ray C. Fair; &Sharon E. Oster
  58. Cultural Psychology (Third Edition):Steven J. Heine
  59. Database System Concepts, 6th Edition: Abraham Silberschatz & ‎ Henry F. Korth & ‎ S. Sudarshan
  60. Principles of Engineering Economic Analysis,6th Edition: John A. White & Kenneth E. Case
  61. Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health,3rd Edition: Ann Aschengrau & George R. Seage
  62. Essentials of Business Processes and Information Systems,1st Edition: Simha R. Magal & Jeffrey Word
  63. Introduction to Human Disease: Pathophysiology for Health Professionals,6th Edition: Agnes G. Loeffler & Michael N. Hart
  64. New Perspectives Microsoft Office 365 & Excel 2016: Intermediate,1st Edition:June Jamrich Parsons
  65. Introduction to Networks Companion Guide v5.1,1st Edition:Cisco Networking Academy
  66. Introduction to Physical Anthropology, 2013-2014 Edition,14th Edition: Robert Jurmain & Lynn Kilgore
  67. Loose-leaf Version for Scientific American: Presenting Psychology: A Concise Introduction,: Deborah Licht & Misty Hull
  68. Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach (4th Edition): C. Aaron McNeece & Diana M. DiNitto
  69. Microeconomics: Principles for a Changing World,4th Edition:Eric Chiang
  70. Contemporary Project Management, 3rd Edition:Timothy Kloppenborg
  71. Marketing: Real People, Real Choices,9th Edition: Michael R. Solomon & Greg W. Marshall & Elnora W. Stuart
  72. The Architecture of Computer Hardware and System Software: An Information Technology Approach,5th Edition:Irv Englander
  73. Communication Skills for the Healthcare Professional,: Laurie K McCorry & Jeff Mason
  74. Construction Jobsite Management,4th Edition: William R. Mincks & Hal Johnston
  75. Culture and Psychology,6th Edition: David Matsumoto & Linda Juang
  76. Our Global Environment: A Health Perspective,7th Edition:Anne Nadakavukaren
  77. Streetwise: Race, Class, and Change in an Urban Community,1st Edition:Elijah Anderson
  78. content details,:Signature Kisses
  79. Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City,:Elijah Anderson
  80. Storytelling with Data: A Data Visualization Guide for Business Professionals,1st Edition:Cole Nussbaumer Knaflic
  81. Introduction to Human Disease: Pathophysiology for Health Professionals,6th Edition:Agnes G. Loeffler
  82. Lighting for Cinematography,1st Edition:David Landau
  83. Bureaucracy and Democracy: Accountability and Performance,4th Edition:Steven J. Balla; William T. Gormley, Jr.
  84. CPNE Study Guide: Pass Your First Time Study Guide Edition,:Sheri Taylor
  85. Care Plan Study Guide: How to Write Passing Care Plans for the CPNE Study Guide Edition:Sheri Taylor
  86. NYSTCE Secondary Assessment of Teaching Skills-Written Practice Questions:NYSTCE Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  87. CNOR Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:CNOR Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  88. The Nurse, the Math, the Meds: Drug Calculations Using Dimensional Analysis,3rd Edition:oyce Mulholland, Susan Turner
  89. Understanding Business Valuation: A Practical Guide to Valuing Small to Medium-Sized Businesses, 2nd Edition: Gary R. Trugman
  90. Beyond Candlesticks: New Japanese Charting Techniques Revealed,:Steve Nison
  91. How to Trade In Stocks,1st Edition:Jesse Livermore
  92. Market Wizards: Interviews with Top Traders,: Jack D. Schwager & Bruce Kovner
  93. Hire With Your Head: Using Performance-Based Hiring to Build Great Teams,3rd Edition:Lou Adler
  94. Alcohol and Drug Counselor Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:ADC Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  95. Microsoft Dynamics 365 Enterprise Edition – Financial Management,3rd Edition:Mohamed Aamer Ala El Din
  96. A Brief History Of Modern India,:Rajiv Ahir
  97. Alcohol and Drug Counselor Exam Secrets Study Guide: ADC Test Review for the International Examination for Alcohol & Drug Counselors,:ADC Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  98. CNOR Q & A: Boost Your Confidence: 200 Questions, Complete Rationale, Test-Taking Strategies,:Jennifer Vieau
  99. Indian Art and Culture,2nd Edition:Nitin Singhania
  100. Practical Psychic Self-Defense for Home and Office,:Master Choa Kok Sui
  101. From Surviving to Thriving: A Woman's Guide to Success and Self-Leadership in the Workplace,:Sarah Cordner
  102. Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 12th Edition: Mark Bjelland &‎ Daniel R. Montello &‎ Jerome D Fellmann & Arthur Getis & Judith Getis
  103. Pharmacology,3rd Edition:Michael P. Adams
  104. CompTIA A+ 220-901 and 220-902 Practice Questions Exam Cram, 1st Edition:David L. Prowse
  105. Out on the Wire: The Storytelling Secrets of the New Masters of Radio,:Jessica Abel
  106. The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology,14th Edition: Frederick K. Lutgens & Edward J. Tarbuck & Dennis G. Tasa
  107. Interpreting and Analyzing Financial Statements, (6th Edition): Karen P. Schoenebeck & Mark P. Holtzman
  108. Theatre: A Way of Seeing,7th Edition:Milly S. Barranger
  109. Calculating Dosage Safely: A Dimensional Anaylysis Approach Revised Reprint:Tracy Horntvedt
  110. Field Guide to Bitters & Amari: 500 Bitters; 50 Amari; 123 Recipes for Cocktails, Food & Homemade Bitters:Mark Bitterman
  111. PHP and MySQL in easy steps,:Mike McGrath
  112. Essentials of Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age,2nd Edition:Kenneth J. Guest
  113. North Korea and Nuclear Weapons,: Sung Chull Kim & Michael D. Cohen
  114. Earth Science (15th Edition): Edward J. Tarbuck & ‎ Frederick K. Lutgens & ‎ Dennis G. Tasa
  115. Polymer Science and Technology,3rd Edition:Joel R. Fried
  116. Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History, Volume II,15th Edition:Fred S. Kleiner
  117. Business Statistics,2nd Edition:Robert A. Donnelly Jr
  118. Biology: The Core (2nd Edition):Eric J. Simon
  119. COMM,5th Edition:Deanna D. Sellnow
  120. Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Ingredients,1st Edition:Leslie S. Baumann
  121. Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation,1st Edition: Patricia Benner & Molly Sutphen & Victoria Leonard & Lisa Day & Lee S. Shulman
  122. Strengths Based Leadership: Great Leaders, Teams, and Why People Follow: Tom Rath & Barry Conchie 2219. Magic of the Northgate:Josephine McCarthy
  123. The Smart but Scattered Guide to Success,: Peg Dawson & ‎ Richard Guare
  124. The Skin Type Solution:Leslie Baumann
  125. Trading in the Zone:Mark Douglas
  126. High Output Management:Andrew S. Grove
  127. How to Make Money in Stocks: A Winning System in Good Times and Bad,4th Edition:William J. O'Neil
  128. PTCB Exam Study Guide 2017-2018: Test Prep and Practice Test Questions for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination:Ascencia Test Prep
  129. Fundamentals of Corporate Finance,3rd Edition: Robert Parrino & David S. Kidwell & Thomas Bates
  130. Physical Rehabilitation, 6th Edition: Susan B. O'Sullivan & Thomas J. Schmitz T & George Fulk
  131. YinSights: A Journey into the Philosophy & Practice of Yin Yoga:Bernie Clark
  132. The Scribbler's Guide to the Land of Myth: Mythic Motifs for Storytellers:Sarah Beach
  133. SAP Purchasing and Procurement with SAP MM (Materials Management): Business User Guide (2nd Edition): Matt Chudy & Luis Castedo
  134. Jazz:Toni Morrison
  135. C# Design Pattern Essentials:Tony Bevis
  136. Tremontaine: The Complete Season 2: Ellen Kushner & Tessa Gratton &‎ Mary Anne Mohanraj & Joel Derfner
  137. ReMade: The Complete Season 1 : Matthew Cody & Kiersten White
  138. Whitehall - Season One Volume One: Liz Duffy Adams &‎ Delia Sherman &‎ Barbara Samuel
  139. Whitehall - Season One Volume Two: Liz Duffy Adams &‎ Delia Sherman &‎ Barbara Samuel
  140. India 2018:New Media Wing
  141. PFIN (with PFIN Online, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card) (New, Engaging Titles from 4LTR Press), 6th Edition: Randall Billingsley & Lawrence J. Gitman &‎ Michael D. Joehnk
  142. SALES FORCE MANAGEMENT 1E by GREGORY RICH,1st Edition:GREGORY RICH
  143. Psychosocial Aspects of Healthcare,3rd Edition:Meredith E. Drench
  144. An Introduction to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Skills and Applications,3rd Edition: Helen Kennerley & Joan Kirk & David Westbrook
  145. Integrated Advertising, Promotion, and Marketing Communications (7th Edition): Kenneth E. Clow & Donald E. Baack
  146. Microbiology, 2nd Edition:Dave Wessner
  147. Essentials of World Regional Geography,3rd Edition: George White &‎ Joseph Dymond & Elizabeth Chacko &‎ Justin Scheidt & Michael Bradshaw
  148. Biology: Concepts and Investigations,4th Edition:Mariëlle Hoefnagels
  149. Give Me Liberty!: An American History (Fifth Full Edition) (Vol. 2) Fifth Full Edition:Eric Foner
  150. Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings,11th Edition:Robert C. Solomon
  151. The Organ Donor Experience: Katrina A. Bramstedt
  152. Learning Web Design,4th Edition:Jennifer Niederst Robbins
  153. Pura vida: Beginning Spanish,1st Edition: Norma Lopez-Burton & Laura Marques Pasqual & Cristina Pardo Ballester
  154. Who Needs Theology?: An Invitation to the Study of God,: Stanley J. Grenz &‎ Roger E. Olson
  155. Evolution, Fourth Edition: Douglas J. Futuyma & ‎ Mark Kirkpatrick
  156. MCAT Physics and Math Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  157. MCAT Biochemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  158. MCAT Organic Chemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  159. MCAT General Chemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  160. Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds:Edouard Machery
  161. Kotlin Android Studio 3.0 Development Essentials - Android 8 Edition:Neil Smyth
  162. The Social Work Practicum,7th Edition:Cynthia Garthwait
  163. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life, 1st Edition: Robert N. Bellah &‎ Richard Madsen & William M. Sullivan &‎ Ann Swidler &‎ Steven M. Tipton
  164. Corruption in America: From Benjamin Franklin's Snuff Box to Citizens United:Zephyr Teachout
  165. OAT 2017-2018 Strategies, Practice & Review with 2 Practice Tests: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep) :Kaplan Test Prep
  166. MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  167. Secrets of the PTCB Exam Study Guide,1st Edition:PTCB Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  168. PTCB Exam Simplified, 3rd Edition: Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam Study Guide, 3rd Edition:David Heckman
  169. Essentials of Sports Nutrition and Supplements: Antonio, J. & Kalman, D. & Stout J.R. & Greenwood M.&, Willoughby, D.S.&, Haff,
  170. SOC,5th Edition:Nijole V. Benokraitis
  171. Exploring Biology in the Laboratory,2nd Edition: Murray P. Pendarvis &‎ John L. Crawley
  172. Society: The Basics (13th Edition):John J. Macionis
  173. Biology: How Life Works - Standalone book,2nd Edition: James Morris ,‎ Daniel Hartl ,‎ Andrew Knoll ,‎ Robert Lue ,‎ Melissa Michael ,‎ Andrew Berry ,‎ Andrew Biewener ,‎ Brian Farrell
  174. Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century,14th Edition:Frank Schmalleger
  175. Don't Panic: A Legal Guide (in plain english) for Small Businesses & Creative Professionals ,2nd Edition: Art Neill & Teri Karobonik
  176. Juki Girls, Good Girls:Caitrin Lynch
  177. Making America: A History of the United States, Volume II: Since 1865,7th Edition:Carol Berkin
  178. Nurse Anesthesia - E-Book, 6th Edition: John J. Nagelhout
  179. CompTIA A+ 220-901 and 220-902 Cert Guide, Academic Edition,1st Edition: Mark Edward Soper
  180. Essentials of Geology (Fifth Edition):Stephen Marshak
  181. BUSN (with BUSN Online, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card) (New, Engaging Titles from 4LTR Press), 10th Edition: Marcella Kelly & ‎ Chuck Williams
  182. CIMA Complete Text - F2 Advanced Financial Reporting,:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  183. MCAT Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills Review 2018-2019,4th Edition:Kaplan Test Prep
  184. The Cosmic Perspective Fundamentals (2nd Edition): Jeffrey O. Bennett &‎ Megan O. Donahue &‎ Nicholas Schneider &‎ Mark Voit
  185. Environmental, Safety, and Health Engineering, 1st Edition: Gayle Woodside &‎ Dianna Kocurek
  186. Crushing It!: How Great Entrepreneurs Build Their Business and Influence-and How You Can:Gary Vaynerchuk
  187. Understanding Human Development (3rd Edition): Wendy L. Dunn & Grace J. Craig
  188. Psychopharmacology: Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior, 2nd Edition Jerrold S. Meyer &‎ Linda F. Quenzer
  189. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change,7th Edition: Martin Silberberg Dr. & ‎ Patricia Amateis Professor
  190. Managerial Accounting (5th Edition): Karen W. Braun & Wendy M. Tietz
  191. Technology Strategy for Managers and Entrepreneurs,:Scott A. Shane
  192. MCAT Biology Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  193. Comparative Animal Nutrition and Metabolism: Peter Robert Cheeke; & Ellen S Dierenfeld
  194. Foundations of Maternal-Newborn & Women's Health Nursing,7th Edition
  195. Conducting Health Outcomes Research,1st Edition:Robert L. Kane
  196. Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach (7th Edition): James Kurose & Keith Ross
  197. Medical-Surgical Nursing: Clinical Reasoning in Patient Care (6th Edition): Priscilla T LeMone & ‎ Karen M. Burke &‎ Gerene Bauldoff &‎ Paula Gubrud
  198. Criminal Procedure: From the Courtroom to the Street:Roger Wright
  199. Starting Out with Java: Early Objects (5th Edition):Tony Gaddis
  200. The Art of Theatre: Then and Now,4th Edition:William Missouri Downs
  201. The WPA Guide to Kentucky: The Bluegrass State: Federal Writers' Project
  202. Kentucky Place Names:Robert M. Rennick
  203. Launching the Imagination, 5th Edition:Mary Stewart
  204. Leadership for a Better World: Understanding the Social Change Model of Leadership Development,2nd Edition: Susan R. Komives & Wendy Wagner
  205. Lehne's Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice Providers, 1st Edition: Laura Rosenthal & Jacqueline Burchum
  206. Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age,2nd Edition:Kenneth J. Guest
  207. Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community,9th Edition: Marcia Stanhope & Jeanette Lancaster
  208. Managerial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision-Making,4th Canadian Edition: Jerry J. Weygandt;,& Paul D. Kimmel & Donald E. Kieso & Ibrahim M. Aly
  209. Manual of Critical Care Nursing: Nursing Interventions and Collaborative Management,7th Edition:Marianne Baird
  210. Mechanics of Materials, SI Edition,9th Edition: Barry J. Goodno &‎ James M. Gere
  211. Media Effects,1st Edition:W. James Potter
  212. Mergers, Acquisitions, and Other Restructuring Activities,9th Edition : Donald DePamphilis
  213. Marketing Plan Handbook,5th Edition:Marian Burk Wood
  214. Microsoft Visual C#: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming,7th Edition:Joyce Farrell
  215. Computer Organization and Architecture,10th Edition:William Stallings
  216. Principles of Marketing (16th Edition): Philip T. Kotler & Gary Armstrong
  217. Principles of Marketing (15th Edition): Philip T. Kotler & ‎ Gary Armstrong
  218. The Psychology of Advertising,2nd Edition: Bob M Fennis & Wolfgang Stroebe
  219. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others (8th Edition) : Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe & Mark V. Redmond
  220. Fitness and Wellness,12th Edition: Wener W.K. Hoeger & Sharon A. Hoeger
  221. Producer to Producer: A Step-by-Step Guide to Low-Budget Independent Film Producing, 2nd Edition: Maureen Ryan
  222. Drugs in American Society, 9th Edition:Erich Goode
  223. Essentials of the U.S. Health Care System,4th Edition:Leiyu Shi & Douglas A. Singh
  224. Selling Today: Partnering to Create Value (14th Edition): Gerald L. Manning & Michael Ahearne & Barry L. Reece
  225. Calculation of Drug Dosages: A Work Text,10th Edition: Sheila Ogden & Linda Fluharty
  226. Drugs, Alcohol, and Social Problems,: Orcutt, James D. & Rudy, David R.
  227. Short Guide to Action Research, A, 4th Edition:Andrew P. Johnson
  228. Psychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice,6th Edition: Mary Ann Boyd
  229. Internet and World Wide Web How To Program,5th Edition:(Harvey & Paul) Deitel & Associates
  230. Introduction to Psychology,11th Edition:James W. Kalat
  231. Spreadsheet Modeling & Decision Analysis: A Practical Introduction to Business Analytics,8th Edition:Cliff Ragsdale
  232. Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a Changing World (5th Edition): Lester Rowntree & Martin Lewis & Marie Price & William Wyckoff
  233. Vector Calculus,4th Edition:Susan J. Colley
  234. Personal Finance: Turning Money into Wealth (7th Edition): J. Keown
  235. Human Sexuality: Self, Society, and Culture,1st Edition:Gilbert Herdt & Nicole Polen-Petit
  236. Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty,: Daron Acemoglu & James Robinson
  237. Foodservice Organizations: A Managerial and Systems Approach (9th Edition):Mary Gregoire
  238. CIMA Complete Text - Management Case Study Kindle, Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  239. CIMA Complete Text - P2 Advanced Management Accounting, Kindle Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  240. CIMA F2 Advanced Financial Reporting Study Text,Kindle Edition:Astranti
  241. CIMA Complete Text - E2 Project and Relationship Management, Kindle Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  242. Conducting Health Outcomes Research, 1st Edition: Robert L. Kane & David M. Radosevich
  243. Brunner & Suddarth's Canadian Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing,3rd Edition: Pauline Paul & Rene Day & Beverly Williams
  244. Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, 10th Edition: Terence Ball & Richard Dagger & Daniel I. O'Neill
  245. Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal,10th Edition: Terence Ball & Richard Dagger
  246. Two Truths and a Lie:Scott Turner Schofield
  247. Lead Generation Secrets: Your 25 Leads Per Day Blueprint,:Marquel Russell
  248. Theatrical Design and Production: An Introduction to Scene Design and Construction, Lighting, Sound, Costume, and Makeup, 7th Edition: J. Michael Gillette
  249. Contemporary Leadership in Sport Organizations,1st Edition:Scott, David
  250. Strategic Management of Technological Innovation,5th Edition:Melissa Schilling
  251. Health Promotion Throughout the Lifespan,8th Edition:Carole Edelman & Elizabeth Kudzma & Carol Mandle
  252. Introduction to Programming in Python: An Interdisciplinary Approach, 1st Edition Robert Sedgewick & Kevin Wayne & Robert Dondero
  253. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 1, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiece
  254. Taxes & Business Strategy A Planning Approach (5th Edition): Myron S. Scholes & Mark A. Wolfson & Merle M. Erickson & Michelle L. Hanlon & Edward L. Maydew & Terrence J. Shevlin
  255. Exploring Strategic Change (4th Edition): Julia Balogun & Veronica Hope Hailey
  256. Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism: Paul Boghossian
  257. Introducing Quantum Theory: A Graphic Guide,: J.P. McEvoy
  258. Federal Taxation: Comprehensive Topics (2018):Ephraim P. Smith & Philip J. Harmelink & James R. Hasselback
  259. Essentials of Human Development: A Life-Span View,2nd Edition: Robert V. Kail & John C. Cavanaugh
  260. Worlds of Difference: Inequality in the Aging Experience, 3rd Edition: Eleanor Palo Stoller & Rose Campbell Gibson
  261. Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2017,13th Edition: William E. Howard & Joseph Musto
  262. Managing & Using Information Systems: A Strategic Approach,6th Edition:Keri E. Pearlson & Carol S. Saunders & Dennis Galletta
  263. Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures,6th Edition:Raymond G. Miltenberger
  264. Give Me Liberty!: An American History (Brief Fifth Edition) (Vol. 1),5th Edition:Eric Foner
  265. Music in Childhood Enhanced: From Preschool through the Elementary Grades, Spiral bound Version,4th Edition:Patricia Shehan Campbell
  266. Communication in Nursing, 8th Edition:Julia Balzer Riley
  267. The Methuen Drama Anthology of Modern Asian Plays,1st Edition: Kevin J. Wetmore Jr. & Siyuan Liu
  268. Modern Asian Theatre and Performance 1900-2000,1st Edition: Kevin J. Wetmore Jr. & Siyuan Liu
  269. Financial and Managerial Accounting, 7th Edition: John J Wild & Ken W. Shaw & Barbara Chiappetta
  270. The Flat World and Education: How America's Commitment to Equity Will Determine Our Future,1st Edition:Linda Darling-Hammond
  271. Campbell's Physical Therapy for Children, 5th Edition: Robert J. Palisano & Margo Orlin & Joseph Schreiber
  272. The Million Dollar Listing Social Media:Sebastian Acosta
  273. Introduction to Modern Optics,2ndEdition:Grant R. Fowles
  274. Fundamentals of Optics, 4th Edition: Francis Arthur Jenkins & Harvey Elliott White
  275. Goodbye, Columbus : And Five Short Stories:Philip Roth
  276. Research Methods in the Social Sciences,8th Edition: Chava Frankfort-Nachmias & David Nachmias
  277. Public Relations Writing: Strategies & Structures,11th Edition: Doug Newsom & Jim Haynes
  278. International Business: The Challenges of Globalization (8th Edition): John J. Wild & Kenneth L. Wild
  279. Simply Keto: A Practical Approach to Health & Weight Loss:Suzanne Ryan
  280. The Politics of the Presidency,9th Edition: Joseph A. Pika & John Anthony Maltese & Andrew Rudalevige
  281. The Contemporary Congress,7th Edition: Burdett A. Loomis & Wendy J. Schiller
  282. Discrete Mathematics,8th Edition:Richard Johnsonbaugh
  283. Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology,7th Edition:Frederic H. Martini
  284. Differential Equations: Computing and Modeling (5th Edition): C. Henry Edwards & David E. Penney & David Calvis
  285. Introduction to Physical Anthropology,15th Edition: Robert Jurmain & Lynn Kilgore & Wenda Trevathan & Russell L. Ciochon & Eric Bartelink
  286. Essential Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 2nd Edition:James Stewart
  287. Fundamentals of Logic Design,7th Edition: Jr. Charles H. Roth & Larry L Kinney
  288. Earth: Portrait of a Planet (Fifth Edition):Stephen Marshak
  289. Visualizing Microbiology,1st Edition: Rodney P. Anderson & Linda Young
  290. Instructional Strategies for Students With Mild, Moderate, and Severe Intellectual Disability,1st Edition: Richard M. Gargiulo & Emily C. Bouck
  291. Contemporary Employment Law,3rd Edition:C. Kerry Fields & Henry R. Cheeseman
  292. Excursions in Modern Mathematics,9th Edition:Peter Tannenbaum
  293. Integrated Principles of Zoology,17th Edition:Cleveland Hickman, Jr.
  294. Human Microscopic Anatomy: An Atlas for Students of Medicine and Biology:Radivoj V. Krstic
  295. Sociology,16th Edition:John J. Macionis
  296. The Complete Guide to Facebook Advertising:Brian Meert & Anne Felicitas
  297. Lead Generation Secrets: Craigslist Advertising Secrets:Marquel Russell
  298. Culture and Practical Reason,:Marshall Sahlins
  299. Making Sense of Reality: Culture and Perception in Everyday Life,1st Edition:Tia DeNora
  300. Family Nurse Practitioner Certification Intensive Review, 3rd Edition:Maria T. Codina Leik
  301. Data Mining for Business Analytics: Concepts, Techniques, and Applications in R, 1st Edition: Galit Shmueli & Peter C. Bruce & Inbal Yahav & Nitin R. Patel &, Kenneth C. Lichtendahl Jr.
  302. The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement,30th Edition:Eliyahu M. Goldratt
  303. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiecek; Bruce J. Mc
  304. Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents, 4th Edition: American Academy of Pediatrics & Joseph F. Hagan & Judith S. Shaw & Paula M. Duncan
  305. Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List), 9th Edition:Frederick J Gravetter & Larry B. Wallnau & Lori-Ann B. Forzano
  306. Maternity and Women's Health Care, 11th Edition:Deitra Lowdermilk
  307. Investing in People: Financial Impact of Human Resource Initiatives (2nd Edition):Wayne Cascio & John Boudreau
  308. They Say/I Say: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing, with 2016 MLA Update and Readings,3rd Edition: Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein
  309. Sell Real Estate Using Facebook Ads [Success Secrets]:Cress Terrell
  310. Clinically Oriented Anatomy,8th Edition: Keith L. Moore & Arthur F. Dalley & Anne M. R. Agur
  311. Looking at Movies (Fifth Edition): Richard Barsam & Dave Monahan
  312. Out of the Box Owl: Not Your Basic Pitch Marketing!:Mary Shannon Moore
  313. Microbiology Fundamentals: A Clinical Approach,2nd Edition:Marjorie Kelly Cowan
  314. Pharmacology: An Introduction, 7th Edition: Henry Hitner & Barbara T Nagle
  315. Effective Practices in Early Childhood Education, 3rd Edition:Sue Bredekamp
  316. Earth Science: The Earth, The Atmosphere, and Space, 1st Edition:Stephen Marshak & Robert Rauber
  317. Teaching Science Through Inquiry-Based Instruction,13th Edition: Terry L. Contant & Joel L Bass &‎ Anne A Tweed & ‎ Arthur A. Carin
  318. MOS 2016 Study Guide for Microsoft Excel Expert,1st Edition:Paul McFedries
  319. MOS 2016 Study Guide for Microsoft Word Expert,1st Edition:John Pierce
  320. Scope of Practice:National League for Nursing

Download any of these for free at https://oppfiles.com/585933
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2019.09.24 21:51 PhiladelphiaPhighter Ten Moments You Missed and the Questions You'll Have After AWF's 40,000 Word, 17 Match PPV Fired Up

1) The real life Terry Bradshaw cut a promo on an AWF Wrestler. AWF has a running joke character, Terry Bradshaw, with a picbase of Terry Bradshaw, but the ultimate joke/shock was the real life human being cutting a promo on video on AWF wrestler Copycat. What did the four-time Super Bowl winner Bradshaw have to say about his challenger?
2) The AWF Prestige Champion goes out early. Raiden Ishimori knew it’d be a tough task to walk out of Fired Up, but he maybe wasn’t expecting a second-round exit. Talented wrestlers were at an all-time high for this tournament, but who was able to dethrone him?
3) Chris Card survives an asskicking from a ghost of his past. Michael Storm, back from being legally dead for 52 seconds and his months-long coma, has set his sights on Card, and their rivalry continued at FU, where Storm put Card through at able and rendered him unable to compete, but Card decided to compete further against doctors’ orders. Could he win the whole tournament despite his injuries?
4) The recovering Greg Adkins resists temptation. After being pressured by two of his former friends, Adkins exploded with a showing of skill to prove that he was on the sober path. Can Adkins continue moving forward, now that he’s focused on his in-ring career?
5) The former United States Champion stole back “his" championship. The returning Danny Ray put the current champion, Johnny Sniper, on notice by punting Sniper’s ribs and taking his title. When he gets his rematch, will he able to dethrone Sniper?
6) The Cure faced off against each other. In the opening rounds, Drago Santiago and Vincent Draven from the Cure found themselves on opposite teams. With only one man able to win, will the group that claims “there is no leader” be feeling any side effects going forward?
7) The X-Crown Champion made its first appearance outside of Destiny Wrestling. Ahead of its title defense at XHF: End of Days in the end of October, the monstrous Subject #42 laid out its former handler, The Ref. Can the Monster of One Word (RAGH) make it through its toughest challenge yet, with over eight companies throwing their biggest names at the Freak?
8) The makeshift stable LGBTKO made its debut. Ryan Young won the Fired Up Battle Royale to select former Fired Up winner Seth Dillinger as his partner. With both men identifying as members of the LGBT community, fans have taken to calling them LGBTKO. Could the Dynamically Diverse Duo get it done in Washington DC?
9) Hyperion began his path to become a God… again. After striking down the God Hyperion in an ambrosia-induced state of mind, the former James Knox grows ever powerful, now with an army of poisoned cultists at his side. Was Knox able to rise to the throne, or did he suffer the same poisoning that many of his former cultists also suffered?
10) YOU… didn’t make your debut. You didn’t come out and stand up to The Cure or The Legion. You didn’t upset the AWF Prestige Champion. You didn’t ball the hell out and show the world you’re capable of hanging with some of the best e-fedders on the planet, or at the very least, becoming part of an awesome and incredibly supportive AWF community. So the biggest question left is… what the hell are you waiting for?
http://xhf09.proboards.com/thread/12044/awf-presents-fired-live-washington --> AWF: Fired Up Link
http://xhf09.proboards.com/thread/2440/awf-application-forms --> AWF Application Form
Have questions? Reach out to anthonycaffrey on the XHF website, in my DM box here on Reddit, or comment below!
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2019.09.20 16:26 bookseller10 Mega eTextbooks release thread (part-9)! Find your textbooks here between $5-$25 :)

Please find the list below:
  1. Understanding Human Sexuality, 11th Edition:Janet Shibley Hyde & John D. DeLamater
  2. Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases,1st Edition: Jeffrey H. Dyer & Paul Godfrey & Robert Jensen & David Bryce
  3. New Perspectives on Computer Concepts 2018: Introductory, 20th Edition:June Jamrich Parsons
  4. The Everyday Writer with 2016 MLA Update, 6th Edition:Andrea A. Lunsford
  5. Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 & Word 2016: Intermediate, 1st Edition:Misty E. Vermaat
  6. Writing about Writing: A College Reader, 3rd Edition:Elizabeth Wardle
  7. March's Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms and Structure, 7th Edition:Michael B. Smith
  8. Contemporary Sport Management, 5th Edition: Paul M. Pedersen &. Lucie Thibault
  9. Database Concepts (7th Edition): David M. Kroenke & David J. Auer
  10. Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy, 7th Edition:Peter Dicken
  11. Gould's Pathophysiology for the Health Professions, 5th Edition: Karin VanMeter & Robert Hubert
  12. Global Business, 4th Edition:Mike W. Peng
  13. Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change, 2nd Edition: Callie Marie Rennison & Mary J. Dodge
  14. Essentials of Ecology, 4th Edition: Michael Begon & Robert W. Howarth & Colin R. Townsend
  15. Operations and Supply Chain Management, 9th Edition: Roberta S. Russell & Bernard W. Taylor
  16. Digital Design and Computer Architecture, 2nd Edition: David Harris & Sarah Harris
  17. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, 7th Edition: Serope Kalpakjian & Stephen R. Schmid
  18. Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk about How to Do It Right, 7th Edition: Linda K. Trevino & Katherine A. Nelson
  19. International Project Management, 1st Edition:Kathrin Koster
  20. Organizational Behavior, 1st Edition: Afsaneh Nahavandi & Robert B. Denhardt & Janet V. Denhardt & Maria P.
  21. A Teacher's Pocket Guide to School Law (3rd Edition):Nathan L. Essex
  22. Corrections in America: An Introduction (14th Edition): Harry E. Allen & ‎ Edward J. Latessa & ‎ Bruce S. Ponder
  23. Fundamentals of Construction Estimating, 4th Edition:David Pratt
  24. Psychology Around Us, Canadian Edition, 2nd Edition: Ronald Comer & Nancy Ogden & Michael Boyes & Elizabeth Gould
  25. Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life, 11th Edition:David M. Newman
  26. Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality, 8th Edition:Joel Spring
  27. Research Methods in Psychology: Evaluating a World of Information, 3rd Edition:Beth Morling
  28. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People, Volume I: To 1877, Concise,7th Edition:Paul S. Boyer
  29. Financial & Managerial Accounting,14th Edition: Carl S. Warren & James M. Reeve &‎ Jonathan Duchac
  30. Natural Resource Economics: An Introduction,3rd Edition:Barry C. Field
  31. Marketing Management: A Strategic Decision-Making Approach,8th Edition: John Mullins & Orville C Walker
  32. Microeconomics, 2nd edition: B. Douglas Bernheim & ‎ Michael Whinston
  33. Microeconomics: A Contemporary Introduction,11th Edition:William A. McEachern
  34. Excursions in Modern Mathematics (8th Edition):Peter Tannenbaum
  35. College Physics,10th Edition:Raymond A. Serway
  36. Psychology in Everyday Life,3rd Edition:David G. Myers
  37. Chemistry The Science in Context , 5th Edition: Thomas R. Gilbert & Rein V. Kirss
  38. Starting Out with C++ from Control Structures to Objects,9th Edition:Tony Gaddis
  39. Precalculus, 6th Edition :Robert F. Blitzer
  40. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter, 7th Edition: Neil D. Jespersen & James E. Brady & Alison Hyslop
  41. Precalculus with Limits,4th Edition:Ron Larson
  42. Occupied America: A History of Chicanos (8th Edition):Rodolfo F. Acuna
  43. Development Economics,1st Edition:Gérard Roland
  44. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach,2nd Edition: Nivaldo J. Tro & Travis D. Fridgen & Lawton E. Shaw
  45. Construction Contracting: A Practical Guide to Company Management,8th Edition:Richard H. Clough, Glenn A. Sears, S. Keoki Sears, Robert O. Segner, Jerald L. Rounds
  46. Statistics for the Life Sciences (5th Edition): Myra L. Samuels & Jeffrey A. Witmer & Andrew Schaffner
  47. Financial Management: Core Concepts (3rd Edition):Raymond Brooks
  48. South-Western Federal Taxation 2018: Comprehensive,41th Edition: William H. Hoffman & David M. Maloney
  49. Human Resource Management,15th Edition: Robert L. Mathis & John H. Jackson
  50. Disorders of Childhood: Development and Psychopathology,3rd Edition: Robin Hornik Parritz & Michael F. Troy
  51. Public Speaking for College & Career,10th Edition:Hamilton Gregory
  52. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others (8th Edition): Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe
  53. Student Solutions Manual, Chapters 10-17 for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus,8th Edition:James Stewart
  54. Exploring Management,5th Edition: John R. Schermerhorn & Daniel G. Bachrach
  55. English Vocabulary Elements, 2nd Edition: Denning, Keith, Kessler, Brett, Leben, William R
  56. Linear Algebra and Its Applications,5th Edition: David C. Lay & Steven R. Lay
  57. Principles of Macroeconomics,12th Edition: Karl E. Case & Ray C. Fair; &Sharon E. Oster
  58. Cultural Psychology (Third Edition):Steven J. Heine
  59. Database System Concepts, 6th Edition: Abraham Silberschatz & ‎ Henry F. Korth & ‎ S. Sudarshan
  60. Principles of Engineering Economic Analysis,6th Edition: John A. White & Kenneth E. Case
  61. Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health,3rd Edition: Ann Aschengrau & George R. Seage
  62. Essentials of Business Processes and Information Systems,1st Edition: Simha R. Magal & Jeffrey Word
  63. Introduction to Human Disease: Pathophysiology for Health Professionals,6th Edition: Agnes G. Loeffler & Michael N. Hart
  64. New Perspectives Microsoft Office 365 & Excel 2016: Intermediate,1st Edition:June Jamrich Parsons
  65. Introduction to Networks Companion Guide v5.1,1st Edition:Cisco Networking Academy
  66. Introduction to Physical Anthropology, 2013-2014 Edition,14th Edition: Robert Jurmain & Lynn Kilgore
  67. Loose-leaf Version for Scientific American: Presenting Psychology: A Concise Introduction,: Deborah Licht & Misty Hull
  68. Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach (4th Edition): C. Aaron McNeece & Diana M. DiNitto
  69. Microeconomics: Principles for a Changing World,4th Edition:Eric Chiang
  70. Contemporary Project Management, 3rd Edition:Timothy Kloppenborg
  71. Marketing: Real People, Real Choices,9th Edition: Michael R. Solomon & Greg W. Marshall & Elnora W. Stuart
  72. The Architecture of Computer Hardware and System Software: An Information Technology Approach,5th Edition:Irv Englander
  73. Communication Skills for the Healthcare Professional,: Laurie K McCorry & Jeff Mason
  74. Construction Jobsite Management,4th Edition: William R. Mincks & Hal Johnston
  75. Culture and Psychology,6th Edition: David Matsumoto & Linda Juang
  76. Our Global Environment: A Health Perspective,7th Edition:Anne Nadakavukaren
  77. Streetwise: Race, Class, and Change in an Urban Community,1st Edition:Elijah Anderson
  78. content details,:Signature Kisses
  79. Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City,:Elijah Anderson
  80. Storytelling with Data: A Data Visualization Guide for Business Professionals,1st Edition:Cole Nussbaumer Knaflic
  81. Introduction to Human Disease: Pathophysiology for Health Professionals,6th Edition:Agnes G. Loeffler
  82. Lighting for Cinematography,1st Edition:David Landau
  83. Bureaucracy and Democracy: Accountability and Performance,4th Edition:Steven J. Balla; William T. Gormley, Jr.
  84. CPNE Study Guide: Pass Your First Time Study Guide Edition,:Sheri Taylor
  85. Care Plan Study Guide: How to Write Passing Care Plans for the CPNE Study Guide Edition:Sheri Taylor
  86. NYSTCE Secondary Assessment of Teaching Skills-Written Practice Questions:NYSTCE Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  87. CNOR Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:CNOR Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  88. The Nurse, the Math, the Meds: Drug Calculations Using Dimensional Analysis,3rd Edition:oyce Mulholland, Susan Turner
  89. Understanding Business Valuation: A Practical Guide to Valuing Small to Medium-Sized Businesses, 2nd Edition: Gary R. Trugman
  90. Beyond Candlesticks: New Japanese Charting Techniques Revealed,:Steve Nison
  91. How to Trade In Stocks,1st Edition:Jesse Livermore
  92. Market Wizards: Interviews with Top Traders,: Jack D. Schwager & Bruce Kovner
  93. Hire With Your Head: Using Performance-Based Hiring to Build Great Teams,3rd Edition:Lou Adler
  94. Alcohol and Drug Counselor Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:ADC Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  95. Microsoft Dynamics 365 Enterprise Edition – Financial Management,3rd Edition:Mohamed Aamer Ala El Din
  96. A Brief History Of Modern India,:Rajiv Ahir
  97. Alcohol and Drug Counselor Exam Secrets Study Guide: ADC Test Review for the International Examination for Alcohol & Drug Counselors,:ADC Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  98. CNOR Q & A: Boost Your Confidence: 200 Questions, Complete Rationale, Test-Taking Strategies,:Jennifer Vieau
  99. Indian Art and Culture,2nd Edition:Nitin Singhania
  100. Practical Psychic Self-Defense for Home and Office,:Master Choa Kok Sui
  101. From Surviving to Thriving: A Woman's Guide to Success and Self-Leadership in the Workplace,:Sarah Cordner
  102. Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 12th Edition: Mark Bjelland &‎ Daniel R. Montello &‎ Jerome D Fellmann & Arthur Getis & Judith Getis
  103. Pharmacology,3rd Edition:Michael P. Adams
  104. CompTIA A+ 220-901 and 220-902 Practice Questions Exam Cram, 1st Edition:David L. Prowse
  105. Out on the Wire: The Storytelling Secrets of the New Masters of Radio,:Jessica Abel
  106. The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology,14th Edition: Frederick K. Lutgens & Edward J. Tarbuck & Dennis G. Tasa
  107. Interpreting and Analyzing Financial Statements, (6th Edition): Karen P. Schoenebeck & Mark P. Holtzman
  108. Theatre: A Way of Seeing,7th Edition:Milly S. Barranger
  109. Calculating Dosage Safely: A Dimensional Anaylysis Approach Revised Reprint:Tracy Horntvedt
  110. Field Guide to Bitters & Amari: 500 Bitters; 50 Amari; 123 Recipes for Cocktails, Food & Homemade Bitters:Mark Bitterman
  111. PHP and MySQL in easy steps,:Mike McGrath
  112. Essentials of Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age,2nd Edition:Kenneth J. Guest
  113. North Korea and Nuclear Weapons,: Sung Chull Kim & Michael D. Cohen
  114. Earth Science (15th Edition): Edward J. Tarbuck & ‎ Frederick K. Lutgens & ‎ Dennis G. Tasa
  115. Polymer Science and Technology,3rd Edition:Joel R. Fried
  116. Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History, Volume II,15th Edition:Fred S. Kleiner
  117. Business Statistics,2nd Edition:Robert A. Donnelly Jr
  118. Biology: The Core (2nd Edition):Eric J. Simon
  119. COMM,5th Edition:Deanna D. Sellnow
  120. Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Ingredients,1st Edition:Leslie S. Baumann
  121. Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation,1st Edition: Patricia Benner & Molly Sutphen & Victoria Leonard & Lisa Day & Lee S. Shulman
  122. Strengths Based Leadership: Great Leaders, Teams, and Why People Follow: Tom Rath & Barry Conchie
  123. Magic of the Northgate:Josephine McCarthy
  124. The Smart but Scattered Guide to Success,: Peg Dawson & ‎ Richard Guare
  125. The Skin Type Solution:Leslie Baumann
  126. Trading in the Zone:Mark Douglas
  127. High Output Management:Andrew S. Grove
  128. How to Make Money in Stocks: A Winning System in Good Times and Bad,4th Edition:William J. O'Neil
  129. PTCB Exam Study Guide 2017-2018: Test Prep and Practice Test Questions for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination:Ascencia Test Prep
  130. Fundamentals of Corporate Finance,3rd Edition: Robert Parrino & David S. Kidwell & Thomas Bates
  131. Physical Rehabilitation, 6th Edition: Susan B. O'Sullivan & Thomas J. Schmitz T & George Fulk
  132. YinSights: A Journey into the Philosophy & Practice of Yin Yoga:Bernie Clark
  133. The Scribbler's Guide to the Land of Myth: Mythic Motifs for Storytellers:Sarah Beach
  134. SAP Purchasing and Procurement with SAP MM (Materials Management): Business User Guide (2nd Edition): Matt Chudy & Luis Castedo
  135. Jazz:Toni Morrison
  136. C# Design Pattern Essentials:Tony Bevis
  137. Tremontaine: The Complete Season 2: Ellen Kushner & Tessa Gratton &‎ Mary Anne Mohanraj & Joel Derfner
  138. ReMade: The Complete Season 1 : Matthew Cody & Kiersten White
  139. Whitehall - Season One Volume One: Liz Duffy Adams &‎ Delia Sherman &‎ Barbara Samuel
  140. Whitehall - Season One Volume Two: Liz Duffy Adams &‎ Delia Sherman &‎ Barbara Samuel
  141. India 2018:New Media Wing
  142. PFIN (with PFIN Online, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card) (New, Engaging Titles from 4LTR Press), 6th Edition: Randall Billingsley & Lawrence J. Gitman &‎ Michael D. Joehnk
  143. SALES FORCE MANAGEMENT 1E by GREGORY RICH,1st Edition:GREGORY RICH
  144. Psychosocial Aspects of Healthcare,3rd Edition:Meredith E. Drench
  145. An Introduction to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Skills and Applications,3rd Edition: Helen Kennerley & Joan Kirk & David Westbrook
  146. Integrated Advertising, Promotion, and Marketing Communications (7th Edition): Kenneth E. Clow & Donald E. Baack
  147. Microbiology, 2nd Edition:Dave Wessner
  148. Essentials of World Regional Geography,3rd Edition: George White &‎ Joseph Dymond & Elizabeth Chacko &‎ Justin Scheidt & Michael Bradshaw
  149. Biology: Concepts and Investigations,4th Edition:Mariëlle Hoefnagels
  150. Give Me Liberty!: An American History (Fifth Full Edition) (Vol. 2) Fifth Full Edition:Eric Foner
  151. Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings,11th Edition:Robert C. Solomon
  152. The Organ Donor Experience: Katrina A. Bramstedt
  153. Learning Web Design,4th Edition:Jennifer Niederst Robbins
  154. Pura vida: Beginning Spanish,1st Edition: Norma Lopez-Burton & Laura Marques Pasqual & Cristina Pardo Ballester
  155. Who Needs Theology?: An Invitation to the Study of God,: Stanley J. Grenz &‎ Roger E. Olson
  156. Evolution, Fourth Edition: Douglas J. Futuyma & ‎ Mark Kirkpatrick
  157. MCAT Physics and Math Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  158. MCAT Biochemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  159. MCAT Organic Chemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  160. MCAT General Chemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  161. Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds:Edouard Machery
  162. Kotlin Android Studio 3.0 Development Essentials - Android 8 Edition:Neil Smyth
  163. The Social Work Practicum,7th Edition:Cynthia Garthwait
  164. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life, 1st Edition: Robert N. Bellah &‎ Richard Madsen & William M. Sullivan &‎ Ann Swidler &‎ Steven M. Tipton
  165. Corruption in America: From Benjamin Franklin's Snuff Box to Citizens United:Zephyr Teachout
  166. OAT 2017-2018 Strategies, Practice & Review with 2 Practice Tests: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep) :Kaplan Test Prep
  167. MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  168. Secrets of the PTCB Exam Study Guide,1st Edition:PTCB Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  169. PTCB Exam Simplified, 3rd Edition: Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam Study Guide, 3rd Edition:David Heckman
  170. Essentials of Sports Nutrition and Supplements: Antonio, J. & Kalman, D. & Stout J.R. & Greenwood M.&, Willoughby, D.S.&, Haff,
  171. SOC,5th Edition:Nijole V. Benokraitis
  172. Exploring Biology in the Laboratory,2nd Edition: Murray P. Pendarvis &‎ John L. Crawley
  173. Society: The Basics (13th Edition):John J. Macionis
  174. Biology: How Life Works - Standalone book,2nd Edition: James Morris ,‎ Daniel Hartl ,‎ Andrew Knoll ,‎ Robert Lue ,‎ Melissa Michael ,‎ Andrew Berry ,‎ Andrew Biewener ,‎ Brian Farrell
  175. Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century,14th Edition:Frank Schmalleger
  176. Don't Panic: A Legal Guide (in plain english) for Small Businesses & Creative Professionals ,2nd Edition: Art Neill & Teri Karobonik
  177. Juki Girls, Good Girls:Caitrin Lynch
  178. Making America: A History of the United States, Volume II: Since 1865,7th Edition:Carol Berkin
  179. Nurse Anesthesia - E-Book, 6th Edition: John J. Nagelhout
  180. CompTIA A+ 220-901 and 220-902 Cert Guide, Academic Edition,1st Edition: Mark Edward Soper
  181. Essentials of Geology (Fifth Edition):Stephen Marshak
  182. BUSN (with BUSN Online, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card) (New, Engaging Titles from 4LTR Press), 10th Edition: Marcella Kelly & ‎ Chuck Williams
  183. CIMA Complete Text - F2 Advanced Financial Reporting,:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  184. MCAT Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills Review 2018-2019,4th Edition:Kaplan Test Prep
  185. The Cosmic Perspective Fundamentals (2nd Edition): Jeffrey O. Bennett &‎ Megan O. Donahue &‎ Nicholas Schneider &‎ Mark Voit
  186. Environmental, Safety, and Health Engineering, 1st Edition: Gayle Woodside &‎ Dianna Kocurek
  187. Crushing It!: How Great Entrepreneurs Build Their Business and Influence-and How You Can:Gary Vaynerchuk
  188. Understanding Human Development (3rd Edition): Wendy L. Dunn & Grace J. Craig
  189. Psychopharmacology: Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior, 2nd Edition Jerrold S. Meyer &‎ Linda F. Quenzer
  190. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change,7th Edition: Martin Silberberg Dr. & ‎ Patricia Amateis Professor
  191. Managerial Accounting (5th Edition): Karen W. Braun & Wendy M. Tietz
  192. Technology Strategy for Managers and Entrepreneurs,:Scott A. Shane
  193. MCAT Biology Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  194. Comparative Animal Nutrition and Metabolism: Peter Robert Cheeke; & Ellen S Dierenfeld
  195. Foundations of Maternal-Newborn & Women's Health Nursing,7th Edition
  196. Conducting Health Outcomes Research,1st Edition:Robert L. Kane
  197. Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach (7th Edition): James Kurose & Keith Ross
  198. Medical-Surgical Nursing: Clinical Reasoning in Patient Care (6th Edition): Priscilla T LeMone & ‎ Karen M. Burke &‎ Gerene Bauldoff &‎ Paula Gubrud
  199. Criminal Procedure: From the Courtroom to the Street:Roger Wright
  200. Starting Out with Java: Early Objects (5th Edition):Tony Gaddis
  201. The Art of Theatre: Then and Now,4th Edition:William Missouri Downs
  202. The WPA Guide to Kentucky: The Bluegrass State: Federal Writers' Project
  203. Kentucky Place Names:Robert M. Rennick
  204. Launching the Imagination, 5th Edition:Mary Stewart
  205. Leadership for a Better World: Understanding the Social Change Model of Leadership Development,2nd Edition: Susan R. Komives & Wendy Wagner
  206. Lehne's Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice Providers, 1st Edition: Laura Rosenthal & Jacqueline Burchum
  207. Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age,2nd Edition:Kenneth J. Guest
  208. Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community,9th Edition: Marcia Stanhope & Jeanette Lancaster
  209. Managerial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision-Making,4th Canadian Edition: Jerry J. Weygandt;,& Paul D. Kimmel & Donald E. Kieso & Ibrahim M. Aly
  210. Manual of Critical Care Nursing: Nursing Interventions and Collaborative Management,7th Edition:Marianne Baird
  211. Mechanics of Materials, SI Edition,9th Edition: Barry J. Goodno &‎ James M. Gere
  212. Media Effects,1st Edition:W. James Potter
  213. Mergers, Acquisitions, and Other Restructuring Activities,9th Edition : Donald DePamphilis
  214. Marketing Plan Handbook,5th Edition:Marian Burk Wood
  215. Microsoft Visual C#: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming,7th Edition:Joyce Farrell
  216. Computer Organization and Architecture,10th Edition:William Stallings
  217. Principles of Marketing (16th Edition): Philip T. Kotler & Gary Armstrong
  218. Principles of Marketing (15th Edition): Philip T. Kotler & ‎ Gary Armstrong
  219. The Psychology of Advertising,2nd Edition: Bob M Fennis & Wolfgang Stroebe
  220. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others (8th Edition) : Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe & Mark V. Redmond
  221. Fitness and Wellness,12th Edition: Wener W.K. Hoeger & Sharon A. Hoeger
  222. Producer to Producer: A Step-by-Step Guide to Low-Budget Independent Film Producing, 2nd Edition: Maureen Ryan
  223. Drugs in American Society, 9th Edition:Erich Goode
  224. Essentials of the U.S. Health Care System,4th Edition:Leiyu Shi & Douglas A. Singh
  225. Selling Today: Partnering to Create Value (14th Edition): Gerald L. Manning & Michael Ahearne & Barry L. Reece
  226. Calculation of Drug Dosages: A Work Text,10th Edition: Sheila Ogden & Linda Fluharty
  227. Drugs, Alcohol, and Social Problems,: Orcutt, James D. & Rudy, David R.
  228. Short Guide to Action Research, A, 4th Edition:Andrew P. Johnson
  229. Psychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice,6th Edition: Mary Ann Boyd
  230. Internet and World Wide Web How To Program,5th Edition:(Harvey & Paul) Deitel & Associates
  231. Introduction to Psychology,11th Edition:James W. Kalat
  232. Spreadsheet Modeling & Decision Analysis: A Practical Introduction to Business Analytics,8th Edition:Cliff Ragsdale
  233. Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a Changing World (5th Edition): Lester Rowntree & Martin Lewis & Marie Price & William Wyckoff
  234. Vector Calculus,4th Edition:Susan J. Colley
  235. Personal Finance: Turning Money into Wealth (7th Edition): J. Keown
  236. Human Sexuality: Self, Society, and Culture,1st Edition:Gilbert Herdt & Nicole Polen-Petit
  237. Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty,: Daron Acemoglu & James Robinson
  238. Foodservice Organizations: A Managerial and Systems Approach (9th Edition):Mary Gregoire
  239. CIMA Complete Text - Management Case Study Kindle, Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  240. CIMA Complete Text - P2 Advanced Management Accounting, Kindle Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  241. CIMA F2 Advanced Financial Reporting Study Text,Kindle Edition:Astranti
  242. CIMA Complete Text - E2 Project and Relationship Management, Kindle Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  243. Conducting Health Outcomes Research, 1st Edition: Robert L. Kane & David M. Radosevich
  244. Brunner & Suddarth's Canadian Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing,3rd Edition: Pauline Paul & Rene Day & Beverly Williams
  245. Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, 10th Edition: Terence Ball & Richard Dagger & Daniel I. O'Neill
  246. Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal,10th Edition: Terence Ball & Richard Dagger
  247. Two Truths and a Lie:Scott Turner Schofield
  248. Lead Generation Secrets: Your 25 Leads Per Day Blueprint,:Marquel Russell
  249. Theatrical Design and Production: An Introduction to Scene Design and Construction, Lighting, Sound, Costume, and Makeup, 7th Edition: J. Michael Gillette
  250. Contemporary Leadership in Sport Organizations,1st Edition:Scott, David
  251. Strategic Management of Technological Innovation,5th Edition:Melissa Schilling
  252. Health Promotion Throughout the Lifespan,8th Edition:Carole Edelman & Elizabeth Kudzma & Carol Mandle
  253. Introduction to Programming in Python: An Interdisciplinary Approach, 1st Edition Robert Sedgewick & Kevin Wayne & Robert Dondero
  254. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 1, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiece
  255. Taxes & Business Strategy A Planning Approach (5th Edition): Myron S. Scholes & Mark A. Wolfson & Merle M. Erickson & Michelle L. Hanlon & Edward L. Maydew & Terrence J. Shevlin
  256. Exploring Strategic Change (4th Edition): Julia Balogun & Veronica Hope Hailey
  257. Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism: Paul Boghossian
  258. Introducing Quantum Theory: A Graphic Guide,: J.P. McEvoy
  259. Federal Taxation: Comprehensive Topics (2018):Ephraim P. Smith & Philip J. Harmelink & James R. Hasselback
  260. Essentials of Human Development: A Life-Span View,2nd Edition: Robert V. Kail & John C. Cavanaugh
  261. Worlds of Difference: Inequality in the Aging Experience, 3rd Edition: Eleanor Palo Stoller & Rose Campbell Gibson
  262. Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2017,13th Edition: William E. Howard & Joseph Musto
  263. Managing & Using Information Systems: A Strategic Approach,6th Edition:Keri E. Pearlson & Carol S. Saunders & Dennis Galletta
  264. Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures,6th Edition:Raymond G. Miltenberger
  265. Give Me Liberty!: An American History (Brief Fifth Edition) (Vol. 1),5th Edition:Eric Foner
  266. Music in Childhood Enhanced: From Preschool through the Elementary Grades, Spiral bound Version,4th Edition:Patricia Shehan Campbell
  267. Communication in Nursing, 8th Edition:Julia Balzer Riley
  268. The Methuen Drama Anthology of Modern Asian Plays,1st Edition: Kevin J. Wetmore Jr. & Siyuan Liu
  269. Modern Asian Theatre and Performance 1900-2000,1st Edition: Kevin J. Wetmore Jr. & Siyuan Liu
  270. Financial and Managerial Accounting, 7th Edition: John J Wild & Ken W. Shaw & Barbara Chiappetta
  271. The Flat World and Education: How America's Commitment to Equity Will Determine Our Future,1st Edition:Linda Darling-Hammond
  272. Campbell's Physical Therapy for Children, 5th Edition: Robert J. Palisano & Margo Orlin & Joseph Schreiber
  273. The Million Dollar Listing Social Media:Sebastian Acosta
  274. Introduction to Modern Optics,2ndEdition:Grant R. Fowles
  275. Fundamentals of Optics, 4th Edition: Francis Arthur Jenkins & Harvey Elliott White
  276. Goodbye, Columbus : And Five Short Stories:Philip Roth
  277. Research Methods in the Social Sciences,8th Edition: Chava Frankfort-Nachmias & David Nachmias
  278. Public Relations Writing: Strategies & Structures,11th Edition: Doug Newsom & Jim Haynes
  279. International Business: The Challenges of Globalization (8th Edition): John J. Wild & Kenneth L. Wild
  280. Simply Keto: A Practical Approach to Health & Weight Loss:Suzanne Ryan
  281. The Politics of the Presidency,9th Edition: Joseph A. Pika & John Anthony Maltese & Andrew Rudalevige
  282. The Contemporary Congress,7th Edition: Burdett A. Loomis & Wendy J. Schiller
  283. Discrete Mathematics,8th Edition:Richard Johnsonbaugh
  284. Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology,7th Edition:Frederic H. Martini
  285. Differential Equations: Computing and Modeling (5th Edition): C. Henry Edwards & David E. Penney & David Calvis
  286. Introduction to Physical Anthropology,15th Edition: Robert Jurmain & Lynn Kilgore & Wenda Trevathan & Russell L. Ciochon & Eric Bartelink
  287. Essential Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 2nd Edition:James Stewart
  288. Fundamentals of Logic Design,7th Edition: Jr. Charles H. Roth & Larry L Kinney
  289. Earth: Portrait of a Planet (Fifth Edition):Stephen Marshak
  290. Visualizing Microbiology,1st Edition: Rodney P. Anderson & Linda Young
  291. Instructional Strategies for Students With Mild, Moderate, and Severe Intellectual Disability,1st Edition: Richard M. Gargiulo & Emily C. Bouck
  292. Contemporary Employment Law,3rd Edition:C. Kerry Fields & Henry R. Cheeseman
  293. Excursions in Modern Mathematics,9th Edition:Peter Tannenbaum
  294. Integrated Principles of Zoology,17th Edition:Cleveland Hickman, Jr.
  295. Human Microscopic Anatomy: An Atlas for Students of Medicine and Biology:Radivoj V. Krstic
  296. Sociology,16th Edition:John J. Macionis
  297. The Complete Guide to Facebook Advertising:Brian Meert & Anne Felicitas
  298. Lead Generation Secrets: Craigslist Advertising Secrets:Marquel Russell
  299. Culture and Practical Reason,:Marshall Sahlins
  300. Making Sense of Reality: Culture and Perception in Everyday Life,1st Edition:Tia DeNora
  301. Family Nurse Practitioner Certification Intensive Review, 3rd Edition:Maria T. Codina Leik
  302. Data Mining for Business Analytics: Concepts, Techniques, and Applications in R, 1st Edition: Galit Shmueli & Peter C. Bruce & Inbal Yahav & Nitin R. Patel &, Kenneth C. Lichtendahl Jr.
  303. The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement,30th Edition:Eliyahu M. Goldratt
  304. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiecek; Bruce J. Mc
  305. Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents, 4th Edition: American Academy of Pediatrics & Joseph F. Hagan & Judith S. Shaw & Paula M. Duncan
  306. Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List), 9th Edition:Frederick J Gravetter & Larry B. Wallnau & Lori-Ann B. Forzano
  307. Maternity and Women's Health Care, 11th Edition:Deitra Lowdermilk
  308. Investing in People: Financial Impact of Human Resource Initiatives (2nd Edition):Wayne Cascio & John Boudreau
  309. They Say/I Say: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing, with 2016 MLA Update and Readings,3rd Edition: Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein
  310. Sell Real Estate Using Facebook Ads [Success Secrets]:Cress Terrell
  311. Clinically Oriented Anatomy,8th Edition: Keith L. Moore & Arthur F. Dalley & Anne M. R. Agur
  312. Looking at Movies (Fifth Edition): Richard Barsam & Dave Monahan
  313. Out of the Box Owl: Not Your Basic Pitch Marketing!:Mary Shannon Moore
  314. Microbiology Fundamentals: A Clinical Approach,2nd Edition:Marjorie Kelly Cowan
  315. Pharmacology: An Introduction, 7th Edition: Henry Hitner & Barbara T Nagle
  316. Effective Practices in Early Childhood Education, 3rd Edition:Sue Bredekamp
  317. Earth Science: The Earth, The Atmosphere, and Space, 1st Edition:Stephen Marshak & Robert Rauber
  318. Teaching Science Through Inquiry-Based Instruction,13th Edition: Terry L. Contant & Joel L Bass &‎ Anne A Tweed & ‎ Arthur A. Carin
  319. MOS 2016 Study Guide for Microsoft Excel Expert,1st Edition:Paul McFedries
  320. MOS 2016 Study Guide for Microsoft Word Expert,1st Edition:John Pierce
  321. Scope of Practice:National League for Nursing
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2019.06.29 16:58 WWE_Network_Bot This Day in History: 06/29/2019

The following events happened on this day in history!
What event was your favorite in this list?
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2019.06.26 18:00 daprice82 Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ Jul. 16, 2001

Going through old issues of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter and posting highlights in my own words. For anyone interested, I highly recommend signing up for the actual site at f4wonline and checking out the full archives.
PREVIOUS YEARS ARCHIVE:
1991199219931994199519961997199819992000
1-1-2001 1-8-2001 1-15-2001 1-22-2001
1-29-2001 2-5-2001 2-12-2001 2-19-2001
2-26-2001 3-5-2001 3-12-2001 3-19-2001
3-26-2001 4-2-2001 4-9-2001 4-16-2001
4-23-2001 4-30-2001 5-7-2001 5-14-2001
5-21-2001 5-28-2001 6-4-2001 6-11-2001
6-18-2001 6-25-2001 7-2-2001 7-9-2001
  • WWF has pretty much abandoned all its plans for reviving WCW and instead revived ECW and had them join the invasion angle. Adding ECW to the fold was a last minute decision made partly in response to the disastrous WCW match on Raw last week. Prior to this, the original plan had been for WCW to have some exposure on WWF TV, do some inter-promotional matches at the upcoming Invasion PPV, and then an angle would be done the next night on Raw with Vince and Linda McMahon having a "divorce hearing" and splitting everything down the middle. Vince would lose Raw to Linda, who would in turn give it to Shane, and Raw would then become the WCW show. The week after would have been a draft, so that WCW could take some of the WWF's big names to help carry the brand. From there, WCW and WWF would be kept apart. WCW would began touring regularly in October and have its first PPV in October as well. Meanwhile, WWF would continue on Smackdown with their own PPVs and eventually, once WCW had fully established itself as a strong brand, they would come back together for more inter-promotional matches.
WATCH: ECW joins the Invasion angle (filmed on a potato, sorry)
  • That was the original plan. So what happened? Well the whole angle has been botched from the start anyway. But the horrible crowd reaction on Raw last week, plus similar reactions to WCW stars at house shows this past week, pretty much torpedoed everything. WWF officials were stunned by the amount of negative reaction to the WCW brand from WWF fans. Dave says WWF fans have been trained to hate WCW for years and it all came to a head on Raw. It was even worse on Smackdown but you wouldn't know from watching it because they edited the crowd audio before it aired, which they couldn't do with the live Raw. Also, as of press time, the Invasion PPV is 2 weeks away and isn't sold out yet. It should be sold out or close to it by the time the show gets here, but for the first big inter-promotional show of WWF vs. WCW, the tickets didn't move nearly as fast as they'd hoped (they turn Austin babyface again a week beforehand and the PPV ends up doing huge numbers but we'll get there). Dave says it's hard to fathom how such a surefire moneymaking angle has been bungled so badly, although part of it is clearly the lack of big WCW stars and WWF's refusal to spend big money to get them.
  • So they started spit-balling ideas to save the angle. Dave says things got so crazy and so many wild ideas were tossed around that there was actually serious discussion about bringing in Eric Bischoff. (Can you imagine?!) One source claimed there was even plans in place for Bischoff to come in for just a short-term angle, work a match with Vince, kick off the WCW thing, and then be gone, but that Bischoff shot down the idea. Bischoff himself denies that he was ever even approached about it and that he would have turned it down even if they had offered (I believe he has since admitted that yes, he was approached). Either way, the idea was at least kicked around. Ultimately, they settled on reviving ECW (with Stephanie McMahon in charge) and combining it with WCW. The best news coming out of the whole thing is that it let Paul Heyman cut some great promos on Raw and Smackdown and Dave says his kind of realism and promos are exactly what this angle needs if it's going to succeed because out of everyone on the roster, Paul Heyman is the guy who can probably get it over. But the depth of WCW star power is killing it.
  • Scrapping the idea of reviving WCW as its own brand creates a whole new set of problems. Most of the 24 wrestlers that WWF acquired from WCW haven't even appeared on TV yet and if WCW isn't going to be its own brand, most of those guys may be out of luck. They were all lower card guys anyway and if WWF doesn't need to fill a second roster, that puts them in a shitty spot. The number of well-paying, full-time wrestling jobs in the United States is currently at its lowest point since World War II so there's a lot of young, talented cruiserweight-type guys that WWF picked up who may be out of a job soon if WWF doesn't have any use for them. So what next? No one seems to know. Booking decisions are basically being made day-to-day right now instead of long term because all the long-term plans have basically been scrapped. Separate brands, separate TV shows, separate PPVs and touring schedules....it's all up in the air right now and may happen or may not. The Vince/Linda angle where they split the assets on Raw after the Invasion PPV has definitely been scrapped, so at the very least, things are going to be delayed and now it's looking entirely possible that there won't be a relaunched WCW at all.
  • Meta news time! Dave wants to thank everyone who made the Wrestling Observer Live online radio show so much fun for the last 2 years. But as of last week, online radio host website Eyada has folded and with it goes the Observer show. Dave talks about how the stories of dot-com businesses shutting down is a daily news story these days (yup, this is right as the dot-com bubble was bursting). He compares the Eyada situation to being similar to ECW's dying days. Everyone involved knew the ship was going down and there were occasionally hopes to try and save it at the last minute, but it all fell through and it was forced to close. Dave talks about how the internet is an incredible technological advancement and how Eyada was an idea ahead of its time. The belief was that internet radio was the future and how there was belief that people would be able to listen to it in their cars eventually or buy a device that works with their Walkmans (omg) and things like that. But 2 years later, none of that has happened and internet radio just hasn't taken off like people expected. Plus all the problems that come with it, like sound quality, lagging, getting disconnected, etc. just made it inconvenient for most people. But regardless of all that, the Observer show built a pretty large audience and was often the highest rated internet talk show in the country which admittedly doesn't mean much in the grand scheme of things but hey, Dave's still proud of it. Dave thanks a lot of the people involved by name, particularly Bryan Alvarez for his amazing insight and wit. Dave's bummed that it's going away, but who knows, maybe something will pan out in the future...
  • The latest in regards to Jerry Lawler being rehired by WWF is that the deal is pretty much dead for now. Lawler went on his website and wrote a long post detailing why the deal to bring him back last week fell apart. Lawler was called by Kevin Dunn to work Raw and be the WCW announcer for the Booker T/Buff Bagwell match and had agreed to bring Stacy Carter back with him. Before she was fired, Stacy did not have the typical WWF contract, she was being paid-per-appearance. So WWF agreed to bring Lawler and her back, with Lawler signing a contract and Stacy getting her old per-night deal back. At this point, Lawler pushed his luck and inquired about maybe getting Stacy an actual contract with a downside guarantee like everyone else in the company has. Lawler even volunteered to take a $52,000-per-year paycut so that Stacy could have a $52,000-per-year contract and it wouldn't cost the WWF any additional money. All this negotiation was going on through Kevin Dunn, who in turn talked to Vince and cleared everything. Dunn told Vince about Lawler's request and Vince responded that they wouldn't sign Stacy to a contract because they had no future plans for her beyond her returning alongside Lawler this one time. Begrudgingly, Lawler went ahead and agreed, figuring at least Stacy would have a foot back in the door and if Lawler is there, maybe he can pull some strings and get her back later.
  • Then Kevin Dunn called Lawler back the next day and told him Vince had changed his mind. They didn't want to bring Stacy in even for the one-time appearance. Only Lawler. At that point, Lawler backed out of the deal. Lawler claims that Bruce Prichard is the one who changed Vince's mind, after the original deal was already agreed upon, and convinced Vince to not bring Stacy back at all. Dave says there was a lot of pressure on Vince because it would look like he had caved to Lawler's demands, which isn't a good look for the boss. And plus, as mentioned, Stacy was deeply unpopular in the locker room and apparently nobody liked her. But whatever the reason, Vince changed his mind, said absolutely no Stacy, and so we're back to square one with Lawler refusing to come back without her (Stacy's about a week away from abruptly leaving Lawler for another guy anyway, which he goes into excruciating detail about in his book if you've never read it, so this all wraps up soon).
  • NOAH is looking to bring in Dalip Singh, the 7-foot dude who has been working for APW in California. NJPW is also interested in him (that's Great Khali and he ends up in NJPW).
  • Atsushi Onita officially announced he will be running for Japan's House of Councilors as a member of the Jiminto party, which is the biggest political party in Japan. Onita's platform is big on children's education because he's famous for dropping out of high school and then going back to earn his diploma at the age of 40. As part of a publicity stunt for the announcement, Onita went to Rikidozan's grave site and said he was going to send videos of his famous death matches to Japan's prime minister Junichiro Koizumi. Then he said after he wins the election, he wants to challenge Antonio Inoki to a retirement match "And you think politics in our country is silly," Dave quips. Anyway, spoiler: Onita actually wins.
  • Kevin Nash did an interview with a Japanese wrestling magazine and had some interesting comments. Nash freely admitted that he was specifically told not to mention Scoff Hall's name on TV in WCW, so in response, he went out on TV and did it every week anyway. He says at one point he was told that if he did it again, they would consider it a breach of contract and fire him, so Nash responded with a big speech about the Constitution and the first amendment and all that stuff. Dave just shakes his head at this dumb shit. But he also says WCW gave him repeated chances and never fired him, so at that point, it was WCW's fault, not Nash's. You can't repeatedly threaten to punish a child when it misbehaves and then not back up your words when they do. Anyway, in the same interview, Nash also said he had considered retiring after WCW closed but he misses the pop of going through the curtain and is now just waiting for his WCW deal to expire so he can jump back in. As for went wrong with WCW, Nash said the bookers (Russo) never understood that you have to lay a foundation for the storylines and have them make sense and that the title should mean something. He said WWF never lost sight of the fact that the world title should be valuable and winning the belt is the ultimate quest, while Russo devalued the belt completely. Also, way too many run-ins in every match.
  • That Matrats promotion in Canada is running a big show this month and it's a test-run for a planned PPV in October. If you recall, Eric Bischoff is working with this company and his partner Jason Hervey will be the on-air commissioner. As far as wrestlers, the best workers in the promotion are said to be Jack Evans, Teddy Hart, TJ Wilson, and Rene Dupree. Speaking of Dupree, he's only 18 years old and looks incredible and those who have seen him say he could be the next mega star in this business (yeah, everyone thought he would be for awhile. He ends up in WWE, does the La Resistance gimmick, but never really gets beyond that). Joey Styles may end up doing the announcing for this company. Speaking of announcing, Dave says they used to have the most underrated announcer in the business, a guy named Mauro Ranallo, but he isn't working with them anymore.
  • XPW had a fire spot go wrong at a show this week. Supreme was going against Kaos and Supreme was supposed to get put through a flaming table covered in fluorescent light tubes. Veronica Caine, one of the porn stavalets XPW uses, put way too much lighter fluid on the table and Supreme took the bump face-first somehow and....caught on fire. Then the idiot with the fire extinguisher panicked and started spraying the table in the ring because it was still on fire. Meanwhile, Supreme was over on the other side of the ring, still cooking. Eventually, they sprayed him too. He suffered serious burns on his chest and arms and was on the ground for about 10 minutes before being taken out by paramedics. The fans, respectful as always, yelled things like, "I hope you die!" and "I smell bacon!" It's said that for the rest of the show, the arena smelled of lighter fluid and burnt flesh. Anyway, Supreme is expected to be hospitalized for at least a week.
WATCH: Supreme turns into a crispy critter - XPW 2001
  • While all this was going on during the same XPW show, promoter Rob Black was backstage arguing with Sabu and trying to talk him into doing a job for the three-way main event. The match was supposed to be XPW champion Messiah vs. Vampiro vs. Sabu. Also, the Insane Clown Posse were supposed to be with Vampiro and involved in the match, but they walked out after Violent J was pissed because Pogo The Clown stiffed him during an angle earlier in the show, to the point where J reportedly may have broken ribs. Anyway, Sabu eventually agreed to do the job. Sandman was also on the show and he and New Jack both received huge "ECW" chants from the XPW crowd.
WATCH: ICP attacked in XPW
  • UFC is said to be against the idea of bringing Tank Abbott back, who is currently sitting out and collecting on the remainder of his WCW contract. UFC has worked really hard to be seen as a real sport and have fought with the state athletic commissions about how these are highly trained world class athletes. Meanwhile, Tank Abbott is basically just a big ol' beefy street fighter with little formal training who wasn't even in shape for his most recent fights. Basically, he goes against everything UFC is trying to present itself as (he eventually comes back in 2003).
  • It's pretty much official that Goldberg will not be coming to WWF anytime soon. In order to sign him, it would mean he would have by far the biggest contract in the entire company. As Dave has pointed out before, from an economic standpoint, they should bring him in. A couple of Goldberg/Austin and Goldberg/Rock dream matches on PPV alone would be enough to recoup the cost of his contract. But it would also upset the salary structure of the company and piss off the whole locker room and they just aren't willing to do that. So expect Goldberg to sit out the next 2 years or so (yup).
  • Buff Bagwell has already been fired by WWF, for "an amazing ability to accumulate heat in almost record time," Dave says. There was the issue with him and Shane Helms that was mentioned last week that left Bagwell needing stitches. Those who know Helms say he's a quiet, hardworking guy and he was only defending himself so there's no heat on him. Bagwell also arrived late for the practice sessions in Stamford almost every day and was said to be the only one not taking the practices seriously. He also arrived late for his first house show. After the Smackdown taping in Tacoma, they did an angle after the cameras were off where the WWF guys came to the ring and ran off all the WCW guys, leaving only Bagwell alone with guys like the APA. It was pretty much another one of those typical "Welcome to the WWF" beat downs from the APA where they beat the shit out of him and gave him a hard power bomb. Also, Bagwell's mother Judy Bagwell repeatedly called the office complaining about Buff's travel accommodations, leading to Bradshaw ruthlessly ribbing him for it. Many of the WWF wrestlers even started a pool, taking bets on how long Bagwell would last. Turned out it was sooner than almost everyone predicted, although Dave says one unnamed wrestler was only off by 5 days. Anyway, he's gone. Dave's been saying it for years, all that immature shit people used to get away with in WCW ain't gonna fly in WWF, and Bagwell has become the first to learn that the hard way.
  • Notes from Raw: Steve Austin and Kurt Angle continued their hilarious backstage interactions, complete with Angle getting all of them little sheriff badges. Booker T, holding both the WCW world and U.S. titles, beat Kurt Angle, with Booker getting booed out of the building. And of course, the big ECW angle at the end with WCW and ECW joining together and Stephanie McMahon being revealed as the new owner of ECW.
WATCH: Stephanie McMahon revealed as the new owner of ECW
  • Kaz Hayashi, Yun Yang, Shannon Moore, and Evan Karagis all made their WWF debuts in a dark match that got over big, which is the first time a WCW match has done so since this angle began. Rob Van Dam also worked a dark match, beating former WCW wrestler Johnny the Bull. RVD got over strong as well.
WATCH: the final moments of RVD vs. Johnny The Bull 2001 dark match
  • Ad Age magazine ran a story talking about how Vince McMahon wanted to blow up a Honda car during halftime of one of the final XFL games. The reason is because Honda was one of the original XFL sponsors but they pulled out early in the season and bashed the XFL for not delivering the product they were promised. McMahon was pissed about it and wanted to blow up a Honda in response but was talked out of it by NBC execs who were already pretty fed up with this crazy old man and his carny ideas.
  • Spike Dudley suffered a hairline fracture to his fibula in a match on Smackdown and will be out for about a month. He's using a crutch and a soft cast for now and is still making his appearances. He even offered to tape up his leg and wrestle if needed for weekend house shows.
  • Steve Austin is still dealing with serious back issues that make even putting on his shoes difficult. He's expected to be back by the Invasion PPV but it's touch and go. Even the little bit of physical activity he has done the last few weeks has caused him to have back spasms.
  • Mick Foley was on TSN's Off The Record in Canada and once again, host Michael Landsberg delivered a segment that blows away every other wrestler interview, because Landsberg understands the business, treats it and the wrestlers with respect, but he also asks tough questions. Foley was asked about the future of wrestling because of how violent it's getting and all the risks people take. Foley agreed it was too much and hoped it would scale back, and talked about the success of guys like Benoit and Angle as an example of getting over and becoming a star without throwing yourself off cages. Both Foley and Landsberg agreed that WWF is in a bit of a rut right now. Foley blamed it on McMahon focusing too much on the XFL for the last year. They discussed the infamous McMahon/Bob Costas interview and Foley said he actually asked Vince about it and asked if it was a work or a shoot and Vince told him it was for real, he wasn't playing a character during that interview. Foley said he currently has no interest in returning to the ring but admitted it would probably happen eventually. Landsberg argued that if wrestling had a union, Foley wouldn't be allowed to wrestle for his own good. They talked about NHL player Eric Lindros' concussion issues and Foley said during the last year or so of his career, he told wrestlers to take it easy with him because his wife didn't like him taking chair shots to the head.
WATCH: Mick Foley on TSN Off The Record in 2001
  • Dave recaps a recent WWF press release that talks about the history of WWF and WCW. Basically, the gist of it is WCW never accomplished anything on their own and were only good when they stole a bunch of WWF stars. Dave says they own WCW now. The company itself is dead. It serves no purpose to keep burying them. They should be trying to rebuild it rather than talk about how shitty it was and how it only succeeded because they stole WWF stars.
  • TNN put out a press release bragging about the network's overall ratings increases compared to last year and touting that they're the fastest growing network in prime time. That's true, but it's also ENTIRELY because of Raw. In fact, if you took Raw out of the equation, TNN's numbers would actually be down from last year.
  • Jim Cornette had hernia surgery last week and will be out for a few weeks, so Kevin Kelly will be handling announcing duties in OVW for awhile.
  • Speaking of OVW, it was mentioned a few weeks ago that Leviathan has grown his hair out and shaved his face and basically changed his overall look. In case you're wondering why, it's because he worked a dark match at a WWF show and got a huge "Goldberg!" chant, so they told him to change his look.
  • In regards to Smackdown going live later this year, WWF is publicly blaming the ratings decrease on internet spoilers for taped shows. Dave points out several reasons why this simply isn't true. For starters, Raw's ratings (which is already a live show) have been falling at a faster rate than Smackdown. The ratings decline also started abruptly, just in the last few months since WCW folded. Basically, the product sucks now and wrestling just isn't hot anymore. It has nothing to do with taped show spoilers on the internet. In fact, how can someone even read spoilers on the internet during this time? As soon as the website loads, someone in the other room picks up the goddamn phone and the internet disconnects. Dammit Dad, I've been downloading a picture for the last 45 minutes, it was almost done! Ugh! I HATE YOU! I SHOULD HAVE GONE TO LIVE WITH MOM!
  • Brock Lesnar was interviewed in an amateur wrestling magazine about his decision to become a pro wrestler, which a lot of amateurs look down on. Lesnar talked about the difficulty of it, saying, "It is a lot harder than I expected it to be. It is more demanding on my body than all my 19 years of amateur wrestling put together. If you don't know how to land right or do a move in the correct way, you are putting yourself and your opponent's life in danger." In regards to amateur wrestlers nay-saying him for it, Lesnar responded, "I fell victim to the amateur people saying, 'Don't watch professional wrestling because it's fake and not real.' I've been trying to get amateur wrestlers like Shelton Benjamin and myself to make a difference somehow in both and professional and amateur world."
  • There was a segment about wrestling on the Fox News show The O'Reilly Factor regarding the usual is-wrestling-appropriate-for-children debate. Bob Backlund was on to defend wrestling while some doctor who did a study about the effects of wrestling on kids was there to argue the other side. Basically, both Backlund and the doctor debated back and forth, both of them were full of shit, O'Reilly was clueless about wrestling, and they played clips of WCW while talking about violence in the WWF. "As with most things on that network, little was accomplished," Dave says. My man.
  • Apparently there was an altercation between Hugh Morrus and Mark Jindrak during one of those training sessions. Jindrak reportedly messed up some spots, Morrus tried to help him out and correct him and Jindrak responded by calling him a fat slob who's never done anything in the business and then they were separated before it could escalate. WWF officials were said to be less than impressed with Jindrak's attitude and Jim Ross had a meeting with all the WCW wrestlers to basically remind everyone to check their attitudes at the door because this ain't WCW anymore. (See: Bagwell, Buff.)
  • Speaking of, there's still a lot of backstage heat between WWF and WCW wrestlers, who are still divided in the locker room. A lot of WWF wrestlers already see this angle as a flop based on the crowd response. Meanwhile, the WCW wrestlers feel like the angle has been bungled from the beginning and even said the real WCW would have been more organized and had a better plan in place for this angle than WWF has so far. But otherwise, the general feeling is that the WWF is so much more professionally run in every aspect of the business and it's been a culture shock to a lot of the WCW guys.
  • There was some heat on Stacy Keibler for missing some house shows this weekend. Apparently, she had already been told she wasn't going to be working the shows but then they changed their mind and wanted her on the road to practice the bra and panties match that is scheduled for the PPV. Keibler had already made vacation plans since she was originally scheduled to be off and refused to break her plans. WWF allowed her to miss the shows, but it didn't endear her to some in the locker room. God, there is so much petty, clique-ish nonsense happening in WWF right now.
  • Speaking of, a lot of the WCW wrestlers who haven't been used on TV yet were at Raw in Atlanta this week since so many of them live in the city. And once again, it was the same issues backstage, with WCW wrestlers being accused of not knowing the protocol. They were nervous and shy, didn't talk to many people, didn't shake everybody's hand, etc. So now they've all got bad reps with the WWF guys, because this is fucking high school apparently.
  • Random notes: Toronto Skydome is looking to be the front-runner for WrestleMania 18 next year (yup). The Invasion PPV isn't sold out and there's still 2,000 tickets left as of press time. Scott Hudson is already done as WCW announcer, but he was only supposed to be short-term anyway.
  • Chyna did her first interview since being benched by WWF. The only interesting thing she said is that they wouldn't let her win the WWF title and she "has too much experience" to wrestle the women so there was nothing left to do with her character. She did say one true thing. She mentioned that wrestlers who's contracts are coming due soon are going to realize that one man having a monopoly on the business isn't a good thing for the wrestlers.
  • Al Snow and Dean Malenko were practicing commentary backstage during Raw. WWF is looking for new commentators for the WCW side of things and hey, why not? Dave says Malenko in particular is someone who is said to be hilarious backstage, quick-witted and fun to talk to, but it never translates to TV. Stevie Ray was like that in WCW, which is why they made him an announcer too, but it never clicked.
  • WWF has a deal with some company to send CD-ROMS to WWF Magazine subscribers which will feature bonus content not included in each issue of the magazine. That is a very 2001 sentence.
  • Letters section time! An indie wrestler, who chooses to remain unnamed, writes in and is pretty disgusted by the fact that Tough Enough exists. He talks about how just before Tough Enough debuted, WWF pulled out of their developmental deals with several indie companies and cut developmental contracts of dozens of talented wrestlers who were working in those promotions (like Memphis Championship Wrestling, UPW in California, etc.). This guy thinks it's kinda fucked up that so many hard working, legitimately talented developmental guys are suddenly out on their asses while a bunch of nobody reality show contestants are vying for a WWF contract on TV.
  • Other people write in about the WCW angle. One guy predicts exactly what's going to happen, that WWF is going to bury WCW, nobody will get over, the whole thing will be a flop, and Booker T will likely be the only WCW signee who may have a chance to make it as a WWF star. Dick "The Destroyer" Beyer writes in saying the recovery for the business is going to be tough in the wake of WCW's death and will take a long time.
  • A former WCW wrestler named Bob Cook writes in and says he was the first wrestler to work with Buff Bagwell for his WCW tryout match back in 1991, which led to Bagwell getting his job with WCW. After watching the Bagwell/Booker T match, Cook writes, "I wish I wasn't such a great worker. Never thought I was, but I must have been to make Bagwell look good enough to get a job in the first place. I would like to say I'm sorry to the fans for helping him get his job."
FRIDAY: Bankruptcy court upset with WWF for using ECW intellectual property they down own, Terry Gordy passes away, tons more WCW updates, plans changing daily, and more...
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2019.04.05 03:44 jaydenblochhh [SHARE][FREE DOWNLOAD] Textbook Megathread #9 PDF

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  1. Understanding Human Sexuality, 11th Edition:Janet Shibley Hyde & John D. DeLamater
  2. Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases,1st Edition: Jeffrey H. Dyer & Paul Godfrey & Robert Jensen & David Bryce
  3. New Perspectives on Computer Concepts 2018: Introductory,20th Edition:June Jamrich Parsons
  4. The Everyday Writer with 2016 MLA Update,6th Edition:Andrea A. Lunsford
  5. Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 & Word 2016: Intermediate,1st Edition:Misty E. Vermaat
  6. Writing about Writing: A College Reader,3rd Edition:Elizabeth Wardle
  7. March's Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms and Structure,7th Edition:Michael B. Smith
  8. Contemporary Sport Management-5th Edition: Paul M. Pedersen &. Lucie Thibault
  9. Database Concepts (7th Edition): David M. Kroenke & David J. Auer
  10. Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy,7th Edition:Peter Dicken
  11. Gould's Pathophysiology for the Health Professions,5th Edition: Karin VanMeter & Robert Hubert
  12. Global Business,4th Edition:Mike W. Peng
  13. Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change,2nd Edition: Callie Marie Rennison & Mary J. Dodge
  14. Essentials of Ecology,4th Edition: Michael Begon & Robert W. Howarth & Colin R. Townsend
  15. Operations and Supply Chain Management, 9th Edition: Roberta S. Russell & Bernard W. Taylor
  16. Digital Design and Computer Architecture,2nd Edition: David Harris & Sarah Harris
  17. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology,7th Edition: Serope Kalpakjian & Stephen R. Schmid
  18. Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk about How to Do It Right, 7th Edition: Linda K. Trevino & Katherine A. Nelson
  19. International Project Management,1st Edition:Kathrin Koster
  20. Organizational Behavior,1st Edition: Afsaneh Nahavandi & Robert B. Denhardt & Janet V. Denhardt & Maria P.
  21. A Teacher's Pocket Guide to School Law (3rd Edition):Nathan L. Essex
  22. Corrections in America: An Introduction (14th Edition): Harry E. Allen & ‎ Edward J. Latessa & ‎ Bruce S. Ponder
  23. Fundamentals of Construction Estimating,4th Edition:David Pratt
  24. Psychology Around Us, Canadian Edition,2nd Edition: Ronald Comer & Nancy Ogden & Michael Boyes & Elizabeth Gould
  25. Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life,11th Edition:David M. Newman
  26. Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality,8th Edition:Joel Spring
  27. Research Methods in Psychology: Evaluating a World of Information,3rd Edition:Beth Morling
  28. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People, Volume I: To 1877, Concise,7th Edition:Paul S. Boyer
  29. Financial & Managerial Accounting,14th Edition: Carl S. Warren & James M. Reeve &‎ Jonathan Duchac
  30. Natural Resource Economics: An Introduction,3rd Edition:Barry C. Field
  31. Marketing Management: A Strategic Decision-Making Approach,8th Edition: John Mullins & Orville C Walker
  32. Microeconomics, 2nd edition: B. Douglas Bernheim & ‎ Michael Whinston
  33. Microeconomics: A Contemporary Introduction,11th Edition:William A. McEachern
  34. Excursions in Modern Mathematics (8th Edition):Peter Tannenbaum
  35. College Physics,10th Edition:Raymond A. Serway
  36. Psychology in Everyday Life,3rd Edition:David G. Myers
  37. Chemistry The Science in Context , 5th Edition: Thomas R. Gilbert & Rein V. Kirss
  38. Starting Out with C++ from Control Structures to Objects,9th Edition:Tony Gaddis
  39. Precalculus, 6th Edition :Robert F. Blitzer
  40. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter, 7th Edition: Neil D. Jespersen & James E. Brady & Alison Hyslop
  41. Precalculus with Limits,4th Edition:Ron Larson
  42. Occupied America: A History of Chicanos (8th Edition):Rodolfo F. Acuna
  43. Development Economics,1st Edition:Gérard Roland
  44. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach,2nd Edition: Nivaldo J. Tro & Travis D. Fridgen & Lawton E. Shaw
  45. Construction Contracting: A Practical Guide to Company Management,8th Edition:Richard H. Clough, Glenn A. Sears, S. Keoki Sears, Robert O. Segner, Jerald L. Rounds
  46. Statistics for the Life Sciences (5th Edition): Myra L. Samuels & Jeffrey A. Witmer & Andrew Schaffner
  47. Financial Management: Core Concepts (3rd Edition):Raymond Brooks
  48. South-Western Federal Taxation 2018: Comprehensive,41th Edition: William H. Hoffman & David M. Maloney
  49. Human Resource Management,15th Edition: Robert L. Mathis & John H. Jackson
  50. Disorders of Childhood: Development and Psychopathology,3rd Edition: Robin Hornik Parritz & Michael F. Troy
  51. Public Speaking for College & Career,10th Edition:Hamilton Gregory
  52. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others (8th Edition): Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe
  53. Student Solutions Manual, Chapters 10-17 for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus,8th Edition:James Stewart
  54. Exploring Management,5th Edition: John R. Schermerhorn & Daniel G. Bachrach
  55. English Vocabulary Elements, 2nd Edition: Denning, Keith, Kessler, Brett, Leben, William R
  56. Linear Algebra and Its Applications,5th Edition: David C. Lay & Steven R. Lay
  57. Principles of Macroeconomics,12th Edition: Karl E. Case & Ray C. Fair; &Sharon E. Oster
  58. Cultural Psychology (Third Edition):Steven J. Heine
  59. Database System Concepts, 6th Edition: Abraham Silberschatz & ‎ Henry F. Korth & ‎ S. Sudarshan
  60. Principles of Engineering Economic Analysis,6th Edition: John A. White & Kenneth E. Case
  61. Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health,3rd Edition: Ann Aschengrau & George R. Seage
  62. Essentials of Business Processes and Information Systems,1st Edition: Simha R. Magal & Jeffrey Word
  63. Introduction to Human Disease: Pathophysiology for Health Professionals,6th Edition: Agnes G. Loeffler & Michael N. Hart
  64. New Perspectives Microsoft Office 365 & Excel 2016: Intermediate,1st Edition:June Jamrich Parsons
  65. Introduction to Networks Companion Guide v5.1,1st Edition:Cisco Networking Academy
  66. Introduction to Physical Anthropology, 2013-2014 Edition,14th Edition: Robert Jurmain & Lynn Kilgore
  67. Scientific American Presenting Psychology: Deborah Licht & Misty Hull
  68. Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach (4th Edition): C. Aaron McNeece & Diana M. DiNitto
  69. Microeconomics: Principles for a Changing World,4th Edition:Eric Chiang
  70. Contemporary Project Management, 3rd Edition:Timothy Kloppenborg
  71. Marketing: Real People, Real Choices,9th Edition: Michael R. Solomon & Greg W. Marshall & Elnora W. Stuart
  72. The Architecture of Computer Hardware and System Software: An Information Technology Approach,5th Edition:Irv Englander
  73. Communication Skills for the Healthcare Professional,: Laurie K McCorry & Jeff Mason
  74. Construction Jobsite Management,4th Edition: William R. Mincks & Hal Johnston
  75. Culture and Psychology,6th Edition: David Matsumoto & Linda Juang
  76. Our Global Environment: A Health Perspective,7th Edition:Anne Nadakavukaren
  77. UNDERSTANDING HUMAN SEXUALITY,13th Edition:Janet Hyde & John DeLamater
  78. In Pursuit of Excellence,5th Edition:Terry Orlick
  79. Molecular Biology of the Cell: The Problems Book,6th Edition: John Wilson & Tim Hunt
  80. Introduction to Probability and Statistics,14th Edition: William Mendenhall & Robert J. Beaver
  81. Introduction to Human Disease: Pathophysiology for Health Professionals,6th Edition:Agnes G. Loeffler
  82. Lighting for Cinematography,1st Edition:David Landau
  83. Bureaucracy and Democracy: Accountability and Performance,4th Edition:Steven J. Balla; William T. Gormley, Jr.
  84. CPNE Study Guide: Pass Your First Time Study Guide Edition,:Sheri Taylor
  85. Care Plan Study Guide: How to Write Passing Care Plans for the CPNE Study Guide Edition:Sheri Taylor
  86. NYSTCE Secondary Assessment of Teaching Skills-Written Practice Questions:NYSTCE Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  87. CNOR Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:CNOR Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  88. The Nurse, the Math, the Meds: Drug Calculations Using Dimensional Analysis,3rd Edition:oyce Mulholland, Susan Turner
  89. Understanding Business Valuatio - Trugman_2
  90. Chemistry: The Central Science,14th Edition: Theodore E. Brown & H. Eugene LeMay & Bruce E. Bursten
  91. World Regions in Global Context: Peoples, Places, and Environments (5th Edition):Sallie A. Marston & Paul L. Knox
  92. Differential Equations and Linear Algebra,4th Edition: C. Henry Edwards & David E. Penney
  93. Canadian Advertising in Action,11th Edition:Keith J. Tuckwell
  94. Alcohol and Drug Counselor Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:ADC Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  95. Microsoft Dynamics 365 Enterprise Edition – Financial Management,3rd Edition:Mohamed Aamer Ala El Din
  96. Digital Fundamentals,11th Edition:Thomas L. Floyd
  97. Alcohol and Drug Counselor Exam Secrets Study Guide: ADC Test Review for the International Examination for Alcohol & Drug Counselors,:ADC Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  98. CNOR Q & A: Boost Your Confidence: 200 Questions, Complete Rationale, Test-Taking Strategies,:Jennifer Vieau
  99. Essentials of Cultural Anthropology,3rd Edition:Garrick Bailey
  100. Sociology, Ninth Canadian Edition,9th Edition; John J. Macionis & Linda M. Gerber;
  101. Essentials of Contemporary Management, 7th Edition: Gareth R Jones & Jennifer M George
  102. Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 12th Edition: Mark Bjelland &‎ Daniel R. Montello &‎ Jerome D Fellmann & Arthur Getis & Judith Getis
  103. Pharmacology,3rd Edition:Michael P. Adams
  104. CompTIA A+ 220-901 and 220-902 Practice Questions Exam Cram, 1st Edition:David L. Prowse
  105. Numerical Methods, 4th Edition: J. Douglas Faires & Richard L. Burden
  106. The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology,14th Edition: Frederick K. Lutgens & Edward J. Tarbuck & Dennis G. Tasa
  107. Interpreting and Analyzing Financial Statements, (6th Edition): Karen P. Schoenebeck & Mark P. Holtzman
  108. Theatre: A Way of Seeing,7th Edition:Milly S. Barranger
  109. Calculating Dosage Safely: A Dimensional Anaylysis Approach Revised Reprint:Tracy Horntvedt
  110. Accounting Information Systems,11th Edition: ULRIC J. GELINAS, JR.& RICHARD
  111. Evolution (Second Edition): Carl T. Bergstrom & Lee Alan Dugatkin
  112. Essentials of Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age,2nd Edition:Kenneth J. Guest
  113. Algebra and Trigonometry,10th Edition:Michael Sullivan
  114. Earth Science (14th Edition): Edward J. Tarbuck & ‎ Frederick K. Lutgens & ‎ Dennis G. Tasa
  115. Polymer Science and Technology,3rd Edition:Joel R. Fried
  116. Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History, Volume II,15th Edition:Fred S. Kleiner
  117. Business Statistics,2nd Edition:Robert A. Donnelly Jr
  118. Biology: The Core (2nd Edition):Eric J. Simon
  119. COMM,5th Edition:Deanna D. Sellnow
  120. Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Ingredients,1st Edition:Leslie S. Baumann
  121. Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation,1st Edition: Patricia Benner & Molly Sutphen & Victoria Leonard & Lisa Day & Lee S. Shulman
  122. Neonatology, 7th Edition: Tricia Lacy Gomella & M. Douglas Cunningham
  123. Society: The Basics, Sixth Canadian Edition: John J. Macionis & S. Mikael Jansson & Cecilia M. Benoit & Jakub Burkowicz
  124. Beginning Algebra,7th Edition:Elayn Martin-Gay
  125. A First Course in Probability, 9th Edition :Sheldon Ross
  126. Introduction to Programming Using Visual Basic,10th Edition:David I. Schneider
  127. Economics Today: The Micro View,18th Edition:Roger LeRoy Miller
  128. Java Foundations Introduction to Program Design and Data Structures (4th Edition): John Lewis & Peter DePasquale
  129. PTCB Exam Study Guide 2017-2018: Test Prep and Practice Test Questions for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination:Ascencia Test Prep
  130. Fundamentals of Corporate Finance,3rd Edition: Robert Parrino & David S. Kidwell & Thomas Bates
  131. Physical Rehabilitation, 6th Edition: Susan B. O'Sullivan & Thomas J. Schmitz T & George Fulk
  132. Financial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision Making, 7th Canadian Edition: Paul D. Kimmel & Jerry J. Weygandt
  133. Environmental Economics,7th Edition: Barry Field & Martha k Field
  134. SAP Purchasing and Procurement with SAP MM (Materials Management): Business User Guide (2nd Edition): Matt Chudy & Luis Castedo
  135. Write Now, 2nd Edition:Karin Russell
  136. Abnormal Psychology: An Integrative Approach,8th Edition: David H. Barlow & Vincent Mark Durand
  137. Entrepreneurship: The Practice and Mindset, 1st Edition: Heidi M. Neck & Christopher P. Neck & Emma L. Murray
  138. Abnormal Psychology (8th Edition): Thomas F. Oltmanns & Robert E. Emery
  139. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 1, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiece
  140. Data Structures and Other Objects Using C++, (4th Edition):Michael Main & Walter Savitch
  141. Network+ Guide to Networks,8th Edition:Jill West
  142. PFIN (with PFIN Online, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card) (New, Engaging Titles from 4LTR Press), 6th Edition: Randall Billingsley & Lawrence J. Gitman &‎ Michael D. Joehnk
  143. SALES FORCE MANAGEMENT 1E by GREGORY RICH,1st Edition:GREGORY RICH
  144. Psychosocial Aspects of Healthcare,3rd Edition:Meredith E. Drench
  145. An Introduction to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Skills and Applications,3rd Edition: Helen Kennerley & Joan Kirk & David Westbrook
  146. Integrated Advertising, Promotion, and Marketing Communications (7th Edition): Kenneth E. Clow & Donald E. Baack
  147. Microbiology, 2nd Edition:Dave Wessner
  148. Essentials of World Regional Geography,3rd Edition: George White &‎ Joseph Dymond & Elizabeth Chacko &‎ Justin Scheidt & Michael Bradshaw
  149. Biology: Concepts and Investigations,4th Edition:Mariëlle Hoefnagels
  150. Give Me Liberty!: An American History (Fifth Full Edition) (Vol. 2) Fifth Full Edition:Eric Foner
  151. Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings,11th Edition:Robert C. Solomon
  152. Electric Circuits,10th Edition: James W. Nilsson & Susan Riedel
  153. Learning Web Design,4th Edition:Jennifer Niederst Robbins
  154. Pura vida: Beginning Spanish,1st Edition: Norma Lopez-Burton & Laura Marques Pasqual & Cristina Pardo Ballester
  155. Death, Society and Human Experience ,11th Edition:Robert Kastenbaum
  156. Evolution, Fourth Edition: Douglas J. Futuyma & ‎ Mark Kirkpatrick
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  158. MCAT Biochemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
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  202. Writing and Reporting News: A Coaching Method,8th Edition:Carole Rich
  203. Understanding Global Conflict and Cooperation,10th Edition:Joseph S. Nye Jr.
  204. Launching the Imagination, 5th Edition:Mary Stewart
  205. Leadership for a Better World: Understanding the Social Change Model of Leadership Development,2nd Edition: Susan R. Komives & Wendy Wagner
  206. Lehne's Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice Providers, 1st Edition: Laura Rosenthal & Jacqueline Burchum
  207. Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age,2nd Edition:Kenneth J. Guest
  208. Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community,9th Edition: Marcia Stanhope & Jeanette Lancaster
  209. Managerial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision-Making,4th Canadian Edition: Jerry J. Weygandt;,& Paul D. Kimmel & Donald E. Kieso & Ibrahim M. Aly
  210. Manual of Critical Care Nursing: Nursing Interventions and Collaborative Management,7th Edition:Marianne Baird
  211. Mechanics of Materials, SI Edition,9th Edition: Barry J. Goodno &‎ James M. Gere
  212. Media Effects,1st Edition:W. James Potter
  213. Mergers, Acquisitions, and Other Restructuring Activities,9th Edition : Donald DePamphilis
  214. Marketing Plan Handbook,5th Edition:Marian Burk Wood
  215. Microsoft Visual C#: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming,7th Edition:Joyce Farrell
  216. Computer Organization and Architecture,10th Edition:William Stallings
  217. Principles of Marketing (16th Edition): Philip T. Kotler & Gary Armstrong
  218. Principles of Marketing (15th Edition): Philip T. Kotler & ‎ Gary Armstrong
  219. The Psychology of Advertising,2nd Edition: Bob M Fennis & Wolfgang Stroebe
  220. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others (8th Edition) : Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe & Mark V. Redmond
  221. Fitness and Wellness,12th Edition: Wener W.K. Hoeger & Sharon A. Hoeger
  222. Producer to Producer: A Step-by-Step Guide to Low-Budget Independent Film Producing, 2nd Edition: Maureen Ryan
  223. Drugs in American Society, 9th Edition:Erich Goode
  224. Essentials of the U.S. Health Care System,4th Edition:Leiyu Shi & Douglas A. Singh
  225. Selling Today: Partnering to Create Value (14th Edition): Gerald L. Manning & Michael Ahearne & Barry L. Reece
  226. Calculation of Drug Dosages: A Work Text,10th Edition: Sheila Ogden & Linda Fluharty
  227. Drugs, Alcohol, and Social Problems,: Orcutt, James D. & Rudy, David R.
  228. Short Guide to Action Research, A, 4th Edition:Andrew P. Johnson
  229. Psychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice,6th Edition: Mary Ann Boyd
  230. Internet and World Wide Web How To Program,5th Edition:(Harvey & Paul) Deitel & Associates
  231. Introduction to Psychology,11th Edition:James W. Kalat
  232. Spreadsheet Modeling & Decision Analysis: A Practical Introduction to Business Analytics,8th Edition:Cliff Ragsdale
  233. Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a Changing World (5th Edition): Lester Rowntree & Martin Lewis & Marie Price & William Wyckoff
  234. Vector Calculus,4th Edition:Susan J. Colley
  235. Personal Finance: Turning Money into Wealth (7th Edition): J. Keown
  236. Human Sexuality: Self, Society, and Culture,1st Edition:Gilbert Herdt & Nicole Polen-Petit
  237. Reaching Your Potential: Personal and Professional Development,4th Edition:Robert K. Throop
  238. Foodservice Organizations: A Managerial and Systems Approach (9th Edition):Mary Gregoire
  239. CIMA Complete Text - Management Case Study Kindle, Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  240. CIMA Complete Text - P2 Advanced Management Accounting, Kindle Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  241. CIMA F2 Advanced Financial Reporting Study Text,Kindle Edition:Astranti
  242. CIMA Complete Text - E2 Project and Relationship Management, Kindle Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  243. Conducting Health Outcomes Research, 1st Edition: Robert L. Kane & David M. Radosevich
  244. Brunner & Suddarth's Canadian Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing,3rd Edition: Pauline Paul & Rene Day & Beverly Williams
  245. Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, 10th Edition: Terence Ball & Richard Dagger & Daniel I. O'Neill
  246. Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal,10th Edition: Terence Ball & Richard Dagger
  247. Corporate Finance: A Practical Approach,2nd Edition:Michelle R. Clayman CFA, Martin S. Fridson CFA, George H. Troughton CFA, Matthew Scanlan
  248. Lavin's Radiography for Veterinary Technicians, 6th Edition: Marg Brown & Lois Brown
  249. Theatrical Design and Production: An Introduction to Scene Design and Construction, Lighting, Sound, Costume, and Makeup, 7th Edition: J. Michael Gillette
  250. Contemporary Leadership in Sport Organizations,1st Edition:Scott, David
  251. Strategic Management of Technological Innovation,5th Edition:Melissa Schilling
  252. Health Promotion Throughout the Lifespan,8th Edition:Carole Edelman & Elizabeth Kudzma & Carol Mandle
  253. Introduction to Programming in Python: An Interdisciplinary Approach, 1st Edition Robert Sedgewick & Kevin Wayne & Robert Dondero
  254. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 1, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiece
  255. Taxes & Business Strategy A Planning Approach (5th Edition): Myron S. Scholes & Mark A. Wolfson & Merle M. Erickson & Michelle L. Hanlon & Edward L. Maydew & Terrence J. Shevlin
  256. Exploring Strategic Change (4th Edition): Julia Balogun & Veronica Hope Hailey
  257. Industrial Electricity,9th Edition:Michael E. Brumbach
  258. International Business (15th Edition): John Daniels & Lee Radebaugh
  259. Federal Taxation: Comprehensive Topics (2018):Ephraim P. Smith & Philip J. Harmelink & James R. Hasselback
  260. Essentials of Human Development: A Life-Span View,2nd Edition: Robert V. Kail & John C. Cavanaugh
  261. Worlds of Difference: Inequality in the Aging Experience, 3rd Edition: Eleanor Palo Stoller & Rose Campbell Gibson
  262. Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2017,13th Edition: William E. Howard & Joseph Musto
  263. Managing & Using Information Systems: A Strategic Approach,6th Edition:Keri E. Pearlson & Carol S. Saunders & Dennis Galletta
  264. Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures,6th Edition:Raymond G. Miltenberger
  265. Give Me Liberty!: An American History (Brief Fifth Edition) (Vol. 1),5th Edition:Eric Foner
  266. Music in Childhood Enhanced: From Preschool through the Elementary Grades, Spiral bound Version,4th Edition:Patricia Shehan Campbell
  267. Communication in Nursing, 8th Edition:Julia Balzer Riley
  268. The Methuen Drama Anthology of Modern Asian Plays,1st Edition: Kevin J. Wetmore Jr. & Siyuan Liu
  269. Modern Asian Theatre and Performance 1900-2000,1st Edition: Kevin J. Wetmore Jr. & Siyuan Liu
  270. Financial and Managerial Accounting, 7th Edition: John J Wild & Ken W. Shaw & Barbara Chiappetta
  271. Network+ Guide to Networks,7th Edition: Jill West & Tamara Dean
  272. Campbell's Physical Therapy for Children, 5th Edition: Robert J. Palisano & Margo Orlin & Joseph Schreiber
  273. Starting Out with Java from Control Structures through Data Structures,3rd Edition: Tony Gaddis & Godfrey Muganda.pdf
  274. Introduction to Modern Optics,2ndEdition:Grant R. Fowles
  275. Fundamentals of Optics, 4th Edition: Francis Arthur Jenkins & Harvey Elliott White
  276. Goodbye, Columbus : And Five Short Stories:Philip Roth
  277. Research Methods in the Social Sciences,8th Edition: Chava Frankfort-Nachmias & David Nachmias
  278. Public Relations Writing: Strategies & Structures,11th Edition: Doug Newsom & Jim Haynes
  279. International Business: The Challenges of Globalization (8th Edition): John J. Wild & Kenneth L. Wild
  280. Simply Keto: A Practical Approach to Health & Weight Loss:Suzanne Ryan
  281. The Politics of the Presidency,9th Edition: Joseph A. Pika & John Anthony Maltese & Andrew Rudalevige
  282. The Contemporary Congress,7th Edition: Burdett A. Loomis & Wendy J. Schiller
  283. Discrete Mathematics,8th Edition:Richard Johnsonbaugh
  284. Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology,7th Edition:Frederic H. Martini
  285. Differential Equations: Computing and Modeling (5th Edition): C. Henry Edwards & David E. Penney & David Calvis
  286. Introduction to Physical Anthropology,15th Edition: Robert Jurmain & Lynn Kilgore & Wenda Trevathan & Russell L. Ciochon & Eric Bartelink
  287. Essential Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 2nd Edition:James Stewart
  288. Fundamentals of Logic Design,7th Edition: Jr. Charles H. Roth & Larry L Kinney
  289. Earth: Portrait of a Planet (Fifth Edition):Stephen Marshak
  290. Visualizing Microbiology,1st Edition: Rodney P. Anderson & Linda Young
  291. Instructional Strategies for Students With Mild, Moderate, and Severe Intellectual Disability,1st Edition: Richard M. Gargiulo & Emily C. Bouck
  292. Contemporary Employment Law,3rd Edition:C. Kerry Fields & Henry R. Cheeseman
  293. Excursions in Modern Mathematics,9th Edition:Peter Tannenbaum
  294. Integrated Principles of Zoology,17th Edition:Cleveland Hickman, Jr.
  295. Human Microscopic Anatomy: An Atlas for Students of Medicine and Biology:Radivoj V. Krstic
  296. Sociology,16th Edition:John J. Macionis
  297. The Complete Guide to Facebook Advertising:Brian Meert & Anne Felicitas
  298. Lead Generation Secrets: Craigslist Advertising Secrets:Marquel Russell
  299. Culture and Practical Reason,:Marshall Sahlins
  300. Making Sense of Reality: Culture and Perception in Everyday Life,1st Edition:Tia DeNora
  301. Family Nurse Practitioner Certification Intensive Review, 3rd Edition:Maria T. Codina Leik
  302. Data Mining for Business Analytics: Concepts, Techniques, and Applications in R, 1st Edition: Galit Shmueli & Peter C. Bruce & Inbal Yahav & Nitin R. Patel &, Kenneth C. Lichtendahl Jr.
  303. The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement,30th Edition:Eliyahu M. Goldratt
  304. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiecek; Bruce J. Mc
  305. Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents, 4th Edition: American Academy of Pediatrics & Joseph F. Hagan & Judith S. Shaw & Paula M. Duncan
  306. Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List), 9th Edition:Frederick J Gravetter & Larry B. Wallnau & Lori-Ann B. Forzano
  307. Maternity and Women's Health Care, 11th Edition:Deitra Lowdermilk
  308. Investing in People: Financial Impact of Human Resource Initiatives (2nd Edition):Wayne Cascio & John Boudreau
  309. They Say/I Say: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing, with 2016 MLA Update and Readings,3rd Edition: Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein
  310. Sell Real Estate Using Facebook Ads [Success Secrets]:Cress Terrell
  311. Clinically Oriented Anatomy,8th Edition: Keith L. Moore & Arthur F. Dalley & Anne M. R. Agur
  312. Looking at Movies (Fifth Edition): Richard Barsam & Dave Monahan
  313. Out of the Box Owl: Not Your Basic Pitch Marketing!:Mary Shannon Moore
  314. Microbiology Fundamentals: A Clinical Approach,2nd Edition:Marjorie Kelly Cowan
  315. Pharmacology: An Introduction, 7th Edition: Henry Hitner & Barbara T Nagle
  316. Effective Practices in Early Childhood Education, 3rd Edition:Sue Bredekamp
  317. Earth Science: The Earth, The Atmosphere, and Space, 1st Edition:Stephen Marshak & Robert Rauber
  318. Teaching Science Through Inquiry-Based Instruction,13th Edition: Terry L. Contant & Joel L Bass &‎ Anne A Tweed & ‎ Arthur A. Carin
  319. MOS 2016 Study Guide for Microsoft Excel Expert,1st Edition:Paul McFedries
  320. MOS 2016 Study Guide for Microsoft Word Expert,1st Edition:John Pierce
  321. Scope of Practice:National League for Nursing
submitted by jaydenblochhh to levski [link] [comments]


2019.01.13 10:05 bookseller10 Mega eTextbooks release thread (part-9)! Find your textbooks here between $5-$25 :)

Please find the list below:
  1. Understanding Human Sexuality, 11th Edition:Janet Shibley Hyde & John D. DeLamater
  2. Strategic Management: Concepts and Cases,1st Edition: Jeffrey H. Dyer & Paul Godfrey & Robert Jensen & David Bryce
  3. New Perspectives on Computer Concepts 2018: Introductory, 20th Edition:June Jamrich Parsons
  4. The Everyday Writer with 2016 MLA Update, 6th Edition:Andrea A. Lunsford
  5. Shelly Cashman Series Microsoft Office 365 & Word 2016: Intermediate, 1st Edition:Misty E. Vermaat
  6. Writing about Writing: A College Reader, 3rd Edition:Elizabeth Wardle
  7. March's Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms and Structure, 7th Edition:Michael B. Smith
  8. Contemporary Sport Management, 5th Edition: Paul M. Pedersen &. Lucie Thibault
  9. Database Concepts (7th Edition): David M. Kroenke & David J. Auer
  10. Global Shift: Mapping the Changing Contours of the World Economy, 7th Edition:Peter Dicken
  11. Gould's Pathophysiology for the Health Professions, 5th Edition: Karin VanMeter & Robert Hubert
  12. Global Business, 4th Edition:Mike W. Peng
  13. Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change, 2nd Edition: Callie Marie Rennison & Mary J. Dodge
  14. Essentials of Ecology, 4th Edition: Michael Begon & Robert W. Howarth & Colin R. Townsend
  15. Operations and Supply Chain Management, 9th Edition: Roberta S. Russell & Bernard W. Taylor
  16. Digital Design and Computer Architecture, 2nd Edition: David Harris & Sarah Harris
  17. Manufacturing Engineering and Technology, 7th Edition: Serope Kalpakjian & Stephen R. Schmid
  18. Managing Business Ethics: Straight Talk about How to Do It Right, 7th Edition: Linda K. Trevino & Katherine A. Nelson
  19. International Project Management, 1st Edition:Kathrin Koster
  20. Organizational Behavior, 1st Edition: Afsaneh Nahavandi & Robert B. Denhardt & Janet V. Denhardt & Maria P.
  21. A Teacher's Pocket Guide to School Law (3rd Edition):Nathan L. Essex
  22. Corrections in America: An Introduction (14th Edition): Harry E. Allen & ‎ Edward J. Latessa & ‎ Bruce S. Ponder
  23. Fundamentals of Construction Estimating, 4th Edition:David Pratt
  24. Psychology Around Us, Canadian Edition, 2nd Edition: Ronald Comer & Nancy Ogden & Michael Boyes & Elizabeth Gould
  25. Sociology: Exploring the Architecture of Everyday Life, 11th Edition:David M. Newman
  26. Deculturalization and the Struggle for Equality, 8th Edition:Joel Spring
  27. Research Methods in Psychology: Evaluating a World of Information, 3rd Edition:Beth Morling
  28. The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People, Volume I: To 1877, Concise,7th Edition:Paul S. Boyer
  29. Financial & Managerial Accounting,14th Edition: Carl S. Warren & James M. Reeve &‎ Jonathan Duchac
  30. Natural Resource Economics: An Introduction,3rd Edition:Barry C. Field
  31. Marketing Management: A Strategic Decision-Making Approach,8th Edition: John Mullins & Orville C Walker
  32. Microeconomics, 2nd edition: B. Douglas Bernheim & ‎ Michael Whinston
  33. Microeconomics: A Contemporary Introduction,11th Edition:William A. McEachern
  34. Excursions in Modern Mathematics (8th Edition):Peter Tannenbaum
  35. College Physics,10th Edition:Raymond A. Serway
  36. Psychology in Everyday Life,3rd Edition:David G. Myers
  37. Chemistry The Science in Context , 5th Edition: Thomas R. Gilbert & Rein V. Kirss
  38. Starting Out with C++ from Control Structures to Objects,9th Edition:Tony Gaddis
  39. Precalculus, 6th Edition :Robert F. Blitzer
  40. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter, 7th Edition: Neil D. Jespersen & James E. Brady & Alison Hyslop
  41. Precalculus with Limits,4th Edition:Ron Larson
  42. Occupied America: A History of Chicanos (8th Edition):Rodolfo F. Acuna
  43. Development Economics,1st Edition:Gérard Roland
  44. Chemistry: A Molecular Approach,2nd Edition: Nivaldo J. Tro & Travis D. Fridgen & Lawton E. Shaw
  45. Construction Contracting: A Practical Guide to Company Management,8th Edition:Richard H. Clough, Glenn A. Sears, S. Keoki Sears, Robert O. Segner, Jerald L. Rounds
  46. Statistics for the Life Sciences (5th Edition): Myra L. Samuels & Jeffrey A. Witmer & Andrew Schaffner
  47. Financial Management: Core Concepts (3rd Edition):Raymond Brooks
  48. South-Western Federal Taxation 2018: Comprehensive,41th Edition: William H. Hoffman & David M. Maloney
  49. Human Resource Management,15th Edition: Robert L. Mathis & John H. Jackson
  50. Disorders of Childhood: Development and Psychopathology,3rd Edition: Robin Hornik Parritz & Michael F. Troy
  51. Public Speaking for College & Career,10th Edition:Hamilton Gregory
  52. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others (8th Edition): Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe
  53. Student Solutions Manual, Chapters 10-17 for Stewart's Multivariable Calculus,8th Edition:James Stewart
  54. Exploring Management,5th Edition: John R. Schermerhorn & Daniel G. Bachrach
  55. English Vocabulary Elements, 2nd Edition: Denning, Keith, Kessler, Brett, Leben, William R
  56. Linear Algebra and Its Applications,5th Edition: David C. Lay & Steven R. Lay
  57. Principles of Macroeconomics,12th Edition: Karl E. Case & Ray C. Fair; &Sharon E. Oster
  58. Cultural Psychology (Third Edition):Steven J. Heine
  59. Database System Concepts, 6th Edition: Abraham Silberschatz & ‎ Henry F. Korth & ‎ S. Sudarshan
  60. Principles of Engineering Economic Analysis,6th Edition: John A. White & Kenneth E. Case
  61. Essentials of Epidemiology in Public Health,3rd Edition: Ann Aschengrau & George R. Seage
  62. Essentials of Business Processes and Information Systems,1st Edition: Simha R. Magal & Jeffrey Word
  63. Introduction to Human Disease: Pathophysiology for Health Professionals,6th Edition: Agnes G. Loeffler & Michael N. Hart
  64. New Perspectives Microsoft Office 365 & Excel 2016: Intermediate,1st Edition:June Jamrich Parsons
  65. Introduction to Networks Companion Guide v5.1,1st Edition:Cisco Networking Academy
  66. Introduction to Physical Anthropology, 2013-2014 Edition,14th Edition: Robert Jurmain & Lynn Kilgore
  67. Loose-leaf Version for Scientific American: Presenting Psychology: A Concise Introduction,: Deborah Licht & Misty Hull
  68. Chemical Dependency: A Systems Approach (4th Edition): C. Aaron McNeece & Diana M. DiNitto
  69. Microeconomics: Principles for a Changing World,4th Edition:Eric Chiang
  70. Contemporary Project Management, 3rd Edition:Timothy Kloppenborg
  71. Marketing: Real People, Real Choices,9th Edition: Michael R. Solomon & Greg W. Marshall & Elnora W. Stuart
  72. The Architecture of Computer Hardware and System Software: An Information Technology Approach,5th Edition:Irv Englander
  73. Communication Skills for the Healthcare Professional,: Laurie K McCorry & Jeff Mason
  74. Construction Jobsite Management,4th Edition: William R. Mincks & Hal Johnston
  75. Culture and Psychology,6th Edition: David Matsumoto & Linda Juang
  76. Our Global Environment: A Health Perspective,7th Edition:Anne Nadakavukaren
  77. Streetwise: Race, Class, and Change in an Urban Community,1st Edition:Elijah Anderson
  78. content details,:Signature Kisses
  79. Code of the Street: Decency, Violence, and the Moral Life of the Inner City,:Elijah Anderson
  80. Storytelling with Data: A Data Visualization Guide for Business Professionals,1st Edition:Cole Nussbaumer Knaflic
  81. Introduction to Human Disease: Pathophysiology for Health Professionals,6th Edition:Agnes G. Loeffler
  82. Lighting for Cinematography,1st Edition:David Landau
  83. Bureaucracy and Democracy: Accountability and Performance,4th Edition:Steven J. Balla; William T. Gormley, Jr.
  84. CPNE Study Guide: Pass Your First Time Study Guide Edition,:Sheri Taylor
  85. Care Plan Study Guide: How to Write Passing Care Plans for the CPNE Study Guide Edition:Sheri Taylor
  86. NYSTCE Secondary Assessment of Teaching Skills-Written Practice Questions:NYSTCE Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  87. CNOR Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:CNOR Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  88. The Nurse, the Math, the Meds: Drug Calculations Using Dimensional Analysis,3rd Edition:oyce Mulholland, Susan Turner
  89. Understanding Business Valuation: A Practical Guide to Valuing Small to Medium-Sized Businesses, 2nd Edition: Gary R. Trugman
  90. Beyond Candlesticks: New Japanese Charting Techniques Revealed,:Steve Nison
  91. How to Trade In Stocks,1st Edition:Jesse Livermore
  92. Market Wizards: Interviews with Top Traders,: Jack D. Schwager & Bruce Kovner
  93. Hire With Your Head: Using Performance-Based Hiring to Build Great Teams,3rd Edition:Lou Adler
  94. Alcohol and Drug Counselor Exam Practice Questions,1st Edition:ADC Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  95. Microsoft Dynamics 365 Enterprise Edition – Financial Management,3rd Edition:Mohamed Aamer Ala El Din
  96. A Brief History Of Modern India,:Rajiv Ahir
  97. Alcohol and Drug Counselor Exam Secrets Study Guide: ADC Test Review for the International Examination for Alcohol & Drug Counselors,:ADC Exam Secrets Test Prep Team
  98. CNOR Q & A: Boost Your Confidence: 200 Questions, Complete Rationale, Test-Taking Strategies,:Jennifer Vieau
  99. Indian Art and Culture,2nd Edition:Nitin Singhania
  100. Practical Psychic Self-Defense for Home and Office,:Master Choa Kok Sui
  101. From Surviving to Thriving: A Woman's Guide to Success and Self-Leadership in the Workplace,:Sarah Cordner
  102. Human Geography: Landscapes of Human Activities, 12th Edition: Mark Bjelland &‎ Daniel R. Montello &‎ Jerome D Fellmann & Arthur Getis & Judith Getis
  103. Pharmacology,3rd Edition:Michael P. Adams
  104. CompTIA A+ 220-901 and 220-902 Practice Questions Exam Cram, 1st Edition:David L. Prowse
  105. Out on the Wire: The Storytelling Secrets of the New Masters of Radio,:Jessica Abel
  106. The Atmosphere: An Introduction to Meteorology,14th Edition: Frederick K. Lutgens & Edward J. Tarbuck & Dennis G. Tasa
  107. Interpreting and Analyzing Financial Statements, (6th Edition): Karen P. Schoenebeck & Mark P. Holtzman
  108. Theatre: A Way of Seeing,7th Edition:Milly S. Barranger
  109. Calculating Dosage Safely: A Dimensional Anaylysis Approach Revised Reprint:Tracy Horntvedt
  110. Field Guide to Bitters & Amari: 500 Bitters; 50 Amari; 123 Recipes for Cocktails, Food & Homemade Bitters:Mark Bitterman
  111. PHP and MySQL in easy steps,:Mike McGrath
  112. Essentials of Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age,2nd Edition:Kenneth J. Guest
  113. North Korea and Nuclear Weapons,: Sung Chull Kim & Michael D. Cohen
  114. Earth Science (15th Edition): Edward J. Tarbuck & ‎ Frederick K. Lutgens & ‎ Dennis G. Tasa
  115. Polymer Science and Technology,3rd Edition:Joel R. Fried
  116. Gardner's Art through the Ages: A Global History, Volume II,15th Edition:Fred S. Kleiner
  117. Business Statistics,2nd Edition:Robert A. Donnelly Jr
  118. Biology: The Core (2nd Edition):Eric J. Simon
  119. COMM,5th Edition:Deanna D. Sellnow
  120. Cosmeceuticals and Cosmetic Ingredients,1st Edition:Leslie S. Baumann
  121. Educating Nurses: A Call for Radical Transformation,1st Edition: Patricia Benner & Molly Sutphen & Victoria Leonard & Lisa Day & Lee S. Shulman
  122. Strengths Based Leadership: Great Leaders, Teams, and Why People Follow: Tom Rath & Barry Conchie
  123. Magic of the Northgate:Josephine McCarthy
  124. The Smart but Scattered Guide to Success,: Peg Dawson & ‎ Richard Guare
  125. The Skin Type Solution:Leslie Baumann
  126. Trading in the Zone:Mark Douglas
  127. High Output Management:Andrew S. Grove
  128. How to Make Money in Stocks: A Winning System in Good Times and Bad,4th Edition:William J. O'Neil
  129. PTCB Exam Study Guide 2017-2018: Test Prep and Practice Test Questions for the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board Examination:Ascencia Test Prep
  130. Fundamentals of Corporate Finance,3rd Edition: Robert Parrino & David S. Kidwell & Thomas Bates
  131. Physical Rehabilitation, 6th Edition: Susan B. O'Sullivan & Thomas J. Schmitz T & George Fulk
  132. YinSights: A Journey into the Philosophy & Practice of Yin Yoga:Bernie Clark
  133. The Scribbler's Guide to the Land of Myth: Mythic Motifs for Storytellers:Sarah Beach
  134. SAP Purchasing and Procurement with SAP MM (Materials Management): Business User Guide (2nd Edition): Matt Chudy & Luis Castedo
  135. Jazz:Toni Morrison
  136. C# Design Pattern Essentials:Tony Bevis
  137. Tremontaine: The Complete Season 2: Ellen Kushner & Tessa Gratton &‎ Mary Anne Mohanraj & Joel Derfner
  138. ReMade: The Complete Season 1 : Matthew Cody & Kiersten White
  139. Whitehall - Season One Volume One: Liz Duffy Adams &‎ Delia Sherman &‎ Barbara Samuel
  140. Whitehall - Season One Volume Two: Liz Duffy Adams &‎ Delia Sherman &‎ Barbara Samuel
  141. India 2018:New Media Wing
  142. PFIN (with PFIN Online, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card) (New, Engaging Titles from 4LTR Press), 6th Edition: Randall Billingsley & Lawrence J. Gitman &‎ Michael D. Joehnk
  143. SALES FORCE MANAGEMENT 1E by GREGORY RICH,1st Edition:GREGORY RICH
  144. Psychosocial Aspects of Healthcare,3rd Edition:Meredith E. Drench
  145. An Introduction to Cognitive Behaviour Therapy: Skills and Applications,3rd Edition: Helen Kennerley & Joan Kirk & David Westbrook
  146. Integrated Advertising, Promotion, and Marketing Communications (7th Edition): Kenneth E. Clow & Donald E. Baack
  147. Microbiology, 2nd Edition:Dave Wessner
  148. Essentials of World Regional Geography,3rd Edition: George White &‎ Joseph Dymond & Elizabeth Chacko &‎ Justin Scheidt & Michael Bradshaw
  149. Biology: Concepts and Investigations,4th Edition:Mariëlle Hoefnagels
  150. Give Me Liberty!: An American History (Fifth Full Edition) (Vol. 2) Fifth Full Edition:Eric Foner
  151. Introducing Philosophy: A Text with Integrated Readings,11th Edition:Robert C. Solomon
  152. The Organ Donor Experience: Katrina A. Bramstedt
  153. Learning Web Design,4th Edition:Jennifer Niederst Robbins
  154. Pura vida: Beginning Spanish,1st Edition: Norma Lopez-Burton & Laura Marques Pasqual & Cristina Pardo Ballester
  155. Who Needs Theology?: An Invitation to the Study of God,: Stanley J. Grenz &‎ Roger E. Olson
  156. Evolution, Fourth Edition: Douglas J. Futuyma & ‎ Mark Kirkpatrick
  157. MCAT Physics and Math Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  158. MCAT Biochemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  159. MCAT Organic Chemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  160. MCAT General Chemistry Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  161. Philosophy Within Its Proper Bounds:Edouard Machery
  162. Kotlin Android Studio 3.0 Development Essentials - Android 8 Edition:Neil Smyth
  163. The Social Work Practicum,7th Edition:Cynthia Garthwait
  164. Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life, 1st Edition: Robert N. Bellah &‎ Richard Madsen & William M. Sullivan &‎ Ann Swidler &‎ Steven M. Tipton
  165. Corruption in America: From Benjamin Franklin's Snuff Box to Citizens United:Zephyr Teachout
  166. OAT 2017-2018 Strategies, Practice & Review with 2 Practice Tests: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep) :Kaplan Test Prep
  167. MCAT Behavioral Sciences Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  168. Secrets of the PTCB Exam Study Guide,1st Edition:PTCB Exam Secrets Test Prep Staff
  169. PTCB Exam Simplified, 3rd Edition: Pharmacy Technician Certification Exam Study Guide, 3rd Edition:David Heckman
  170. Essentials of Sports Nutrition and Supplements: Antonio, J. & Kalman, D. & Stout J.R. & Greenwood M.&, Willoughby, D.S.&, Haff,
  171. SOC,5th Edition:Nijole V. Benokraitis
  172. Exploring Biology in the Laboratory,2nd Edition: Murray P. Pendarvis &‎ John L. Crawley
  173. Society: The Basics (13th Edition):John J. Macionis
  174. Biology: How Life Works - Standalone book,2nd Edition: James Morris ,‎ Daniel Hartl ,‎ Andrew Knoll ,‎ Robert Lue ,‎ Melissa Michael ,‎ Andrew Berry ,‎ Andrew Biewener ,‎ Brian Farrell
  175. Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century,14th Edition:Frank Schmalleger
  176. Don't Panic: A Legal Guide (in plain english) for Small Businesses & Creative Professionals ,2nd Edition: Art Neill & Teri Karobonik
  177. Juki Girls, Good Girls:Caitrin Lynch
  178. Making America: A History of the United States, Volume II: Since 1865,7th Edition:Carol Berkin
  179. Nurse Anesthesia - E-Book, 6th Edition: John J. Nagelhout
  180. CompTIA A+ 220-901 and 220-902 Cert Guide, Academic Edition,1st Edition: Mark Edward Soper
  181. Essentials of Geology (Fifth Edition):Stephen Marshak
  182. BUSN (with BUSN Online, 1 term (6 months) Printed Access Card) (New, Engaging Titles from 4LTR Press), 10th Edition: Marcella Kelly & ‎ Chuck Williams
  183. CIMA Complete Text - F2 Advanced Financial Reporting,:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  184. MCAT Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills Review 2018-2019,4th Edition:Kaplan Test Prep
  185. The Cosmic Perspective Fundamentals (2nd Edition): Jeffrey O. Bennett &‎ Megan O. Donahue &‎ Nicholas Schneider &‎ Mark Voit
  186. Environmental, Safety, and Health Engineering, 1st Edition: Gayle Woodside &‎ Dianna Kocurek
  187. Crushing It!: How Great Entrepreneurs Build Their Business and Influence-and How You Can:Gary Vaynerchuk
  188. Understanding Human Development (3rd Edition): Wendy L. Dunn & Grace J. Craig
  189. Psychopharmacology: Drugs, the Brain, and Behavior, 2nd Edition Jerrold S. Meyer &‎ Linda F. Quenzer
  190. Chemistry: The Molecular Nature of Matter and Change,7th Edition: Martin Silberberg Dr. & ‎ Patricia Amateis Professor
  191. Managerial Accounting (5th Edition): Karen W. Braun & Wendy M. Tietz
  192. Technology Strategy for Managers and Entrepreneurs,:Scott A. Shane
  193. MCAT Biology Review 2018-2019: Online + Book (Kaplan Test Prep):Kaplan Test Prep
  194. Comparative Animal Nutrition and Metabolism: Peter Robert Cheeke; & Ellen S Dierenfeld
  195. Foundations of Maternal-Newborn & Women's Health Nursing,7th Edition
  196. Conducting Health Outcomes Research,1st Edition:Robert L. Kane
  197. Computer Networking: A Top-Down Approach (7th Edition): James Kurose & Keith Ross
  198. Medical-Surgical Nursing: Clinical Reasoning in Patient Care (6th Edition): Priscilla T LeMone & ‎ Karen M. Burke &‎ Gerene Bauldoff &‎ Paula Gubrud
  199. Criminal Procedure: From the Courtroom to the Street:Roger Wright
  200. Starting Out with Java: Early Objects (5th Edition):Tony Gaddis
  201. The Art of Theatre: Then and Now,4th Edition:William Missouri Downs
  202. The WPA Guide to Kentucky: The Bluegrass State: Federal Writers' Project
  203. Kentucky Place Names:Robert M. Rennick
  204. Launching the Imagination, 5th Edition:Mary Stewart
  205. Leadership for a Better World: Understanding the Social Change Model of Leadership Development,2nd Edition: Susan R. Komives & Wendy Wagner
  206. Lehne's Pharmacotherapeutics for Advanced Practice Providers, 1st Edition: Laura Rosenthal & Jacqueline Burchum
  207. Cultural Anthropology: A Toolkit for a Global Age,2nd Edition:Kenneth J. Guest
  208. Public Health Nursing: Population-Centered Health Care in the Community,9th Edition: Marcia Stanhope & Jeanette Lancaster
  209. Managerial Accounting: Tools for Business Decision-Making,4th Canadian Edition: Jerry J. Weygandt;,& Paul D. Kimmel & Donald E. Kieso & Ibrahim M. Aly
  210. Manual of Critical Care Nursing: Nursing Interventions and Collaborative Management,7th Edition:Marianne Baird
  211. Mechanics of Materials, SI Edition,9th Edition: Barry J. Goodno &‎ James M. Gere
  212. Media Effects,1st Edition:W. James Potter
  213. Mergers, Acquisitions, and Other Restructuring Activities,9th Edition : Donald DePamphilis
  214. Marketing Plan Handbook,5th Edition:Marian Burk Wood
  215. Microsoft Visual C#: An Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming,7th Edition:Joyce Farrell
  216. Computer Organization and Architecture,10th Edition:William Stallings
  217. Principles of Marketing (16th Edition): Philip T. Kotler & Gary Armstrong
  218. Principles of Marketing (15th Edition): Philip T. Kotler & ‎ Gary Armstrong
  219. The Psychology of Advertising,2nd Edition: Bob M Fennis & Wolfgang Stroebe
  220. Interpersonal Communication: Relating to Others (8th Edition) : Steven A. Beebe & Susan J. Beebe & Mark V. Redmond
  221. Fitness and Wellness,12th Edition: Wener W.K. Hoeger & Sharon A. Hoeger
  222. Producer to Producer: A Step-by-Step Guide to Low-Budget Independent Film Producing, 2nd Edition: Maureen Ryan
  223. Drugs in American Society, 9th Edition:Erich Goode
  224. Essentials of the U.S. Health Care System,4th Edition:Leiyu Shi & Douglas A. Singh
  225. Selling Today: Partnering to Create Value (14th Edition): Gerald L. Manning & Michael Ahearne & Barry L. Reece
  226. Calculation of Drug Dosages: A Work Text,10th Edition: Sheila Ogden & Linda Fluharty
  227. Drugs, Alcohol, and Social Problems,: Orcutt, James D. & Rudy, David R.
  228. Short Guide to Action Research, A, 4th Edition:Andrew P. Johnson
  229. Psychiatric Nursing: Contemporary Practice,6th Edition: Mary Ann Boyd
  230. Internet and World Wide Web How To Program,5th Edition:(Harvey & Paul) Deitel & Associates
  231. Introduction to Psychology,11th Edition:James W. Kalat
  232. Spreadsheet Modeling & Decision Analysis: A Practical Introduction to Business Analytics,8th Edition:Cliff Ragsdale
  233. Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a Changing World (5th Edition): Lester Rowntree & Martin Lewis & Marie Price & William Wyckoff
  234. Vector Calculus,4th Edition:Susan J. Colley
  235. Personal Finance: Turning Money into Wealth (7th Edition): J. Keown
  236. Human Sexuality: Self, Society, and Culture,1st Edition:Gilbert Herdt & Nicole Polen-Petit
  237. Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity, and Poverty,: Daron Acemoglu & James Robinson
  238. Foodservice Organizations: A Managerial and Systems Approach (9th Edition):Mary Gregoire
  239. CIMA Complete Text - Management Case Study Kindle, Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  240. CIMA Complete Text - P2 Advanced Management Accounting, Kindle Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  241. CIMA F2 Advanced Financial Reporting Study Text,Kindle Edition:Astranti
  242. CIMA Complete Text - E2 Project and Relationship Management, Kindle Edition:Kaplan Publishing's Content Team
  243. Conducting Health Outcomes Research, 1st Edition: Robert L. Kane & David M. Radosevich
  244. Brunner & Suddarth's Canadian Textbook of Medical-Surgical Nursing,3rd Edition: Pauline Paul & Rene Day & Beverly Williams
  245. Ideals and Ideologies: A Reader, 10th Edition: Terence Ball & Richard Dagger & Daniel I. O'Neill
  246. Political Ideologies and the Democratic Ideal,10th Edition: Terence Ball & Richard Dagger
  247. Two Truths and a Lie:Scott Turner Schofield
  248. Lead Generation Secrets: Your 25 Leads Per Day Blueprint,:Marquel Russell
  249. Theatrical Design and Production: An Introduction to Scene Design and Construction, Lighting, Sound, Costume, and Makeup, 7th Edition: J. Michael Gillette
  250. Contemporary Leadership in Sport Organizations,1st Edition:Scott, David
  251. Strategic Management of Technological Innovation,5th Edition:Melissa Schilling
  252. Health Promotion Throughout the Lifespan,8th Edition:Carole Edelman & Elizabeth Kudzma & Carol Mandle
  253. Introduction to Programming in Python: An Interdisciplinary Approach, 1st Edition Robert Sedgewick & Kevin Wayne & Robert Dondero
  254. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 1, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiece
  255. Taxes & Business Strategy A Planning Approach (5th Edition): Myron S. Scholes & Mark A. Wolfson & Merle M. Erickson & Michelle L. Hanlon & Edward L. Maydew & Terrence J. Shevlin
  256. Exploring Strategic Change (4th Edition): Julia Balogun & Veronica Hope Hailey
  257. Fear of Knowledge: Against Relativism and Constructivism: Paul Boghossian
  258. Introducing Quantum Theory: A Graphic Guide,: J.P. McEvoy
  259. Federal Taxation: Comprehensive Topics (2018):Ephraim P. Smith & Philip J. Harmelink & James R. Hasselback
  260. Essentials of Human Development: A Life-Span View,2nd Edition: Robert V. Kail & John C. Cavanaugh
  261. Worlds of Difference: Inequality in the Aging Experience, 3rd Edition: Eleanor Palo Stoller & Rose Campbell Gibson
  262. Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2017,13th Edition: William E. Howard & Joseph Musto
  263. Managing & Using Information Systems: A Strategic Approach,6th Edition:Keri E. Pearlson & Carol S. Saunders & Dennis Galletta
  264. Behavior Modification: Principles and Procedures,6th Edition:Raymond G. Miltenberger
  265. Give Me Liberty!: An American History (Brief Fifth Edition) (Vol. 1),5th Edition:Eric Foner
  266. Music in Childhood Enhanced: From Preschool through the Elementary Grades, Spiral bound Version,4th Edition:Patricia Shehan Campbell
  267. Communication in Nursing, 8th Edition:Julia Balzer Riley
  268. The Methuen Drama Anthology of Modern Asian Plays,1st Edition: Kevin J. Wetmore Jr. & Siyuan Liu
  269. Modern Asian Theatre and Performance 1900-2000,1st Edition: Kevin J. Wetmore Jr. & Siyuan Liu
  270. Financial and Managerial Accounting, 7th Edition: John J Wild & Ken W. Shaw & Barbara Chiappetta
  271. The Flat World and Education: How America's Commitment to Equity Will Determine Our Future,1st Edition:Linda Darling-Hammond
  272. Campbell's Physical Therapy for Children, 5th Edition: Robert J. Palisano & Margo Orlin & Joseph Schreiber
  273. The Million Dollar Listing Social Media:Sebastian Acosta
  274. Introduction to Modern Optics,2ndEdition:Grant R. Fowles
  275. Fundamentals of Optics, 4th Edition: Francis Arthur Jenkins & Harvey Elliott White
  276. Goodbye, Columbus : And Five Short Stories:Philip Roth
  277. Research Methods in the Social Sciences,8th Edition: Chava Frankfort-Nachmias & David Nachmias
  278. Public Relations Writing: Strategies & Structures,11th Edition: Doug Newsom & Jim Haynes
  279. International Business: The Challenges of Globalization (8th Edition): John J. Wild & Kenneth L. Wild
  280. Simply Keto: A Practical Approach to Health & Weight Loss:Suzanne Ryan
  281. The Politics of the Presidency,9th Edition: Joseph A. Pika & John Anthony Maltese & Andrew Rudalevige
  282. The Contemporary Congress,7th Edition: Burdett A. Loomis & Wendy J. Schiller
  283. Discrete Mathematics,8th Edition:Richard Johnsonbaugh
  284. Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology,7th Edition:Frederic H. Martini
  285. Differential Equations: Computing and Modeling (5th Edition): C. Henry Edwards & David E. Penney & David Calvis
  286. Introduction to Physical Anthropology,15th Edition: Robert Jurmain & Lynn Kilgore & Wenda Trevathan & Russell L. Ciochon & Eric Bartelink
  287. Essential Calculus: Early Transcendentals, 2nd Edition:James Stewart
  288. Fundamentals of Logic Design,7th Edition: Jr. Charles H. Roth & Larry L Kinney
  289. Earth: Portrait of a Planet (Fifth Edition):Stephen Marshak
  290. Visualizing Microbiology,1st Edition: Rodney P. Anderson & Linda Young
  291. Instructional Strategies for Students With Mild, Moderate, and Severe Intellectual Disability,1st Edition: Richard M. Gargiulo & Emily C. Bouck
  292. Contemporary Employment Law,3rd Edition:C. Kerry Fields & Henry R. Cheeseman
  293. Excursions in Modern Mathematics,9th Edition:Peter Tannenbaum
  294. Integrated Principles of Zoology,17th Edition:Cleveland Hickman, Jr.
  295. Human Microscopic Anatomy: An Atlas for Students of Medicine and Biology:Radivoj V. Krstic
  296. Sociology,16th Edition:John J. Macionis
  297. The Complete Guide to Facebook Advertising:Brian Meert & Anne Felicitas
  298. Lead Generation Secrets: Craigslist Advertising Secrets:Marquel Russell
  299. Culture and Practical Reason,:Marshall Sahlins
  300. Making Sense of Reality: Culture and Perception in Everyday Life,1st Edition:Tia DeNora
  301. Family Nurse Practitioner Certification Intensive Review, 3rd Edition:Maria T. Codina Leik
  302. Data Mining for Business Analytics: Concepts, Techniques, and Applications in R, 1st Edition: Galit Shmueli & Peter C. Bruce & Inbal Yahav & Nitin R. Patel &, Kenneth C. Lichtendahl Jr.
  303. The Goal: A Process of Ongoing Improvement,30th Edition:Eliyahu M. Goldratt
  304. Intermediate Accounting, Volume 2, Canadian Edition,11th Edition:Donald E. Kieso; Jerry J. Weygandt; Terry D. Warfield; Nicola M. Young; Irene M. Wiecek; Bruce J. Mc
  305. Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents, 4th Edition: American Academy of Pediatrics & Joseph F. Hagan & Judith S. Shaw & Paula M. Duncan
  306. Essentials of Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap Course List), 9th Edition:Frederick J Gravetter & Larry B. Wallnau & Lori-Ann B. Forzano
  307. Maternity and Women's Health Care, 11th Edition:Deitra Lowdermilk
  308. Investing in People: Financial Impact of Human Resource Initiatives (2nd Edition):Wayne Cascio & John Boudreau
  309. They Say/I Say: The Moves That Matter in Academic Writing, with 2016 MLA Update and Readings,3rd Edition: Gerald Graff & Cathy Birkenstein
  310. Sell Real Estate Using Facebook Ads [Success Secrets]:Cress Terrell
  311. Clinically Oriented Anatomy,8th Edition: Keith L. Moore & Arthur F. Dalley & Anne M. R. Agur
  312. Looking at Movies (Fifth Edition): Richard Barsam & Dave Monahan
  313. Out of the Box Owl: Not Your Basic Pitch Marketing!:Mary Shannon Moore
  314. Microbiology Fundamentals: A Clinical Approach,2nd Edition:Marjorie Kelly Cowan
  315. Pharmacology: An Introduction, 7th Edition: Henry Hitner & Barbara T Nagle
  316. Effective Practices in Early Childhood Education, 3rd Edition:Sue Bredekamp
  317. Earth Science: The Earth, The Atmosphere, and Space, 1st Edition:Stephen Marshak & Robert Rauber
  318. Teaching Science Through Inquiry-Based Instruction,13th Edition: Terry L. Contant & Joel L Bass &‎ Anne A Tweed & ‎ Arthur A. Carin
  319. MOS 2016 Study Guide for Microsoft Excel Expert,1st Edition:Paul McFedries
  320. MOS 2016 Study Guide for Microsoft Word Expert,1st Edition:John Pierce
  321. Scope of Practice:National League for Nursing
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2018.12.16 14:23 WWE_Network_Bot This Day in History: 12/16/2018

The following events happened on this day in history!
What event was your favorite in this list?
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2018.11.05 18:00 daprice82 Wrestling Observer Rewind ★ May 8, 2000

Going through old issues of the Wrestling Observer Newsletter and posting highlights in my own words. For anyone interested, I highly recommend signing up for the actual site at f4wonline and checking out the full archives.
PREVIOUS YEARS ARCHIVE:
199119921993199419951996199719981999
1-3-2000 1-10-2000 1-17-2000 1-24-2000
1-31-2000 2-7-2000 2-14-2000 2-21-2000
2-28-2000 3-6-2000 3-13-2000 3-20-2000
3-27-2000 4-3-2000 4-10-2000 4-17-2000
4-24-2000 5-1-2000
  • Dave opens with a big recap of the latest PRIDE show, arguably biggest MMA event in history. Mark Coleman won the big tournament, defeating 3 opponents in 1 night. Kazushi Sakuraba defeated Royce Gracie in a match with special no time limit rules (something Gracie insisted on) and it went 90 FUCKING MINUTES before Gracie's corner threw in the towel because he couldn't continue. It was Gracie's first ever MMA loss (and thus, Sakuraba's reputation of "The Gracie Killer" was born). And even after going 90 minutes with Gracie, Sakuraba still had to fight again in the tournament. He was actually winning his next fight before the exhaustion became too much. He took a beating for the last 5 minutes of the round but the fight was still so close that the judges ordered an overtime round, but Sakuraba's corner threw in the towel before it could happen. But regardless, Sakuraba came across as a superstar. And of course, this show marked the return of Ken Shamrock in a non-tournament fight against Alexander Otsuka. Shamrock won in a little over 9 minutes by knockout. And then Eric freakin' Clapton came out to the ring to celebrate with him, because he was there for whatever reason. Dave says Clapton was also at the PRIDE show back in January too. Apparently Eric Clapton liked early-era Japanese MMA. Who knew?
  • WWF's Backlash PPV is in the books and was probably the best PPV of the year. The show was highlighted by the return of Steve Austin, who came in and bashed a few people with chairs, leading to Rock winning the WWF title from Triple H. Austin was still very physically limited and can't even do a stunner yet, hence the chairshots. It was the most wrestling-oriented show WWF has done in ages. Most of the angles were as expected, but Dave says that's not a bad thing when it's what the fans want, and WWF delivered on everything people had been predicting and hoping for. Several of the matches were great and even the "bad" ones were decent. The only negative was the camerawork, which was WCW-levels of bad during this show, missing spots left and right. The show was legit sold out at 17,867 but for whatever reason, WWF still felt the need to lie and say it was over 19,000 which the building doesn't even hold.
  • Other notes from the show: X-Pac got cut open hardway at the end of the opening match by the ring bell and needed stitches. Plus, X-Pac was suffering from asthma symptoms and was totally winded by the end of the match and actually called for the finish several minutes early because he was spent. Malenko/Scotty 2 Hotty was a great match with a crazy dangerous looking finish. Big Show came out imitating Hulk Hogan and got a huge pop. He beat Angle which Dave thinks was entertaining, but Angle has such star potential and Dave doesn't want to see him getting squashed like a jobber in comedy matches. The announcers were specifically told not to bury Hogan on commentary because they didn't want to seem like they were stooping to WCW's level (Showster was HILARIOUS). The Dudleyz powerbombed Trish Stratus through a table. Apparently, before the match, Trish told Bubba not to protect her the way he's been protecting the other women who have taken the move and give it to her full force just like he would any male wrestler, because she wants to prove that she's not there just to be eye-candy. Bubba was reluctant, but he agreed to do it and Trish got absolutely blasted through the table and did a stretcher job. Chyna got her dress ripped off which is the first time they've shown her in her underwear before (the era of Chyna the sex symbol has begun).
WATCH: The Showster vs. Kurt Angle - Backlash 2000
  • The California state athletic commission has voted to legalize and regulate MMA as a sport. This should lead to California likely becoming the main place where MMA shows (in particular UFC) will take place from now on. So needless to say, this is good news for MMA in the U.S. Dave has a lot more info on this if it's the sort of thing you're interested in.
  • Raw this week did its 2nd highest rated show in history (7.4) while Nitro did its lowest rating since the early 1995 days of the show (2.46). The Rock vs. Shane McMahon cage match is now the 2nd most watched match in the history of cable TV. The unopposed first hour of Nitro was a disaster in the ratings and goes to show that the last week or so of TV (the awful episode of Thunder with Arquette winning the title in particular) seemed to have completely turned fans off of WCW. Smackdown also did a monster rating. Speaking of Thunder, the show did a slightly higher rating than normal, but the Arquette title win was the lowest rated segment of the show, and then the Nitro rating 5 days later was a nightmare, so needless to say, this Arquette fella doesn't exactly seem to be a draw.
  • Dave gives the results to their latest online poll. One of the questions was "Will Eric Bischoff or Vince Russo hold the WCW title before the end of this year?" 58.9% voted "Yes." 17.1% voted "No, they'll want to but they'll be fired first." 5.9% voted "No, they'll want to but Goldberg will refuse to do the job." and the last 18.1% was "No, because it will hurt the credibility of the title." Give props to the damn near 60% who realized how stupid WCW was at this point, because yup: Vince Russo books himself to win the WCW title 4 months from now.
  • Bob Backlund has been fundraising for months for a Congressional run in CT. This week, Backlund officially entered the race. He's running as a Republican in a district that has been held by Democrats for the last 42 years so the odds are pretty stacked. None of the Republican party leaders came out to support Backlund's announcement.
  • Sabu won the XPW championship by winning a one night tournament at the latest XPW show. The belt was vacated when Candido (the champ) no-showed the previous night's show. Speaking of the show, former ECW wrestler Jeff Jones appeared and also cut a promo trashing ECW because apparently Heyman fired him by fax a few days ago. And one last XPW note, owner Rob Black (who also operates a porn company) is putting out a new bondage film featuring Nicole Bass and John Kronus (formerly of the Eliminators. I didn't look for video of this).
  • Minoru Suzuki got his first MMA win in nearly 2 years at the latest Pancrase event. Dave talks about how Suzuki is a former pro wrestler and one of the real pioneers of the sport, but his body is broken down and he hasn't been a great fighter for several years. Before this, he was coming off 5 straight losses.
  • According to Paul Heyman, TNN brought up the possibility of moving ECW from Friday nights to Tuesday nights, but he wasn't interested. Heyman says it's only a matter of time before they're kicked off TNN anyway, since they're about to pick up WWF's Raw, and he doesn't want to have to rebuild the audience on a new night. Heyman has been upset about the lack of promotion TNN gives to ECW and was especially upset because they had a hugely unique situation 2 weeks ago with a WWF wrestler facing a WCW wrestler, for the ECW title, on their show and TNN didn't do shit to promote it or get publicity for it. In fact, on the TNN show this week, after coming back from commercial, Heyman appeared onscreen and said they're sick of running commercials but TNN needs the money because they have to raise the $100 million to pay WWF (we're entering the final few months of this partnership, which is Heyman just going full scorched earth against TNN).
  • ECW's upcoming PPV in Milwaukee has sold 2,400 tickets so far. Insane Clown Posse's JCW promotion just ran the same building last week and sold it out.
  • The ECW and FMW relationship nearly fell apart this week. FMW was upset that Mike Awesome wouldn't be appearing at their shows this week, as advertised. The deal had been set up with ECW before Awesome jumped ship to WCW and FMW threatened legal action and ECW assumed it was a threat against them. On top of that, FMW owes Balls Mahoney several thousand dollars. Due to this, ECW pulled Balls and New Jack off the FMW show. But FMW has since said it was all a misunderstanding and that they were threatening legal action against WCW and Awesome, not against ECW. Speaking of, there's a lot of rumors that FMW is in bad financial shape right now (yeah, they're deep in debt to the Yakuza and the president of FMW eventually ends up killing himself so his family can use the insurance money to pay it off for their own safety).
  • Latest on Lance Storm is that he has committed to stay with ECW through the upcoming PPV but beyond that, he hasn't made a decision. Both WWF and WCW have expressed some interest but neither side has made a serious offer yet. Heyman has offered Storm an incentive-based deal to stay with ECW and promised he would feud with Justin Credible for the ECW title.
  • Jason Knight didn't work any of this week's ECW shows and in Poughkeepsie, we learned why. Ten state troopers showed up to the ECW show looking for him because turns out he has a bench warrant from years ago for a DUI and then jumping bail. He eventually turned himself in this week.
  • The lawsuit over the infamous ECW fire incident from 1995 is scheduled to go to trial this week. If you remember, Terry Funk and Foley were in the ring and doing some shit with some fire and it got out of control and went into the crowd where some fans were injured. During the same moment, the lights went out (due to another angle that was happening) and needless to say, with fire going into the crowd in the darkness, it turned into a panicked stampede. A couple of people who were injured sued and it's finally going to trial.
  • Booker T was injured on a table powerbomb by Mike Awesome and will not be able to work his scheduled PPV match against Scott Steiner.
  • So about David Arquette winning the WCW title...Dave says everyone has their own opinion about it. It got a little mainstream media publicity, but nowhere near enough to justify it (and as evidenced by Nitro the next week doing a near record-low number, it damn sure didn't translate to a ratings increase) and Dave isn't exactly brimming with confidence that this is going to lead to a big PPV buyrate either, to say the least. Dave doesn't give his own opinion, but it's pretty clear he thinks this is just another boneheaded move from an increasingly desperate company. But for what it's worth, Arquette is said to be pretty well-liked by the wrestlers. The night he won the title, he was buying food and drinks at the bar for everyone after the show. Not just wrestlers, but also fans and hangers-on that were around. Even though most of the wrestlers realize this is a bad idea, they all like Arquette personally. Also, he's donating all of his wrestling earnings to the families of Owen Hart, Brian Pillman, and to Darren Drozdov.
  • Arquette was interviewed on the Observer website and, to his credit, he knows he's in over his head. Arquette revealed that he didn't find out he was winning the title until the day of the show and was asked to hold it until the PPV. "I said I felt alright, but I did feel kind of weird. Obviously, I don't deserve it. These guys are so skilled and it takes so much athleticism and gymnastics and strength, not to mention all the acting stuff that goes into it, it's really hard." Arquette said he's been training with Kanyon, DDP, and Shane Helms.
  • Notes from Nitro: along with Arquette, his wife Courtney Cox and actor Kurt Russell also appeared on the show. Cox's ratings drawing power on Friends did not translate to Nitro. Jericho's former sidekick Ralphus returned and he's expected to be involved in the hardcore title match at the PPV because this company has no sense. The crowd booed new champion Arquette. Billy Kidman got beat up by 2 Hogans (Hulk and Horace) and Kevin Nash at different points throughout the show, with Nash in particular going out of his way to make him look like a jobber. Dave is also particularly miffed at an angle with Nash and Mysterio, which required both of them to run. Nash has bad knees anyway and furthermore, he's still recovering from ankle surgery and hasn't been wrestling. And Mysterio, who is still months away from returning after knee surgery, was involved and also had to run. Dave says WCW has learned nothing from the dangerous Goldberg angle a few months ago and having these guys, still injured with knee and ankle issues, out there running around shows zero regard for the health of the talent, all for a stupid Russo angle that sucked anyway. Sting came down from the ceiling again, way too fast and had a bad landing. Dave really just rips this Nitro to shit.
  • Goldberg is said to have been upset with how Tank Abbott was booked on the latest Nitro. There had been plans for months to build Abbott up as a viable opponent for Goldberg, which is why he was doing the one-punch knockout gimmick and all that. But this week, due to DDP interference, Abbott got pinned by David Arquette, which is pretty much a surefire way to kill his momentum as a serious threat. Goldberg ("rightfully so" Dave adds) was upset, feeling this pretty much destroyed whatever aura Abbott might have had in a feud with him later.
  • Notes from the Thunder taping: there was a #1 contender's battle royal for the WCW title and among the people in it was Randy Savage. I only mention this because it ends up being Savage's last match in WCW and for all intents and purposes, it's honestly his last real match ever (he technically has one more "match" years later in TNA but I would barely call that a match, since he does literally nothing in it). And the ending of the show was massively screwed up. DDP and Jeff Jarrett were supposed to brawl towards a scaffolding area where David Arquette would be up there with a guitar and he would hit Jarrett, who would then fall through a gimmicked part of the stage. Problem is, earlier, Asya was leaving the ring and didn't know about it and she stepped into the gimmicked spot and fell into the stage. Then Arquette did the same thing, also falling through the stage. So the big hole there was already exposed. So DDP and Jarrett improvised and somehow DDP ended up taking a bump into the hole to try to save things. Dave has no idea how they're gonna edit this to make it good enough to air (turns out they just don't show it at all. One moment, you see them climbing the scaffold and a few seconds later, the camera cuts back and DDP is laying in the hole).
WATCH: Randy Savage's final WCW match (and, for all intents and purposes, his last real match ever)
  • WCW has the Slamboree PPV scheduled for this week (May 7th) at the Kemper Arena where Owen Hart died. Dave says a lot of people don't realize it, but May 7th also would have been Owen's 35th birthday. Bret Hart isn't expected to be at the show. Dave's just praying they don't lower Sting from the ceiling like they've been doing the last couple of weeks.
  • Nitro next week is at the TWA Dome in St. Louis and they're expecting around 4,000 fans. The first time WCW ran that building, only 18 months ago, they drew 29,000 in the middle of a massive snowstorm. Bret Hart won't be at the show because he'll be in Kansas City giving depositions in the Owen lawsuit.
  • Former WCW ring announcer Gary Michael Cappetta has written a book talking about his 20+ years in the business and it's expected to be released in October (yup, called Bodyslams).
AMAZON: "Bodyslams" by Gary Michael Cappetta
  • Some WCW roster updates: Maestro was given word that he will be released at the end of the month. Barbarian has already been released. Vampiro had a contract dispute that got ugly enough that he contacted WWF at one point, but both sides smoothed things over so he's still here. Lenny & Lodi were also released. Dave says Lodi had charisma but sucked in the ring. But Lane was good at everything they threw at him and Dave is baffled why they'd get rid of him. And Bobby Eaton's contract expired and won't be renewed. Eaton hasn't been used much at all the last couple of years but was kept around because he was well-liked and all the old-timers would go to bat for him anytime WCW talked about cutting him loose. In this case, poor Eaton literally never saw it coming. One day, his paycheck didn't arrive in the mail. He called the company to see what was up and was told he no longer worked there. Eaton was probably the longest tenured, uninterrupted wrestler there. He started with Crockett back in 1985 in the Midnight Express and had been with the company through the Turner buyout up until now (Dave actually has this wrong. Eaton was fired by Bill Watts in 1992 and spent about a year in SMW and NJPW before being rehired by Bischoff in 1993 after Watts was gone. So it wasn't uninterrupted).
  • Newly signed WCW wrestlers Michael Modest and Christopher Daniels have been told by WCW to be patient. Right now, they're trying to get over the wrestlers who have been with the company longer before they begin pushing the newly signed stars. Daniels is under contract but hasn't been used since he signed.
  • Dusty Rhodes will be returning to WCW to host the WCW Classics show on the Turner South Network. It'll be showing old WCW and Crockett matches from the 80s and early 90s.
  • There's talk that Dustin Rhodes may be repackaged with a character as legally close to Goldust as they can get away with.
  • Tazz tore his bicep on Raw when Bob Holly jumped on he and Saturn who were brawling outside the ring. He will be getting surgery this week. They did an angle the next day for Heat where Benoit attacks Tazz to write him off TV and set up a Tazz/Benoit angle when he returns. He'll probably be out for about 3 months.
  • Stu Hart called up both Benoit and Jericho this week to thank them for standing up for him and refusing to work the Stampede show when they found out he wasn't involved and that it was really just Bruce and Ross Hart trying to leech off of Stu's name and the anniversary of Owen's death in order to do a big show.
  • The FCC is expected to approve the Viacom/CBS merger, which will then become official soon after. The merger will lead to Viacom owning 41% of all television stations in the U.S. But the USA Network's lawsuit against WWF and Viacom is still pending so no word on how this will all affect the WWF deal just yet. TNN is expected to get new management and will drop its country music image in an attempt to draw younger, male viewers. CBS is also talking about running special events to maybe air occasionally on Friday or Saturday nights as made-for-TV movies that WWF would produce. Viacom also owns MTV which is where Sunday Night Heat will end up and WWF is hopeful that the MTV association will help since they're wanting to launch their own record label and try to sign big name artists.
  • Despite appearing at Backlash and swinging a chair around, Steve Austin is still a long way from returning to the ring. He's only recently began light weightlifting. He still has some numb spots in his hand. Austin has made it clear that he doesn't want to be like Hulk Hogan and stay around past his prime, relying on his name value long after he can't work anymore, so it's really not even a definite that he'll ever actually return to the ring. But if he does, it's looking like it will probably be Summerslam at the earliest.
  • Various WWF notes: Undertaker is expected to return to the ring at King of the Ring (he worked a few TV matches before this but yeah it was his first PPV match back). Shawn Michaels is expected to return to WWF soon in his old role as commissioner. Jim Ross also teased it on the WWF website this week. Billy Gunn is still going to be out several months while he recovers from shoulder surgery. MCW wrestler K. Krush, real name Ron Killings, worked a few dark matches at the latest WWF tapings doing a rap gimmick. Viscera has a separated shoulder.
  • Wizards of the Coast gaming company filed a lawsuit against WWF to keep them from releasing a card game that supposedly copied designs from Wizards of the Coast trademarks. Wizards is actually releasing a game with WCW next month and one of their game designers had first met with WWF before shopping the idea to WCW and signed a deal with them. But WWF still apparently used the ideas the Wizards people presented them to make their own game, which is also scheduled to come out next month and would compete against WCW's game. So Wizards is seeking to block WWF's game (they both still came out).
LINK: WCW Nitro trading card game
WIKIPEDIA: WWF Raw Deal card game
  • WWF has had talks with amateur wrestler Brock Lesnar, who recently won the NCAA heavyweight championship. Dave says he has a great look for pro wrestling. WCW has also expressed interest and Lesnar has also had a meeting with Eric Bischoff and Vince Russo. But Lesnar also spoke with Kurt Angle and Gerald Brisco and is said to be leaning towards signing with WWF. If he signs, he'll be sent to OVW, where his former University of Minnesota training partner Shelton Benjamin is already working. Benjamin is said to have a great attitude for pro wrestling.
  • XFL update: all players will earn $50,000 per year with $3,000 bonuses going to the team that wins and additional bonuses for the team that wins the championship. Coaches will be paid $150,000 plus bonuses for winning. They're also hiring dance coaches to give each team their own unique touchdown dances that they'll be encouraged to do after they score. Kickoffs will be from the 25-yard line. They're also considering 4 points for any field goal more than 50 yards.
  • MSNBC ran a segment on Bradshaw because apparently he's done really well in the stock market recently and talked about his track record. Bradshaw recommended people buy into MCI WorldCom. This is the 2nd time Bradshaw has been on the show discussing stocks. Last time he was on, he recommended WWF, Citigroup, and Walmart stock, all of which have gone up significantly since then.
  • Dynamite Kid is expected to be in attendance at WWF's UK PPV Insurrextion this week, as a guest of Chris Benoit. It will be the first WWF show that the wheelchair-bound Dynamite has attended in more than a decade.
  • In an interview with the Observer website, Steve Regal discussed his addiction problems that he has been dealing with. He said his drug problems started when he injured his knee in a match in Japan with Chris Benoit. He said WCW encouraged him to get surgery at the time but he refused because he didn't want to take time off and he used painkillers to work through the injury. He re-injured the knee again later (yet again in a match with Benoit) and ended up having to get the surgery, which led to more pills. Then a neck injury, more pills, then muscle relaxers, but the pain was so bad he couldn't sleep, so then he went to sleeping pills. And then he and Benoit were in a car accident together in 1997 that aggravated his neck injury (starting to think maybe he should stay away from Benoit). He couldn't train so he gained weight and WCW released him. He went to WWF, but had 2 bouts of pneumonia which delayed his WWF debut plus he was still terribly out of shape. Went to rehab a couple of times, back to WCW, and now back to WWF. He said it's only been in the last few months that he started feeling healthy again. He's currently wrestling for MCW in Memphis to prepare for his WWF return and has lost about 50 pounds (I may be wrong but I think he's been clean ever since, unless you count the 2007 steroid suspension).
  • Lots of letters this week and you won't be surprised that they're mostly about WCW and David Arquette winning the title and booooooy, are people pissed. "WCW is a company run and booked by people who hate pro wrestling," says one guy. "How can I even fondly remember Ric Flair's title reigns when it's the same belt worn by David Arquette? I can't and won't watch anymore," says another. "So what's Russo's excuse of the week going to be this time? According to my calendar, Monday was the anniversary of the opening of the Empire State Building, so that must have been the reason for the ratings being what they were," adds another. And on and on and on. This is just the tip of the iceberg. Though to be fair, 2 other people write in and basically says that kids these days don't care or respect anything anyway, so who cares if WCW destroys the credibility of their world title, it's not like today's wrestling fans give a shit.
WEDNESDAY: in-depth look at proposed drug testing for wrestlers in New York, WCW Slamboree fallout, rumors about the future of AJPW, and more...
submitted by daprice82 to SquaredCircle [link] [comments]


2018.07.17 01:46 Chtorrr cat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to navigationJump to search This article is about the cat species that is commonly kept as a pet. For the cat family, see Felidae. For other uses, see Cat (disambiguation) and Cats (disambiguation). For technical reasons, "Cat #1" redirects here. For the album, see Cat 1 (album). Domestic cat[1] Cat poster 1.jpg Various types of domestic cat Conservation status Domesticated Scientific classification e Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Suborder: Feliformia Family: Felidae Subfamily: Felinae Genus: Felis Species: F. silvestris Subspecies: F. s. catus Trinomial name Felis silvestris catus Linnaeus, 1758[2] Synonyms Felis catus (original combination)[3] Felis catus domestica (invalid junior synonym)[4]
The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus)[1][5] is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal. They are often called house cats[6] when kept as indoor pets or simply cats when there is no need to distinguish them from other felids and felines. They are often valued by humans for companionship and for their ability to hunt vermin. There are more than seventy cat breeds recognized by various cat registries.
Cats are similar in anatomy to the other felids, with a strong flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp retractable claws and teeth adapted to killing small prey. Cat senses fit a crepuscular and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds too faint or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. They can see in near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have poorer color vision and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats, despite being solitary hunters, are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring, trilling, hissing, growling and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and types of cat-specific body language.[7]
Cats have a high breeding rate.[8] Under controlled breeding, they can be bred and shown as registered pedigree pets, a hobby known as cat fancy. Failure to control the breeding of pet cats by spaying and neutering, as well as the abandonment of former household pets, has resulted in large numbers of feral cats worldwide, requiring population control.[9] In certain areas outside cats' native range, this has contributed, along with habitat destruction and other factors, to the extinction of many bird species. Cats have been known to extirpate a bird species within specific regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations.[10] Cats are thought to be primarily responsible for the extinction of 87 species of birds,[11] and the presence of feral and free-ranging cats makes some otherwise suitable locations unsuitable for attempted species reintroduction.[12]
Because cats were venerated in ancient Egypt, they were commonly believed to have been domesticated there,[13] but there may have been instances of domestication as early as the Neolithic from around 9,500 years ago (7500 BC).[14] A genetic study in 2007[15] concluded that all domestic cats are descended from Near Eastern wildcats, having diverged around 8000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16] A 2016 study found that leopard cats were undergoing domestication independently in China around 5500 BC, though this line of partially domesticated cats leaves no trace in the domesticated populations of today.[17][18] A 2017 study confirmed that domestic cats are descendants of those first domesticated by farmers in the Near East around 9,000 years ago.[19][20]
As of a 2007 study, cats are the second-most popular pet in the U.S. by number of pets owned, behind freshwater fish.[21] In a 2010 study, they were ranked the third-most popular pet in the UK, after fish and dogs, with around 8 million being owned.[22]
Contents 1 Taxonomy and evolution 2 Nomenclature and etymology 3 Biology 3.1 Anatomy 3.2 Physiology 3.2.1 Nutrition 3.3 Senses 3.4 Health 3.4.1 Diseases 3.5 Genetics 4 Behavior 4.1 Sociability 4.2 Communication 4.3 Grooming 4.4 Fighting 4.5 Hunting and feeding 4.6 Running 4.7 Play 4.8 Reproduction 5 Ecology 5.1 Habitats 5.2 Feral cats 5.3 Impact on prey species 5.4 Impact on birds 6 Interaction with humans 6.1 Cat show 6.2 Cat café 6.3 Ailurophobia 6.4 Cat bites 6.5 Infections transmitted from cats to humans 6.6 History and mythology 6.6.1 Superstitions and cat burning 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links Taxonomy and evolution Main article: Cat evolution The domestic cat is a member of the cat family, the felids, which are a rapidly evolving family of mammals that share a common ancestor only 10–15 million years ago[23] and include lions, tigers, cougars and many others. Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats containing about seven species (depending upon classification scheme).[1][24] Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis chaus) of southeast Asia, European wildcat (F. silvestris silvestris), African wildcat (F. s. lybica), the Chinese mountain cat (F. bieti), and the Arabian sand cat (F. margarita), among others.[25]
The domestic cat is believed to have evolved from the Near Eastern wildcat, whose range covers vast portions of the Middle East westward to the Atlantic coast of Africa.[26][27] Between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago the animal gave rise to the genetic lineage that eventually produced all domesticated cats,[28] having diverged from the Near Eastern wildcat around 8,000 BC in the Middle East.[13][16]
The domestic cat was first classified as Felis catus by Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of his Systema Naturae published in 1758.[1][2] Because of modern phylogenetics, domestic cats are usually regarded as another subspecies of the wildcat, F. silvestris.[1][29][30] This has resulted in mixed usage of the terms, as the domestic cat can be called by its subspecies name, Felis silvestris catus.[1][29][30] Wildcats have also been referred to as various subspecies of F. catus,[30] but in 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature fixed the name for wildcats as F. silvestris.[31] The most common name in use for the domestic cat remains F. catus. Sometimes, the domestic cat has been called Felis domesticus[32] as proposed by German naturalist J. C. P. Erxleben in 1777,[33] but these are not valid taxonomic names and have been used only rarely in scientific literature.[34] A population of Transcaucasian black feral cats was once classified as Felis daemon (Satunin 1904) but now this population is considered to be a part of the domestic cat.[35]
All the cats in this genus share a common ancestor that is believed to have lived around 6–7 million years ago in the Near East (the Middle East).[36] The exact relationships within the Felidae are close but still uncertain,[37][38] e.g. the Chinese mountain cat is sometimes classified (under the name Felis silvestris bieti) as a subspecies of the wildcat, like the North African variety F. s. lybica.[29][37]
Ancient Egyptian sculpture of the cat goddess Bastet. The earliest evidence of felines as Egyptian deities comes from c. 3100 BC. In comparison to dogs, cats have not undergone major changes during the domestication process, as the form and behavior of the domestic cat is not radically different from those of wildcats and domestic cats are perfectly capable of surviving in the wild.[39][40] Fully domesticated house cats often interbreed with feral F. catus populations,[41] producing hybrids such as the Kellas cat. This limited evolution during domestication means that hybridisation can occur with many other felids, notably the Asian leopard cat.[42] Several natural behaviors and characteristics of wildcats may have predisposed them for domestication as pets.[40] These traits include their small size, social nature, obvious body language, love of play and relatively high intelligence.[43]:12–17 Several small felid species may have an inborn tendency towards tameness.[40]
Cats have either a mutualistic or commensal relationship with humans. Two main theories are given about how cats were domesticated. In one, people deliberately tamed cats in a process of artificial selection as they were useful predators of vermin.[44] This has been criticized as implausible, because the reward for such an effort may have been too little; cats generally do not carry out commands and although they do eat rodents, other species such as ferrets or terriers may be better at controlling these pests.[29] The alternative idea is that cats were simply tolerated by people and gradually diverged from their wild relatives through natural selection, as they adapted to hunting the vermin found around humans in towns and villages.[29]
Nomenclature and etymology The origin of the English word cat (Old English catt) and its counterparts in other Germanic languages (such as German Katze), descended from Proto-Germanic *kattōn-, is controversial. It has traditionally thought to be a borrowing from Late Latin cattus, 'domestic cat', from catta (used around 75 AD by Martial),[45][46] compare also Byzantine Greek κάττα, Portuguese and Spanish gato, French chat, Maltese qattus, Lithuanian katė, and Old Church Slavonic kotъ (kotka), among others.[47] The Late Latin word is generally thought to originate from an Afro-Asiatic language, but every proposed source word has presented problems. Many references refer to "Berber" (Kabyle) kaddîska, 'wildcat', and Nubian kadīs as possible sources or cognates, but M. Lionel Bender suggesets the Nubian term is a loan from Arabic قِطَّة qiṭṭa.[48] Jean-Paul Savignac suggests the Latin word is from an Ancient Egyptian precursor of Coptic ϣⲁⲩ šau, 'tomcat', or its feminine form suffixed with -t,[49] but John Huehnergard says "the source [...] was clearly not Egyptian itself, where no analogous form is attested."[48] Huehnergard opines it is "equally likely that the forms might derive from an ancient Germanic word, imported into Latin and thence to Greek and to Syriac and Arabic". Guus Kroonen also considers the word to be native to Germanic (due to morphological alternations) and Northern Europe, and suggests that it might ultimately be borrowed from Uralic, cf. Northern Sami gađfe, 'female stoat', and Hungarian hölgy, 'stoat'; from Proto-Uralic *käďwä, 'female (of a furred animal)'.[50] In any case, cat is a classic example of a Wanderwort.
An alternative word is English puss (extended as pussy and pussycat). Attested only from the 16th century, it may have been introduced from Dutch poes or from Low German puuskatte, related to Swedish kattepus, or Norwegian pus, pusekatt. Similar forms exist in Lithuanian puižė and Irish puisín or puiscín. The etymology of this word is unknown, but it may have simply arisen from a sound used to attract a cat.[51][52]
A group of cats can be referred to as a clowder or a glaring;[53] a male cat is called a tom or tomcat[54] (or a gib,[55] if neutered); an unspayed female is called a queen,[56] especially in a cat-breeding context; and a juvenile cat is referred to as a kitten. The male progenitor of a cat, especially a pedigreed cat, is its sire,[57] and its mother is its dam[58] In Early Modern English, the word kitten was interchangeable with the now obsolete word catling.[59]
A pedigreed cat is one whose ancestry is recorded by a cat fancier organization. A purebred (or pure-bred) cat is one whose ancestry contains only individuals of the same breed. Many pedigreed and especially purebred cats are exhibited as show cats. Cats of unrecorded, mixed ancestry are referred to as domestic short-haired or domestic long-haired cats (by coat type), or commonly as random-bred, moggies (chiefly British), or (using terms borrowed from dog breeding) mongrels or mutt-cats.
While the African wildcat is the ancestral subspecies from which domestic cats are descended, and wildcats and domestic cats can completely interbreed (being subspecies of the same species), several intermediate stages occur between domestic pet and pedigree cats on one hand and entirely wild animals on the other. The semi-feral cat, a mostly outdoor cat, is not owned by any one individual, but is generally friendly to people and may be fed by several households. Truly feral cats are associated with human habitation areas, foraging for food and sometimes intermittently fed by people, but are typically wary of human interaction.[41]
Biology Anatomy Main article: Cat anatomy
Diagram of the general anatomy of a male Domestic cats are similar in size to the other members of the genus Felis, typically weighing between 4 and 5 kg (9 and 10 lb).[37] Some breeds, such as the Maine Coon, can occasionally exceed 11 kg (24 lb). Conversely, very small cats, less than 2 kg (4 lb), have been reported.[60] The world record for the largest cat is 21 kg (50 lb).[61][self-published source] The smallest adult cat ever officially recorded weighed around 1 kg (2 lb).[61] Feral cats tend to be lighter, as they have more limited access to food than house cats. The Boston Cat Hospital weighted trapped feral cats, and found the average feral adult male to weigh 4 kg (9 lb), and average adult female 3 kg (7 lb).[62] Cats average about 23–25 cm (9–10 in) in height and 46 cm (18 in) in head/body length (males being larger than females), with tails averaging 30 cm (12 in) in length;[63] feral cats may be smaller on average.
Cats have seven cervical vertebrae, as do almost all mammals; 13 thoracic vertebrae (humans have 12); seven lumbar vertebrae (humans have five); three sacral vertebrae like most mammals (humans have five); and a variable number of caudal vertebrae in the tail (humans have only vestigial caudal vertebrae, fused into an internal coccyx).[64]:11 The extra lumbar and thoracic vertebrae account for the cat's spinal mobility and flexibility. Attached to the spine are 13 ribs, the shoulder, and the pelvis.[64] :16 Unlike human arms, cat forelimbs are attached to the shoulder by free-floating clavicle bones which allow them to pass their body through any space into which they can fit their head.[65]
Cat skull The cat skull is unusual among mammals in having very large eye sockets and a powerful and specialized jaw.[66]:35 Within the jaw, cats have teeth adapted for killing prey and tearing meat. When it overpowers its prey, a cat delivers a lethal neck bite with its two long canine teeth, inserting them between two of the prey's vertebrae and severing its spinal cord, causing irreversible paralysis and death.[67] Compared to other felines, domestic cats have narrowly spaced canine teeth, which is an adaptation to their preferred prey of small rodents, which have small vertebrae.[67] The premolar and first molar together compose the carnassial pair on each side of the mouth, which efficiently shears meat into small pieces, like a pair of scissors. These are vital in feeding, since cats' small molars cannot chew food effectively, and cats are largely incapable of mastication.[66]:37 Although cats tend to have better teeth than most humans, with decay generally less likely because of a thicker protective layer of enamel, a less damaging saliva, less retention of food particles between teeth, and a diet mostly devoid of sugar, they are nonetheless subject to occasional tooth loss and infection.[68]
Cats, like dogs, are digitigrades. They walk directly on their toes, with the bones of their feet making up the lower part of the visible leg.[69] Cats are capable of walking very precisely because, like all felines, they directly register; that is, they place each hind paw (almost) directly in the print of the corresponding fore paw, minimizing noise and visible tracks. This also provides sure footing for their hind paws when they navigate rough terrain. Unlike most mammals, when cats walk, they use a "pacing" gait; that is, they move the two legs on one side of the body before the legs on the other side. This trait is shared with camels and giraffes. As a walk speeds up into a trot, a cat's gait changes to be a "diagonal" gait, similar to that of most other mammals (and many other land animals, such as lizards): the diagonally opposite hind and fore legs move simultaneously.[70]
Like almost all members of the Felidae, cats have protractable and retractable claws.[71] In their normal, relaxed position, the claws are sheathed with the skin and fur around the paw's toe pads. This keeps the claws sharp by preventing wear from contact with the ground and allows the silent stalking of prey. The claws on the fore feet are typically sharper than those on the hind feet.[72] Cats can voluntarily extend their claws on one or more paws. They may extend their claws in hunting or self-defense, climbing, kneading, or for extra traction on soft surfaces. Most cats have five claws on their front paws, and four on their rear paws.[73] The fifth front claw (the dewclaw) is proximal to the other claws. More proximally is a protrusion which appears to be a sixth "finger". This special feature of the front paws, on the inside of the wrists, is the carpal pad, also found on the paws of big cats and dogs. It has no function in normal walking, but is thought to be an antiskidding device used while jumping. Some breeds of cats are prone to polydactyly (extra toes and claws).[73] These are particularly common along the northeast coast of North America.[74]
Physiology Cats are familiar and easily kept animals, and their physiology has been particularly well studied; it generally resembles those of other carnivorous mammals, but displays several unusual features probably attributable to cats' descent from desert-dwelling species.[32] For instance, cats are able to tolerate quite high temperatures: Humans generally start to feel uncomfortable when their skin temperature passes about 38 °C (100 °F), but cats show no discomfort until their skin reaches around 52 °C (126 °F),[66]:46 and can tolerate temperatures of up to 56 °C (133 °F) if they have access to water.[75]
Normal physiological values[76]:330 Body temperature 38.6 °C (101.5 °F) Heart rate 120–140 beats per minute Breathing rate 16–40 breaths per minute
Thermograph of various body parts of a cat Cats conserve heat by reducing the flow of blood to their skin and lose heat by evaporation through their mouths. Cats have minimal ability to sweat, with glands located primarily in their paw pads,[77] and pant for heat relief only at very high temperatures[78] (but may also pant when stressed). A cat's body temperature does not vary throughout the day; this is part of cats' general lack of circadian rhythms and may reflect their tendency to be active both during the day and at night.[79]:1 Cats' feces are comparatively dry and their urine is highly concentrated, both of which are adaptations to allow cats to retain as much water as possible.[32] Their kidneys are so efficient, they can survive on a diet consisting only of meat, with no additional water,[80] and can even rehydrate by drinking seawater.[81][79]:29While domestic cats are able to swim, they are generally reluctant to enter water as it quickly leads to exhaustion.[82]
Nutrition Cats are obligate carnivores: their physiology has evolved to efficiently process meat, and they have difficulty digesting plant matter.[32] In contrast to omnivores such as rats, which only require about 4% protein in their diet, about 20% of a cat's diet must be protein.[32] A cat's gastrointestinal tract is adapted to meat eating, being much shorter than that of omnivores and having low levels of several of the digestive enzymes needed to digest carbohydrates.[83] These traits severely limit the cat's ability to digest and use plant-derived nutrients, as well as certain fatty acids.[83] Despite the cat's meat-oriented physiology, several vegetarian or vegan cat foods have been marketed that are supplemented with chemically synthesized taurine and other nutrients, in attempts to produce a complete diet. However, some of these products still fail to provide all the nutrients cats require,[84] and diets containing no animal products pose the risk of causing severe nutritional deficiencies.[85] However, veterinarians in the United States have expressed concern that many domestic cats are overfed.[86]
Cats do eat grass occasionally. A proposed explanation is that cats use grass as a source of folic acid. Another is that it is used to supply dietary fiber, helping the cat defecate more easily and expel parasites and other harmful material through feces and vomit.[87]
Cats are unusually dependent on a constant supply of the amino acid arginine, and a diet lacking arginine causes marked weight loss and can be rapidly fatal.[88] Arginine is an essential additive in cat food because cats have low levels of the enzymes aminotransferase and pyrroline-5-carboxylate which are responsible for the synthesis of ornithine and citrulline in the small intestine.[89] Citrulline would typically go on to the kidneys to make arginine, but because cats have a deficiency in the enzymes that make it, citrulline is not produced in adequate quantities to make arginine. Arginine is essential in the urea cycle in order to convert the toxic component ammonia into urea that can then be excreted in the urine. Because of its essential role, deficiency in arginine results in a build up of toxic ammonia and leads to hyperammonemia.[89] The symptoms of hyperammonemia include lethargy, vomiting, ataxia, hyperesthesia and can be serious enough to induce death and coma in a matter of days if a cat is being fed an arginine-free diet. The quick onset of these symptoms is due to the fact that diets devoid in arginine will typically still contain all of the other amino acids, which will continue to be catabolized by the body, producing mass amounts of ammonia that very quickly build up with no way of being excreted.
Another unusual feature is that the cat cannot produce taurine,[note 1] with a deficiency in this nutrient causing macular degeneration, wherein the cat's retina slowly breaks down, causing irreversible blindness.[32] This is due to the hepatic activity of cystinesulfinic acid decarboxylase being low in cats.[91] This limits the ability of cats to biosynthesize the taurine they need from its precursor, the amino acid cysteine, which ultimately results in inadequate taurine production needed for normal function.[91] Deficiencies in taurine result in compensated function of feline cardiovascular and reproductive systems.[91] These abnormalities can also be accompanied by developmental issues in the central nervous system along with degeneration of the retina.[91]
In order to produce the essential vitamin niacin for use in the cat, tryptophan is needed for conversion purposes. However, due to a competing pathway with acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), niacin can become deficient and require supplementation.[92] This process occurs when an overactive enzyme, picolinic acid carboxylase, converts the vitamin B6 precursor picolinic acid into the alternate compound acetyl-CoA, instead of converting quinolinate into nictotinic acid mononlucleotide (niacin).[93] Niacin is required in cats as it supports enzyme function. If niacin is deficient in the diet, anorexia, weight loss and an increase in body temperature can result.[94]
Preformed vitamin A is required in the cat for retinal and reproductive health. Vitamin A is considered to be a fat-soluble vitamin and is seen as essential in a cat's diet. Normally, the conversion of beta-carotenes into vitamin A occurs in the intestine (more specifically the mucosal layer) of species, however cats lack the ability to undergo this process.[92] Both the kidney and liver are contributors to the use of vitamin A in the body of the majority of species while the cats liver does not produce the enzyme Beta-carotene 15,15'-monooxygenase which converts the beta-carotene into retinol (vitamin A).[95] To summarize: cats do not have high levels of this enzyme leading to the cleavage and oxidation of carotenoids not taking place.[93]
Vitamin D3 is a dietary requirement for cats as they lack the ability to synthesize vitamin D3 from sunlight.[96] Cats obtain high levels of the enzyme 7-dehydrocholestrol delta 7 reductase which causes immediate conversion of vitamin D3 from sunlight to 7-dehydrocholesterol.[97] This fat soluble vitamin is required in cats for bone formation through the promotion of calcium retention, along with nerve and muscle control through absorption of calcium and phosphorus.[97]
Cats, like all mammals, need to get linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid, from their diet. Most mammals can convert linoleic acid to arachidonic acid, as well as the omega 3 fatty acids (eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid) through the activity of enzymes, but this process is very limited in cats.[92] The Δ6-desaturase enzyme eventually converts linoleic acid, which is in its salt form linoleate, to arachidonate (salt form of arachidonic acid) in the liver, but this enzyme has very little activity in cats.[92] This means that arachidonic acid is an essential fatty acid for cats as they lack the ability to create required amounts of linoleic acid. Deficiency of arachidonic acid in cats is related to problems in growth, can cause injury and inflammation to skin (e.g. around the mouth) decreased platelet aggregation, fatty liver, increase in birth defects of kittens whose queens were deficient during pregnancy, and reproductive failure in queens.[92] Arachidonic acid can also be metabolized to eicosanoids that create inflammatory responses which are needed to stimulate proper growth and repair mechanisms in the cat.[98]
Cat food § Nutrient chart provides a list of the many nutrients cats require as well as the use of the nutrients in the body and the effects of the deficiency.
Senses Main article: Cat senses
Reflection of camera flash from the tapetum lucidum Cats have excellent night vision and can see at only one-sixth the light level required for human vision.[66]:43 This is partly the result of cat eyes having a tapetum lucidum, which reflects any light that passes through the retina back into the eye, thereby increasing the eye's sensitivity to dim light.[99] Another adaptation to dim light is the large pupils of cats' eyes. Unlike some big cats, such as tigers, domestic cats have slit pupils.[100] These slit pupils can focus bright light without chromatic aberration, and are needed since the domestic cat's pupils are much larger, relative to their eyes, than the pupils of the big cats.[100] At low light levels, a cat's pupils will expand to cover most of the exposed surface of its eyes.[101] However, domestic cats have rather poor color vision and (like most nonprimate mammals) have only two types of cones, optimized for sensitivity to blue and yellowish green; they have limited ability to distinguish between red and green.[102] A 1993 paper reported a response to middle wavelengths from a system other than the rods which might be due to a third type of cone. However, this appears to be an adaptation to low light levels rather than representing true trichromatic vision.[103]
Cats have excellent hearing and can detect an extremely broad range of frequencies. They can hear higher-pitched sounds than either dogs or humans, detecting frequencies from 55 Hz to 79,000 Hz, a range of 10.5 octaves, while humans and dogs both have ranges of about 9 octaves.[104][105] Cats can hear ultrasound, which is important in hunting[106] because many species of rodents make ultrasonic calls.[107] However, they do not communicate using ultrasound like rodents do. Cats' hearing is also sensitive and among the best of any mammal,[104] being most acute in the range of 500 Hz to 32 kHz.[108] This sensitivity is further enhanced by the cat's large movable outer ears (their pinnae), which both amplify sounds and help detect the direction of a noise.[106]
Cats have an acute sense of smell, due in part to their well-developed olfactory bulb and a large surface of olfactory mucosa, about 5.8 cm2 (0.90 in2) in area, which is about twice that of humans.[109] Cats are sensitive to pheromones such as 3-mercapto-3-methylbutan-1-ol,[110] which they use to communicate through urine spraying and marking with scent glands.[111] Many cats also respond strongly to plants that contain nepetalactone, especially catnip, as they can detect that substance at less than one part per billion.[112] About 70–80% of cats are affected by nepetalactone.[113] This response is also produced by other plants, such as silver vine (Actinidia polygama) and the herb valerian; it may be caused by the smell of these plants mimicking a pheromone and stimulating cats' social or sexual behaviors.[114]
Cats have relatively few taste buds compared to humans (470 or so versus more than 9,000 on the human tongue).[115] Domestic and wild cats share a gene mutation that keeps their sweet taste buds from binding to sugary molecules, leaving them with no ability to taste sweetness.[116] Their taste buds instead respond to acids, amino acids like protein, and bitter tastes.[117] Cats and many other animals have a Jacobson's organ in their mouths that is used in the behavioral process of flehmening. It allows them to sense certain aromas in a way that humans cannot. Cats also have a distinct temperature preference for their food, preferring food with a temperature around 38 °C (100 °F) which is similar to that of a fresh kill and routinely rejecting food presented cold or refrigerated (which would signal to the cat that the "prey" item is long dead and therefore possibly toxic or decomposing).[115]
The whiskers of a cat are highly sensitive to touch. To aid with navigation and sensation, cats have dozens of movable whiskers (vibrissae) over their body, especially their faces. These provide information on the width of gaps and on the location of objects in the dark, both by touching objects directly and by sensing air currents; they also trigger protective blink reflexes to protect the eyes from damage.[66]:47
File:BIOASTRONAUTICS RESEARCH Gov.archives.arc.68700.ogv Comparison of cat righting reflexes in gravity versus zero gravity Most breeds of cat have a noted fondness for settling in high places, or perching. In the wild, a higher place may serve as a concealed site from which to hunt; domestic cats may strike prey by pouncing from a perch such as a tree branch, as does a leopard.[118] Another possible explanation is that height gives the cat a better observation point, allowing it to survey its territory. During a fall from a high place, a cat can reflexively twist its body and right itself using its acute sense of balance and flexibility.[119] This is known as the cat righting reflex. An individual cat always rights itself in the same way, provided it has the time to do so, during a fall. The height required for this to occur is around 90 cm (3.0 ft). Cats without a tail (e.g. many specimens of the Manx and Cymric breeds) also have this ability, since a cat mostly relies on leg movement and conservation of angular momentum to set up for landing, and the tail is little used for this feat.[120] Their excellent sense of balance allows cats to move with great stability. A cat falling from heights of up to 3 meters can right itself and land on its paws.[121]
Health Main articles: Cat health and Aging in cats The average lifespan of pet cats has risen in recent years. In the early 1980s, it was about seven years,[122]:33[123] rising to 9.4 years in 1995[122]:33 and 15.1 years in 2018.[124] However, cats have been reported as surviving into their 30s,[125] with the oldest known cat, Creme Puff, dying at a verified age of 38.[126]
Spaying or neutering increases life expectancy: one study found neutered male cats live twice as long as intact males, while spayed female cats live 62% longer than intact females.[122]:35 Having a cat neutered confers health benefits, because castrated males cannot develop testicular cancer, spayed females cannot develop uterine or ovarian cancer, and both have a reduced risk of mammary cancer.[127]
Despite widespread concern about the welfare of free-roaming cats, the lifespans of neutered feral cats in managed colonies compare favorably with those of pet cats.[128]:45[129]:1358 [130][131][132][133]
Diseases Main article: Feline diseases A wide range of health problems may affect cats, including infectious diseases, parasites, injuries, and chronic disease. Vaccinations are available for many of these diseases, and domestic cats are regularly given treatments to eliminate parasites such as worms and fleas.[134]
Genetics Main article: Cat genetics The domesticated cat and its closest wild ancestor are both diploid organisms that possess 38 chromosomes[135] and roughly 20,000 genes.[136] About 250 heritable genetic disorders have been identified in cats, many similar to human inborn errors.[137] The high level of similarity among the metabolism of mammals allows many of these feline diseases to be diagnosed using genetic tests that were originally developed for use in humans, as well as the use of cats as animal models in the study of the human diseases.[138][139]
Behavior See also: Cat behavior and Cat intelligence A black-and-white cat on a fence A cat on a fence Outdoor cats are active both day and night, although they tend to be slightly more active at night.[140][141] The timing of cats' activity is quite flexible and varied, which means house cats may be more active in the morning and evening, as a response to greater human activity at these times.[142] Although they spend the majority of their time in the vicinity of their home, housecats can range many hundreds of meters from this central point, and are known to establish territories that vary considerably in size, in one study ranging from 7 to 28 hectares (17–69 acres).[141]
Cats conserve energy by sleeping more than most animals, especially as they grow older. The daily duration of sleep varies, usually between 12 and 16 hours, with 13 and 14 being the average. Some cats can sleep as much as 20 hours. The term "cat nap" for a short rest refers to the cat's tendency to fall asleep (lightly) for a brief period. While asleep, cats experience short periods of rapid eye movement sleep often accompanied by muscle twitches, which suggests they are dreaming.[143]
Sociability
Social grooming Although wildcats are solitary, the social behavior of domestic cats is much more variable and ranges from widely dispersed individuals to feral cat colonies that gather around a food source, based on groups of co-operating females.[144][145] Within such groups, one cat is usually dominant over the others.[34] Each cat in a colony holds a distinct territory, with sexually active males having the largest territories, which are about 10 times larger than those of female cats and may overlap with several females' territories.[111] These territories are marked by urine spraying, by rubbing objects at head height with secretions from facial glands, and by defecation.[111] Between these territories are neutral areas where cats watch and greet one another without territorial conflicts. Outside these neutral areas, territory holders usually chase away stranger cats, at first by staring, hissing, and growling, and if that does not work, by short but noisy and violent attacks. Despite some cats cohabiting in colonies, they do not have a social survival strategy, or a pack mentality, and always hunt alone.[146]
Cat with an Alaskan Malamute dog However, some pet cats are poorly socialized. In particular, older cats may show aggressiveness towards newly arrived kittens, which may include biting and scratching; this type of behavior is known as feline asocial aggression.[147]
Though cats and dogs are often characterized as natural enemies, they can live together if correctly socialized.[148]
Life in proximity to humans and other domestic animals has led to a symbiotic social adaptation in cats, and cats may express great affection toward humans or other animals. Ethologically, the human keeper of a cat may function as a sort of surrogate for the cat's mother,[149] and adult housecats live their lives in a kind of extended kittenhood,[150] a form of behavioral neoteny. The high-pitched sounds housecats make to solicit food may mimic the cries of a hungry human infant, making them particularly hard for humans to ignore.[151]
Domestic cats' scent rubbing behavior towards humans or other cats is thought to be a feline means for social bonding.[152]
Communication Main article: Cat communication Domestic cats use many vocalizations for communication, including purring, trilling, hissing, growling/snarling, grunting, and several different forms of meowing.[7] (By contrast, feral cats are generally silent.)[153]:208 Their types of body language, including position of ears and tail, relaxation of the whole body, and kneading of the paws, are all indicators of mood. The tail and ears are particularly important social signal mechanisms in cats;[154][155] for example, a raised tail acts as a friendly greeting, and flattened ears indicates hostility. Tail-raising also indicates the cat's position in the group's social hierarchy, with dominant individuals raising their tails less often than subordinate animals.[155] Nose-to-nose touching is also a common greeting and may be followed by social grooming, which is solicited by one of the cats raising and tilting its head.[145]
Purring may have developed as an evolutionary advantage as a signalling mechanism of reassurance between mother cats and nursing kittens. Post-nursing cats often purr as a sign of contentment: when being petted, becoming relaxed,[156][157] or eating. The mechanism by which cats purr is elusive. The cat has no unique anatomical feature that is clearly responsible for the sound.[158] It was, until recent times, believed that only the cats of the Felis genus could purr. However, felids of the genus Panthera (tiger, lion, jaguar, and leopard) also produce non-continuous sounds, called chuffs, similar to purring, but only when exhaling.[159]
Grooming
The hooked papillae on a cat's tongue act like a hairbrush to help clean and detangle fur. File:Housecat Grooming Itself.webm A tabby housecat uses its brush-like tongue to groom itself, licking its fur to straighten it. Cats are known for spending considerable amounts of time licking their coat to keep it clean.[160] The cat's tongue has backwards-facing spines about 500 μm long, which are called papillae. These contain keratin which makes them rigid[161] so the papillae act like a hairbrush. Some cats, particularly longhaired cats, occasionally regurgitate hairballs of fur that have collected in their stomachs from grooming. These clumps of fur are usually sausage-shaped and about 2–3 cm (0.8–1.2 in) long. Hairballs can be prevented with remedies that ease elimination of the hair through the gut, as well as regular grooming of the coat with a comb or stiff brush.[160]
Fighting Among domestic cats, males are more likely to fight than females.[162] Among feral cats, the most common reason for cat fighting is competition between two males to mate with a female. In such cases, most fights are won by the heavier male.[163] Another common reason for fighting in domestic cats is the difficulty of establishing territories within a small home.[162] Female cats also fight over territory or to defend their kittens. Neutering will decrease or eliminate this behavior in many cases, suggesting that the behavior is linked to sex hormones.[164]
An arched back, raised fur and an open-mouthed hiss can all be signs of aggression in a domestic cat. When cats become aggressive, they try to make themselves appear larger and more threatening by raising their fur, arching their backs, turning sideways and hissing or spitting.[154] Often, the ears are pointed down and back to avoid damage to the inner ear and potentially listen for any changes behind them while focused forward. They may also vocalize loudly and bare their teeth in an effort to further intimidate their opponent. Fights usually consist of grappling and delivering powerful slaps to the face and body with the forepaws as well as bites. Cats also throw themselves to the ground in a defensive posture to rake their opponent's belly with their powerful hind legs.[165]
Serious damage is rare, as the fights are usually short in duration, with the loser running away with little more than a few scratches to the face and ears. However, fights for mating rights are typically more severe and injuries may include deep puncture wounds and lacerations. Normally, serious injuries from fighting are limited to infections of scratches and bites, though these can occasionally kill cats if untreated. In addition, bites are probably the main route of transmission of feline immunodeficiency virus.[166] Sexually active males are usually involved in many fights during their lives, and often have decidedly battered faces with obvious scars and cuts to their ears and nose.[167]
Hunting and feeding
A cat that is playing with a caught mouse. Cats play with their prey to weaken or exhaust them before making a kill.
A domestic cat with its prey Cats hunt small prey, primarily birds and rodents,[168] and are often used as a form of pest control.[169][170] Domestic cats are a major predator of wildlife in the United States, killing an estimated 1.4 to 3.7 billion birds and 6.9 to 20.7 billion mammals annually.[171][172] The bulk of predation in the United States is done by 80 million feral and stray cats. Effective measures to reduce this population are elusive, meeting opposition from cat enthusiasts.[171][172] In the case of free-ranging pets, equipping cats with bells and not letting them out at night will reduce wildlife predation.[168]
Free-fed feral cats and house cats tend to consume many small meals in a single day, although the frequency and size of meals varies between individuals.[146] Cats use two hunting strategies, either stalking prey actively, or waiting in ambush until an animal comes close enough to be captured.[173] Although it is not certain, the strategy used may depend on the prey species in the area, with cats waiting in ambush outside burrows, but tending to actively stalk birds.[174]:153
Perhaps the best known element of cats' hunting behavior, which is commonly misunderstood and often appalls cat owners because it looks like torture, is that cats often appear to "play" with prey by releasing it after capture. This behavior is due to an instinctive imperative to ensure that the prey is weak enough to be killed without endangering the cat.[175] This behavior is referred to in the idiom "cat-and-mouse game" or simply "cat and mouse".
Another poorly understood element of cat hunting behavior is the presentation of prey to human guardians. Ethologist Paul Leyhausen proposed that cats adopt humans into their social group and share excess kill with others in the group according to the dominance hierarchy, in which humans are reacted to as if they are at, or near, the top.[176] Anthropologist and zoologist Desmond Morris, in his 1986 book Catwatching, suggests, when cats bring home mice or birds, they are attempting to teach their human to hunt, or trying to help their human as if feeding "an elderly cat, or an inept kitten".[177][178] Morris's hypothesis is inconsistent with the fact that male cats also bring home prey, despite males having negligible involvement with raising kittens.[174]:153
Domestic cats select food based on its temperature, smell and texture; they dislike chilled foods and respond most strongly to moist foods rich in amino acids, which are similar to meat.[85][146] Cats may reject novel flavors (a response termed neophobia) and learn quickly to avoid foods that have tasted unpleasant in the past.[146] They may also avoid sugary foods and milk. Most adult cats are lactose intolerant; the sugars in milk are not easily digested and may cause soft stools or diarrhea.[146][179] They can also develop odd eating habits. Some cats like to eat or chew on other things, most commonly wool, but also plastic, cables, paper, string, aluminum foil, or even coal. This condition, pica, can threaten their health, depending on the amount and toxicity of the items eaten.[180][181]
Though cats usually prey on animals less than half their size, a feral cat in Australia has been photographed killing an adult pademelon of around the cat's weight at 4 kg (8.8 lb).[182]
Since cats lack sufficient lips to create suction,[183] they use a lapping method with the tongue to draw liquid upwards into their mouths. Lapping at a rate of four times a second, the cat touches the smooth tip of its tongue to the surface of the water, and quickly retracts it like a corkscrew, drawing water upwards.[184]
Running A veterinarian and columnist for Mercola Healthy Pets, Karen Shaw Becker, has compiled a list of the fastest and most athletic cat breeds. First is the Egyptian Mau, which can clock up to 30 miles per hour, faster than any other domestic cat breed in the world.[185][unreliable source] In descending order, Becker lists the other swift domestic cats: the Abyssinian cat, the Somali cat, the Bengal cat, the Savannah cat, the Manx cat ("He can jump and accelerate through the house like there's no tomorrow. Watch for his sharp turns and quick stops – you'll think he's a mini sports car in the shape of a cat."), the Siamese cat, the Ocicat, and the Oriental Shorthair.
The average house cat can outspeed the average house dog (excluding those born to run and race, such as the greyhound and the cheetah), but they excel at sprinting, not at long-distance running.
Play Main article: Cat play and toys File:Play fight between cats.webmhd.webm Play fight between kittens, age 14 weeks Domestic cats, especially young kittens, are known for their love of play. This behavior mimics hunting and is important in helping kittens learn to stalk, capture, and kill prey.[186] Cats also engage in play fighting, with each other and with humans. This behavior may be a way for cats to practice the skills needed for real combat, and might also reduce any fear they associate with launching attacks on other animals.[187]
Owing to the close similarity between play and hunting, cats prefer to play with objects that resemble prey, such as small furry toys that move rapidly, but rapidly lose interest (they become habituated) in a toy they have played with before.[188] Cats also tend to play with toys more when they are hungry.[189] String is often used as a toy, but if it is eaten, it can become caught at the base of the cat's tongue and then move into the intestines, a medical emergency which can cause serious illness, even death.[190] Owing to the risks posed by cats eating string, it is sometimes replaced with a laser pointer's dot, which cats may chase.[191]
Reproduction See also: Kitten
When cats mate, the tomcat (male) bites the scruff of the female's neck as she assumes a position conducive to mating known as lordosis behavior.
Radiography of a pregnant cat (about one month and a half) Female cats are seasonally polyestrous, which means they may have many periods of heat over the course of a year, the season beginning in spring and ending in late autumn. Heat periods occur about every two weeks and last about 4 to 7 days.[192] Multiple males will be attracted to a female in heat. The males will fight over her, and the victor wins the right to mate. At first, the female rejects the male, but eventually the female allows the male to mate. The female utters a loud yowl as the male pulls out of her because a male cat's penis has a band of about 120–150 backwards-pointing penile spines, which are about 1 mm long; upon withdrawal of the penis, the spines rake the walls of the female's vagina, which acts to induce ovulation. This act also occurs to clear the vagina of other sperm in the context of a second (or more) mating, thus giving the later males a larger chance of conception.[193]
After mating, the female washes her vulva thoroughly. If a male attempts to mate with her at this point, the female will attack him. After about 20 to 30 minutes, once the female is finished grooming, the cycle will repeat.[192]
Because ovulation is not always triggered by a single mating, females may not be impregnated by the first male with which they mate.[194] Furthermore, cats are superfecund; that is, a female may mate with more than one male when she is in heat, with the result that different kittens in a litter may have different fathers.[192]
A newborn kitten At 124 hours after conception, the morula forms. At 148 hours, early blastocysts form. At 10–12 days, implantation occurs.[195][196]
The gestation period for cats is between 64 and 67 days, with an average of 66 days.[197] The size of a litter usually is three to five kittens, with the first litter usually smaller than subsequent litters. Kittens are weaned between six and seven weeks old, and cats normally reach sexual maturity at 5–10 months (females) and to 5–7 months (males), although this can vary depending on breed.[192] Females can have two to three litters per year, so may produce up to 150 kittens in their breeding span of around ten years.[192]
Cats are ready to go to new homes at about 12 weeks of age,[198] when they are ready to leave their mother. They can be surgically sterilized (spayed or castrated) as early as 7 weeks to limit unwanted reproduction.[199] This surgery also prevents undesirable sex-related behavior, such as aggression, territory marking (spraying urine) in males and yowling (calling) in females. Traditionally, this surgery was performed at around six to nine months of age, but it is increasingly being performed before puberty, at about three to six months.[200] In the US, about 80% of household cats are neutered.[201]
Ecology Habitats
A cat in snowy weather Cats are a cosmopolitan species and are found across much of the world.[39] Geneticist Stephen James O'Brien, of the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland, remarked on how successful cats have been in evolutionary terms: "Cats are one of evolution's most charismatic creatures. They can live on the highest mountains and in the hottest deserts."[202] They are extremely adaptable and are now present on all continents except Antarctica, and on 118 of the 131 main groups of islands—even on isolated islands such as the Kerguelen Islands.[203][204]
Feral cats can live in forests, grasslands, tundra, coastal areas, agricultural land, scrublands, urban areas, and wetlands.[205] Their habitats even include small oceanic islands with no human inhabitants.[206] Further, the close relatives of domestic cats, the African wildcat (Felis silvestris lybica) and the Arabian sand cat (Felis margarita) both inhabit desert environments,[29] and domestic cats still show similar adaptations and behaviors.[32] The cat's ability to thrive in almost any terrestrial habitat has led to its designation as one of the world's worst invasive species.[207]
As domestic cats are little altered from wildcats, they can readily interbreed. This hybridization poses a danger to the genetic distinctiveness of some wildcat populations, particularly in Scotland and Hungary and possibly also the Iberian Peninsula.[42]
Feral cats Main article: Feral cat
Feral farm cat Feral cats are domestic cats that were born in or have reverted to a wild state. They are unfamiliar with and wary of humans and roam freely in urban and rural areas.[9] The numbers of feral cats is not known, but estimates of the US feral population range from 25 to 60 million.[9] Feral cats may live alone, but most are found in large colonies, which occupy a specific territory and are usually associated with a source of food.[208] Famous feral cat colonies are found in Rome around the Colosseum and Forum Romanum, with cats at some of these sites being fed and given medical attention by volunteers.[209]
Public attitudes towards feral cats vary widely, ranging from seeing them as free-ranging pets, to regarding them as vermin.[210] One common approach to reducing the feral cat population is termed 'trap-neuter-return', where the cats are trapped, neutered, immunized against diseases such as rabies and the feline Panleukopenia and Leukemia viruses, and then released.[211] Before releasing them back into their feral colonies, the attending veterinarian often nips the tip off one ear to mark it as neutered and inoculated, since these cats may be trapped again. Volunteers continue to feed and give care to these cats throughout their lives. Given this support, their lifespans are increased, and behavior and nuisance problems caused by competition for food are reduced.[208]
Impact on prey species
Carrying half of a rabbit To date, little scientific data is available to assess the impact of cat predation on prey populations outside of agricultural situations. Even well-fed domestic cats may hunt and kill, mainly catching small mammals, but also birds, amphibians, reptiles, fish, and invertebrates.[168][212] Hunting by domestic cats may be contributing to the decline in the numbers of birds in urban areas, although the importance of this effect remains controversial.[213] In the wild, the introduction of feral cats during human settlement can threaten native species with extinction.[206] In many cases, controlling or eliminating the populations of non-native cats can produce a rapid recovery in native animals.[214] However, the ecological role of introduced cats can be more complicated. For example, cats can control the numbers of rats, which also prey on birds' eggs and young, so a cat population can protect an endangered bird species by suppressing mesopredators.[215]
In isolated landmasses, such as Australasia, there are often no other native, medium-sized quadrupedal predators (including other feline species); this tends to exacerbate the impact of feral cats on small native animals.[216] Native species such as the New Zealand kakapo and the Australian bettong, for example, tend to be more ecologically vulnerable and behaviorally "naive", when faced with predation by cats.[217] Feral cats have had a major impact on these native species and have played a leading role in the endangerment and extinction of many animals.[218]
Even in places with ancient and numerous cat populations, such as Western Europe, cats appear to be growing in number and independently of their environments' carrying capacity (such as the numbers of prey available).[219][220] This may be explained, at least in part, by an abundance of food, from sources including feeding by pet owners and scavenging. For instance, research in Britain suggests that a high proportion of cats hunt only "recreationally"[220], and in South Sweden, where research in 1982 found that the population density of cats was as high as 2,000 per square kilometre (5,200/sq mi).[219]
In agricultural settings, cats can be effective at keeping mouse and rat populations low, but only if rodent harborage locations are kept under control.[221][222] While cats are effective at preventing rodent population explosions, they are not effective for eliminating pre-existing severe infestations.[223]
Impact on birds
A black cat eating a house sparrow The domestic cat is a significant predator of birds. UK assessments indicate they may be accountable for an estimated 64.8 million bird deaths each year.[168] A 2012 study suggests feral cats may kill several billion birds each year in the United States.[224] Certain species appear more susceptible than others; for example, 30% of house sparrow mortality is linked to the domestic cat.[225] In the recovery of ringed robins (Erithacus rubecula) and dunnocks (Prunella modularis), 31% of deaths were a result of cat predation.[226] In parts of North America, the presence of larger carnivores such as coyotes which prey on cats and other small predators reduces the effect of predation by cats and other small predators such as opossums and raccoons on bird numbers and variety.[227] The proposal that cat populations will increase when the numbers of these top predators decline is called the mesopredator release hypothesis.
On islands, birds can contribute as much as 60% of a cat's diet.[228] In nearly all cases, however, the cat cannot be identified as the sole cause for reducing the numbers of island birds, and in some instances, eradication of cats has caused a 'mesopredator release' effect;[229] where the suppression of top carnivores creates an abundance of smaller predators that cause a severe decline in their shared prey. Domestic cats are, however, known to be a contributing factor to the decline of many species, a factor that has ultimately led, in some cases, to extinction. The South Island piopio, Chatham rail,[226] the New Zealand merganser,[230] and the common diving petrel[231] are a few from a long list, with the most extreme case being the flightless Lyall's wren, which was driven to extinction only a few years after its discovery.[232][233]
Some of the same factors that have promoted adaptive radiation of island avifauna over evolutionary time appear to promote vulnerability to non-native species in modern time. The susceptibility of many island birds is undoubtedly due to evolution in the absence of mainland predators, competitors, diseases, and parasites, in addition to lower reproductive rates and extended incubation periods.[234] The loss of flight, or reduced flying ability is also characteristic of many island endemics.[235] These biological aspects have increased vulnerability to extinction in the presence of introduced species, such as the domestic cat.[236] Equally, behavioral traits exhibited by island species, such as "predatory naivety"[237] and ground-nesting,[234] have also contributed to their susceptibility.
Interaction with humans Main article: Human interaction with cats
Cats and people Cats are common pets throughout the world, and their worldwide population exceeds 500 million.[13] Although cat guardianship has commonly been associated with women,[238] a 2007 Gallup poll reported that men and women in the United States of America were equally likely to own a cat.[239]
As well as being kept as pets, cats are also used in the international fur[240] and leather industries for making coats, hats, blankets, and stuffed toys;[241] and shoes, gloves, and musical instruments respectively[242] (about 24 cats are needed to make a cat-fur coat).[243] This use has been outlawed in the United States, Australia, and the European Union.[244] Cat pelts have been used for superstitious purposes as part of the practise of witchcraft,[245] and are still made into blankets in Switzerland as folk remedies believed to help rheumatism.[246] In the Western intellectual tradition, the idea of cats as everyday objects have served to illustrate problems of quantum mechanics in the Schrödinger's cat thought experiment.
A few attempts to build a cat census have been made over the years, both through associations or national and international organizations (such as the Canadian Federation of Humane Societies's one[247]) and over the Internet,[248][249] but such a task does not seem simple to achieve. General estimates for the global population of domestic cats range widely from anywhere between 200 million to 600 million.[250][251][252][253][254][255]
Cat show Main article: Cat show A cat show is a judged event where the owners of cats compete to win titles in various cat registering organizations by entering their cats to be judged after a breed standard.[256][257] Both pedigreed and companion (or moggy) cats are admissible, although the rules differ from organization to organization. Cats are compared to a breed standard,[258] and the owners of those judged to be closest to it are awarded a prize. Moggies are judged based on their temperament. Often, at the end of the year, all of the points accrued at various shows are added up and more national and regional titles are awarded.
Cat café Main article: Cat café A cat café is a theme café whose attraction is cats that can be watched and played with.[259] Patrons pay a cover fee, generally hourly and thus cat cafés can be seen as a form of supervised indoor pet rental.
Ailurophobia Main article: Ailurophobia Ailurophobia is a human phobia of cats; however, the term is often associated with humans that have a hatred of cats.[260]
Cat bites Main article: Cat bite Cats may bite humans when provoked, during play or when aggressive. Complications from cat bites can develop.[261] A cat bite differs from the bites of other pets. This is because the teeth of a cat are sharp and pointed causing deep punctures. Skin usually closes rapidly over the bite and traps microorganisms that cause infection.[262][261]
Infections transmitted from cats to humans Main article: Feline zoonosis Cats can be infected or infested with viruses, bacteria, fungus, protozoans, arthropods or worms that can transmit diseases to humans.[263] In some cases, the cat exhibits no symptoms of the disease,[264] However, the same disease can then become evident in a human. The likelihood that a person will become diseased depends on the age and immune status of the person. Humans who have cats living in their home or in close association are more likely to become infected, however, those who do not keep cats as pets might also acquire infections from cat feces and parasites exiting the cat's body.[263][265] Some of the infections of most concern include salmonella, cat scratch disease and toxoplasmosis.[264]
History and mythology Main articles: Cultural depictions of cats and Cats in ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians mummified dead cats out of respect in the same way that they mummified people.[266]
Ancient Roman mosaic of a cat killing a partridge from the House of the Faun in Pompeii
A 19th-century drawing of a tabby cat Traditionally, historians tended to think ancient Egypt was the site of cat domestication, owing to the clear depictions of house cats in Egyptian paintings about 3,600 years old.[29] However, in 2004, a Neolithic grave excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus, contained the skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat. The grave is estimated to be 9,500 years old, pushing back the earliest known feline–human association significantly.[16][267][268] The cat specimen is large and closely resembles the African wildcat, rather than present-day domestic cats. This discovery, combined with genetic studies, suggests cats were probably domesticated in the Middle East, in the Fertile Crescent around the time of the development of agriculture, and then were brought to Cyprus and Egypt.[15][20] Direct evidence for the domestication of cats 5,300 years ago in Quanhucun, China has been published by archaeologists and paleontologists from the University of Washington and Chinese Academy of Sciences. The cats are believed to have been attracted to the village by rodents, which in turn were attracted by grain cultivated and stored by humans.[269]
In ancient Egypt, cats were sacred animals, with the goddess Bastet often depicted in cat form, sometimes taking on the war-like aspect of a lioness.[270]:220 Killing a cat was absolutely forbidden[266] and the Greek historian Herodotus reports that, whenever a household cat died, the entire family would mourn and shave their eyebrows.[266] Families took their dead cats to the sacred city of Bubastis,[266] where they were embalmed and buried in sacred repositories.[266] Domestic cats were probably first introduced to Greece and southern Italy in the fifth century BC by the Phoenicians.[271] The earliest unmistakable evidence of the Greeks having domestic cats comes from two coins from Magna Graecia dating to the mid-fifth century BC showing Iokastos and Phalanthos, the legendary founders of Rhegion and Taras respectively, playing with their pet cats.[272]:57–58[273]
Housecats seem to have been extremely rare among the ancient Greeks and Romans;[273] Herodotus expressed astonishment at the domestic cats in Egypt, because he had only ever seen wildcats.[273] Even during later times, weasels were far more commonly kept as pets[273] and weasels, not cats, were seen as the ideal rodent-killers.[273] The usual ancient Greek word for "cat" was ailouros, meaning "thing with the waving tail",[272]:57[273] but this word could also be applied to any of the "various long-tailed carnivores kept for catching mice".[273] Cats are rarely mentioned in ancient Greek literature,[273] but Aristotle does remark in his History of Animals that "female cats are naturally lecherous."[272]:74[273] The Greeks later syncretized their own goddess Artemis with the Egyptian goddess Bastet, adopting Bastet's associations with cats and ascribing them to Artemis.[272]:77–79 In Ovid's Metamorphoses, when the gods flee to Egypt and take animal forms, the goddess Diana (the Roman equivalent of Artemis) turns into a cat.[272]:79 Cats eventually displaced ferrets as the pest control of choice because they were more pleasant to have around the house and were more enthusiastic hunters of mice.[274] During the Middle Ages, many of Artemis's associations with cats were grafted onto the Virgin Mary.[274] Cats are often shown in icons of Annunciation and of the Holy Family[274] and, according to Italian folklore, on the same night that Mary gave birth to Jesus, a virgin cat in Bethlehem gave birth to a kitten.[274] Domestic cats were spread throughout much of the rest of the world during the Age of Discovery, as ships' cats were carried on sailing ships to control shipboard rodents and as good-luck charms.[270]:223
Several ancient religions believed cats are exalted souls, companions or guides for humans, that are all-knowing but mute so they cannot influence decisions made by humans. In Japan, the maneki neko cat is a symbol of good fortune.[275] In Norse mythology, Freyja, the goddess of love, beauty, and fertility, is depicted as riding a chariot drawn by cats.[276] In Jewish legend, the first cat was living in the house of the first man Adam as a pet that got rid of mice.[277] The cat was once partnering with the first dog before the latter broke an oath they had made which resulted in enmity between the descendants of these two animals.[277] It is also written that neither cats nor foxes are represented in the water, while every other animal has an incarnation species in the water.[277] Although no species are sacred in Islam, cats are revered by Muslims. Some Western writers have stated Muhammad had a favorite cat, Muezza.[278] He is reported to have loved cats so much, "he would do without his cloak rather than disturb one that was sleeping on it".[279] The story has no origin in early Muslim writers, and seems to confuse a story of a later Sufi saint, Ahmed ar-Rifa'i, centuries after Muhammad.[280] One of the companions of Muhammad was known as "Abu Hurayrah" (Father of the Kitten), in reference to his documented affection to cats.[281]
Superstitions and cat burning
Some cultures are superstitious about black cats, ascribing either good or bad luck to them. Many cultures have negative superstitions about cats. An example would be the belief that a black cat "crossing one's path" leads to bad luck, or that cats are witches' familiars used to augment a witch's powers and skills. The killing of cats in Medieval Ypres, Belgium, is commemorated in the innocuous present-day Kattenstoet (cat parade).[282] In medieval France, cats would be burnt alive as a form of entertainment. According to Norman Davies, the assembled people "shrieked with laughter as the animals, howling with pain, were singed, roasted, and finally carbonized".[283]
"It was the custom to burn a basket, barrel, or sack full of live cats, which was hung from a tall mast in the midst of the bonfire; sometimes a fox was burned. The people collected the embers and ashes of the fire and took them home, believing that they brought good luck. The French kings often witnessed these spectacles and even lit the bonfire with their own hands. In 1648 Louis XIV, crowned with a wreath of roses and carrying a bunch of roses in his hand, kindled the fire, danced at it and partook of the banquet afterwards in the town hall. But this was the last occasion when a monarch presided at the midsummer bonfire in Paris. At Metz midsummer fires were lighted with great pomp on the esplanade, and a dozen cats, enclosed in wicker cages, were burned alive in them, to the amusement of the people. Similarly at Gap, in the department of the Hautes-Alpes, cats used to be roasted over the midsummer bonfire."[284]
According to a myth in many cultures, cats have multiple lives. In many countries, they are believed to have nine lives, but in Italy, Germany, Greece, Brazil and some Spanish-speaking regions, they are said to have seven lives,[285][286] while in Turkish and Arabic traditions, the number of lives is six.[287] The myth is attributed to the natural suppleness and swiftness cats exhibit to escape life-threatening situations. Also lending credence to this myth is the fact that falling cats often land on their feet, using an instinctive righting reflex to twist their bodies around. Nonetheless, cats can still be injured or killed by a high fall.[288]
See also
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Rogers, Katherine M. (2006). Cat. London: Reaktion Books. pp. 18–20. ISBN 978-1-86189-292-8. Beadle, Muriel (1977). Cat. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 76. ISBN 978-0671224516. Pate, Alan (2008). "Maneki Neko: Feline Fact & Fiction". Daruma Magazine. Amagasaki, Japan: Takeguchi Momoko. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2012. Faulkes, Anthony (1995). Edda. p. 24. ISBN 0-460-87616-3. Ginzberg, Louis (1909). The Legends of the Jews, Vol. I: The Sixth Day (PDF). Translated by Szold, Henrietta. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. Geyer, Georgie Anne (2004). When Cats Reigned Like Kings: On the Trail of the Sacred Cats. Kansas City, Missouri: Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-4697-9. Reeves, Minou (2000). Muhammad in Europe. New York University Press. p. 52. ISBN 0-8147-7533-0. Al-Thahabi, Shamsuddin. "Biography of al-Rifai". سير أعلام النبلاء (in Arabic). Archived from the original on 25 October 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014. "Abu Hurairah and Cats". Pictures-of-Cats.org. 13 January 2015. "Are Black Cats Really Bad Luck? [Hoax]". SocialNewsDaily.com. Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2015. Davies, Norman (1996). Europe: A History. Oxford University Press. p. 543. ISBN 0-198-20171-0. Frazer, Sir James George. The Golden Bough, (1922). Online version. Archived 8 December 2006 at the Wayback Machine. Sugobono, Nora (7 March 2010). "Las vidas del gato". El Comercio (in Spanish). Lima, Peru. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2010. "Qual é a origem da lenda de que os gatos teriam sete vidas?". Mundo Estranho (in Portuguese). São Paulo, Brazil: Abril Media. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. Retrieved 15 November 2015. Dowling, Tim (19 March 2010). "Tall tails: Pet myths busted". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 18 March 2010. "The ASPCA Warns About High-Rise Falls by Cats: High-Rise Apartments, Windows, Terraces and Fire Escapes Pose Risk to Urban Cats". New York: American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. 30 June 2005. Archived from the original on 22 May 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2018 – via About.com. (Press release.) External links Listen to this article (3 parts) · (info) Part 1 • Part 2 • Part 3
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2018.06.29 14:23 WWE_Network_Bot This Day in History: 06/29/2018

The following events happened on this day in history!
What event was your favorite in this list?
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2018.06.10 18:52 darthstupidious On January 4th, 2001, a Seattle-area real estate agent is killed during a showing by a mysterious client. A decade later, a professional killer is implicated in the case. Who wanted Mike Emert killed? [Unresolved Murder]

Born on November 13th, 1960, Michael Angelo Emert grew up in Walla Walla, Washington, before attending Washington State University in Pullman. Shortly thereafter, he moved to the Tri-Cities area to start a seed company, then began a career in real estate (which took him to the western side of the state).
In the 1990's, he began working for a Kirkland-based Windemere Real Estate office, becoming one of the area's most well-liked and well-regarded realtors. He won his regional "Realtor Of The Year" from Windemere, and was even crowned a top Puget Sound Real Estate Professional Twice (in 1998 and 1999).
In addition to selling multiple million-dollar-plus homes, he also married in the mid-1990s: to a woman named Mary Beth Chandler, who worked with him at his Windemere office. She had one daughter from a prior relationship, but Mike and her would have no children of their own.
On January 3rd, Michael Emert met with a mysterious client in the parking lot of the Kirkland Park Place shopping mall. This client wanted to look at houses along the market, in the Eastside area. One home in particular, in the local suburb of Woodinville, piqued his interest. They viewed this home, and the client seemed very interested. They made plans to view it again the next day.
Mike shared some details of this client with his wife and other co-workers: he said this client spoke with an East Coast accent, claimed to have recently relocated from Northern California (and was currently staying with friends), was in his early-to-mid 50's, and - most uniquely- walked with a limp and carried a cane.
He also told his wife that the client was "odd" and remarked to a coworker that this man was a "weird dude," but no one thought twice to ask for any more details. In his work planner, Mike marked the client's name as "Steven."
On January 4th, Mike met with the client again at the Kirkland Park Place shopping mall, at around 11:30 AM. They headed straight to the Woodinville home, located in the area of 157th Place Northeast. The home, a modern, brick-and-beige three-story home, was located on a private lot; it was pretty isolated, and well-separated from any of the neighbors' homes.
At around 12:40 PM, the homeowner returned home for her lunch break. She had known about the 11:30 showing, but figured that the realtor & client would be gone by the time she arrived. She entered through the garage, and inside the home, found the front door ajar. As she went to close it, she heard the sound of running water upstairs. So, she crept upstairs, and saw a trail of blood leading from a bedroom into the upstairs bathroom.
Mike Emert had been stabbed 19 times in total, as well as suffering through a vicious beating. His body had been dragged eighteen feet, from an upstairs bedroom (where it was believed the client named "Steven" had blindsided him) to the bathroom (where he was dropped, face-down, into the bathtub). The sound of running water came from the showerhead, which had been turned on, and presumably meant to wash away any evidence of the killer. In addition to the shower, the "his and her" sinks in the bathroom had been left on.
This marked the first murder in Woodinville since 1997, so the King County Sheriffs Office was called in immediately. They created the supposed series of events, and reported items missing from the scene: namely, Mike's wallet, cell phone, car keys, wristwatch, and wedding wing.
Mike's car keys would be found inside the vehicle, which had been returned to the Kirkland Park Place shopping mall parking lot. Police believed the killer drove it there.
Despite being unable to find any DNA evidence at the scene of the murder, investigators found skin and blood samples inside Mike's Cadillac Escalade. These samples were submitted to the FBI's forensic database later that year, in 2001. More on that in a bit.
Mike's wallet was found in Seattle, on top of a payphone at the Colman Dock (also called Pier 52). It is unknown why it was left there, but investigators would later learn that Mike's ATM card was missing (and it was used some time after Mike's murder).
Mike's cell phone was recovered, but police refused to say where or how it had been found. However, they did confirm that it had been used after Mike's murder, as well.
Mike's gold-and-silver Breitling Chronomat wristwatch (valued upwards of $3000) and his gold wedding ring (which contained three diamonds in a row, as well as the interior inscription "ADI"; valued in the thousands) were never found/recovered.
King County Sheriff's investigators conducted an exhaustive review of Mike's finances, and looked into most of his family, friends, and coworkers. The way the murder had been conducted led detective to believe that it had been done by an experienced killer; perhaps even a professional. They doubted the motive as being a simple robbery, because the killer had gone through an in-depth planning stage to isolate Mike, and conduct the crime in a short period of time (between meeting with Mike at 11:30 and the homeowner returning a little over an hour later, at 12:40). It is believed the homeowner had missed the killer by mere minutes.
Police also began to publicly float the possibility that the killer had used a hidden knife/sword concealed within a walking cane. After all, they had been unable to find the murder weapon, and Mike's description of the killer pointed to an interesting ruse. Perhaps the killer didn't have a limp, and concocted this as part of a story?
A suspect emerged just a week or so after the murder, named Jeffrey John Solo.
Jeff Solo was a homeless transient, who often frequented the Kirkland Park Place shopping mall where Mike had met this mysterious client 2x. Most uniquely, he walked with a limp and carried a cane.

Jeff Solo had a history of being a con artist, and admitted that he had, on occasion, lied to female real estate agents in order to try and "woo" them. However, he had no history of violence and plead his innocence.
He cooperated with authorities, giving up hair and blood samples, as well as going through with a polygraph test.
Solo remained a person-of-interest, but was later cleared of any involvement.
Years passed, and the murder of Mike Emert slowly-but-surely became a cold case.
However, in 2010, a seemingly-unrelated incident kicked off a series of events.
In March of 2010, a Kirkland-area orthopedic surgeon named Dr. Craig McAllister was returning home after picking up his son from the airport. It was night out, on a Friday, and the two men were accosted by a strange pair of masked men outside of his home (along Lake Washington). The masked men wanted inside his home, where Dr. McAllister's wife and 13-year old daughter were.
Dr. Craig McAllister decided to fight back, allowing his son to run off to a neighbor's home. Eventually, he pulled the ski mask off one of the masked men; ultimately leading to the two strangers running off into the night.
This seemed like an odd, unrelated home invasion. But DNA testing of the ski mask, which had been left at the scene, pointed towards a pair of criminals named John Alan Bradshaw and Gary Krueger.
John Alan Bradshaw was 65-years old, and had been convicted in 2001 for arson and money laundering.
However, Gary Krueger was a 62-year old former-police officer, who had been in-and-out of jail multiple times for bank robbery. As an officer in the 1970's, he had a checkered past of violent outbursts, and had been suspected in a couple of murders in the early 1980s.
Months later, in September of 2010, the body of Gary Krueger would be found floating in Lake Washington. He had drowned. Nearby him was a capsized small boat, which he had tried making an escape with following the failed home invasion in March. His partner-in-crime, Bradshaw, has never been found (it is believed that he died in Lake Washington, as well).
In March of 2011, the DNA of Gary Krueger was finally submitted into the FBI forensic database. It took a few months to get any results, but it finally pinged in September of that year.
Gary Krueger, the former-police-officer-turned-career-criminal, was the provider of the skin & blood samples found inside of Mike Emert's Cadillac Escalade back in 2001.
Police then began working backwards through Krueger's unfortunate life, and fit him into their working theory about Mike Emert's death... they believed that Gary Krueger had been a professional killer, dating back to a series of murders in the 1980s:
  • In 1981, a former police officer named Terry Dolan was killed outside of an Everett, WA gas station. Police suspected that his death was staged to look like a robbery. Krueger was suspected, but police couldn't gather enough evidence to make a case against him.
  • In 1984, a Bellevue, WA attorney named Jim Barry was stabbed-to-death at his office, sometime in the late evening. Barry represented a bank that was involved in collection efforts against Krueger.
  • In 1985, a Seattle union boss named Mario Vaccarino was found beaten-to-death. Like Mike Emert, he was found in a bathtub. It is believed that Joe Massimino, Sr., another member of the union, was involved in the death... because he succeeded Vaccarino as the head of the union, and had a strong personal relationship with none other than Gary Krueger.
Gary Krueger's wife, Betty, later admitted to police that she was aware of Gary's involvement in the hit on Mario Vaccarino (they had been divorced when he committed the other two crimes).
So now police have developed Gary Krueger as their primary suspect in the murder investigation of Mike Emert. However, because Krueger passed away before they could interview/interrogate him, they are unable to ascertain his motives.
If Krueger and Mike had any kind of personal or professional relationship, it has been impossible to decipher. Police believe the two did not know one another, which led investigators to the understanding that Krueger had likely been a contract killer.
If so, then the person who hired Krueger has gone unidentified for almost twenty years.
What do you think? Do you think this was an in-depth robbery, or was there more to it?
I covered this story on my podcast, Unresolved. You can find the episode and my written-out transcript at the following link:
Unresolved - Mike Emert
I'll also include some other articles, where you can learn more about the case, as well as the prime suspect, Gary Krueger.
Unsolved Mysteries website - Mike Emert
Seattle PI - "Tips still sought in 2001 slaying"
True Crime Diary - "The Boat at the Bottom of Lake Washington"
Chinook Observe - "Naselle Noir" Deadly robbers terrified tellers in 1984 heist"
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2018.01.02 10:03 Warbotter The Urban Legends of Professional Wrestling

Haven't seen this list posted or talked about before, but it's been around since the early 2000's and thought I would post it here for all to enjoy, None should be taken as fact, But it's amusing all the same, as is the Interview Raven did with Honky Tonk Man where the list is discussed a bit and adds insight . Here's that Link if you're curious https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IyPcTzNMNtI
The Urban Legends of Professional Wrestling!
  1. Kevin Sullivan spends his vacations at a nudist colony. Take that image through the day.
  2. Tommy Rich soaked his balls in a beer mug full of hydrogen peroxide.
  3. Roddy Piper having a young "manservant" type who travels with him wherever he goes, holding his bags, opening doors for him, etc. Piper and others referring to the young boy as "cocksucker" like it's his name.
  4. Tommy Rich did some favors for Jim Barnett in exchange for the NWA World Title.
  5. They had to break Brusier Brody's legs to fit him in a cheap Puerto Rican casket.
  6. Virgil got a job by unleashing his hose on Pat Patterson's desk.
  7. Kerry Von Erich really had his foot amputated because he thought he could walk across a room on his just-surgically repaired foot for a cheeseburger, thus crushing it.
  8. NWA World Champion Gene Kiniski bought Kevin Von Erich a hooker in Las Vegas, when Kevin was TWELVE.
  9. A coked up Kerry and Kevin were once playing with a saw blade in the back hallways at the sportatorium. Kerry saw a cat, so he threw the saw blade at the cat, killing it.
  10. Kerry Von Erich sees a cat in the All Japan lockerroom. He decides to put the iron claw on it, killing the poor kitty.
  11. Steve Lombardi is/was Pat Patterson's secret lover.
  12. R&R Express walk in on Jimmy Valiant laying on the floor jerking off under a glass table that a hooker is shitting on. Ricky throws up and leaves, while Robert stays to watch.
  13. Bruce Hart, was a substitute teacher while a top face/promotebooker in Stampede. He impregnated a 14 year-old student and married her.
  14. Dusty Rhodes got Baby Doll fired (or something) because he was pissed that she married near-jobber Sam Houston instead of him.
  15. According to Japanese tabloids, Giant Baba was bisexual and Genichiro Tenryu had penis enlargement surgery.
  16. Victor Quinones tried to rape Tarzan Boy at gunpoint in a bathroom stall. He DID rape some rookie Japanese wrestler at gunpoint in a bathroom stall.
  17. Chris Champion went to jail for inappropriately touching an underage girl. While he was wearing his Cowabunga the Ninja Turtle costume.
  18. El Dandy's banged both Lita AND Fishman & Lola Gonzales's hot daughter.
  19. Manny Fernandez took a dump in "Number One" Paul Jones brand-new Stetson hat, put it back in the hat box on the airplane, like nothing happened, and went to sit back by Jones for the remainder of the flight.
  20. Dusty Rhodes booked Rick Steiner to beat Ric Flair in 20 seconds at Starrcade 1988.
  21. Superstar Graham once injected Clorox on a dare.
  22. Gangrel & Luna are swingers and love to swap out with other couples.
  23. Paul Boesch was doing a "Jewish Champion" gimmick somewhere (NY?). A writer from a Jewish magazine came to a show to do a profile on him. The writer wandered into the lockerroom after Boesch's match and saw him in the shower. Thus the writer found out Boesch wasn't really Jewish.
  24. Jimmy Snuka killed his girlfriend and played the innocent savage in front of the police while Vince did the talking for him.
  25. Raven got caught in a hotel room with Becky Bayless at age 14, and Becky slept with Joel Gertner and his wife.
  26. Rip Rogers pulled Barry Windham's keys out of a commode filled with shit and Jack Daniels after a particularly hard night of partying with his bare hands.
  27. At a indy show, Sabu had oral sex on one of the valets in the locker room but when one of the other wrestlers asked him if it was good, he said something along the lines of "smell my mustache."
  28. There was this dude called John Arezzi who hosted a radio show and did some promoting. He promoted a AAA tour around the US and insisted on using Woman as a manager for Psicosis, because he used to be in love with her. Konnan was booking Baja California, and since he was friends with Woman (from ECW), he got her to do a small tour around Tijuana, Mexicali... After a Tijuana (I think) show everybody went back to their rooms. The TJ guys just stayed at home, Konnan shared a room with his buddies and Woman had her own room. Very late (in the midnight) somebody started screaming and pounding hard on Konnan's door. He opened the door and it was a half naked Nancy Sullivan whose face was a mess. They let her in and she told them that she got high with Metal and they were about to fuck, but he was so fucking wasted that he couldn't get it up from all the shit he'd been doing all day. So... he started biting her ass realllly hard. She hit him in the face with something to get him off, he then hit her back and she just escaped as soon as she could. At the time Konnan was scared because he didn't want to get on Peña's back side by having an argument with Metal, and he was afraid it would cost him his WCW job if this got to Sullivan. Years later I told him "If Sullivan had found about it, he'd probably have gone down Mexico and cut Metal's balls off". He then said "Not really, he probably beats her up even worse"...
  29. Butch Reed has pissed on the carpet and/or furniture of every motel he's ever stayed in.
  30. Johnny Valentine would take a dump and strategically place it where it couldn't be found easily like the inside of bed posts.
  31. Shawn Michaels supposedly invited three hot girls back to his hotel room. He told them to all get naked and get on their knees. He whips out his ding dong and the girls figure it's going to be a suck-fest, but instead he proceeds to take a piss in each of their mouths.
  32. Bruiser Brody was supposed to do a shoot run-in on the first WrestleMania...
  33. Hogan vs. Zeus was supposed to headline WrestleMania 6.
  34. The Iron Sheik was offered $100K to break Hogan's legs instead of dropping the belt to him.
  35. Apparently after Lawler first arrived in the good old WWF a lot of people disliked him for his general arrogant attitude. Hall, Nash, and Michaels didn't take to this too well, so at one of the Royal Rumbles, Lawler left his crown in the dressing room to do the Rumble. So the Kliq decided to shit in his crown. But apparently this wasn't like a couple of turds in the crown. They apparently filled King's precious crown to the brim with a nice, hearty Kilq shit.
  36. Matt Striker had a 3 way with Mase and Buff E backstage at a JAPW show in 2002
  37. TAKA fucked Sunny while Candido watched.
  38. Scott Hall took a dump in Sunny's lunch on a tour of Germany in the spring of 1996.
  39. Jushin Liger likes to loan out his wife to folks like Sasuke, TAKA, and Hayabusa. He may also like to watch.
  40. Buff Bagwell broke into wrestling by blowing Bert Prentice. Then Ronnie P. Gossett paid to blow Bagwell.
  41. Wolfie D was selling pics of PG-13 with Bill Dundee at USWA shows. Bill wanted a cut of the money. Wolfie said no. Bill pulled out a knife.
  42. Mae Young & Fabulous Moolah are a lesbian couple.
  43. During Eddy Guerrero's indy touinitial cleanup period, Brian Christopher asked him if he wanted to get high at the FWA UK Revival show.
  44. Pedro Morales MAY have pawned his WWWF belt (it showed up in a pawn shop eventually and Tom Burke bought it).
  45. There were constant bisexual orgies in the OMEGA lockerroom.
  46. Lita has been pissed on by Steve Corino and Danny Doring.
  47. Ricky Marvin is rumored to be Negro Casas' bottom.
  48. Perro Aguayo Jr. used to cruise the bars in TJ for barrio looking guys to take to his hotel room.
  49. Mr. Aguila (Essa Rios) & Nygma are/or were lovers.
  50. Simon Dean (Super Nova) enjoys the feel of pudding. Take that for what you will.
  51. Tammy Sytch has phone sex with indy guys.
  52. Mike Rapada paied $25,000 to win the NWA belt.
  53. Apparently, there's a polaroid from the 80s of Ric Flair playing the skin flute.
  54. Either Brian Pillman and Tom Zenk were about to double team Terri Runnels(likely) or they were about to get it on themselves (less likely).
  55. Kevin Von Erich, once paid a hooker to break in a then 11 year old Chris von Erich. Supposedly, Chris even cried during the act.
  56. Curt Hennig was supposedly one of those that shit in Lawler's crown.
  57. During one of those Nitros where the wrestlers had to stay under the ring the entire show, it was at least Hennig and Scott Norton under the ring. Hennig had to go and of course, he couldn't exactly leave. So, he shit under the ring.
  58. Bill Watts pissing out of his tower office at Turner onto the parking lot below.
  59. During the Gold Club investigation, Bischoff admitted that he enjoyed watching his wife and one of the strippers get it on in their hotel room.
  60. Sheik Adnan Al-Kaissey describes seeing Andre screwing - "like a lion raping a rabbit".
  61. Bad News Brown said that Strong Kobayashi liked to cop feels off of his opponents.
  62. According to a referee who was released from the WWF, Bradshaw tied up a wrestler in the shower while he was naked and rubbed baby oil all over him threatening to rape him until he cried while the lockerroom looked on and laughed. I think the victim might have date-raped a girl, or may have just not been well-liked. It was never specified who the victim was other than this happened in like '98 or '99 and the guy was a fairly well known wrestler, I also heard it might have been Brian Christopher aka Grandmaster Sexay.
  63. Some of the Smokey Mountain guys liked to take pisses in hotel ice machines.
  64. Remember when David Flair quit IWA Puerto Rico due to unfit living conditions? And everybody ragged on him when they found out IWA had put him up in a nice house? Well, that nice house belonged to Victor Quiones. I shouldn't have to say anymore, but I will. David was sleeping one night and was woken up by Quiones standing over him about to blow a load on his face. David quit the next day.
  65. But as I recall, Dynamic Dude #2 Johnny Ace and Z-Man Tom Zenk have just returned from an NWA house show in Cincinnati, OH. They're all over each other, when my friend asks them for autographs and a picture. Zenk and Ace collapse into a loving embrace, climaxing with Zenk planting a big fat snog on the cheek of Animal Jr. Then they realize my friend has a camera and just photographed their loving embrace. Zenk stands up and demands the camera. The fan refuses. Ace stands up and orders him to turn over the camera. Again, my friend refuses. The Dynamic Dude and the Z-Man charge at him, he runs. The only proof this incident ever occured is this photo.
  66. Jerry Lawler has a well known foot fetish and he was once caught by a valet (ECW/USWA ringrat Miss Patricia) jacking off into her shoes.
  67. Kerry Von Erich was preparing for a match, getting his gear on and listening to his Walkman, but he was so fucked up he somehow laced the headphone cable into his boot laces.
  68. Macho Man had his way with Stephanie (she was about 14 then) back in 94/95 and that Vince found out and that was the true ending for Macho Man in WWF.
  69. During the 80's when Tommy Rich was to wrestle a show in Parkersburg WV, he decided to skip the show after already taking the money. He was caught stopped by the police and was arrested for having pot on him. They dropped the charges however he isn't allowed back in the country.
  70. Andre The Giant once called Kamala a n****r and Kamala stuck a gun to his face. Andre was nice to Kamala after that.
  71. Randy Savage once knocked Bill Dundee out in a parking lot of a gym in Louisville after Dundee pulled a gun on him. This was back when Randy was running an outlaw promotion and they would tell folks on their TV show the real names of Memphis wrestlers and give out their telephone numbers. And the way I heard the Lawler's crown story is that it was Steve Keirn who started the crap in the crown battle royal.
  72. Lita took off for Mexico in the 90s and bang anyone down there that would "train" her in the ring.
  73. Antonio Pena turned half the AAA lockerroom gay.
  74. Pat Patterson had a special "relationship" with Jacques Rougeau in the 80's.
  75. Bulldog Bob Brower was pretty open about being a card carrying member of the KKK.
  76. Trish Stratus and Lillian Garcia getting to “know each other” really well.
  77. Sabu kicking a bag down some stairs and all around the lockerroom and then opens the bag and a cat comes out. All the while Sabu has a “I love cats” t-shirt or something like that.
  78. New Jack threatened to beat up Gary Yap’s girlfriend.
  79. The Kliq and some of the other WWF wrestlers making the Eliminators dress out in the hall instead of the locker room.
  80. Jushin Liger has one of the worst acne/pock marked faces you’ll ever see.
  81. The Iron Shiek used to do headstands while snorting coke.
  82. Bull Pain isn’t afraid to introduce a flashlight to a girl.
  83. Bison Smith changing in the WWE lockerroom and HHH sat down by him, stared at him the entire time he changed, not saying a word.
  84. Paul Heyman's firing from WCW had to allegedly do with embezellment of funds. The example being that he would have two sets of bills for road expenses thus, I believe, overcharging WCW.
  85. Davey Boy asked Dynamite Kid about steroids, and Dynamite gave Davey was he seemingly thought would be his first injection of steroids...only thing was Dynamite put milk in the syringe.
  86. Ricky was well known for hitting the nose candy before interviews, hence the rapid-fire unintelligable promos he gave. Word is it that he took a severe toot before going to sign autographs at an indie show. While signing an autograph for a kid, he sneezed and then said , "Goddammit. There went about $500."
  87. At least 4 people in ECW killed someone.
  88. The Rottens stole from the ECW locker room.
  89. Taz did show his penis to the teen at the tanning place. He did that to the females in ECW too.
  90. Bradshaw allegedly gets in the shower with new guys and soaps them up. Supposedly he was doing this kind of shit to Paul London a lot.
  91. Paul Heyman used to get blowjobs behind the ECW parking lot at 3am while writing checks to a line of a few wrestlers.
  92. Stephanie McMahon has a strap-on & has used it on Austin, HHH & Chyna.
  93. El Dandy was caught by Fishman when he was banging his daughter (I think she was a minor), and he no-showed several shows where the two were booked together because Fish threatened to kick his ass. When heat died down, El Dandy repaid him by also fucking his wife.
  94. This has been dismissed as fake, but one anonymous wrestler claimed years ago in a long letter posted in message boards how Dr. Alfonso Morales used to have coke orgies with underage males and his "pornstar wife" (apparently his wife was a major star in 70s pseudo-erotic movies).
  95. Xochitl Hamada and Negro Casas were rumoured to be about to marry when she caught him very late at the Arena Mexico showers in a very tender act with one of his male trainees.
  96. 5'1" Super Astro is now a nicely married family man, but in the 80s he was "famous" because of his willingness to insert his astral wang on tall (5'11" or more) women.
  97. During one of AAA's long tours in the mid 90s, fatboy commentator Arturo Rivera was anally deflowered by Jerry Estrada.
  98. In both AAA and CMLL, Estrada has been known to make a lot of "side money" by running a drug little business of his.
  99. More Estrada! He's the Mexican Jimmy Snuka. He didn't wrestle in Tijuana for years (and I haven't checked but maybe he still doesn't even work there) after getting into trouble for throwing a rat off a hotel room's balcony.
  100. El Salsero also had trouble in TJ, I believe after trying to rape a girl, so he moved to Monterrey and invested some of his money in a shoes shop. The first thing he did after opening was going shop to shop, threatening to kill all of the local competition owners if they didn't close their shops.
  101. Midget wrestler Pentagoncito (original) is in jail for raping a little girl (around 14) with his mask on. He still claims he didn't do it, and that it may have been a kid her age wearing a mask like his'.
  102. Mexican version of the Victor Quiñonez sports car of love. Pierroth gave a really great new model sports car to AAA wrestler Estrellita, but he took it back after he learned she was fucking Latin Lover as well. Well, and half of the AAA locker room.
  103. AAA's Vatos Locos used to carry coke through the US border hidden in pendants and necklaces with secret compartments.
  104. If you go to Mexico City's club "Solo para hombres", for a reasonable price you can fuck most of your favourite CMLL ring girls.
  105. Apolo Dantes' uncle old time wrestler Septiembre Negro has a shit fetish.
  106. Simply Luscious was dating one of the guys down at the TWA camp back before anyone knew anything about her, and the guy broke up with her. So, she drove to his house and started beating on the door, threatening to kick his ass. This somehow ended with a car chase down an interstate with a loaded gun being carried by the guy.
  107. Luscious and Paul London apparantly had a little fling that London ended up breaking off before heading for his stint in Florida, training and working for Dory Funk Jr...the thing is, Luscious, jealous as hell, decided she was going to follow him there, and ended up starting to hang out around the BANG school (I forget if she actually trained there or not, though they found out she was a wrestler and started using her for a short while). They ended up being booked on opposite ends of a mixed-gender tag, and London "took his frustrations" out on SL during the match.
  108. Steve Corino might have once had an affair with a female Zero-One office worker that had a pregnancy scare involved.
  109. Johnny Valentine put lighter fluid in Jay Yorks inhaler.
  110. Owen Hart never drank, so Bret spiked his drink with halcion so he got totally wasted and passed out.
  111. Bill DeMott did a shit on Bagwell's face while Buff was sleeping.
  112. Gino Hernandez WAS a major coke user, and also a dealer...of course, he's been clean for 18 years.
  113. Killer Khan stole a homeless man's hooch, and threatened to give him a Mongolian chop.
  114. Masa Saito & Ken Patera broke some windows at a McDonald's after hours when they refused them service.
  115. A few months after David passed away in early 1984, referee David Manning, who worked in the World Class office, was autographing David VE 8x10 pictures with David's name on them and they were still selling them throughout the year - all of this at the command of Fritz.
  116. CW Anderson told a story of him, Corino, and Spanky getting drunk/high in a hotel room in Japan. They met two chicks, and followed them back to their hotel rooms. The chicks kept saying "Zero 1 wrestlers." When they got back to the 2 girls rooms, the girls tied all 3 up, pulled down their pants, spanked their asses with a cat of nine tails, and then poured hot candle wax on Spanky's ass.
  117. At a hotel with Sandman once, he went out on the balcony, dropped his pants and yelled "2 Cold Scorpio ain't got shit on me."
  118. New Jack said when he worked for XPW he use to go to a warehouse of sorts for Extreme Associates and Rob Black would pay him in hundreds of porn DVDs.
  119. Negro Casas owns Olimpico's ass. Literally.
  120. Negro Casas tried to own Ultimatum's ass till he jumped to AAA and became Skitzofrenia, later Electro Shock.
  121. Septiembre Negro loves to be shit on.
  122. Nino De La Calle was no gimmick. Pena found him at the age of 14 and let him be a wrestler in exchange for... well you guys can figure it out.
  123. Mascara Sagrada Jr. told Pena he was done having sex with him. He's yet to be on AAA TV since and rarely gets any special bookings.
  124. Zach Gowen and CZW star Z-Barr Doubleteamed some hoe on June 4th after an NWA FL show in St. Petersburg. Z-Barr then proceeded to run around naked.
  125. Homicide punched a fire extinguisher at the same hotel, shattering glass and causing him to miss the show the next day and the ROH show after that. I believe he was intoxicated, because he kept hollering "That damn thing owed me money" after he punched it. He was eventually taken to the hospital and was stitched up.
  126. New Jack intentionally shoved Grimes towards the outside of the ring in XPW. He wanted revenge for blinding Jack in one eye in ECW.
  127. Ron Killings and BG James weren't flown into Nashville for TNA because they couldn't bring their weed on the planes. So they drove in just so they could smoke. Of course they had to get local hook-ups once they started taping IMPACT and were required to fly.
  128. The guy in the clown wig Monty Brown pounced on Xplosion three weeks ago. I saw him personally sell some "stuff" to a very strung out Larry Z. three months ago at the Fairgrounds out of the back of an mid-90s model Chevy Blazer.
  129. Jerry Lynn is a nice guy, but has a special tote bag for pills. Lots and lots of pills. Same for Sabu and Simon Diamond. Sabu's wife told us he can't even walk in the morning without a half hour of motivation. Diamond's back is so f'ed that after each match in TNA he lays on the concrete for twenty minutes to "ease the pain." Concrete. So hell, who can blame them?
  130. Raven didn't wear clothes backstage at TNA until someone complained to prevent Dixie from seeing his horsec*ck.
  131. Bert Prentice has done "man things" with one of the Naturals.
  132. Chris Harris went over to Bob Ryder's apartment early this year (February or March?) and jacked off for Bob. But that had to stop when a beefy, ecstasy addicted Abyss moved in with Bob.
  133. This past summer David Young brought his girlfriend to a show early in the day and got her hooked up to be the "ring girl" to return gimmicks (robes, vests, etc.) to the back as the match started. THEN his wife and kids show up so he tells the girlfriend to "play it cool." BTW, his real job? He's a bouncer for a gay bar in Atlanta.
  134. Around March-April, several TNA guys started wrestling for gay videos. They weren't told they were in gay videos and wrestled in regular ring gear. BUT the matches weren't in front of a crowd, they were in front a "green screen" where they were told fans would be "super-imposed" later. They were told they would be sold in Germany I believe. Anyway, I didn't believe this at first but Elix Skipper, Sonny Siaki, and David Young all confirmed it. I laughed when they all said Bert Prentice got them the booking.
  135. When Dusty Rhodes first came to TNA I found out that a lot of boys HATE him. I couldn't understand why but apparently a few years ago he promoted a show and handed everyone empty envelopes after the show. When the asked him when they were getting paid he just said, "Well when I finalize all of the numbers I'll mail you a check." Then he jumped in the truck and left before the main event was over. Apparently one TNA wrestler wrestled nearly twenty shows w/o being paid believing Dusty would actually pay him.
  136. Ryder was living high on the hog in WCW. He bought a $300k boat, a small plane, and a two million dollar house in Louisiana. Well when that shit hit the fan in 2001, he started to lose all of his stuff or mortgage it to the hilt. So once that ran out what did he do? He started ripping off Joey Styles of course. He was handling the accounting and stiffing the staff (Dave, Buck, etc.) and not paying bills on time (bandwidth, etc.). Well out of the blue some collection agent calls Joey for a bill. He doesn't have a clue. He finally gets the accounting from Bill and he realizes that everything and everyone is more than two months behind. Why? Ryder had an addiction. Pills? Of course not. Hardcore drugs? No way. His weakness? Male prostitutes. Lots of them. I've heard from multiple sources that he spent over $40,000 on man sex inside of two months. Needless to say, he's working off debt to Joey now. Which explains why every one of the paid staffers went to PWI. This also explains why the news is painfully slow on 1W now. Free labor only gets you so much. So after that Ryder decided to make himself irreplacable (sp?) to TNA. He wanted to carve a niche for himself that really would have pushed someone else out. He wanted to become the "Jim Ross of TNA" and serve as a talent agent. This would of course put him in direct competition with NWA President, "Ninja" Bill Behrens (also very gay, by the way). So anyway, he couldn't afford the man-whores so why not make new ones under the guise of giving them "their big break" in the wrestling business.
  137. James Storm is an asshole. A week into the business he was stretching newer guys and telling them to pay their dues. But that is different now. He cries a lot. If he doesn't like a match, he cries backstage afterward. I'm not making this up. He's just really sensitive now. Odd. But his partner, Chris Harris is now at the very least bi-sexual thanks to Bob. Right before Harris got the big singles push he went to hang out with Bob. One thing led to another and they were both jerking the meat whistle. Magically they both got bumped from $500 / week to $1,500 / week. First, can you believe anyone pays them that? I mean, anyone but TNA? But how great does Storm come out in this? He doesn't whack off for anyone but still gets the good pay days.
  138. When Missy Hyatt was sixteen when she met Tommy Rich. She was a virgin, even orally, but jumped at the chance to blow him. So he took her to the show and she blew him on the way. She didn't swallow so he used a towel. He told her to keep it as a souveniur (sp?). She laughed but didn't keep it. Once they got to the arena he asked her to come in for a minute. She met Larry and went down to Larry Land for a meal that night too. She must've been hungry for the business.
  139. Joel Gertner went to college at Cornell U., of all places. His parents busted his ass for him to go to school there. He majored in TV production and worked at a TV affiliate in Ithaca while he was trying to break into the biz. With a couple of semesters left from getting an Ivy League diploma, he dropped out of school to follow his dream.
  140. There was a rumor floating around RSPW a few years back about Tully Blanchard, JJ Dillon and Maxx Payne gangbanging Dark Journey backstage at the Slamboree Legend's Reunion in... I wanna say 92
  141. Victor Quinones slipped Shocker a mickey. Shocker feels sickly and goes to sleep. Shocker wakes up with lil' Shocker in Victor's mouth or about to be there.
  142. Rita Chatterton who was the WWF's first female referee alleged that she was raped by Vince McMahon in the back seat of his limousine. Chauffeur Jim Stuart corroborated Chatterton's account and filed a lawsuit of his own, alleging that, during his WWF employment, he had been forced into witnessing the commission of crimes. The cases were either dismissed for lack of evidence or settled out of court.
  143. Norman Smiley once knocked out Rick Steiner with one punch in a bar fight.
  144. New Jack once got liquored-up at a strip club after an indy show and talked shit to Swede Hanson in the parking lot.
  145. Sunny and Candido had a 3 way with Jake Roberts for some of his crack.
  146. A married Kurt Angle was banging Jacqueline on the road for some time.
  147. Jeep Swenson used to pimp out his wife to the boys backstage.
  148. The Freebirds had a habit of initiating new wrestlers by pissing on them while they showered.
  149. Andre the Giant had a habit of shitting in hotel bath tub's.
  150. I hear CM Punk started banging BJ Whitmer's wife while she was still married to BJ. I hear this happened while Punk was (and still is) dating TNA's Tracy Brooks. She, by the way, is hotter in person.
  151. I know this belongs in another thread, but I have more info on Bobby Eaton. He's not the great guy everyone was talking about in the other thread. He's a legit alcoholic who allowed booze to ruin his career and family.
  152. Balls Mahoney is also a satanist. James Mitchell is an atheist like Raven and CW Anderson but not a satanist. He thinks everyone is wrong.
  153. The 3PW Promoter Jasmin St. Claire once had sex with 400 men in a day! Shocker!
  154. Heyman didn't pay ECW boys for well over a month as the company was dying. He wasn't even at the shows. He bought himself time by saying telling everyone to be patient because he was out in California working on securing a new TV deal for ECW. He was actually spending the money hiring an agent, filming Rollberball, and spending money buying drinks and suites for Hollywood types with the boys' pay. Of course everyone knows he never told the boys the company was dead. They just saw him on RAW and figured it out.
  155. NWA President and NWA Wildside Owner Bill Behrens has a fetish for young looking boys and black muscles. Ever notice Wildside has more black wrestlers than most other feds? I mean c'mon, it's Georgia and he has an almost 50% black locker room. Not that there's anything wrong with that. Hmm... Well let's just say that's not because he enjoys their "work." Wait, on second thought maybe he does.
  156. When Chris Adams was wrestling in Portland during 1982 and 1983, he had his then wife Jeannie Clark (Lady Blossom) along with him. Billy Jack Haynes boinked Jeannie during that time period.
  157. I saw Sabu attack a fan outside a show in Buffalo. Sabu arrived at the arena, via his dilapidated camper, in his ring gear and was accosted by a fan who claimed to know him. Sabu, in a hurry to get inside, just hauled off and decked the kid before running in the front door.
  158. I also saw the Grimm Twins assault a fan in Albany who was doing nothing more than rib. One of them just hauled off and slapped the heck out of him before Faarooq ran from the ring and started kicking the crap out of him (legit) when the other Grimm attacked Faarooq, Scorpio ran out and they all brawled to the back - I think turning it from a shoot to a work as agents had come out w/Scorpio.
  159. Also, I heard about the Iron Sheik being notorious in WCW for not wanting to job. He thought being a former WWF champ meant something so he refused to put either man over until management showed him footage of Vader breaking Joe Thurman's back (an admitted accident). Sheik turned into the world's biggest ass-kisser after that.
  160. The Sinister Minister supposedly stole Joel Gertner's wife.
  161. When they were all in the UWF, Slater was dating Dark Journey. She hooked up with Sting behind Slater's back, but Slater found out about it and threatened to kill Sting. So Slater shows up in the locker room looking for Sting and finds him putting on his facepaint. Slater gives him a pretty good beat down because Sting doesn't fight back, knowing that he deserved it and didn't want to screw up his reputation by making any more trouble with Slater. After Slater finished with him, Sting got up, put on his facepaint, covering up the cuts and bruises, and went out and wrestled. Slater was fired from the UWF the next day.
  162. There's also a greaet story Missy tells about the time she was dating Jake Roberts back in the day. Apparently, Jake had this weird thing where he liked to go to bars with Missy, but have her go in and sit at the bar by herself until some guy started hitting on her. Then, Jake would be watching from outside and come in and stare down the guy talking to Missy until the guy got up and walked away.
  163. There's another story (this is sad that I remember all of these) about a time when Missy and Eddie Gilbert were having relationship problems, so she'd moved into her own apartment. She started dating Bill Fralic (thanks to Jim Ross hooking them up), but Eddie found out. One day he comes over to her place ready to go after whatever guy he found in Missy's bed. In the process, he knocks over a grill on the patio of the apartment that he thought was Missy's. When he finally gets into the apartment, Fralic is really cool with him and ends up giving Eddie a ride back to his place. As Eddie is apologizing for barging in, he says he's sorry about the grill. Fralic and Missy say, it's not ours. From the patio comes a voice, "It's mine!" The voice of the grill owner belonged to none other than Buff Bagwell.
  164. Akira Hokuta and Kensuke Sasaki kept the whole hotel awake from so much LOVE NOISE~! when they first hooked up at one of those WCW/NJ deals.
  165. Chris Candido and Tammy Sytch just showed up at the January 2004 MLW tapings in Florida. They weren't booked and just showed up trying to secure future bookings. Well that night (early AM) they ran up and down the floor Court had rented for the boys knocking on every door. Then they started on different floors when they went looking for ice. The kicker: they wearing absolutely nothing. Well Tammy was wearing a sheet when she remembered to pull it up. She's not a big advocate of shaving apparently. Chris was as naked as the day is long. Not very long at all in his case. The hotel tried to evict everyone because of this but Court got them to settle down.
  166. Mickey J was at those same tapings. It's twenty minutes until show time and neither of the referees have shown up. Then with five minutes to go before the show starts Mickey J walks in off the street in his gear. He was two hours late and just walked right in off the street in the ref shirt. He stopped by the bar and bought two shots before hopping in the ring. He didn't greet anyone (including Court) or go over finishes. He just hopped in the ring and looked at the ring announcer long enough to say, "Hey tell someone to tell you the finish so you can tell me." He assumed he would do the first match and then go backstage to rest for the second match and get the finishes then. Needless to say, the other ref never showed and Mickey didn't leave the ring for over three hours. He got the finishes during the match from the announcer and worked the entire show.
  167. Arn Anderson passed out in a bar in Georgia around 1995. He was in a circular booth with a beer in his hand when he passed out. The funny thing is that even passed out he held the beer in his hand only slightly tilted never allowing a drop to hit the floor. When security came to take him outside they woke him up and he pissed all over himself before calling them "cocksuckers."
  168. At those January MLW tapings a few of the boys and regular every day citizens got wet when water balloons fell five stories upon them. The culprit liked to disguise his voice as a bird when he did it. But his voice sounds like a bass CD rumbling it's so deep. The culprit: Low Ki!
  169. I don't know if this is true..but Supposedly Koji Kanemoto has been seen with many young boys. Liger recently cut a promo and mentioned the gay part, referring to the junior babyface group as "Kanemoto and his army of gays." I guess the jury is still out on the underage boys thing. All I can say is after reading 20 pages of sleaze here...I wouldn't doubt its validity too much, seems like anything is possible.
  170. Manny Fernandez was once booked on an indy card featuring some of Ivan Koloff's trainees, despite Ivan's protests. Manny was a serious power drinker. Manny is booked in the main event as a "mystery opponent", but the promoter pulls Manny when he shows up lit the fuck up. The promoter then books Manny as the curtain jerker against one of Ivan's newer trainees and also refuses to pay Manny his full gate. Manny threatens to kill the promoter when the show is over. Ivan does not think that Manny is bluffing. Bell time comes around and it takes Manny 10 min to get to the ring. During the match, Manny beats the hell out of Ivan's trainee and shouts "I'm gonna kill you" at the promoter, who is sitting at the timekeeper's table. The trainee is mercifully murdered at the 5 min mark after a horrific squash (which the fans pop for) & is stretchered out legit from the ring. Manny rants until he is escorted from the ring by several refs and security. Ivan escorts his trainee to the ambulance and returns with hatred in his eyes. As Manny sees the promoter backstage and lunges for him, Ivan meets him with a right cross, knocks Fernandez cold, and shakes loose three of Manny's porcelain crowns.
  171. Italian Stallion held raffles for door prizes at his PWF events. No one won because the raffles were rigged. One of Stallion's friends, trainees not working the card, or family members always seemed to have the winning ticket. Everyone but Stallion's wife (now ex-wife I think) seemed to know that the reason Mad Maxine kept the PWF Ladies Title was because she was fucking Stallion. Stallion's wife was pretty hot and pretty well proportioned, while Maxine was sorta normal looking in the face, but weighed a shade over 270 lbs.
  172. Harvey Whippleman was booked at some local Indy in Evansville while he was working for WWF back in like 99ish to ref a match. He came out at the beginning of the show to start the night's angle that set-up his reffing of the match between the promoter and the champ. When they went backstage, Harvey demanded DOUBLE the pay for the night since he "had to work twice, and the only reason all these people are here is because MY NAME is on the card". The promoter said fuck it and gave it to him just to keep him happy. A week later, the promoter got a cease and desist order from the WWF because Harvey told Vince that one of the wrestlers at the show used WWF music.
  173. Scott Casey retired from wrestling to become a gigolo in Vegas and there have been rumors that he has been a client for both men & women.
  174. Sid Vicious used to take a squirrel with him everywhere he went for some stupid reason and one day a couple of the wrestlers bet him he couldn't keep the squirrel down his pants for a minute. Sid accepted and after about 30 seconds the squirrel bit him in the dick and Sid dropped on the floor in pain crushing the squirrel in the process. He had to get rabies shots and stiches on his dick.
  175. Austin got pissed off at Raven one time in the locker room because earlier in the day Debra (who was his wife then) was cutting a promo near the showers when Raven came out of the showers wearing nothing but a towel. Austin hears this and confronts Raven because he thought that Raven was "showing off" in front of his wife (Raven supposedly has a big dick) and basically choked Raven while threatening him verbally until Raven told him that he didn't know that she was there. Austin then apologized and Raven understood because the wrestlers knew at that time that Austin was VERY protective of Debra then.
  176. Collette Foley would negotiate with Vince to get more money if Mick took certain bumps & other abuse.
  177. Towel Boy Eric Tuttle gave Tommy Dreamer to get into ECW.
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2017.06.29 14:23 WWE_Network_Bot This Day in History: 06/29/2017

The following events happened on this day in history!
What event was your favorite in this list?
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2017.06.19 18:53 Enterprise90 B-Show Stories! Fully Loaded: In Your House 1998

Fully Loaded: In Your House
July 26, 1998
Fresno, CA
Selland Arena
One of the things Vince Russo became known for that was good at times was "partners who don't like each other." Kane and Mankind, who didn't like each other, defeated The New Age Outlaws to win the WWE World Tag Team Championship and defended the titles here against Stone Cold Steve Austin and Undertaker, who also didn't like each other. Though, the interesting thing was the relationship between Undertaker and Kane obviously changing after being hostile since Kane's arrival in WWE. Taker and Austin would win the titles after Undertaker pinned Kane following a tombstone. This was a cool story at the time, but after the first brand extension, the tag titles on both Raw and SmackDown became afterthoughts until WWE decided to pair up to top stars who didn't like each other to hold them for a week.
The feud between The Nation and DX had evolved into a rivalry between the two respective leaders, Intercontinental Champion The Rock and Triple H. They met here in a two-out-of-three falls match for the Intercontinental Championship, battling each other to a 1-1 time limit draw after 30 minutes. This is a good match, but the two weren't quite ready to have that great match quite yet. They would get their opportunity the following month.
Sable faced Jacqueline, Mero's new manager, in a bikini contest. This is the contest that features Sable with hand prints on her breasts instead of wearing a bikini, probably one of the most famous moments of the Attitude Era.
After turning on Ken Shamrock months prior, Owen Hart faced Shamrock here in a submission match. The unique aspect of this match was that it took place in the Hart Family Dungeon, the location where Stu Hart tortured trained countless wrestlers that went on to become stars in the business. In a hilarious moment, Shamrock opens the door to the basement and hits his head with his fists yelling, the same pose he does before entering the ring. Dan Severn is the guest referee. Shamrock hits Severn accidentally with a roundhouse kick, allowing Owen to smash Shamrock from behind with a dumbbell. Owen then gets Shamrock into an armbar position and feigns Shamrock's tap; Severn awakens and sees it, awarding the match to Owen.
The Legion of Doom, Hawk and Animal, face off with the Disciples of Apocalypse, 8-Ball and Skull, who are now managed by the former manager of LOD, Paul Ellering. This is a horrible match. LOD just came off as lazy. The DOA won.
Again, a decent show where the stories carried more than the in-ring work.
Other matches on this show:
You can find the B-Show Stories archive here.
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2017.06.12 13:11 feedreddit GOP growing worried they’ll lose House -- MATTIS keeps his ‘distance’ from Trump -- MELANIA and BARRON move into 1600 Penn -- WAPO: Trump family lawyer JAMIE GORELICK gets pushback from friends -- B’DAY: Dina Powell

GOP growing worried they’ll lose House -- MATTIS keeps his ‘distance’ from Trump -- MELANIA and BARRON move into 1600 Penn -- WAPO: Trump family lawyer JAMIE GORELICK gets pushback from friends -- B’DAY: Dina Powell
by [email protected] (Daniel Lippman) via POLITICO - TOP Stories
URL: http://ift.tt/2sTiuWB
Listen to the Playbook Audio Briefinghttp://bit.ly/2sTuOGb ... Subscribe on iTuneshttp://apple.co/2eX6Eay ... Visit the online home of Playbookhttp://politi.co/2f51Jnf
Good Monday morning. THE BACKDROP -- Republicans are growing increasingly worried that they will lose the House of Representatives. The pervasive pessimism comes as there continues to be a dearth of legislative victories, and a toxic political environment that appears to be worsening. Of course, the midterm elections are nearly a year and a half away. But more than a dozen Republicans we’ve spoken to in the last few weeks say the prospect for political and legislative wins big and small is dimming. And as much as President Donald Trump has worked to woo over fellow Republicans with dinners at the White House and regular meetings with GOP leadership, it hasn’t had much of an impact on the overall state of play.
THE RANK AND FILE has been frustrated with the House committees, which have not produced a drumbeat of legislation to tout as victories. And the party is deeply split on health-care reform, a tax overhaul and infrastructure spending. Passing a budget to set the groundwork for tax reform is still seen as far off. And the congressional schedule doesn’t leave a lot of time to kick things into high gear. The House is in session for 13 more days and the Senate is in session for 14 more days before the July 4 recess. Not to mention, there’s serious concern in the GOP that there could be more revelations about President Donald Trump, and Robert Mueller’s investigation still remains the wild card. Attorney General Jeff Sessions testifying Tuesday before the Senate Intel Committee is expected to just add more drama to distract from the GOP agenda into the mix.
WHAT DOES ALL THIS MEAN? Republicans will be less willing to take risks as they shift into political survival mode.
**SUBSCRIBE to Playbook:http://politi.co/2lQswbh
IVANKA’S FOX DOUBLE HEADER -- Ivanka Trump will be on “Fox and Friends” this morning in the 7 a.m. hour, and then Ainsley Earhardt will go to the White House Wednesday for a second interview, which will air Thursday.
BIG NEWS -- “D.C. and Maryland to sue President Trump, alleging breach of constitutional oath,” by WaPo’s Aaron Davis: “Attorneys general for the District of Columbia and the state of Maryland say they will sue President Trump on Monday, alleging that he has violated anti-corruption clauses in the Constitution by accepting millions in payments and benefits from foreign governments since moving into the White House.
“The lawsuit, the first of its kind brought by government entities, centers on the fact that Trump chose to retain ownership of his company when he became president. … But D.C. Attorney General Karl A. Racine (D) and Maryland Attorney General Brian E. Frosh (D) say Trump has broken many promises to keep separate his public duties and private business interests. For one, his son Eric Trump has said the president would continue to receive regular updates about his company’s financial health.
“If a federal judge allows the case to proceed, Racine and Frosh say, one of the first steps will be to demand through the discovery process copies of Trump’s personal tax returns to gauge the extent of his foreign business dealings. That fight would most likely end up before the Supreme Court, the two said, with Trump’s attorneys having to defend why the returns should remain private.” http://wapo.st/2s1jKqL
FIRST IN PLAYBOOK -- ISAAC DOVERE speaks with VIRGINIA GOV. TERRY MCAULIFFE: “Russia was actively involved in destabilizing our democracy,” and they had help from “treasonous” Americans, McAuliffe told Isaac Dovere in the latest episode of Off Message podcast, coming Tuesday morning. “Somebody had to give these people a roadmap,” McAuliffe said, though he wouldn’t name names. “So I believe somewhere in this, somebody was directing the Russians on whose names to use, what impact these certain people sending a memo would have on the American electorate. I mean, they just didn’t sit over in some cubicle over there somewhere in Moscow and figure this out.”
-- FIGHTING WORDS: WHAT MCAULIFFE SAID TO TRUMP, over dinner at the White House at the end of February for the National Governors Association reception: “I looked him face to face, four inches from his eyeballs, and said, ‘Everything you have done has hurt my economy.’”
-- MCAULIFFE hasn’t spoken to Trump since, but notes that when the president announced his new appointments to the Council of Governors in May, “Guess who didn’t get reappointed.” McAuliffe said on immigration policy and the travel ban in particular, but overall, he doesn’t think there’s ever a clear answer on what Trump administration policy actually is: “Not when this man is president.” More on what McAuliffe thinks about Hillary’s speaking out and Onward Together, the Democrats’ progressive divide, and his plans for 2018 -- and 2020 -- coming Tuesdayhttp://apple.co/2tbjk0p
THE DIVIDED OPPOSITION -- ALEX BURNS and JMART on “Democrats in Split-Screen: The Base Wants It All. The Party Wants to Win,” in Dunwoody, Ga.: “Democrats are facing a widening breach in their party, as liberal activists dream of transforming the health care system and impeaching President Trump, while candidates in hard-fought elections ask wary voters merely for a fresh chance at governing. The growing tension between the party’s ascendant militant wing and Democrats competing in conservative-leaning terrain, was on vivid, split-screen display over the weekend. In Chicago, Senator Bernie Sanders led a revival-style meeting of his progressive devotees, while in Atlanta, Democrats made a final push to seize a traditionally Republican congressional district.
“It may be essential for Democrats to reconcile the party’s two clashing impulses if they are to retake the House of Representatives in 2018. In a promising political environment, a drawn-out struggle over Democratic strategy and ideology could spill into primary elections and disrupt the party’s path to a majority.” http://nyti.ms/2ssSWCl
-- IT’S WORTH NOTING: Democrats aren’t the only ones who have had to face a divided party and make a decision about whether to shore up the establishment, or let the activists take hold. Just ask Senate Majority Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.). He led the NRSC into battle in multiple primaries during the 2014 election in order to elect GOP candidates that could win in the general election.
TRUMP’S LEGAL TEAM -- NYT A1, “Role of Trump’s Personal Lawyer Blurs Public and Private Lines,” by Rebecca Ruiz and Sharon LeFraniere: “Marc E. Kasowitz, a New York civil litigator who represented President Trump for 15 years in business and boasts of being called the toughest lawyer on Wall Street, has suddenly become the field marshal for a White House under siege. He is a personal lawyer for the president, not a government employee, but he has been talking about establishing an office in the White House complex where he can run his legal defense.
“His visits to the White House have raised questions about the blurry line between public and private interests for a president facing legal issues. Mr. Kasowitz in recent days has advised White House aides to discuss the inquiry into Russia’s interference in last year’s election as little as possible, two people involved said. He told aides gathered in one meeting who had asked whether it was time to hire private lawyers that it was not yet necessary, according to another person with direct knowledge. …
“‘The president’s private lawyer is representing only his interests, not the interests of the United States government or the individual interests of the White House staff,’ said Robert F. Bauer, who was White House counsel under President Barack Obama.” http://nyti.ms/2rfKfeQ
THIS TOWN -- “When a liberal power lawyer represents the Trump family, things can get ugly,” by WaPo’s Marc Fisher: “[Jamie] Gorelick ... finds herself under attack for taking on a share of the Trump family’s legal woes. ... In the most public slap, Hilary Rosen, a prominent Democratic strategist and lobbyist, tweeted, ‘Hey Jamie Gorelick, you’ve just poured that ‘Complicit’ perfume on yourself,’ a reference to a ‘Saturday Night Live’ parody ad that imagined an Ivanka Trump-branded scent. (Rosen declined to elaborate on the tweet, saying only, ‘It is what it is.’) ...
“In a quintessentially D.C. move, some longtime friends of Gorelick contacted for this article offered complimentary comments about her on the record, and then, after asking if they could make other remarks without attribution, bashed their colleague to smithereens. Those people will not be quoted in this article, by name or anonymously, as one tiny bulwark against outright awfulness.” http://wapo.st/2r9klFy
FOR YOUR RADAR -- “Macron’s party set for huge French parliamentary majority,” by Reuters’ Ingrid Melander and Michel Rose in Paris: “President Emmanuel Macron’s fledgling party is set to trounce France’s traditional main parties in a parliamentary election and secure a huge majority to push through his pro-business reforms, projections after the first round showed on Sunday.The vote delivered a further crushing blow to the Socialist and conservative parties that had alternated in power for decades until Macron’s election in May blew apart the left-right divide.” http://reut.rs/2rlWHoD
-- “Trump May Not Visit U.K. This Year as Planned,” by NYT’s Glenn Thrush in Branchburg, N.J.: “President Trump is considering scrapping or postponing a planned visit to Britain this year amid a billowing backlash over comments he made after the recent terrorist attack in London, two administration officials said. Over the past week, Mr. Trump has expressed increasing skepticism to aides about the trip after coming under intense criticism for a misleading charge that he leveled against London’s mayor, Sadiq Khan. ... National Security Council and State Department officials were working on the details but had not undertaken the usual ‘preadvance’ trip to work out the specific logistics of joint appearances, said a person familiar with the situation.” http://nyti.ms/2ssMMlG
PENTAGON WATCH -- “Mattis Quietly Keeps Distance From Trump’s Most Divisive Moves,” by NYT’s Helene Cooper, Michael Gordon and Eric Schmitt: “Mr. Mattis … has appeared behind the lectern in the Pentagon briefing room only twice since he became defense secretary, the better to stay out of political debates, aides say. Mr. Mattis’s first, and only, appearance on the Sunday news shows did not come until four months into his term. Mr. Mattis, his friends and colleagues say, is driven by several considerations, including his belief that the military’s political neutrality can help hold together a deeply divided nation -- a point that Mr. Mattis hammered home in a commencement address last month at West Point in which he made one reference to the commander in chief and none to Congress.
“Instead, he pointed to ancient Athens in hailing apolitical ‘defenders who look past the hot political rhetoric of our day’ to protect ‘our experiment in self-governance.’ The speech by Mr. Mattis, who is registered to vote in Washington State, which does not require political affiliations be disclosed, stood in contrast to Vice President Mike Pence’s address at the United States Naval Academy commencement in which he referred to Mr. Trump a dozen times, calling him the ‘best friend the armed forces of the United States will ever have.’
“Mr. Mattis’s low profile is part of his strategy for exerting influence from within, at one-on-one meetings with Mr. Trump or the dinners he has with the president and General Joseph F. Dunford Jr., the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was also at the White House last week while the president watched part of the highly anticipated congressional testimony by James B. Comey, the former F.B.I. director.” http://nyti.ms/2rQ5KBO
-- MATTIS will be on Capitol Hill today to testify, along with Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Joseph Dunford, about their fiscal 2018 budgets.
THE WHITE HOUSE did not allow reporters into President Trump’s fundraiser Sunday afternoon for New Jersey Rep. Tom MacArthur, a break from standard practice. MacArthur’s spokesman said it raised $800,000, per pooler Todd Gillman of the Dallas Morning News. More from Katie Jenningshttp://politi.co/2tbHpE1
TRUMP AND PENCE’S MONDAY -- Trump will be briefed on national security, hold a Cabinet meeting and host the Clemson Tigers football team at the White House to celebrate their football national championship. Pence is joining in the Cabinet meeting and will lunch with the president.
THE JUICE …
-- PLAYBOOK EXCLUSIVE: MAJORITY FORWARD, a nonprofit affiliated with the Senate Majority PAC, is launching a $500,000, three-week TV and digital ad buy in West Virginia supporting Sen. Joe Manchin. The ad will praise the West Virginia Democrat for standing up for constituents on everything from coal to health care and protecting miners’ benefits. The ad builds off a $4.5 million campaign in Arizona, Indiana, Missouri, Montana, North Dakota, Nevada and WIsconsin that launched on Memorial Day is continuing to run in those states.
-- JUSTICE NEIL GORSUCH is selling his Boulder, Colorado home -- it’s on the market for $1,675,000. http://bit.ly/2sSxpAx
-- SNEAK PEEK: Megyn Kelly previews her interview with conservative radio host Alex Jones to talk about his views, conspiracy theories and controversies. The full interview will air June 18 at 7 p.m. on “Sunday Night with Megyn Kelly.” http://nbcnews.to/2rl5JSz
WASHINGTON’S OWN ‘DEAR EVAN HANSEN’ WINS 6 TONYS -- WAPO’S PETER MARKS in New York: “‘Dear Evan Hansen’ claimed the top prize -- best musical -- at the 71st Tony Awards on Sunday, a nail-biter of a night that saw it scoop up five other awards, including one for its universally heralded star, Ben Platt. The musical, birthed in the summer of 2015 at Arena Stage, garnered trophies for its book writer, Steven Levenson, and composer-lyricists, Benj Pasek and Justin Paul, who earlier this year earned an Oscar for their music in ‘La La Land.’ ‘Dear Evan Hansen’ tells the story of an introverted teenager who, desperate to be accepted, perpetuates a lie about a friendship with a classmate who has taken his own life, a falsehood that earns him Internet fame but ends in disaster.” http://wapo.st/2rlDd3g
-- A NOTE FROM YOUR PLAYBOOKERS: We are especially proud of Ben Platt -- the star of “Dear Evan Hansen” and the winner of best leading actor in a musical. Ben is Jake’s wife Irene’s first cousin. Anna, Jake, Irene and a whole host of D.C.’ers saw “Dear Evan Hansen” at Arena Stage and fell in love with it. Six Tony’s. Not bad.
WELCOME TO WASHINGTON! “Melania Trump, son Barron move into the White House,” by AP’s Darlene Superville: “The first family is together again under the same roof: the White House. After nearly five months of living apart, President Donald Trump’s wife, Melania, announced Sunday that she and the couple’s young son have finally moved into the presidential mansion at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. ... ‘Looking forward to the memories we’ll make in our new home! #Movingday,’ the first lady tweeted Sunday evening after she and Barron arrived at the White House with Trump. The tweet accompanied a photo of the Washington Monument as seen from the White House Red Room.” With an AP pic of the first family getting to the White House -- Barron wore a t-shirt saying “The Expert”http://apne.ws/2rh7FjS … FLOTUS’ tweethttp://bit.ly/2st0h4T
DEEP DIVE – BEN SCHRECKINGER in POLITICO Magazine, “How Russia Targets the U.S. Military: With hacks, pro-Putin trolls and fake news, the Kremlin is ratcheting up its efforts to turn American servicemembers and veterans into a fifth column”: “Experts warn that effort, which has received far less attention, has the potential to hobble the ability of the armed forces to clearly assess Putin’s intentions and effectively counter future Russian aggression. In addition to propaganda designed to influence service members and veterans, Russian state actors are friending service members on Facebook while posing as attractive young women to gather intelligence and targeting the Twitter accounts of Defense Department employees with highly customized ‘phishing’ attacks.” http://politi.co/2rhanpD
TOP-ED -- “Why foreign aid is critical to U.S. national security,” by retired Admiral Mike Mullen and retired General Jim Jones in POLITICO Magazine: “This week, we will join 14 other experienced former four-star generals and admirals in submitting testimony to Congress that military power alone cannot prevent radicalization, nor can it, by itself, prevent despair from turning to anger and increasing outbursts of violence and instability. ... Unfortunately, the administration’s budget would cut 32 percent from the budgets of the U.S. Agency for International Development and State Department — including a cut of nearly half to development assistance. This is exactly the wrong decision at a time when development efforts in the world’s poorest and most fragile countries are needed more than ever. In turn, these severe cuts to USAID would only increase the risk to Americans and to our brave military service members. Congress should reject this dangerous path.” http://politi.co/2tbRlgM
TALKER – This Sunday’s upcoming N.Y. Times Magazine cover story, “The Long, Lonely Road of Chelsea Manning,” by Matthew Shaer: “Her disclosure of classified documents in 2010 ushered in the age of leaks. Now, freed from prison, she talks about why she did it — and the isolation that followed.” http://nyti.ms/2stgLdo
NEW SUSAN GLASSER PODCAST – “The Shove Heard Round the World: Montenegro’s Prime Minister Markovic on joining NATO, Russia and that time Trump pushed him out of the way”: “At least, [Dusko] Markovic told me when we met in Washington the other day, Trump’s boorish action now means the rest of the planet is suddenly familiar with Montenegro, and the unlikely position it now occupies as a Balkan flashpoint between the wavering West it has been so eager to join and a resurgent Russia to its east, angered by the ‘hostile’ course it accuses Montenegro of taking. ‘I have to say that I’m very grateful that this incident, so to say, took place. Because this is what made us so famous,’ Markovic says. ‘This is what made Montenegro so famous.’” http://politi.co/2rRy46C … Transcripthttp://politi.co/2r9U4Xv … Subscribehttp://apple.co/2kJ9q1U
2018 WATCH -- “Jared Polis to join crowded 2018 race for governor, tells The Post he wants ‘a Colorado that works for everybody,’” by Denver Post’s Mark K. Matthews: “In an interview with The Denver Post, the fifth-term lawmaker said his platform will focus on three initiatives: getting Colorado to use 100 percent renewable energy by 2040, ensuring parents can access free, full-day preschool or kindergarten for children age 3 and older, and encouraging companies in the state to provide stock options to employees. ... His entry further scrambles a contest that already lacks a clear favorite, and it all but guarantees that the 2018 race to replace Gov. John Hickenlooper will be one Colorado’s wildest elections in years. Polis’ run is notable too, given that the onetime Internet wunderkind can use his sizable fortune to fund his campaign and — if he wins — Polis would make history as the state’s first openly gay governor.” http://dpo.st/2ssS4gQ
HMM – WSJ yesterday, “Democrats Look to Cheri Bustos to Map Path to Rural Votes”: http://on.wsj.com/2r9IYlt ... POLITICO Magazine’s Michael Kruse, May 12, “The Secret Weapon Democrats Don’t Know How to Use: Cheri Bustos of Illinois has lessons about how to win in Trump territory. Are Democratic leaders listening?” http://politi.co/2s1K5Vr
POLITICO’s INAUGURAL “WOMEN RULE” INVESTIGATION: Not only did women not break the glass ceiling in 2016 —they stalled at just 20 percent in Congress, and less than one-quarter of elected offices nation-wide. Even as political activism among women has heated up since the election, there is a persistent gap continues in women’s interest running for office. Over the course of several months, POLITICO conducted over 50 interviews with candidates, elected officials, researchers, wavering candidates and political operatives and found that the swell of female political activism does not translate to future candidacies. To change things, recruiters must start earlier in a woman’s life for her to consider running, school boards are the best starting place, and the sales pitch to get women to run for office must change. Read morehttp://politi.co/2sTFF32
NICE TOUCH -- “Jimmy Carter Shakes Hands With Every Passenger On Flight To Washington,” by HuffPost’s Igor Bobic: http://bit.ly/2r9vd6e
SPOTTED: Former Senate Majority Leader Trent Lott yesterday at Pentagon City Mall, toting a Nordstrom bag ... Sen. Minority Leader Chuck Schumer on a plane Sunday afternoon from LaGuardia to Detroit … Rep. Ted Lieu (D-Calif.) yesterday at the Beverly Hilton at a wedding … Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) at the W hotel on Thursday night ... at Trump National in Bedminster, NJ yesterday: Shalabh “Shalli” Kumar, industrialist, chair of Republican Hindu Coalition and lobbyist Chase Kroll, foundeCEO of Kroll Global.
SPOTTED at “Not the White House Pride Party” at the Brixton on Saturday organized by Obama White House alumni Gautam Raghavan, Aditi Hardikar, and Monique Dorsainvil to benefit Casa Ruby and SMYAL: 350 guests including Valerie Jarrett; Eric Fanning; former Ambassador Dan Baer; Jim Obergefell; Kate Clinton; Fatima Asghar and Sam Bailey; Tommy Dorfman; Stephanie Rice; Precious Brady-Davi; Mara Keisling; and former Obama White House officials including Brian Bond, Raffi Freedman-Gurspan, Shin Inouye, Lynn Rosenthal, Kyle Lierman, Heather Foster, Alexa Kissinger, Hallie Schneir, Leah Katz-Hernandez, Alissa Ko, and Jonathan Lee. Pichttp://bit.ly/2ssKC5x
FOR COREY -- SPOTTED by James Rosen on vacation with his wife Sara Durkin and their sons in Krakow on Sunday: A gift shop right off Market Square (and other gift shops in the Krakow square), were all selling “LEWANDOWSKI” jerseys. Robert Lewandowski is a soccer player for Bayern Munich and captain of the Poland national team. Pichttp://bit.ly/2rhgkTx
WEEKEND WEDDINGS -- Sarah Wire of the LA Times married John Bethel on Saturday at Friends Meeting House in Dupont Circle. The intimate ceremony was officiated by her father, Bob, followed by a dinner in the garden. Per the Columbia Tribune: the “groom, a 2002 graduate of Hickman High School in Columbia, works at Mega Kitchens and Baths. The two met through mutual friends at McNally’s Irish Pub in Columbia as Sarah was finishing college in 2010. They lived in Arkansas before moving to Washington D.C. so Wire could cover Congress.” Pichttp://bit.ly/2stjdAC ... Instapichttp://bit.ly/2sdMM8F
SPOTTED: a good portion of the women’s Congressional Softball press team including Lynn Sweet of the Chicago Sun-Times, Bridget Bowman of Roll Call, Emmarie Huetteman and Mikayla Bouchard, both of The New York Times. Also attending: Allison Wisk of the LA Times, Amber Phillips of the Washington Post and Suzanne Struglinski of the National Press Club.
-- Jacob Daniels, who was just promoted to be SVP of policy at federal affairs consulting firm SPG and is a former Trump campaign staffer, recently married Stacey Kafka, press secretary for Rep. Blake Farenthold (R-Texas), in a small ceremony in front of close friends and family in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico. They met in 2014 when he was a city councilor in Creswell, Oregon, and she was a local ABC affiliate reporter and was interviewing him on a story. He soon asked her out on a date but she told him she doesn’t date politicians. A few weeks later, he resigned from the city council and they started going out. Pichttp://bit.ly/2ta5lb5
-- Stephen Morrissey and Elise Aronson, who met as interns at the DSCC in 2011, were married over the weekend in Philadelphia at the Free Library. Guy Cecil, executive director of the DSCC when the two met, presided over the nuptials. Stephen is now an M&A associate at Skadden Arps, and Elise just graduated with an MBA from Wharton. Pics -- cutting the cakehttp://bit.ly/2st0fKf … Elise with her bridesmaidshttp://bit.ly/2s1P1tC
TRANSITIONS -- Alex Booze starts today as an account manager at EPIC PR Group. Booze, who is also a food blogger for East Coast Contessas (http://bit.ly/2r9xWwI) in her free time, was formerly the manager of media relations at the Charles Koch Institute.
BIRTHDAY OF THE DAY: BuzzFeed reporter Alexis Levinson, a National Review alum, is 29. How she’s celebrating: “Dinner with my boyfriend. It’s a Monday, so nothing crazy. My birthday always sneaks up on me somehow — every year I say I’m going to plan and then all of a sudden it’s three days away.” Read her Playbook Plus Q&A:http://politi.co/2sjBlwQ
BIRTHDAYS: Dina Powell (hat tips: Sean Spicer, Autumn Vandehei and Amy Little Thomas) ... Carrie Budoff Brown, editor of Politico and the pride of York, Pa. ... Matt Mowers, senior White House advisor at the State Department (h/t Ryan Williams) ... the only, the only Kevin Sheekey, the man, the myth, the legend, is 51 -- Kevin was in China last week (h/ts Tammy Haddad and Helen Brosnan) ... George H.W. Bush is 93 ... Josh Kushner, founder of Thrive Capital, is 32 ... Rabbi Levi Shemtov, EVP of American Friends of Lubavitch (Chabad), is 57 (h/ts Jewish Insider) ... Marv Albert is 76 ... Dag Vega, managing director for public affairs and crisis at Burson-Marsteller and former special assistant to the President and director of broadcast Media at the Obama WH (h/t Ben Chang) ... Alex Castellanos, co-founder of Purple Strategies … Google’s Courtney Pannell ... Hayley Alexander is 28 … Eli Glazier of urban planning firm Toole Design (h/t Ashley Gold) ... DNC alum Luis Miranda ... AP’s Rachel D’Oro ... Rep. Mark Amodei (R-Nev.) is 59 ... Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-Calif.) is 76 ... Eleanor Lewis (h/t Jon Haber) ... Husein Cumber ... Sally Bradshaw ... Casey Ratlief is 32 ... Todd Beyer ... E&E alum Nathanael Massey is 31 ...
... Matt Wolking, press secretary for Sen. Rubio (h/t Olivia Perez-Cubas) … Hanna Siegel, deputy director at New American Economy (h/t Sarah Doolin Roy, who starts today at the American Ballet Theatre, working on brand partnerships and engagement strategy) ... Sean Murphy of Gotham Government Relations and Communications ... Zach Baron, new associate at Boies Schiller & Flexner, celebrating (despite this heat wave) at the Nats game (h/ts Shaina and Sarah) ... Mary Urbina-McCarthy ... social media guru Colleen Shalby, engagement editor at the LA Times ... Eli Zupnick ... Democratic fundraiser Lisa Kurdziel … Melodie McQuade ... Ted Ullyot, partner in policy and regulatory affairs of Andreessen Horowitz and a Facebook, Bush 43 and DOJ alum … Dan Archer, SVP of federal gov’t relations at Wells Fargo … former Energy Secretary Spencer Abraham, now a principal at Blank Rome, is 65 … Patrick Schmitt … Ryan Mannion, CTO for CAR and DRIVER … Alissa Tabirian ... Campbell Curry-Ledbetter, deputy finance director at Joe Kennedy for Congress ... Sam Buchan … Adam Wolf ... Katina Tina Rojas Joy ... William Kresse ... Melodie McQuade ... CFPB alum Victor Zapanta ... Jeani Murray, queen of Iowa City, Iowa ... Peter Schechter ... Jack Wetzberger, pride of Dubuque, Iowa ... Travis Worl ... Jon Green, king of winning Paid Sick Days campaigns ... Kate Vilsack (h/ts Teresa Vilmain)
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2017.06.11 06:02 tombstoneshadows28 All of the MPAA/CARA-rated films of 2003 (out of the 3,982 films released worldwide that year.)

G
  1. Blizzard (Director: LeVar Burton)
  2. Brother Bear (Director: Aaron Blaise + Robert Walker)
  3. Finding Nemo (Directors: Andrew Stanton + Lee Unkrich)
  4. Piglet’s Big Movie (Director: Francis Glebas)
  5. Quigley (Director: William Byron Hillman)
  6. The Adventures Of Ociee Nash (Director: Kristen McGary)
  7. The Jungle Book II (Director: Steve Trenbirth)
  8. The Legend Of Johnny Lingo (Director: Steven Ramirez)
  9. The Young Black Stallion (Director: Simon Wincer)
PG
  1. 1 Love (Director: Leon Gast)
  2. 3 pazeste (Director: Ovidiu Georgescu)
  3. A Light In The Forest (Director: John Carl Buechler)
  4. A Tale Of Two Pizzas (Director: Vincent Sassone)
  5. Agent Cody Banks (Director: Harald Zwart)
  6. Captain Sabertooth (Director: Stig Bergqvist + Rasmus Sivertsen)
  7. Chasing Papi (Director: Linda Mendoza)
  8. Cheaper By The Dozen (Director: Shawn Levy)
  9. Daddy Day Care (Director: Steve Carr)
  10. Day Of Defense (Director: Adam Lawson)
  11. Die Wilden Kerle: Alles ist gut, solange du wild bist! (Director: Joachim Masannek)
  12. Elf (Director: Jon Favreau)
  13. Freaky Friday (Director: Mark Waters)
  14. From Justin To Kelly (Director: Robert Iscove)
  15. Godzilla: Tokyo S.O.S. (Director: Masaaki Tezuka)
  16. Good Boy! (Director: John Hoffman)
  17. Holes (Director: Andrew Davis)
  18. I Am David (Director: Paul Feig)
  19. Johnny English (Director: Peter Howitt)
  20. Just For Kicks (Director: Sydney J. Bartholomew, Jr.)
  21. Kangaroo Jack (Director: David McNally)
  22. Kart Racer (Director: Stuart Gillard)
  23. Kitchen Stories (Director: Bent Hamer)
  24. Kung Fu Girls (Director: Alice Wang)
  25. Loco Love (Director: Bryan Lewis)
  26. Looney Tunes: Back In Action (Director: Joe Dante)
  27. Peter Pan (Director: P.J. Hogan)
  28. Pride + Prejudice (Director: Andrew Black)
  29. Radio (Director: Michael Tollin)
  30. Red Betsy (Director: Chris Boebel)
  31. Rugrats Go Wild (Directors: John Eng + Norton Virgien)
  32. Schultze Gets The Blues (Director: Michael Schorr)
  33. Secondhand Lions (Director: Tim McCanlies)
  34. Sinbad: Legend Of The High Seas (Directors: Patrick Gilmore + Tim Johnson)
  35. Son Of Aladdin (Director: Singeetham Srinivasa Rao)
  36. Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over (Director: Robert Rodriguez)
  37. The Cat In The Hat (Director: Bo Welch)
  38. The Deserter (Director: Eric Bruno Borgman)
  39. The Ghost Club (Director: Ralph E. Portillo)
  40. The Haunted Mansion (Director: Rob Minkoff)
  41. The Lil' River Rats and the Adventure of the Lost Treasure (Director: Dan T. Hall)
  42. The Lizzie McGuire Movie (Director: Jim Fall)
  43. The Photograph (Director: James McDonald)
  44. The R.M. (Director: Kurt Hale)
  45. The Seventh Man (Director: H. Charles Riedl)
  46. The Snow Walker (Director: Charles Martin Smith)
  47. Uncle Nino (Director: Robert Shallcross)
  48. What A Girl Wants (Director: Dennie Gordon)
  49. When Zachary Beaver Came To Town (Director: John Schultz)
  50. Where The Red Fern Grows (Directors: Lyman Dayton + Sam Pillsbury)
  51. Wondrous Oblivion (Director: Paul Morrison)
PG-13
  1. 2 Fast 2 Furious (Director: John Singleton)
  2. A Foreign Affair (Director: Helmut Schleppi)
  3. A Guy Thing (Director: Chris Koch)
  4. A Mighty Wind (Director: Christopher Guest)
  5. Alex + Emma (Director: Rob Reiner)
  6. American Generator (Directors: Shannon Burgan + Michael Marco)
  7. Anger Management (Director: Peter Segal)
  8. Anne B. Real (Director: Lisa France)
  9. Big Fish (Director: Tim Burton)
  10. Biker Boyz (Director: Reggie Rock Bythewood)
  11. Bill The Intern (Director: Will Hess)
  12. Bon Voyage (Director: Jean-Paul Rappeneau)
  13. Bringing Down The House (Director: Adam Shankman)
  14. Bruce Almighty (Director: Tom Shadyac)
  15. Bulletproof Monk (Director: Paul Hunter)
  16. Calendar Girls (Director: Nigel Cole)
  17. Camp (Director: Todd Graff)
  18. Carolina (Director: Marleen Gorris)
  19. Charlie’s Angels: Full Throttle (Director: McQ)
  20. Coronado (Director: Claudio Fah)
  21. Cualquiera (Director: David Marqués)
  22. Cuban Blood (Director: Juan Gerard)
  23. Danny Deckchair (Director: Jeff Balsmeyer)
  24. Daredevil (Director: Mark Steven Johnson)
  25. Darkness Falls (Director: Jonathan Liebesman)
  26. Dickie Roberts: Former Child Star (Director: Sam Weisman)
  27. Down With Love (Director: Peyton Reed)
  28. Dumb + Dumberer: When Harry Met Lloyd (Director: Troy Miller
  29. Duplex (Director: Danny DeVito)
  30. Ek Aur Ek Gyarah: By Hook or by Crook (Director: David Dhawan)
  31. El regalo de Silvia (Director: Dionisio Pérez)
  32. Escape From Cuba (Director: Tom Logan)
  33. Evil Alien Conquerors (Director: Chris Matheson)
  34. Exorcism (Director: William A. Baker)
  35. Fear X (Director: Nicholas Winding Refn)
  36. Fear Of The Dark (Director: K.C. Bascombe)
  37. Finding Home (Director: Lawrence David Foldes)
  38. First Morning (Director: Victor Vu)
  39. For Real (Director: Tim Reid)
  40. Girl With A Pearl Earring (Director: Peter Webber)
  41. Gods + Generals (Director: Ron Maxwell)
  42. Gold Diggers (National Lampoon’s) (Director: Gary Preisler)
  43. Grand Theft Parsons (Director: David Caffrey)
  44. Grind (Director: Casey La Scala)
  45. Haasil (Director: Tigmanshu Dhulia)
  46. Hangman’s Curse (Director: Rafal Zielinski)
  47. Head Of State (Director: Chris Rock)
  48. Hollywood Homicide (Director: Ron Shelton)
  49. Honey (Director: Bille Woodruff)
  50. Hoodlum + Son (Director: Ashley Way)
  51. Hope Springs (Director: Mark Herman)
  52. How To Deal (Director: Clare Kilner)
  53. How To Lose A Guy In 10 Days (Director: Donald Petrie)
  54. Hulk (Director: Ang Lee)
  55. I’ll Be There (Director: Craig Ferguson)
  56. Intolerable Cruelty (Director: Joel Coen)
  57. It Runs In The Family (Director: Fred Schepisi)
  58. Just Married (Director: Shawn Levy)
  59. Kaena: The Prophecy (Directors: Chris Delaporte + Pascal Pinon)
  60. Lara Croft - Tomb Raider: The Cradle Of Life (Director: Jan de Bont)
  61. Legally Blonde II: Red, White + Blonde (Director: Charles Herman-Wurmfeld)
  62. Love Don’t Cost A Thing (Director: Troy Byer)
  63. Luther (Director: Eric Till)
  64. Malibu’s Most Wanted (Director: John Whitesell)
  65. Masked + Anonymous (Director: Larry Charles)
  66. Master + Commander: The Far Side Of The World (Director: Peter Weir)
  67. Matchstick Men (Director: Ridley Scott)
  68. Maximum Velocity (Director: Phillip J. Roth)
  69. Mona Lisa Smile (Director: Mike Newell)
  70. My Boss’s Daughter (Director: David Zucker)
  71. Nate + The Colonel (Director: Paul Winters)
  72. National Security (Director: Dennis Dugan)
  73. No Return (Director: Tom Sylla)
  74. Noi The Albino (Director: Dagur Kári)
  75. Northfolk (Director: Michael Polish)
  76. Off The Map (Director: Campbell Scott)
  77. One Last Dance (Director: Lisa Niemi)
  78. Osama (Director: Siddiq Barmak)
  79. Out Of Time (Director: Carl Franklin)
  80. Outrage (Director: Morrie Ruvinsky)
  81. Paycheck (Director: John Woo)
  82. Perfect Strangers (Director: Gaylene Preston)
  83. Pieces Of April (Director: Peter Hedges)
  84. Pirates Of The Caribbean: The Curse Of The Black Pearl (Director: Gore Verbinski)
  85. Pitcher + The Pin-Up (Director: Drew Johnson)
  86. Reconstruction (Director: Christoffer Boe)
  87. Rosenstrasse (Director: Margarethe von Trotta)
  88. Runaway Jury (Director: Gary Fleder)
  89. S Club Seeing Double (Director: Nigel Dick)
  90. S.W.A.T. (Director: Clark Johnson)
  91. Saints + Soldiers (Director: Ryan Little)
  92. Scary Movie III (Director: David Zucker)
  93. School Of Rock (Director: Richard Linklater)
  94. Scorched (Director: Gavin Grazer)
  95. Seabiscuit (Director: Gary Ross)
  96. Sex At The End Of The Millennium (Director: Sheldon Neuberger)
  97. Shanghai Knights (Director: David Dobkins)
  98. Shattered Glass (Director: Billy Ray)
  99. Shortcut To Happiness (Director: Alec Baldwin)
  100. Something’s Gotta Give (Director: Nancy Meyers)
  101. Sometimes A Hero (Director: Jalal Merhi)
  102. Spin (Director: James Redford)
  103. Star Runner (Director: Daniel Lee)
  104. Stuck On You (Director: Bobby Farrelly + Peter Farrelly)
  105. Swimming Upstream (Director: Russell Mulcahy)
  106. Swing (Director: Martin Guigui)
  107. Terrarium (Director: Mike Conway)
  108. The Animatrix (Directors: Peter Chung, Andrew R. Jones, Yoshiaki Kawajiri, Takeshi Koike, Mahiro Maeda, Kôji Morimoto + Shinichirô Watanabe)
  109. The Battle Of Shaker Heights (Directors: Efram Potelle + Kyle Rankin)
  110. The Book Of Mormon Movie, Volume 1: The Journey) (Director: Gary Rogers)
  111. The Bottom Line (Director: Matt Posey)
  112. The Box (Director: Richard Pepin)
  113. The Boys + Girl From County Clare (Director: John Irvin)
  114. The Company (Director: Robert Altman)
  115. The Core (Director: Jon Amiel)
  116. The Divorce (Le Divorce) (Director: James Ivory)
  117. The Fighting Temptations (Director: Jonathan Lynn)
  118. The In-Laws (Director: Andrew Fleming)
  119. The Italian Job (Director: F. Gary Gray)
  120. The League Of Extraordinary Gentlemen (Director: Stephen Norrington)
  121. The Long Ride Home (Director: Robert Marcarelli)
  122. The Lord Of The Rings: The Return Of The King (Director: Peter Jackson)
  123. The Medallion (Director: Gordon Chan)
  124. The Petersburg-Cannes Express (Director: John Daly)
  125. The Rundown (Director: Peter Berg)
  126. The Triplets Of Belleville (Director: Sylvain Chomet)
  127. The Visual Bible: The Gospel Of John (Director: Philip Saville)
  128. Timeline (Director: Richard Donner)
  129. Tokyo Godfathers (Directors: Satoshi Kon + Shôgo Furuya)
  130. Under The Tuscan Sun (Director: Audrey Wells)
  131. Uptown Girls (Director: Boaz Yakin)
  132. View From The Top (Director: Bruno Barreto)
  133. Westender (Director: Brock Morse)
  134. What The Eye Doesn’t See (Director: Francisco J. Lombardi)
  135. Where’s The Party, Yaar? (Dude, Where’s The Party?) (Director: Benny Matthews)
  136. Willard (Director: Glen Morgan)
  137. X2: X-Men Untied (Director: Bryan Singer)
R
  1. 11:14 (Director: Greg Marcks)
  2. 13 Dead Men (Director: Art Camacho)
  3. 16 Years Of Alcohol (Director: Richard Jobson)
  4. 21 Grams (Director: Alejandro González Iñárritu)
  5. 3 Blind Mice (Director: Mathias Ledoux)
  6. 5150 (Director: Daniel Gardner)
  7. A Good Night To Die (Director: Craig Singer)
  8. A Man Apart (Director: F. Gary Gray)
  9. A Miami Tail (Director: Melvin James)
  10. A Tale Of Two Sisters (Director: Jee-woon Kim)
  11. Absolon (Director: David De Bartolome)
  12. Acacia (Director: Ki-hyeong Park)
  13. Air Marshal (Director: Alain Jakubowicz)
  14. Alien Hunter (Director: Ron Krauss)
  15. All The Real Girls (Director: David Gordon Green)
  16. American Splendor (Directors: Shari Springer Berman + Robert Pulcini)
  17. American Wedding (Director: Jesse Dylan)
  18. Anatomy II (Director: Stefan Ruzowitzky)
  19. Ancient Warriors (Director: Walter von Huene)
  20. Anything Else (Director: Woody Allen)
  21. April’s Shower (Director: Trish Doolan)
  22. Après Vous (Director: Pierre Salvadori)
  23. Aquanoids (Director: Reinhart ‘Rayteam’ Peschke)
  24. Artworks (Director: Jim Amatulli)
  25. Assisted Living (Director: Elliot Greenebaum)
  26. Baadasssss! (Director: Mario Van Peebles)
  27. Baberellas (Director: Chuck Cirino)
  28. BachelorMan (Director: John Putch)
  29. Bad Boys II (Director: Michael Bay)
  30. Bad Santa (Director: Terry Zwigoff)
  31. Barely Legal (Director: David M. Evans)
  32. Basic (Director: John McTiernan)
  33. Behind The Red Door (Director: Matia Karrell)
  34. Betrayal (Director: Mark L. Lester)
  35. Beyond Borders (Director: Martin Campbell)
  36. Beyond Re-Animator (Director: Brian Yuzna)
  37. Beyond Recognition (Director: Tom Muschamp)
  38. Black Cadillac (Director: John Murlowski)
  39. Blackball (Director: Mel Smith)
  40. Blind Horizon (Director: Michael Haussman)
  41. Bloom (Director: Sean Walsh)
  42. Bookies (Director: Mark Illsley)
  43. Bought + Sold (Director: Michael Tolajian)
  44. Boys On The Run (Director: Pol Cruchten)
  45. Briar Patch (Director: Zev Berman)
  46. Bright Young Things (Director: Stephen Fry)
  47. Brothers In Arms (Director: Paul Alexander)
  48. Bulgarian Lovers (Director: Eloy de la Iglesia)
  49. Carandiru (Director: Hector Babenco)
  50. Casa De los Babys (Director: John Sayles)
  51. Chasing Holden (Director: Malcolm Clarke)
  52. Chooch (Directors: J.C. Bari + Rajeev Nirmalakhandan)
  53. Cow lok yuen (Director: Wai-Keung Lau)
  54. Chromiumblue.com (Directors: Zalman King + Scott Sampler)
  55. Citizen Verdict (Director: Philippe Martinez)
  56. Claustrophobia (Serial Slayer) (Director: Mark Tapio Kines)
  57. Cleopatra (Director: Eduardo Mignogna)
  58. Code 46 (Director: Michael Winterbottom)
  59. Coffee + Cigarettes (Director: Jim Jarmusch)
  60. Cold Blooded (Director: Randy Bradshaw)
  61. Cold Creek Manor (Director: Mike Figgis)
  62. Cold Mountain (Director: Anthony Minghella)
  63. Confidence (Director: James Foley)
  64. Consequence (Director: Anthony Hickox)
  65. Controlled Chaos (Director: Azita Zendel)
  66. Cradle 2 The Grave (Director: Andrzej Bartkowiak)
  67. Crime Partners (Director: J. Jesses Smith)
  68. Crime Spree (Director: Brad Mirman)
  69. Criminal Ways (Director: Nick Giannopoulos)
  70. Cutthroat Alley (Director: Timothy Wayne Folsome)
  71. Dallas 362 (Director: Scott Caan)
  72. Dark Side (Director: Dominic Shiach)
  73. Daybreak (Director: Björn Runge)
  74. Dead End (Directors: Jean-Baptiste Andrea + Fabrice Canepa)
  75. Death Of A Dynasty (Director: Damon Dash)
  76. Deliver Us From Eva (Director: Gary Hardwick)
  77. Den Of Lions (Director: James Bruce)
  78. Descendant (Directors: Kermit Christman + Del Tenney)
  79. Detention (Director: Sidney J. Furie)
  80. Detonator (Director: Jonathan Freedman)
  81. Devil’s Harvest (Director: James Shanks)
  82. Devil’s Knight (Director: Quan Phillips)
  83. Devil’s Pond (Director: Joel Viertel)
  84. Die, Mommie, Die! (Director: Mark Rucker)
  85. Disaster (Director: Yossi Wein)
  86. Dogville (Director: Lars von Trier)
  87. Dopamine (Director: Mark Decena)
  88. Doppelganger (Director: Kiyoshi Kurosawa)
  89. Dorm Daze (National Lampoon’s) (Directors: David Hillenbrand + Scott Hillenbrand)
  90. Dot The I (Director: Matthew Parkhill)
  91. Dragon Head (Director: Jôji Iida)
  92. Dream Warrior (Director: Zachary Weintraub)
  93. Dreamcatcher (Director: Lawrence Kasdan)
  94. Dunsmore (Director: Peter Spirer)
  95. Easy (Director: Jane Weinstock)
  96. Easy Six (Easy Sex) (Director: Chris Iovenko)
  97. Elephant (Director: Gus Van Sant)
  98. Emile (Director: Carl Bessai)
  99. Emotional Backgammon (Director: Leon Herbert)
  100. Evil Breed: The Legend Of Samhain (Director: Christian Viel)
  101. Expiration (Director: Gavin Heffernan)
  102. Exposed (Director: Misti Barnes)
  103. Facing Windows (Director: Ferzan Ozpetek)
  104. Fate (Director: Ace Cruz)
  105. Final Destination (Director: David R. Ellis)
  106. Fire Over Afghanistan (Director: Terence H. Winkless)
  107. Firefight (Director: Paul Ziller)
  108. Fish Without A Bicycle (Director: Brian Austin Green)
  109. Flesh For The Beast (Director: Terry M. West)
  110. Foolproof (Director: William Phillips)
  111. Frankie + Johnny Are Married (Director: Michael Pressman)
  112. Freddy Vs. Jason (Director: Ronny Yu)
  113. Gang Of Roses (Director: Jean-Claude La Marre)
  114. Ghost Rock (Director: Dustin Rikert)
  115. Ghost Of The Needle (Director: Brian Avenet-Bradley)
  116. Gigli (Director: Martin Brest)
  117. Girls Will Be Girls (Director: Richard Day)
  118. Going Down (Director: Alfonso Pineda Ulloa)
  119. Good Bye Lenin! (Director: Wolfgang Becker)
  120. Gothika (Director: Mathieu Kassovitz)
  121. Haggard (Director: Bam Margera)
  122. Hellborn (Director: Philip J. Jones)
  123. Heroic Duo (Director: Benny Chan)
  124. High Roller: The Stu Ungar Story (Director: A.W. Vidmer)
  125. High Tension (Haute Tension) (Switchblade Romance) (Director: Alexandre Aja)
  126. Hollywood North (Director: Peter O’Brian)
  127. Hood Angels (Director: Paul Wynne)
  128. Horror (Director: Dante Tomaselli)
  129. House Of 1000 Corpses (Director: Rob Zombie)
  130. House Of Sand + Fog (Director: Vadim Perelman)
  131. House Of The Dead (Director: Uwe Boll)
  132. I Accuse (Director: John Ketcham)
  133. I Capture The Castle (Director: Tim Fywell)
  134. I Love Your Work (Director: Adam Goldberg)
  135. I’ll Sleep When I’m Dead (Director: Mike Hodges)
  136. I’m Not Scared (Director: Gabriele Salvatores)
  137. Identity (Director: James Mangold)
  138. Imagining Argentina (Director: Christopher Hampton)
  139. In Hell (Director: Ringo Lam)
  140. In The Cut (Director: Jane Campion)
  141. Intermission (Director: John Crowley)
  142. It’s All About Love (Director: Thomas Vinterberg)
  143. Jake’s Booty Call (Directors: Eric Eisner + Julian Max Metter)
  144. Japanese Story (Director: Sue Brooks)
  145. Jeepers Creepers II (Director: Victor Salva)
  146. Jericho Mansions (Director: Alberto Sciamma)
  147. Jersey Guy (Director: Elia Zois)
  148. Ju-On: The Grudge II (Director: Takashi Shimizu)
  149. Just Another Story (Director: GQ)
  150. Kill Bill, Vol. 1 (Director: Quentin Tarantino)
  151. King Of The Ants (Director: Stuart Gordon)
  152. Kontroll (Director: Nimród Antal)
  153. Kung Phooey! (Director: Darryl Fong)
  154. LD 50: Lethal Dose (Director: Simon De Selva)
  155. La taqueria (Director: Martin Delon)
  156. Last Life In The Universe (Director: Pen-Ek Ratanaruang)
  157. Latter Days (Director: C. Jay Cox)
  158. Le pacte du silence (Director: Graham Guit)
  159. Levelland (Director: Clark Walker)
  160. Levity (Director: Ed Solomon)
  161. Liquid Bridge (Director: Phillip Avalon)
  162. Little Erin Merryweather (Directors: David Morwick + Michael Civille)
  163. Lost Junction (Director: Peter Masterson)
  164. Lost Things (Director: Martin Murphy)
  165. Lost Treasure (Director: Jim Wynorski)
  166. Lost In Translation (Director: Sofia Coppola)
  167. Love Actually (Director: Richard Curtis)
  168. Love Chronicles (Director: Tyler Maddox)
  169. Love Me If You Dare (Director: Yann Samuell)
  170. Love Object (Director: Robert Parigi)
  171. Love, Sex + Eating The Bones (Director: Sudz Sutherland)
  172. Lucía, Lucía (Director: Antonio Serrano)
  173. Mail Order Bride (Directors: Robert Capelli, Jr. + Jeffrey Wolf)
  174. Mala carne (Director: Fabián Forte)
  175. Malevolence (Director: Stevan Mena)
  176. Mambo Italiano (Director: Émile Gaudreault)
  177. Manfast (Director: Tara Judelle)
  178. Manhood (Director: Bobby Roth)
  179. Marci X (Director: Richard Benjamin)
  180. Melvin Goes To Dinner (Director: Bob Odenkirk)
  181. Midnight Mass (Director: Tony Mandile)
  182. Milwaukee, Minnesota (Director: Allan Mindel)
  183. Monsieur Ibrahim (Director: François Dupeyron)
  184. Monster (Director: Patty Jenkins)
  185. Monster Man (Director: Michael Davis)
  186. My Life Without Me (Director: Isabel Coixet)
  187. Mystic River (Director: Clint Eastwood)
  188. Natural City (Director: Byung-chun Min)
  189. Ned Kelly (Director: Gregor Jordan)
  190. Nemesis Game (Director: Jesse Warn)
  191. Net Games (Director: Andrew Van Slee)
  192. Nicotina (Director: Hugo Rodriguez)
  193. Nola (Director: Alan Hruska)
  194. Nothing (Director: Vincenzo Natali)
  195. Octane (Director: Marcus Adams)
  196. Old School (Director: Todd Phillips)
  197. Oldboy (Director: Chan-wook Park)
  198. Once Upon A Time In Mexico (Director: Robert Rodriguez)
  199. One Missed Call (Director: Takashi Miike)
  200. Ong-Bak: The Thai Warrior (Director: Prachya Pinkaew)
  201. Open Range (Director: Kevin Costner)
  202. Open Water (Director: Chris Kentis)
  203. Operation: Balikatan (Director: Cirio H. Santiago)
  204. Owning Mahowny (Director: Richard Kwietniowski)
  205. Paradise Found (Director: Mario Andreacchio)
  206. Paris (Director: Ramin Niami)
  207. Particles Of Truth (Director: Jennifer Elster)
  208. Party Monster (Directors: Fenton Bailey + Randy Barbato)
  209. Passion’s Desire (Director: Mike Sedan)
  210. Pauly Shore Is Dead (Director: Pauly Shore)
  211. Penetration Angst (Director: Wolfgang Büld)
  212. Playas Ball (Director: Jennifer Harper)
  213. Posers (Director: Katie Tallo)
  214. Power Play (Director: Joseph Zito)
  215. Prey For Rock + Roll (Director: Alex Steyermark)
  216. Prison-A-Go-Go! (Director: Barak Epstein)
  217. Purgatory Flats (Director: Harris Done)
  218. Purple Butterfly (Director: Ye Lou)
  219. Quattro Noza (Director: Joey Curtis)
  220. Quicksand (Director: John Mackenzie)
  221. Rats (Killer Rats) (Director: Tibor Takács)
  222. Red Passport (Director: Albert Xavier)
  223. Red Riding Hood (Director: Giacomo Cimini)
  224. Red Roses + Petrol (Director: Tamar Simon Hoffs)
  225. Red Serpent (Director: Gino Tanasescu)
  226. Red Zone (Director: Lee Madden)
  227. Reeseville (Director: Christian Otjen)
  228. Remember Me, My Love (Director: Gabriele Muccino)
  229. Resistance (Director: Todd Komarnicki)
  230. Rhinoceros Eyes (Director: Aaron Woodley)
  231. Rick (Director: Curtiss Clayton)
  232. Road Kings (Director: Detdrich McClure)
  233. Rolling Kansas (Director: Thomas Haden Church)
  234. Ronny Camaro + Seven Angry Women (Director: Bo Linton)
  235. Rude Boy: The Jamaican Don (Director: Desmond Gumbs)
  236. Screen Door Jesus (Director: Kirk Davis)
  237. Season Of The Hunted (Director: Ron Sperling)
  238. Shade (Director: Damian Nieman)
  239. Shelter island (Director: Geoffrey Schaaf)
  240. Shredder (Director: Greg Huson)
  241. Shrink Rap (Director: Doug Cox)
  242. Sin (Director: Michael Stevens)
  243. Sister Blue (Director: Doug Greenall)
  244. Skin Deep (Director: Sacha Parisot)
  245. Sky High (Director: Ryûhei Kitamura)
  246. Slaves Of The Realm (Director: Lloyd A. Simandl)
  247. Sol Goode (Director: Danny Comden)
  248. Southside (Director: Billy Hayes)
  249. Speed Demon (Director: David DeCoteau)
  250. Spinning Boris (Director: Roger Spottiswoode)
  251. Spring, Summer, Fall, Winter...And Spring (Director: Ki-duk Kim)
  252. Stander (Director: Bronwen Hughes)
  253. Stealing Candy (Director: Mark L. Lester)
  254. Stealing Sinatra (Director: Ron Underwood)
  255. Subterano (Director: Esben Storm)
  256. Sucker Punch (Director: Jeff Crook + Josh Crook)
  257. Surrender (Director: Katherine Brooks)
  258. Swimming Pool (Director: François Ozon)
  259. Swirl (Director: Les Wilson)
  260. Sylvia Plath (Director: Christine Jeffs)
  261. Taking The Westside (Director: John N. Perez)
  262. Tangy Guacamole (Director: Mike Deeney)
  263. Tapped Out (Director: Georgio)
  264. Tears Of The Sun (Director: Antoine Fuqua)
  265. Tempo (Director: Eric Styles)
  266. Terminator III: Rise Of The Machines (Director: Jonathan Mostow)
  267. Testosterone (Director: David Moreton)
  268. The $cheme (Director: Marcus Gautesen)
  269. The Actors (Director: Conor McPherson)
  270. The Animation Show (Directors: myriad and various)
  271. The Barbarian Invasions (Director: Denys Arcand)
  272. The Beat (Director: Brandon Sonnier)
  273. The Best Of Youth (Director: Marco Tullio Giordana)
  274. The Big Empty (Director: Steve Anderson)
  275. The Blind Swordsman: Zatoichi (Director: Takeshi Kitano)
  276. The Bog Creatures (Director: J. Christian Ingvordsen)
  277. The Bone Snatcher (Director: Jason Wulfsohn)
  278. The Cooler (Director: Wayne Kramer)
  279. The Era Of Vampires (Director: Wellson Chin)
  280. The Event (Director: Thom Fitzgerald)
  281. The Face Of The Serpent (Director: David B. Craig)
  282. The Falls (Director: Paul DeNigris)
  283. The Fast Life (Director: Douglas Elford-Argent)
  284. The Flower Of Evil (Director: Claude Chabrol)
  285. The Foreigner (Director: Michael Oblowitz)
  286. The Ghosts Of Edendale (Director: Stefan Avalos)
  287. The Ghouls (Director: Chad Ferrin)
  288. The Green Butchers (Director: Anders Thomas Jensen)
  289. The Hebrew Hammer (Director: Jonathan Kesselman)
  290. The Human Stain (Director: Robert Benton)
  291. The Hunted (Director: William Friedkin)
  292. The Invitation (Director: Pat Bermel)
  293. The Job (Director: Kenny Golde)
  294. The Last Horror Movie (Director: Julian Richards)
  295. The Last Samurai (Director: Edward Zwick)
  296. The Legend Of Diablo (Director: Robert Napton)
  297. The Librarians (Director: Mike Kirton)
  298. The Life Of David Gale (Director: Alan Parker)
  299. The Man Who Copied (Director: Jorge Furtado)
  300. The Matrix: Reloaded (Directors: Lana Wachowski + Lilly Wachowski)
  301. The Matrix: Revolutions (Directors: Lana Wachowski + Lilly Wachowski)
  302. The Memory Of A Killer (Director: Erik Van Looy)
  303. The Missing (Director: Ron Howard)
  304. The Mother (Director: Roger Michell)
  305. The Mudge Boy (Director: Michael Burke)
  306. The Mummy’s Kiss (Director: Donald F. Glut)
  307. The Night We Called It A Day (Director: Paul Goldman)
  308. The Order (Director: Brian Helgeland)
  309. The Recruit (Director: Roger Donaldson)
  310. The Room (Director: Tommy Wiseau)
  311. The Saddest Music In The World (Director: Guy Maddin)
  312. The Shape Of Things (Director: Neil LaBute)
  313. The Singing Detective (Director: Keith Gordon)
  314. The Sleeping Dictionary (Director: Guy Jenkin)
  315. The Statement (Director: Norman Jewison)
  316. The Station Agent (Director: Tom McCarthy)
  317. The Tesseract (Director: Oxide Chun Pang)
  318. The Texas Chainsaw Massacre (Director: Marcus Nispel)
  319. The United States Of Leland (Director: Matthew Ryan Hoge)
  320. Thirteen (Director: Catherine Hardwicke)
  321. This Girl’s Life (Director: Ash Baron-Cohen)
  322. Time Of The Wolf (Director: Michael Haneke)
  323. Tio’s Game (Director: Juan Carlos Buitron)
  324. Tiptoes (Director: Matthew Bright)
  325. Tough Luck (Director: Gary Ellis)
  326. Tube (Director: Woon-hak Baek)
  327. Twist (Director: Jacob Tierney)
  328. Two Days (2 Days) (Director: Sean McGinly)
  329. Undead (Directors: Michael Spierig + Peter Spierig)
  330. Underworld (Director: Len Wiseman)
  331. Vampire Effect (Directors: Dante Lam + Donnie Yen)
  332. Vampires Anonymous (Director: Michael Keller)
  333. Veronica Guerin (Director: Joel Schumacher)
  334. Virgin (Director: Deborah Kampmeier)
  335. Visitors (Director: Richard Franklin)
  336. Vlad (Director: Michael D. Sellers)
  337. Warriors Of Heaven + Earth (Director: Ping He)
  338. Wasabi Tuna (Director: Lee Friedlander)
  339. Water Under The Bridge (Director: Clark Brigham)
  340. Water’s Edge (Director: Harvey Kahn)
  341. What Alice Found (Director: A. Dean Bell)
  342. What Boys Like (Director: Lawrence Gay)
  343. White Rush (Director: Mark L. Lester)
  344. Winter Break (Director: Marni Banack)
  345. Wishing Stairs (Director: Jae-yeon Yun)
  346. With Or Without You (Director: G. Stubbs)
  347. Wonderland (Director: James Cox)
  348. Written In Blood (Director: John Terlesky)
  349. Wrong Turn (Director: Rob Schmidt)
  350. You’re Killing Me... (Director: Antoni Stutz)
  351. Zelary (Director: Ondrej Trojan)
  352. Zhui ma lao (Director: Chi-Liang Liu)
NC-17
  1. Dangerous Pleasures (Director: Madison Monroe)
  2. The Dreamers (Director: Bernardo Bertolucci)
  3. Young Adam (Director: David Mackenzie)
submitted by tombstoneshadows28 to movies [link] [comments]


2017.06.10 08:46 tombstoneshadows28 All of the MPAA/CARA-rated films of 2002 (out of the 4,027 films released worldwide that year.)

G
  1. Grand Champion (Director: Barry Tubb)
  2. Jonah: A VeggieTales Movie (Directors: Mike Nawrocki + Phil Vischer)
  3. Joshua (Director: Jon Purdy)
  4. Jumping For Joy (Director: Timothy J. Nelson)
  5. Little Dreams (Director: Jeff Rigler)
  6. Octave (Director: Shaji N. Karun)
  7. Noro (Director: Radu Gabrea)
  8. Pinocchio (Director: Roberto Benigni)
  9. Pokémon Heroes (Directors: Jim Malone + Kunihiko Yuyama)
  10. Return To Neverland (Directors: Robin Budd + Donovan Cook)
  11. Spirit: Stallion Of The Cimarron (Directors: Kelly Asbury + Lorna Cook)
  12. Tarzan + Jane (Directors: Steve Loter, Lisa Schaffer, Victor Cook + Don MacKinnon)
  13. The Cat Returns (Director: Hiroyuki Morita)
  14. The Country Bears (Director: Peter Hastings)
  15. The Princess + The Pea (Director: Mark Swan)
  16. The Rookie (Director: John Lee Hancock)
  17. The Santa Clause II (Director: Michael Lembeck)
  18. Winnie the Pooh: A Very Merry Pooh Year (Directors: Gary Katona, Ed Wexler + Jamie Mitchell)
PG
  1. A Walk To Remember (Director: Adam Shankman)
  2. Ali Baba + The Forty Thieves (Director: Usha Ganesarajah)
  3. Asterix + Obelix Meet Cleopatra (Director: Alain Chabat)
  4. Big Fat Liar (Director: Shawn Levy)
  5. Charly (Director: Adam Thomas Anderegg)
  6. Children On Their Birthdays (Director: Mark Medoff)
  7. Clockstoppers (Director: Jonathan Frakes)
  8. Duct Tape Forever (Director: Eric Till)
  9. Evelyn (Director: Bruce Beresford)
  10. Foolish The Wise (Director: Jim Menza)
  11. Handcart (Director: Kels Goodman)
  12. Hansel + Gretel (Director: Gary J. Tunnicliffe)
  13. Harry Potter + The Chamber Of Secrets (Director: Chris Columbus)
  14. Hey Arnold! The Movie (Director: Tuck Tucker)
  15. Hometown Legend (Director: James Anderson)
  16. I Not Stupid (Director: Jack Neo)
  17. Ice Age (Directors: Chris Wedge + Carlos Saldanha)
  18. Inferno (Director: Dusty Nelson)
  19. Lamb To The Slaughter (Director: Nicole Barnette)
  20. Like Mike (Director: John Schultz)
  21. Lilo + Stitch (Directors: Dean DeBlois + Chris Sanders)
  22. Made-Up (Director: Tony Shalhoub)
  23. Manna From Heaven (Directors: Gabrielle Burton + Maria Burton)
  24. Mary + Joe (Director: John R. Hamilton)
  25. My Big Fat Greek Wedding (Director: Joel Zwick)
  26. Mystery At Sam’s (Director: John Comrie)
  27. Nicholas Nickleby (Director: Douglas McGrath)
  28. No Longer My Twin (Director: Robert G. Christie)
  29. O’key (Director: Oleg Fomin)
  30. Only In Hollywood (Director: Michael J. Holland)
  31. Out Of Step (Director: Ryan Little)
  32. Rabbit-Proof Fence (Director: Phillip Noyce)
  33. Saint Monica (Director: Terrance Odette)
  34. Scooby-Doo (Director: Raja Gosnell)
  35. Snow Dogs (Director: Brian Levant)
  36. Spooky House (Director: William Sachs)
  37. Springtime In A Small Town (Director: Zhuangzhuang Tian)
  38. Spy Kids II: Island Of Lost Dreams (Director: Robert Rodriguez)
  39. Star Wars: Episode II: Attack Of The Clones (Director: George Lucas)
  40. Stolen Summer (Director: Pete Jones)
  41. Stuart Little II (Director: Rob Minkoff)
  42. The Angel Doll (Director: Alexander Johnston)
  43. The Calling (Director: Damian Chapa)
  44. The Calling (Director: Michael C. Brown)
  45. The Climb (Director: John Schmidt)
  46. The Crocodile Hunter: Collision Course (Director: John Stainton)
  47. The Guys (Director: Jim Simpson)
  48. The Importance Of Being Earnest (Director: Oliver Parker)
  49. The Master Of Disguise (Director: Perry Andelin Blake)
  50. The Powerpuff Girls Movie (Director: Craig McCracken)
  51. The Singles Ward (Director: Kurt Hale)
  52. The Way Home (Director: Jeong-hyang Lee)
  53. The Wild Thornberrys Movie (Directors: Cathy Malkasian + Jeff McGrath)
  54. Thunderpants (Director: Peter Hewitt)
  55. Time Changer (Director: Rich Christiano)
  56. Together With You (Director: Kaige Chen)
  57. Tom + Thomas (Director: Esmé Lammers)
  58. Touching Wild Horses (Director: Eleanor Lindo)
  59. Treasure Planet (Directors: Ron Clements + John Musker)
  60. Tuck Everlasting (Director: Jay Russell)
  61. Two Men Went To War (Director: John Henderson)
  62. Virginia’s Run (Director: Peter Markle)
  63. Warriors Of Virtue II: Return To Tao (Director: Michael Vickerman)
PG-13
  1. A Time For Dancing (Director: Peter Gilbert)
  2. Abandon (Director: Stephen Gaghan)
  3. About A Boy (Directors: Chris Weitz + Paul Weitz)
  4. Trilogy: Two (Director: Lucas Belvaux)
  5. And Now...Ladies + Gentlemen... (Director: Claude Lelouch)
  6. Antwone Fisher (Director: Denzel Washington)
  7. Anything But Love (Director: Robert Cary)
  8. Austin Powers in “Goldmember” (Director: Jay Roach)
  9. Awara Paagal Deewana (Director: Vikram Bhatt)
  10. Bad Company (Director: Joel Schumacher)
  11. Barbershop (Director: Tim Story)
  12. Bend It Like Beckham (Director: Gurinder Chadha)
  13. Big Trouble (Director: Barry Sonnenfeld)
  14. Blue Crush (Director: John Stockwell)
  15. Bollywood/Hollywood (Director: Deepa Mehta)
  16. Boo! The Movie (Director: Michael Lansu)
  17. Brown Sugar (Director: Rick Famuyiwa)
  18. Callas Forever (Director: Franco Zeffirelli)
  19. Catch Me If You Can (Director: Steven Spielberg)
  20. Cheats (Director: Andrew Gurland)
  21. Chicago (Director: Rob Marshall)
  22. Contagion (Director: John Murlowski)
  23. Crossroads (Director: Tamra Davis)
  24. Dark Water (Director: Hideo Nakata)
  25. Darkness (Director: Jaume Balagueró)
  26. Dead Weight (Directors: Alain Berbérian + Frédéric Forestier)
  27. Die Another Day (Director: Lee Tamahori)
  28. Divine Secrets Of The Ya-Ya Sisterhood (Director: Callie Khouri)
  29. Dragonfly (Director: Tom Shadyac)
  30. Drumline (Director: Charles Stone III)
  31. Eight Crazy Nights (Director: Seth Kearsley)
  32. Eight Legged Freaks (Director: Ellory Elkayem)
  33. Enough (Director: Michael Apted)
  34. Extreme Ops (Director: Christian Duguay)
  35. Fangs (Director: Kelly Sandefur)
  36. Far From Heaven (Director: Todd Haynes)
  37. Far From Home (Director: Zhong Yu)
  38. Fizzy Bizness (Director: Carl Goldstein)
  39. Frank McKlusky, C.I. (Director: Arlene Sanford)
  40. Full Ride (Director: Mark Hoeger)
  41. Half Past Dead (Director: Don Michael Paul)
  42. He Loves Me...He Loves Me Not (Director: Laetitia Colombani)
  43. Heartlands (Director: Damien O’Donnell)
  44. Hero (Director: Yimou Zhang)
  45. High Crimes (Director: Carl Franklin)
  46. Hollywood Ending (Director: Woody Allen)
  47. I Spy (Director: Betty Thomas)
  48. In America (Director: Jim Sheridan)
  49. In Your Face (Director: Tim Tommasino)
  50. In The Wrong Hands (Directors: Chris Johnston + James A. Seale)
  51. John Q (Director: Nick Cassavetes)
  52. Juwanna Mann (Director: Jesse Vaughan)
  53. K-19: The Widowmaker (Director: Kathryn Bigelow)
  54. Kung Pow: Enter The Fist (Director: Steve Oedekerk)
  55. L’amore imperfetto (Director: Giovanni Davide Maderna)
  56. Landspeed (Director: Christian McIntire)
  57. Left Behind II: Tribulation Force (Director: Bill Corcoran)
  58. Life Or Something Like It (Director: Stephen Herek)
  59. Local Boys (Director: Ron Moler)
  60. Lone Star State Of Mind (Director: David Semel)
  61. Maid In Manhattan (Director: Wayne Wang)
  62. Men In Black II (Director: Barry Sonnenfeld)
  63. Mi Amigo (Director: Milton Brown)
  64. Minority Report (Director: Steven Spielberg)
  65. Moonlight Mile (Director: Brad Silberling)
  66. Mr. Deeds (Director: Steven Brill)
  67. My Name Is Tanino (Director: Paolo Virzi)
  68. Nobody’s Life (Director: Eduard Cortés)
  69. Orange County (Director: Jake Kasdan)
  70. Passionada (Director Dan Ireland)
  71. Possession (Director: Neil LaBute)
  72. Real Women Have Curves (Director: Patricia Cardoso)
  73. Reign Of Fire (Director: Rob Bowman)
  74. Respiro (Director: Emanuele Crialese)
  75. Returning Mickey Stern (Director: Michael Prywes)
  76. S1m0ne (Director: Andrew Niccol)
  77. Sam + Janet (Director: Rick Walker)
  78. Serving Sara (Director: Reginald Hudlin)
  79. Shoot Or Be Shot (Director: J. Randall Argue)
  80. Showtime (Director: Tom Dey)
  81. Signs (Director: M. Night Shyamalan)
  82. Silence (The Only Witness) (Director: Tom Whitus)
  83. Slap Her, She’s French! (Director: Melanie Mayron)
  84. Solaris (Director: Steven Soderbergh)
  85. Speakeasy (Director: Brendan Murphy)
  86. Spider-Man (Director: Sam Raimi)
  87. Star Trek: Nemesis (Director: Stuart Baird)
  88. Stealing Harvard (Director: Bruce McCulloch)
  89. Sunshine State (Director: John Sayles)
  90. Sweet Home Alabama (Director: Andy Tennant)
  91. Swimfan (Director: John Polson)
  92. Swimming Upstream (Director: Robert J. Emery)
  93. Terminal Error (Director: John Murlowski)
  94. The 4th Tenor (Director: Harry Basil)
  95. The Adventures Of Pluto Nash (Director: Ron Underwood)
  96. The Bourne Identity (Director: Doug Liman)
  97. The Code Conspiracy (Director: Hank Whetstone)
  98. The Count Of Monte Cristo (Director: Kevin Reynolds)
  99. The Emperor’s Club (Director: Michael Hoffman)
  100. The First $20 Million Is Always The Hardest (Director: Mick Jackson)
  101. The Four Feathers (Director: Shekhar Kapur)
  102. The Hot Chick (Director: Tom Brady)
  103. The Hours (Director: Stephen Daldry)
  104. The Last Place On Earth (Director: James Slocum)
  105. The Lord Of The Rings: The Two Towers (Director: Peter Jackson)
  106. The Man Without A Past (Director: Aki Kaurismäki)
  107. The Missing Gun (Director: Chuan Lu)
  108. The Mothman Prophecies (Director: Mark Pellington)
  109. The New Guy (Director: Ed Decter)
  110. The Ring (Director: Gore Verbinski)
  111. The Scorpion King (Director: Chuck Russell)
  112. The Sum Of All Fears (Director: Phil Alden Robinson)
  113. The Third Wheel (Director: Jordan Brady)
  114. The Time Machine (Director: Simon Wells)
  115. The Touch (Director: Peter Pau)
  116. The Transporter (Directors: Louis Leterrier + Corey Yuen)
  117. The Truth About Charlie (Director: Jonathan Demme)
  118. The Tuxedo (Director: Kevin Donovan)
  119. They (Director: Robert Harmon)
  120. Two Weeks Notice (Director: Marc Lawrence)
  121. Unconditional Love (Director: P.J. Hogan)
  122. Undercover Brother (Director: Malcolm D. Lee)
  123. Undertaking Betty (Director: Nick Hurran)
  124. Valentin (Director: Alejandro Agresti)
  125. Villa des roses (Director: Frank Van Passel)
  126. Whale Rider (Director: Niki Caro)
  127. Wheelies (Director: Drew Umland)
  128. White Oleander (Director: Peter Kosminsky)
  129. Wicked Game (Director: Koichi Sakamoto + Makoto Yokoyama)
  130. Wicked Spring (Director: Kevin R. Hershberger)
  131. Wounded Hearts (Director: J.D. Hawkins)
  132. Zhou Yu de huo che (Director: Zhou Sun)
  133. xXx (Director: Rob Cohen)
R
  1. 100 Mile Ride (Director: Bren Huff)
  2. 13 Moons (Director: Alexandre Rockwell)
  3. 13th Child (Directors: Thomas Ashley + Steven Stockage)
  4. 10 Months (Director: Randall Cole)
  5. 2009: Lost Memories (Director: Si-myung Lee)
  6. 24 Hour Party People (Director: Michael Winterbottom)
  7. 25th Hour (Director: Spike Lee)
  8. 28 Days Later... (Director: Danny Boyle)
  9. 29 Palms (Director: Leonardo Ricagni)
  10. 3 Extremes II (Directors: Peter Ho-Sun Chan, Jee-woon Kim + Nonzee Nimibutr)
  11. 40 Days + 40 Nights (Director: Michael Lehmann)
  12. 8 Mile (Director: Curtis Hanson)
  13. 8 Women (Director: François Ozon)
  14. 800 Bullets (Director: Álex de la Iglesia)
  15. 9 Dead Gay Guys (Director: Lab Ky Mo)
  16. A Gentleman’s Game (Director: J. Mills Goodloe)
  17. A Housekeeper (Director: Claude Berri)
  18. A Light In The Darkness (Director: Marshall E. Uzzle)
  19. A Midsummer Night’s Rave (Director: Gil Cates, Jr.)
  20. A Snake Of June (Director: Shin’ya Tsukamoto)
  21. AKA (Director: Duncan Roy)
  22. About Schmidt (Director: Alexander Payne)
  23. Adam + Eve (Director: Izidore K. Musallam)
  24. Adaptation (Director: Spike Jonze)
  25. Three (Director: Lucas Belvaux)
  26. Ali G Indahouse (Director: Mark Mylod)
  27. All About The Benjamins (Director: Kevin Bray)
  28. All Or Nothing (Director: Mike Leigh)
  29. Alone (Director: Phil Claydon)
  30. Amar te duele (Director: Fernando Sariñana)
  31. American Girl (Director: Jordan Brady)
  32. American Gun (Director: Alan Jacobs)
  33. Analyze That (Director: Harold Ramis)
  34. Angel Blade (Director: David Heavener)
  35. Angel Of Death (Director: Pepe Danquart)
  36. Angela (Director: Roberta Torre)
  37. Angels Crest (Director: J. Michael Couto)
  38. Ararat (Director: Atom Egoyan)
  39. Archangel (Director: Sandy Collora)
  40. Ash Wednesday (Director: Edward Burns)
  41. Assassination Tango (Director: Robert Duvall)
  42. Auto Focus (Director: Paul Schrader)
  43. Avenging Angelo (Director: Martyn Burke)
  44. Bad Boy (Director: Victoria Hochberg)
  45. Ballistic: Ecks vs Sever (Director: Wych Kaosayananda)
  46. Bang Bang You’re Dead (Director: Guy Ferland)
  47. Bark! (Director: Kasia Adamik)
  48. Barrio Wars (Director: Paul Wynne)
  49. Beauty Betrayed (Director: John Quinn)
  50. Beeper (Director: Jack Sholder)
  51. Below (Director: David Twohy)
  52. Bending All The Rules (Directors: Morgan Klein + Peter Knight)
  53. Better Luck Tomorrow (Director: Justin Lin)
  54. Between Strangers (Director: Edoardo Ponti)
  55. Big Ain’t Bad (Director: Ray Culpepper)
  56. Big Girls Don’t Cry (Director: Maria von Heland)
  57. Black Mask II: City Of Masks (Director: Hark Tsui)
  58. Black Point (Director: David Mackay)
  59. Blade II (Director: Guillermo del Toro)
  60. Blood Feast II: All U Can Eat (Director: Herschell Gordon Lewis)
  61. Blood Work (Director: Clint Eastwood)
  62. Bloody Crisis (Director: Gerald Barclay)
  63. Bloody Mallory (Director: Julien Magnat)
  64. Bloody Sunday (Director: Paul Greengrass)
  65. Blue Car (Director: Karen Moncrieff)
  66. Boat Trip (Director: Mort Nathan)
  67. Bolivar Is Me (Director: Jorge Ali Triana)
  68. Bomb The System (Director: Adam Bhala Lough)
  69. Broken Wings (Director: Nir Bergman)
  70. Brother’s Keeper (Director: John Badham)
  71. Bubba Ho-Tep (Director: Dan Coscarelli)
  72. Burning Desires (Director: J. Edie Martin)
  73. Buying The Cow (Director: Walt Becker)
  74. Cabin Fever (Director: Eli Roth)
  75. Capone’s Boys (Director: Richard Standeven)
  76. Castle Eros (Director: Madison Monroe)
  77. Changing Lanes (Director: Roger Michell)
  78. Chaos (Director: Geraldine Creed)
  79. Charlotte Sometimes (Director: Eric Byler)
  80. Cheerleader Ninjas (Director: Kevin Campbell)
  81. Cherish (Director: Finn Taylor)
  82. Chopin. Pragnienie milosci (Director: Jerzy Antczak)
  83. Ciao America (Director: Frank Ciota)
  84. City By The Sea (Director: Michael Caton-Jones)
  85. City Of Ghosts (Director: Matt Dillon)
  86. City Of God (Directors: Fernando Meirelles + Kátia Lund)
  87. Civil Brand (Director: Neema Barnette)
  88. Close Enough To Touch (Director: Jamie Scabbert)
  89. Close Your Eyes (Director: Nick Willing)
  90. Coastlines (Director: Victor Nunez)
  91. Collateral Damage (Director: Andrew Davis)
  92. Confessions Of A Dangerous Mind (Director: George Clooney)
  93. Correct Change (Director: Mike Lilly)
  94. Cottonmouth (Director: James Dalthorp)
  95. Cover Story (Director: Eric Weston)
  96. Crazy As Hell (Director: Eriq La Salle)
  97. Crocodile II: Death Swamp (Director: Gary Jones)
  98. Cruel Game (Director: Masashi Nagadoi)
  99. Cube²: Hypercube (Director: Andrzej Sekula)
  100. Curse Of The Forty-Niner (Director: John Carl Beuchler)
  101. Cutting Horse (Director: Larry Clark)
  102. Cypher (Director: Vincenzo Natali)
  103. Dahmer (Director: David Jacobson)
  104. Dark Blue (Director; Ron Shelton)
  105. Dark Heaven (Director: Douglas Schulze)
  106. De la mano de un ángel (Director: David Aponte)
  107. Dead Above Ground (Director: Chuck Bowman)
  108. Dead Heat (Director: Mark Malone)
  109. Dead In The Water (Director: Gustavo Lipsztein)
  110. Deadly Little Secrets (Director: Fiona Mackenzie)
  111. Death To Smoochy (Director: Danny DeVito)
  112. Deathwatch (Director: Michael J. Bassett)
  113. Deep Freeze (Director: John Carl Buechler)
  114. Defiance (Director: Doveed Linder)
  115. Dreamlover (Director: Olivier Assayas)
  116. Derailed (Director: Bob Misiorowski)
  117. Descent Into Darkness (Director: Daniel Knauf)
  118. Desert Saints (Director: Richard Greenberg)
  119. Deuces Wild (Director: Scott Kalvert)
  120. Devious Beings (Director: Chris Mazzei)
  121. Dirty Deeds (Director: David Caesar)
  122. Dirty Pretty Things (Director: Stephen Frears)
  123. Dog Soldiers (Director: Neil Marshall)
  124. Don’t Let Go (Director: Max Myers)
  125. Double Vision (Director: Kuo-Fu Chen)
  126. Dummy (Director: Greg Pritikin)
  127. Edge Of Madness (Director: Anne Wheeler)
  128. El crimen del padre Amaro (director: Carlos Carrera)
  129. Emmett’s Mark (Director: Keith Snyder)
  130. Empire (Director: Franc.Ryes)
  131. Endangered Species (Director: Kevin S. Tenney)
  132. Engine Trouble (Director: Marc Ickx)
  133. Equilibrium (Director: Kurt Wimmer)
  134. Essence Of Echoes (Director: Dustin Rikert)
  135. Eternal Blood (Director: Jorge Olguín)
  136. EvenHand (Director: Joseph Pierson)
  137. Eye See You (D-Tox) (Director: Jim Gillespie)
  138. Fabled (Director: Ari Kirshenbaum)
  139. Face (Director: Bertha Bay-Sa Pan)
  140. Fallen Angels (Director: Ian David Diaz)
  141. Feardotcom (Director: William Malone)
  142. Feedback (Director: Teo Konuralp)
  143. Femme Fatale (Director: Brian De Palma)
  144. Fish Don’t Blink (Director: Chuck DeBus)
  145. Food Of Love (Director: Ventura Pons)
  146. For Da Love Of Money (Director: Pierre Edwards + Mike Williams)
  147. Frida (Director: Julie Taymor)
  148. Friday After Next (Director: Marcus Raboy)
  149. Frogmen Operation Stormbringer (Director: Franklin A. Vallett)
  150. Fubar (Director: Michael Dowse)
  151. Full Frontal (Director: Steven Soderbergh)
  152. G (Director: Christopher Scott Cherot)
  153. Gangs Of New York (Director: Martin Scorsese)
  154. Garage Days (Director: Alex Proyas)
  155. Gerry (Diector: Gus Van Sant)
  156. Ghetto Dawg (Director: Brian Averill)
  157. Ghost Ship (Director: Steve Beck)
  158. GhostWatcher (Director: David A. Cross)
  159. Ginostra (Director: Manuel Pradal)
  160. Girl Fever (100 Women) (Director: Michael Davis)
  161. Global Effect (Director: Terry Cunningham)
  162. Rock My World (Director: Sidney J. Furie)
  163. Hooded Angels (Director: Paul Matthews)
  164. Go For Broke (Director: Jean-Claude La Marre)
  165. God Is On Air (Director: Jordi Mollà)
  166. H (Director: Jong-hyeok Lee)
  167. Halloween: Resurrection (Director: Rick Rosenthal)
  168. Happy Here + Now (Director: Michael Almereyda)
  169. Hard Cash (Director: Predrag Antonijevic)
  170. Hart’s War (Director: Gregory Hoblit)
  171. Heart Of America (Director: Uwe Boll)
  172. Heaven (Director: Tom Tykwer)
  173. High Times Potluck (Director: Alison Thomson)
  174. Highway (Director: James Cox)
  175. Hollywood Vampyr (Director: Steve Akahoshi)
  176. Home Room (Director: Paul F. Ryan)
  177. House Of Fools (Director: Andrey Konchalovskiy)
  178. Hustlas (Director: Gabriel Avina)
  179. I’m With Lucy (Director: Jon Sherman)
  180. Igby Goes Down (Director: Burr Steers)
  181. In This World (Director: Michael Winterbottom)
  182. Infernal Affairs (Directors: Wai-Keung Lau + Alan Mak)
  183. Infested (Director: Josh Olson)
  184. Insomnia (Director: Christopher Nolan)
  185. Interstate 60: Episodes Of The Road (Director: Bob Gale)
  186. Interview With The Assassin (Director: Neil Burger)
  187. Jane White Is Sick + Twisted (Director: David Michael Latt)
  188. Japón (Director: Carlos Reygadas)
  189. Jet Lag (Director: Danièle Thompson)
  190. Ju-on: The Grudge (Director: Takashi Shimizu)
  191. Julie Walking Home (The Healer) (Director: Agnieszka Holland)
  192. Junk (Director: Stephanie Meurer)
  193. Just A Kiss (Director: Fisher Stevens)
  194. Kaante (Director: Sanjay Gupta)
  195. Killing Me Softly (Director: Kaige Chen)
  196. King Rikki (Director: James Gavin Bedford)
  197. Kingston High (Director: Stephen Townsend)
  198. Kiss The Bride (Director: Vanessa Parise)
  199. L’auberge espagnole (Director: Cédric Klapisch)
  200. Lana’s Rain (Director: Michael S. Ojeda)
  201. Las Vegas Warrior (Director: Natasha Baron)
  202. Laurel Canyon (Director: Lisa Cholodenko)
  203. Leather + Iron (Director: James Archer)
  204. Legend Of The Phantom Rider (Director: Alex Erkiletian)
  205. Leo (Director: Mehdi Norowzian)
  206. Liberty Stands Still (Director: Kari Skogland)
  207. Lilya 4-Ever (Director: Lukas Moodysson)
  208. Lone Hero (Director: Ken Sanzel)
  209. Long Time Dead (Director: Marcus Adams)
  210. Love Liza (Director: Todd Louiso)
  211. Love Relations (Directors: Michael Hoffman + Delvin Molden)
  212. Love + A Bullet (Directors: Ben Ramsey + Kantz)
  213. Love In The Time Of Money (Director: Peter Mattei)
  214. Love.com (Director: Sherwood Ball)
  215. Makin’ Baby (Director: Paul Wynn)
  216. Making A Killing (Director: Ryan Lee Driscoll)
  217. Malevolent (Director: John Terlesky)
  218. Man On The Train (Director: Patrice Leconte)
  219. Married People, Single Sex: The Return (Director: Chanda Fuller)
  220. Master Of The Game (Director: Jeff Stolhand)
  221. Max (Director: Menno Meyjes)
  222. May (Director: Lucky McKee)
  223. Men With Brooms (Director: Paul Gross)
  224. Merci Dr. Rey! (Director: Andrew Litvack)
  225. Minimal Knowledge (Director: Gregory J. Corrado)
  226. Miranda (Director: Marc Munden)
  227. Mondays In The Sun (Director: Fernando León de Aranoa)
  228. Monkey Love (Director: Mark Stratton)
  229. Morvern Callar (Director: Lynne Ramsay)
  230. Mr. Smith Gets A Hustler (Director: Ian McCrudden)
  231. Mulletville (Director: Tony Leahy)
  232. Murder By Numbers (Director: Barbet Schroeder)
  233. My Little Eye (Director: Marc Evans)
  234. Naked Weapon (Director: Siu-Tung Ching)
  235. Narc (Director: Joe Carnahan)
  236. Never Get Outta The Boat (Director: Paul Quinn)
  237. New Best Friend (Director: Zoe Clarke-Williams)
  238. New Suit (Director: François Velle)
  239. New World (Director: Peter John Ross)
  240. Nightstalker (Director: Chris Fisher)
  241. No Good Deed (Director: Bob Rafelson)
  242. No Manners (Conduct Zero) (Director: Geun-shik Jo)
  243. Novo (Director: Jean-Pierre Limosin)
  244. Now + Forever (Director: Bob Clark)
  245. Now You Know (Director: Jeff Anderson)
  246. On The Edge (Director: Fred Williamson)
  247. One (Director: Lucas Belvaux)
  248. On_Line (Director: Jed Weintrob)
  249. Once Upon A Time In The Midlands (Director: Shane Meadows)
  250. One Hell Of A Christmas (Director: Shaky Gonzalezz)
  251. One Hour Photo (Director: Mark Romanek)
  252. Open Hearts (Director: Susanne Bier)
  253. Outside The Law (Director: Jorge Montesi)
  254. Outta Time (Director: Lorena David)
  255. P.S. Your Cat Is Dead! (Director: Steve Guttenberg)
  256. Paid In Full (Director: Charles Stone III)
  257. Pandora’s Box (Director: Rob Hardy)
  258. Panic (Air Panic) (Director: Bob Misiorowski)
  259. Panic Room (Director: David Fincher)
  260. Paper Soldiers (Directors: David Daniel + Damon Dash)
  261. Partners In Action (Director: Sidney J. Furie)
  262. People I Know (Director: Daniel Algrant)
  263. Personal Velocity (Director: Rebecca Miller)
  264. Phase IV (Director: Bryan Goeres)
  265. Phone (Director: Byeong-ki Ahn)
  266. Phone Booth (Director: Joel Schumacher)
  267. Pipe Dream (Director: John Walsh)
  268. Poolhall Junkies (Director: Mars Callahan)
  269. Pressure (Director: Richard Gale)
  270. Pumpkin (Directors: Anthony Abrams + Adam Larson Broder)
  271. Punch (Director: Guy Bennett)
  272. Punch-Drunk Love (Director: Paul Thomas Anderson)
  273. Punto y aparte (Director: Paco del Toro)
  274. Pure (Director: Gillies MacKinnon)
  275. Purpose (Director: Alan Ari Lazar)
  276. Queen Of The Damned (Director: Michael Rymer)
  277. Quicksand (Director: Sam Firstenberg)
  278. R.I.C.C.O. (Director: Shawn Woodard)
  279. R.S.V.P. (Director: Mark Anthony Galluzzo)
  280. Rachel’s Attic (Director: David Tybor)
  281. Raising Victor Vargas (Director: Peter Sollett)
  282. Reality Check (Director: Rafal Zielinski)
  283. Reckoning (Director: Jason Rodriguez)
  284. Red Dragon (Director: Brett Ratner)
  285. Repli-Kate (Director: Frank Longo)
  286. Resident Evil (Director: Paul W.S. Anderson)
  287. Returner (Director: Takashi Yamazaki)
  288. Revenge Of The Unhappy Campers (Director: Shawnee Mercer)
  289. Steal (Director: Gérard Pirès)
  290. Ripley’s Game (Director: Liliana Cavani)
  291. Ritual (Tales From The Crypt presents) (Director: Avi Nesher)
  292. Road To Perdition (Director: Sam Mendes)
  293. Roger Dodger (Director: Dylan Kidd)
  294. Rollerball (Director: John McTiernan)
  295. Ronnie (Director: Christopher Haifley)
  296. Rub + Tug (Director: Soo Lyu)
  297. Run Ronnie Run (Director: Troy Miller)
  298. Samurai (Director: Giordano Gederlini)
  299. Savage Messiah (Director: Mario Azzopardi)
  300. Savage Roses (Director: James Tucker)
  301. Scorcher (Director: James Seale)
  302. Searching For Paradise (Director: Myra Paci)
  303. Second To Die (Director: Brad Marlowe)
  304. Secret Pleasures (Director: Michael Paul Girard)
  305. Secretary (Director: Steven Shainberg)
  306. Sex Is Comedy (Director: Catherine Breillat)
  307. Sex + The Teenage Mind (Director: Donald L. Gold)
  308. Shattered Lies (Director: Gerry Lively)
  309. Shooters (Directors: Glenn Durfort + Colin Teague)
  310. Shottas (Director: Cess Silvera)
  311. Skins (Director: Chris Eyre)
  312. Slackers (Director: Dewey Nicks)
  313. Slash (Director: Neal Sundstrom)
  314. Snake Island (Director: Wayne Crawford)
  315. Snapshots (Director: Rudolf van den Berg)
  316. So Close (Director: Corey Yuen)
  317. Sonny (Director: Nicholas Cage)
  318. Sorority Boys (Director: Wallace Wolodarsky)
  319. Speck (Director: Keith Walley)
  320. Spider (Director: David Cronenberg)
  321. Spider’s Web (Director: Paul Levine)
  322. Spun (Director: Jonas Åkerlund)
  323. Stark Raving Mad (Directors: Drew Daywalt + David Schneider)
  324. State Property (Director: Abdul Malik Abbott)
  325. Storm Watch (Director: Terry Cunningham)
  326. Strange Hearts (Director: Michelle Gallagher)
  327. Super Sucker (Director: Jeff Daniels)
  328. Survival Island (Directors: David Hillenbrand + Scott Hillenbrand)
  329. Sweet Sixteen (Director: Ken Loach)
  330. Swept Away (Director: Guy Ritchie)
  331. Swindle (Director: K.C. Bascombe)
  332. Sympathy For Mr. Vengeance (Director: Chan-wook Park)
  333. Taboo (Director: Max Makowski)
  334. Talk To Her (Director: Pedro Almodóvar)
  335. Tattoo, A Love Story (Director: Richard W. Bean)
  336. Bundy (Director: Matthew Bright)
  337. Teddy Bears’ Picnic (Director: Harry Shearer)
  338. Teknolust (Director: Lynn Hershman-Leeson)
  339. Ten Tiny Love Stories (Director: Rodrigo Garcia)
  340. The Anarchist Cookbook (Director: Jordan Susman)
  341. The Badge (Director: Robby Henson)
  342. The Banger Sisters (Director: Bob Dolman)
  343. The Barber (Director: Michael Bafaro)
  344. The Black Magic (Director: Marc-Ivan O’Gorman)
  345. The Brooklyn Boys (Director: John Bianco)
  346. The Burial Society (Director: Nicholas Racz)
  347. The Circle (Director: Sidney J. Furie)
  348. The Circuit (Director: Jalal Merhi)
  349. The Coast Guard (Director: Ki-duk Kim)
  350. The Code (Director: Manuel Boursinhac)
  351. The Cuckoo (Director: Aleksandr Rogozhkin)
  352. The Dancer Upstairs (Director: John Malkovich)
  353. The Dangerous Lives Of Altar Boys (Director: Peter Care)
  354. The Escapist (Director: Gillies MacKinnon)
  355. The Eye (Directors: Danny Pang + Oxide Chun Pang)
  356. The Final Curtain(Director: Patrick Harkins)
  357. The Frightening (Director: David DeCoteau)
  358. The Gatekeeper (Director: John Carlos Frey)
  359. The Gathering (Director: Brian Gilbert)
  360. The Good Girl (Director: Miguel Arteta)
  361. The Good Thief (Director: Neil Jordan)
  362. The Good War (Director: Giorgia Serafini)
  363. The Greenskeeper (Directors: Kevin Greene, Adam Johnson+ Tripp Norton)
  364. The Guru (Director: Daisy von Scherler Mayer)
  365. The Hard Word (Director: Scott Roberts)
  366. The Heart Of Me (Director: Thaddeus O’Sullivan)
  367. The House Next Door (Director: Joey Travolta)
  368. The Hungry Woman (Director: Glenn Robert Smith)
  369. The Intended (Director: Kristian Levring)
  370. The M.O. Of M.I. (Director: Susan Turley)
  371. The Magdalene Sisters (Director: Peter Mullan)
  372. The Murder (Director: Greg Rempel)
  373. The Nest (Director: Florent-Emilio Siri)
  374. The Nugget (Director: Bill Bennett)
  375. The Other Brother (Director: Mandel Holland)
  376. The Other Side Of The Bed (Director: Emilio Martinez Lázaro)
  377. The Perfect You (Crazy Little Thing) (Director: Matthew Miller)
  378. The Pianist (Director: Roman Polanski)
  379. The Quiet American (Director: Phillip Noyce)
  380. The Reckoning (Director: Paul McGuigan)
  381. The Red Siren (Director: Olivier Megaton)
  382. The Round + Round (Director: Rod Slane)
  383. The Rules Of Attraction (Director: Roger Avery)
  384. The Salton Sea (Director: D.J. Caruso)
  385. The Scoundrel’s Wife (Director: Glen Pitre)
  386. The Sea Is Watching (Director: Kei Kumai)
  387. The Secret Lives Of Dentists (Director: Alan Rudolph)
  388. The Slaughter Rule (Directors: Alex Smith + Andrew J. Smith)
  389. The Source (Director: Steve Taylor)
  390. The Stickup (Director: Rowdy Harrington)
  391. The Streetsweeper (Director: James Hill)
  392. The Sweetest Thing (Director: Roger Kumble)
  393. The Third Society (Director: J.A. Steel)
  394. The Trip (Director: Miles Swain)
  395. The Wisher (Director: Gavin Wilding)
  396. The Year That Trembled (Director: Jay Craven)
  397. Threat Of Exposure (Director: Tom Whitus)
  398. Three Days Of Rain (Director: Michael Meredith)
  399. Till Human Voices Wake Us (Director: Michael Petroni)
  400. Trance (Director: Gary Dean Orona)
  401. Trapped (Director: Luis Mandoki)
  402. Triggermen (Director: John Bradshaw)
  403. Trojan Warrior (Director: Salik Silverstein)
  404. Try Seventeen (Director: Jeffrey Porter)
  405. Turnaround (Director: Jeffrey W. Byrd)
  406. Twin Sisters (Director: Ben Sombogaart)
  407. Unborn But Forgotten (Director: Chang-jae Lim)
  408. Undisputed (Director: Walter Hill)
  409. Unfaithful (Director: Adrian Lyne)
  410. Unspeakable (Director: Thomas J. Wright)
  411. Until Death (Director: Charles Buchanan)
  412. Vampire Clan (Director: John Webb)
  413. Vampires: Los Muertos (Director: Tommy Lee Wallace)
  414. Van Wilder (Van Wilder: Party Liaison) (National Lampoon’s “Van Wilder”) (Director: Walt Becker)
  415. Vatos (Director: Paul Wynne)
  416. WXIII: Patlabor the Movie 3 (Directors: Takuji Endo + Fumihiko Takayama
  417. Waking Up In Reno (Director: Jordan Brady)
  418. War (Director: Aleksey Balabanov)
  419. Warrior (Director: Will Harper)
  420. Warrior Angels (Director: Byron W. Thompson)
  421. Washington Heights (Director: Alfredo Rodriguez de Villa)
  422. We Were Soldiers (Director: Randall Wallace)
  423. Welcome To Collinwood (Directors: Anthony Russo + Joe Russo)
  424. West Of Here (Director: Peter Masterson)
  425. Whacked! (Director: James Bruce)
  426. White Boy (Director: John Marino)
  427. Wilbur Wants To Kill Himself (Director: Lone Scherfig)
  428. Windtalkers (Director: John Woo)
  429. WiseGirls (Director: David Anspaugh)
  430. Wishcraft (Directors: Danny Graves + Richard Wenk)
  431. Wolves Of Wall Street (Director: David DeCoteau)
  432. Wrong Number (Director: Richard Middleton)
  433. XX/XY (Director: Austin Chick)
  434. Yesterday (Director: Yun-su Chong)
  435. Yossi + Jagger (Director: Eytan Fox)
  436. You Got Nothin’ (Director: Philip Angelotti)
  437. Zig Zag (Director: David S. Goyer)
NC-17
  1. In Our Garden (Director: Giuseppe Andrews)
  2. The Story Of O: Untold Pleasures (Director: Phil Leirness)
  3. Thirteen Chimes (13 Curses) (Director: Xavier Villaverde)
submitted by tombstoneshadows28 to movies [link] [comments]


2017.06.08 06:07 tombstoneshadows28 All of the MPAA/CARA-rated films of 2000 (out of the 3,823 films released worldwide that year.)

G
  1. 102 Dalmatians (Director: Kevin Lima)
  2. A Fish Tale (Directors: Stefan Fjeldmark, Greg Manwaring, Michael Donovan + Michael Hegner)
  3. Big Brother Trouble (Director: Ralph E. Portillo)
  4. Bored Silly (Director: Robert Shallcross)
  5. Carnivale (Director: Deane Taylor)
  6. Chicken Run (Directors: Peter Lord + Nick Park)
  7. Escape To Grizzly Mountain (Director: Anthony Dalesandro)
  8. Little Heros II (Director: Dog Story) (Director: Henri Charr)
  9. Old No. 587: The Great Train Robbery (Director: Dan T. Hall)
  10. Pokémon 3: The Movie (Directors: Kunihiko Yuyama + Michael Haigney)
  11. Return To The Secret Garden (Director: Scott Featherstone)
  12. Rugrats In Paris: The Movie (Directors: Stig Bergqvist + Paul Demeyer)
  13. The Adventures Of Cinderella’s Daughter (Director: Scott Zakarin)
  14. The Brainiacs.com (Director: Blair Treu)
  15. The Emperor’s New Groove (Director: Mark Dindal)
  16. The Newcomers (Director: James Allen Bradley)
  17. The Tigger Movie (Director: Jun Falkenstein + Chris Butler)
  18. Thomas + The Magic Railroad (Director: Britt Allcroft)
  19. Whispers: An Elephants Tale (Director: Dereck Joubert)
PG
  1. Achilles’ Love (Director: undisclosed)
  2. Believe (Director: Robert Tinnell)
  3. Between Christmas + New Year’s (Director: Stefan Lysenko)
  4. Can’t Be Heaven (Director: Richard Friedman)
  5. Cowboys + Angels (Director: Gregory C. Haynes)
  6. Digimon: The Movie (Directors: Mamoru Hosoda + Shigeyasu Yamauchi)
  7. Dinosaur (Directors: Eric Leighton + Ralph Zondag)
  8. Finding Kelly (Director: Lynn Hamrick)
  9. Flight Of Fancy (Director: Noel Quiñones)
  10. God’s Army (Director: Richard Dutcher)
  11. Happy Family Plan (Director: Tsutomu Abe)
  12. Happy Times (Director: Yimou Zhang)
  13. How The Grinch Stole Christmas (Director: Ron Howard)
  14. In The Mood For Love (Director: Kar-Wai Wong)
  15. It Had To Be You (Director: Steven Feder)
  16. Love’s Labour’s Lost (Director: Kenneth Branagh)
  17. Love...At Your Disposal (Director: Paul Lombardo)
  18. MVP: Most Valuable Primate (Director: Robert Vince)
  19. Message In A Cell Phone (Director: Eric Hendershot)
  20. Mission To Mars (Director: Brian De Palma)
  21. Mr. Rice’s Secret (Director: Nicholas Kendall)
  22. My Dog Skip (Director: Jay Russell)
  23. Oriundi (Director: Ricardo Bravo)
  24. Ping! (Director: Chris Baugh)
  25. Rat (Director: Steve Barron)
  26. Relative Values (Director: Eric Styles)
  27. Remember The Titans (Director: Boaz Yakin)
  28. Return To Me (Director: Bonnie Hunt)
  29. Secret Society (Director: Imogen Kimmel)
  30. Shadow Magic (Director: Ann Hu)
  31. Sinbad: Beyond The Veil Of Mists (Directors: Evan Ricks + Alan Jacobs)
  32. Small Time Crooks (Director: Woody Allen)
  33. Snow Day (Director: Chris Koch)
  34. Starforce (Directors: Cary Howe + Tony Kandah)
  35. Taliesin Jones (Director: Martin Duffy)
  36. The Adventures Of Rocky + Bullwinkle (Director: Des McAnuff)
  37. The Amati Girls (Director: Anne De Salvo)
  38. The Flintstone’s in “Viva Rock Vegas”) (Director: Brian Levant)
  39. The House Of Mirth (Director: Terence Davies)
  40. The Kid (Director: Jon Turteltaub)
  41. The Little Vampire (Director: Uli Edel)
  42. The Million Dollar Kid (Director: Neil Mandt)
  43. The Prince Of Light (Director: Yûgô Sakô)
  44. The Road To El Dorado (Directors: Bibo Bergeron, Don Paul + Jeffrey Katzenberg)
  45. Time Share (Director: Sharon von Wietersheim)
  46. Titan A.E. (Directors: Don Bluth, Gary Goldman + Art Vitello)
  47. Un amor de Borges (Director: Javier Torre)
  48. White Wolves III: Cry Of The White Wolf (Director: Victoria Muspratt)
PG-13
  1. 28 Days (Director: Betty Thomas)
  2. A Lowrider Spring Break (Director: Efrain Gutierrez)
  3. A Question Of Faith (Director: Tim Disney)
  4. A Rumor Of Angels (Director: Peter O’Fallon)
  5. Airboss III: The Payback (Director: J. Christian Ingvordsen)
  6. All The Pretty Horses (Director: Billy Bob Thornton)
  7. Autumn In New York (Director: Joan Chen)
  8. Battlefield Earth (Director: Roger Christian)
  9. Beautiful (Director: Sally Field)
  10. Bedazzled (Director: Harold Ramis)
  11. Best In Show (Director: Christopher Guest)
  12. Big Eden (Director: Thomas Bezucha)
  13. Big Momma’s House (Director: Raja Gosnell)
  14. Blue Moon (Director: John A. Gallagher)
  15. Bounce (Director: Don Roos)
  16. Boys + Girls (Director: Robert Iscove)
  17. Bread + Tulips (Director: Silvio Soldini)
  18. Bring It On (Director: Peyton Reed)
  19. Bruno (Director: Shirley MacLaine)
  20. Cast Away (Director: Robert Zemeckis)
  21. Center Stage (Director: Nicholas Hytner)
  22. Charlie’s Angels (Director: McG)
  23. Chocolat (Director: Lasse Hallström)
  24. Close To The Border (Director: Rodolfo Durán)
  25. Coyote Ugly (Director: David McNally)
  26. Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Director: Ang Lee)
  27. Deep Core (Director: Rodney McDonald)
  28. Divided We Fall (Director: Jan Hrebejk)
  29. Down To You (Director: Kris Isacsson)
  30. Drowning Mona (Director: Nick Gomez)
  31. Dude, Where’s My Car? (Director: Danny Leiner)
  32. Dungeons + Dragons (Director: Courtney Solomon)
  33. Escaflowne The Movie (Directors: Kazuki Akane + Yoshiyuki Takei)
  34. Face The Music (Director: Jeff Howard)
  35. Felicidades (Director: Lucho Bender)
  36. Finding Forrester (Director: Gus van Sant)
  37. Frequency (Director: Gregory Hoblit)
  38. G-Men From Hell (Director: Christopher Coppola)
  39. Gone In Sixty Seconds (Director: Dominic Sena)
  40. Hanging Up (Director: Diane Keaton)
  41. Here On Earth (Director: Mark Piznarski)
  42. I Dreamed Of Africa (Director: Hugh Hudson)
  43. I Know Who You Are (Director: Patricia Ferreira)
  44. I’ll Wave Back (Director: Jefferson Davis)
  45. Icebreaker (Director: David Giancola)
  46. If You Only Knew (Director: David Snedeker)
  47. Impact (Director: Christopher Robin Hood)
  48. Jericho (Director: Merlin Miller)
  49. Just One Night (Director: Alan Jacobs)
  50. Keeping The Faith (Director: Edward Norton)
  51. Knockout (Director: Lorenzo Doumani)
  52. Letter From Home (Director: Tony Savant)
  53. Lisa Picard Is Famous (Director: Griffin Dunne)
  54. Little Nicky (Director: Steven Brill)
  55. Loser (Director: Amy Heckerling)
  56. Love + Basketball (Director: Gina Prince-Bythewood)
  57. Mad About Mambo (Director: John Forte)
  58. Mambo Café (Director: Reuben Gonzalez)
  59. Me You Them (Director: Andrucha Waddington)
  60. Meet The Parents (Director: Jay Roach)
  61. Mercy Streets (Director: Jon Gunn)
  62. Miss Congeniality (Director: Donald Petrie)
  63. Mission: Impossible II (Director: John Woo)
  64. Moonglow (Director: Dennis Christianson)
  65. Mr. Accident (Director: Yahoo Serious)
  66. Nemesis (Director: James McDonald)
  67. Nowheresville (Director: Bishop Trout)
  68. O Brother, Where Art Thou? (Director: Joel Coen)
  69. Pandaemonium (Director: Julien Temple)
  70. Passion Of Mind (Director: Alain Berliner)
  71. Pay It Forward (Director: Mimi Leder)
  72. Prank (Director: Mikki Willis)
  73. Price Of Glory (Director: Carlos Ávila)
  74. Prince Of Central Park (Director: John Leekley)
  75. Ready To Rumble (Director: Brian Robbins)
  76. Red Planet (Director: Antony Hoffman)
  77. Screwed (Director: Scott Alexander + Larry Karaszewski)
  78. Shades Of Darkness (Director: Christopher Johnson)
  79. Shanghai Noon (Director: Tom Dey)
  80. Songcatcher (Director: Maggie Greenwald)
  81. Space Cowboys (Director: Clint Eastwood)
  82. Supernova (Director: Walter Hill)
  83. Tadpole (Director: Gary Winick)
  84. The 6th Day (Director: Roger Spottiswoode)
  85. The Closer You Get (Director: Aileen Ritchie)
  86. The Crew (Director: Michael Dinner)
  87. The Dancer (Director: Frédéric Garson)
  88. The Dish (Director: Rob Sitch)
  89. The Family Man (Director: Brett Ratner)
  90. The Hiding Place (Director: Douglas Green)
  91. The In Crowd (Director: Mary Lambert)
  92. The King’s Guard (Director: Jonathan Tydor)
  93. The Last Patrol (Director: Sheldon Lettich)
  94. The Legend Of Bagger Vance (Director: Robert Redford)
  95. The Luzhin Defence (Director: Marleen Gorris)
  96. The Next Best Thing (Director: John Schlesinger)
  97. The Nutty Professor II: The Klumps (Director: Peter Segal)
  98. The Perfect Storm (Director: Wolfgang Petersen)
  99. The Price Of Milk (Director: Harry Sinclair)
  100. The Replacements (Director: Howard Deutch)
  101. The Skulls (Director: Rob Cohen)
  102. The Vertical Ray Of The Sun (Director: Tran Anh Hung)
  103. Things You Can Tell Just By Looking At Her (Director: Rodrigo García)
  104. Thirteen Days (Director: Roger Donaldson)
  105. Tokyo Raiders (Director: Jingle Ma)
  106. Tribulation (Director: André van Heerden)
  107. U-571 (Director: Jonathan Mostow)
  108. Unbreakable (Director: M. Night Shyamalan)
  109. Unshackled (Director: Bart Patton)
  110. Up At The Villa (Director: Philip Haas)
  111. Vatel (Director: Roland Joffé)
  112. Vertical Limit (Director: Martin Campbell)
  113. Waterproof (Director: Barry Berman)
  114. What Lies Beneath (Director: Robert Zemeckis)
  115. What Women Want (Director: Nancy Meyers)
  116. What’s Cooking? (Director: Gurinder Chadha)
  117. Whatever It Takes (Director: David Raynr)
  118. Where The Heart Is Director (Director: Matt Williams)
  119. Where The Money Is (Director: Marek Kanievska)
  120. Wind River (Director: Tom Shell)
  121. X-Men (Director: Bryan Singer)
R
  1. 100 Girls (Director: Michael Davis)
  2. 12 O’clock (Director: Drew Stone)
  3. 2001: A Space Travesty (Director: Allan A. Goldstein)
  4. 24 Hours In London (Director: Alexander Finbow)
  5. 3 Strikes (Director: DJ Pooh)
  6. A Better Way To Die (Director: Scott Wiper)
  7. A Shot At Glory (Director: Michael Corrente)
  8. About Adam (Director: Gerard Stembridge)
  9. Above Suspicion (Director: Stephen La Rocque)
  10. After Alice (Director: Paul Marcus)
  11. Against The Wind (Director: Peter Del Monte)
  12. Agent Red (Director: Damian Lee + Jim Wynorski)
  13. Almost Famous (Director: Cameron Crowe)
  14. American Psycho (Director: Mary Herron)
  15. Amores Perros (Director: Alejandro González Iñárritu)
  16. An Everlasting Piece (Director: Barry Levinson)
  17. Anatomy (Director: Stefan Ruzowitzky)
  18. Animal Factory (Director: Steve Buscemi)
  19. Another Heaven (Director: Jôji Iida)
  20. Apariencias (Director: Alberto Lecchi)
  21. Astoria (Director: Nick Efteriades)
  22. Attention Shoppers (Director: Philip Charles MacKenzie)
  23. Attraction (Director: Russell DeGrazier)
  24. Auggie Rose (Director: Matthew Tabak)
  25. Bad Seed (Director: Jon Bokenkamp)
  26. Bait (Director: Antoine Fuqua)
  27. Bamboozled (Director: Spike Lee)
  28. Bang Rajan (Director: Tanit Jitnukul)
  29. Beat (Director: Gary Walkow)
  30. Beautiful Creatures (Director: Bill Eagles)
  31. Beautiful Joe (Director: Stephen Metcalfe)
  32. Before Night Falls (Director: Julian Schnabel)
  33. Better Housekeeping (Director: Frank Novak)
  34. Better Than Sex (Director: Jonathan Teplitzky)
  35. Big Wind On Campus (Director: Matt Berman)
  36. Billy Elliot (Director: Stephen Daldry)
  37. Black Sea Raid (Director: Jenö Hodi)
  38. BlackMale (Directors: George Baluzy + Mike Baluzy)
  39. Blast (Director: Martin Schenk)
  40. Bless The Child (Director: Chuck Russell)
  41. Blood (Director: Charly Cantor)
  42. Blowback (Director: Mark L. Lester)
  43. Body + Soul (Director: Sam Henry Kass)
  44. Boiler Room (Director: Ben Younger)
  45. Book Of Shadows: Blair Witch II (Director: Joe Berlinger)
  46. Bootmen (Director: Dein Perry)
  47. Boricua’s Bond (Director: Val Kik)
  48. Born Romantic (Director: David Kane)
  49. Bossa Nova (Director: Bruno Barreto)
  50. Bread + Roses (Director: Ken Loach)
  51. Brooklyn Sonnet (Borough Of Kings) (Director: Elyse Lewin)
  52. Brother (Director: Takeshi Kitano)
  53. Bruiser (Director: George A. Romero)
  54. Bullfighter (Director: Rune Bendixen)
  55. Burnt Money (Director: Marcelo Piñeyro)
  56. Calling Bobcat (Director: Paul Kermizian)
  57. Captain Pantoja + The Special Forces (Director: Francisco J. Lombardi)
  58. Cecil B. DeMented (Director: John Waters)
  59. Cement (Director: Adrian Pasdar)
  60. Chain Of Command (Director: John Terlesky)
  61. Chain Of Fools (Directors: Pontus Löwenhielm + Patrick von Krusenstjerna)
  62. Chasing Sleep (Director: Alexander Samaan)
  63. Cherry Falls (Director: Geoffrey Wright)
  64. Child 2 Man (Director: Herb Freed)
  65. China Strike Force (Director: Stanley Tong)
  66. Chinese Coffee (Director: Al Pacino)
  67. Christina’s House (Director: Gavin Wilding)
  68. Chuck + Buck (Director: Miguel Arteta)
  69. Chump Change (Director: Stephen Burrows)
  70. Chunhyang (Director: Kwon-taek Im)
  71. Circus (Director: Rob Walker)
  72. Citizen Toxie: The Toxic Avenger IV (Director: Lloyd Kaufman)
  73. Civility (Director: Caesar Cavaricci)
  74. Come Undone (Director: Sébastien Lifshitz)
  75. Comedian (Director: Markus Imboden)
  76. Committed (Director: Lisa Krueger)
  77. Common Wealth (Director: Álex de la Iglesia)
  78. Company Man (Directors: Peter Askin + Douglas McGrath)
  79. Complicity (Director: Gavin Millar)
  80. Contaminated Man (Director: Anthony Hickox)
  81. Crackerjack III (Director: Lloyd A. Simandl)
  82. Crime + Punishment In Suburbia (Director: Rob Schmidt)
  83. Cut (Director: Kimble Rendall)
  84. Dancer In The Dark (Director: Lars von Trier)
  85. Dancing At The Blue Iguana (Director: Michael Radford)
  86. Dancing In September (Director: Reggie Rock Bythewood)
  87. Dangerous Curves (Director: Jeremiah Cullinane)
  88. Daybreak (Director: Jean Pellerin)
  89. Dead Babies (Director: William Marsh)
  90. Deep In The Woods (Director: Lionel Delplanique)
  91. Delta Force One: The Lost Patrol (Director: Joseph Zito)
  92. Desperate But Not Serious (Director: Bill Fishman)
  93. Diamond Men (Director: Dan Cohen)
  94. Diary Of Lust (Director: Madison Monroe)
  95. Divided We Stand (Director: J.R. Jarrod)
  96. Doomsdayer (Director: Michael J. Sarna)
  97. Dr. T + The Women (Director: Robert Altman)
  98. Dracula 2000 (Director: Patrick Lussier)
  99. Drive In (Director: Chuck DeBus)
  100. Duets (Director: Bruce Paltrow)
  101. Dust To Dust (Director: Juan Carlos de Llaca)
  102. El portero (Director: Gonzalo Suárez)
  103. El visitante (Director: Javier Olivera)
  104. Epicenter (Director: Richard Pepin)
  105. Erin Brockovich (Director: Steven Soderbergh)
  106. Escape Under Pressure (Director: Jean Pellerin)
  107. Essex Boys (Director: Terry Winsor)
  108. Everybody’s Famous! (Director: Dominque Deruddere)
  109. Everything Put Together (Director: Marc Forster)
  110. Evicted (Director: Michael Tierney)
  111. Expecting Mercy (Director: Dave Hansen)
  112. Faithless (Director: Liv Ullmann)
  113. Falling Through (Director: Colin Bucksey)
  114. Fast Food Fast Women (Director: Amos Kollek)
  115. Fast Lane To Malibu (Director: Kelly Caughen)
  116. Fatal Conflict (Director: Lloyd A. Simandl)
  117. Faust (Director: Brian Yuzna)
  118. Final Destination (Director: James Wong)
  119. Fist Power (Director: Aman Chang)
  120. Flashback (Director: Michael Karen)
  121. Followers (Director: Jonathan M. Flicker)
  122. For The Cause (Directors: David Douglas + Tim Douglas)
  123. Forever Lulu (Director: John Kaye)
  124. Fortress II (Director: Geoff Murphy)
  125. Four Dogs Playing Poker (Director: Paul Rachman)
  126. Future Murder (Directors: : Norman Lesperance + André Øvredal)
  127. Gangster No. 1 (Director: Paul McGuigan)
  128. Gent-X Cops II: Metal Mayhem (Director: Benny Chan)
  129. Get Carter (Director: Stephen Kay)
  130. Girlfight (Director: Karyn Kusama)
  131. Gladiator (Director: Ridley Scott)
  132. Gossip (Director: Davis Guggenheim)
  133. Greenfingers (Director: Joel Hershman)
  134. Groove (Director: Greg Harrison)
  135. Ground Zero (Director: Richard Friedman)
  136. Gun Shy (Director: Eric Blakeney)
  137. Hamlet (Director: Michael Almereyda)
  138. Happenstance (Director: Laurent Firode)
  139. Happy Accidents (Director: Brad Anderson)
  140. Harrison’s Flowers (Director: Élie Chouraqui)
  141. Heavy Metal 2000 (Directors: Michael Coldewey + Michel Lemire)
  142. Her Iliad (Director: Jessie Warn)
  143. Hidden Passion (Director: Jay Madison)
  144. High Fidelity (Director: Stephen Frears)
  145. Highlander: Endgame (Director: Douglas Aarniokoski)
  146. Hollow Man (Director: Paul Verhoeven)
  147. Hollywood Sins (Director: Edward Holzman)
  148. Honest (Director: David A. Stewart)
  149. House Of Love (Director: Tom Lazarus)
  150. Housebound (Director: Mari Kornhauser)
  151. How To Kill Your Neighbor’s Dog (Director: Michel Kalesniko)
  152. Illicit Lovers (Director: Jay Madison)
  153. In The Weeds (Director: Michael Rauch)
  154. Inferno (Director: Wiktor Grodecki)
  155. Innocence (Director: Paul Cox)
  156. Innocents (Director: Gregory Marquette)
  157. Insatiable Wives (Director: Mike Sedan)
  158. Intern (Director: Michael Lange)
  159. Intrepid (Director: John Putch)
  160. Iris (Director: Aurelio Grimaldi)
  161. Isn’t She Great? (Director: Andrew Bergman)
  162. Italian For Beginners (Director: Lone Scherfig)
  163. Jill Rips (Director: Anthony Hickox)
  164. Jinx’d (Director: Damon Wood)
  165. Joe Gould’s Secret (Director: Stanley Tucci)
  166. Kevin + Perry Go Large (Director: Ed Bye)
  167. King Of The Jungle (Director: Seth Zvi Rosenfeld)
  168. Km. O - Kilometer Zero (Directors: Yolanda García Serrano + Juan Luis Iborra)
  169. Labor Pains (Director: Tracy Alexson)
  170. Lakeboat (Director: Joe Mantegna)
  171. Let’s Talk (Director: undisclosed)
  172. Liam (Director: Stephen Frears)
  173. Little Red (Director: Clay Valenti)
  174. Living Hell (Director: Shugo Fujii)
  175. Living It Up (Director: Antonio Cuadri)
  176. Living The Life (Director: Alex Munoz)
  177. Lockdown (Director: John Luessenhop)
  178. Looking For An Echo (Director: Martin Davidson)
  179. Lost Souls (Director: Janusz Kaminski)
  180. Love + Sex (Director: Valerie Breiman)
  181. Love 101 (Director: Adrian Fulle)
  182. Love Beat The Hell Outta Me (Director: Kennedy Goldsby)
  183. Love Come Down (Director: Clement Virgo)
  184. Love Disease (Directors: Justin Alexandre + Jason DeParis)
  185. Loveblind (Director: C.B. Harding)
  186. Luck Of The Draw (Director: Luca Bercovici)
  187. Lucky Numbers (Director: Nora Ephron)
  188. Luckytown (Director: Paul Nicholas)
  189. Luminarias (Director: José Luis Valenzuela)
  190. Lured Innocence (Director: Kikuo Kawasaki)
  191. Mach 2 (Director: Fred Olen Ray)
  192. Maelstrom (Director: Denis Villeneuve)
  193. Malèna (Director: Giuseppe Tornatore)
  194. Masterpiece (Director: David Trueba)
  195. Maybe Baby (Directors: Ben Elton + Hugh Laurie)
  196. Maze (Director: Rob Morrow)
  197. Me, Myself + Irene (Directors: Bobby Farrelly + Peter Farrelly)
  198. Meeting Daddy (Director: Peter Gould)
  199. Memento (Director: Christopher Nolan)
  200. Men Of Honor (Director: George Tillman, Jr.)
  201. Mercy (Director: Damian Harris)
  202. Mexico City (Director: Richard Shepard)
  203. Mic + The Claw (Director: Kevin Hynes)
  204. Militia (Director: Jim Wynorski)
  205. Mission Kashmir (Director: Vidhu Vinod Chopra)
  206. More Dogs Than Bones (Director: Michael Browning)
  207. My 5 Wives (Director: Sidney J. Furie)
  208. Naked Wishes (Director: Mike Sedan)
  209. Nautilus (Director: Rodney McDonald)
  210. Newsbreak (Director: Serge Rodnunsky)
  211. Next Friday (Director: Steve Carr)
  212. Nico + Dani (Director: Cesc Gay)
  213. Night Runs Red (Director: Edward Holub)
  214. Nine Queens (Director: Fabián Bielinsky)
  215. No Alibi (Director: Bruce Pittman)
  216. No One Sleeps (Director: Jochen Hick)
  217. Nora (Director: Pat Murphy)
  218. Nurse Betty (Director: Neil LaBute)
  219. Nuts For Love (Director: Alberto Lecchi)
  220. Obstacles (Director: D-Shot, Hunter McCann + Harry Mok)
  221. Once In The Life (Director: Laurence Fishburne)
  222. One Week (Director: Carl Seaton)
  223. Operation Delta Force V: Random Fire (Director: Yossi Wein)
  224. Ordinary Decent Criminal (Director: Thaddeus O’Sullivan)
  225. Other Voices (Director: Dan McCormack)
  226. Our Burden Is Light (Director: Denise Coates)
  227. Our Lady Of The Assassins (Director: Barbet Schroeder)
  228. Our Song (Director: Jim McKay)
  229. Panic (Director: Henry Bromell)
  230. Paranoid (Director: Ash Smith)
  231. Partners In Crime (Director: Jennifer Warren)
  232. Party Crasher: My Bloody Birthday (Director: Mark Mason)
  233. Perfumed Garden (Director: Jag Mundhra)
  234. Picking Up The Pieces (Director: Alfonso Arau)
  235. Pilgrim (Director: Harley Cokeliss)
  236. Pitch Black (Director: David Twohy)
  237. Playing Mona Lisa (Director: Matthew Huffman)
  238. Pollack (Director: Ed Harris)
  239. Poor White Trash (Director: Michael Addis)
  240. Postmark Paradise (Director: Thompson E. Clay)
  241. Press Run (Director: Robbie Ditchburn)
  242. Primary Suspect (Director: Jeff Celentano)
  243. Proof Of Life (Director: Taylor Hackford)
  244. Punks (Director: Patrik-Ian Polk)
  245. Quills (Director: Philip Kaufman)
  246. R2PC: Road To Park City (Director: Bret Stern)
  247. Raindrops (Director: Bill Cowell)
  248. Rancid Aluminum (Director: Edward Thomas)
  249. Reaper (Director: John Bradshaw)
  250. Red Letters (Director: Bradley Battersby)
  251. Red Team (Director: Jeremy Haft)
  252. Reindeer Games (Director: John Frankenheimer)
  253. Requiem For A Dream (Director: Darren Aronofsky)
  254. Revenge (Director: Marc S. Grenier)
  255. Risk (Director: Alan White)
  256. Road Dogz (Director: Alfredo Ramos)
  257. Road Trip (Director: Todd Phillips)
  258. Road To Flin Flon (Director: David Fulk)
  259. Romeo Must Die (Director: Andrzej Bartkowiak)
  260. Rules Of Engagement (Director: William Friedkin)
  261. Sally (Director: David Goldsmith)
  262. Sand (Director: Matt Palmieri)
  263. Sandy Hook Lingerie Party Massacre (Director: Tim Beckley)
  264. Saving Grace (Director: Nigel Cole)
  265. Scarlet Diva (Director: Asia Argento)
  266. Scary Movie (Director: Keenen Ivory Wayans)
  267. Scream III (Director: Wes Craven)
  268. Second Skin (Director: Darrell Roodt)
  269. Seven Days To Live (Director: Sebastian Niemann)
  270. Sexy Beast (Director: Jonathan Glazer)
  271. Shadow Hours (Director: Isaac H. Eaton)
  272. Shadow Of The Vampire (Director: E. Elias Merhige)
  273. Shaft (Director: John Singleton)
  274. Shafted! (Director: Tom Putnam)
  275. Shiner (Director: John Irvin)
  276. Sideshow (Director: Fred Olen Ray)
  277. Skipped Parts (Director: Tamra Davis)
  278. Slow Burn (Director: Rodney Gibbons)
  279. Snatch (Director: Guy Ritchie)
  280. Soho Square (Director: Jamie Rafn)
  281. Sordid Lives (Director: Del Shores)
  282. Sorted (Director: Alexander Jovy)
  283. South Of Heaven, West Of Hell (Director: Dwight Yoakam)
  284. Spanish Judges (Director: Oz Scott)
  285. Spiders (Director: Gary Jones)
  286. Stageghost (Director: Stephen Furst)
  287. Stalled (Director: Stefan Haves)
  288. Stardom (Director: Denys Arcand)
  289. State + Main (Director: David Mamet)
  290. Steal This Movie (Director: Robert Greenwald)
  291. Stranger Than Fiction (Director: Eric Bross)
  292. Submerged (Director: Fred Olen Ray)
  293. Sunset Strip (Director: Adam Collis)
  294. Surrender (Director: Kelley Cauthen)
  295. Suspicious River (Director: Lynne Stopkewich)
  296. Swimming (Director: Robert J. Siegel)
  297. Table One (Director: Michael Bregman)
  298. Takedown (Director: Joe Chappelle)
  299. Teacher’s Pet (Director: Marcus Spiegel)
  300. Terror Tract (Directors: Lance W. Dreesen + Clint Hutchison)
  301. The Eastsidaz (Director: Michael Martin)
  302. The Alternate (Director: Sam Firstenberg)
  303. The Apostate (Director: William Gove)
  304. The Art Of Dying (Director: Álvaro Fernández Armero)
  305. The Art Of War (Director: Christian Duguay)
  306. The Bare Wench Project (Director: Jim Wynorski)
  307. The Beach (Director: Danny Boyle)
  308. The Broken Hearts Club: A Romantic Comedy (Director: Greg Berlanti)
  309. The Cell (Director: Tarsem Singh)
  310. The Chaos Factor (Director: Terry Cunningham)
  311. The City Of Lost Souls (Director: Takashi Miike)
  312. The Chain (Director: Michael Winterbottom)
  313. The Contender (Director: Rod Lurie)
  314. The Convent (Director: Mike Mendez)
  315. The Crimson Rivers (Director: Mathieu Kassovitz)
  316. The Crow: Salvation (Director: Bharat Nalluri)
  317. The Debut (Director: Gene Cajayon)
  318. The Doorway (Director: Michael B. Druxman)
  319. The Exchange (Director: Ed Nicoletti)
  320. The Gift (Director: Sam Raimi)
  321. The Giving Tree (Director: Cameron Thor)
  322. The Golden Bowl (Director: James Ivory)
  323. The Guardian Director: Gerry Lively)
  324. The Guilty (Director: Anthony Waller)
  325. The Highwayman (Director: Keoni Waxman)
  326. The Horrible Dr. Bones (Director: Ted Nicolaou)
  327. The Independent (Director: Stephen Kessler)
  328. The King Is Alive (Director: Kristian Levring)
  329. The Ladies Man (Director: Reginald Hudlin)
  330. The Last Man (Director: Harry Ralston)
  331. The Last Producer (Director: Burt Reynolds)
  332. The Last Stop (Director: Mark Malone)
  333. The List (Director: Sylvain Guy)
  334. The Man Who Cried (Director: Sally Potter)
  335. The Martini Shot (Director: Jacob J. Young)
  336. The Martini Shot (Director: David Fierro)
  337. The Million Dollar Hotel (Director: Wim Wenders)
  338. The Mistress Club (Director: Cybil Richards)
  339. The Monkey’s Mask (Director: Samantha Lang)
  340. The Mystery Of Spoon River (Director: Scott A. Meehan)
  341. The Operative (Director: Robert Lee)
  342. The Operator (Director: Jon Dichter)
  343. The Opponent (Director: Eugene Jarecki)
  344. The Opportunists (Director: Myles Connell)
  345. The Patriot (Director: Roland Emmerich)
  346. The Perfect Tenant (Director: Doug Campbell)
  347. The Photographer (Director: Jeremy Stein)
  348. The Playaz Court (Director: Greg Morgan)
  349. The Prime Gig (Director: Gregory Mosher)
  350. The Princess + The Warrior (Director: Tom Tykwer)
  351. The Prophet’s Game (Director: David Worth)
  352. The Right Temptation (Director: Lyndon Chubbuck)
  353. The Rowdy Girls (Director: Steven Nevius)
  354. The Sculptress (Director: Ian Merrick)
  355. The Simian Line (Director: Linda Yellen)
  356. The Smokers (Director: Kat Slater)
  357. The Specials (Director: Craig Mazin)
  358. The Spreading Ground (Director: Derek Vanlint)
  359. The St. Francisville Experiment (Director: Ted Nicolaou)
  360. The Stray (Director: Kevin Mock)
  361. The Suicide Club (Director: Rachel Samuels)
  362. The Tao Of Steve (Director: Jenniphr Goodman)
  363. The Taste Of Others (Director: Agnès Jaoui)
  364. The Thief + The Stripper (Directors: L.P. Brown III + John Sjogren)
  365. The Visit (Director: Jordan Walker-Pearlman)
  366. The Watcher (Director: Joe Charbanic)
  367. The Way Of The Gun (Director: Christopher McQuarrie)
  368. The Weight Of Water (Director: Kathryn Bigelow)
  369. The Whole Nine Yards (Director: Jonathan Lynn)
  370. The Widow Of Saint-Pierre (Director: Patrice Leconte)
  371. The Wrecking Crew (Director: Albert Pyun)
  372. The Yards (Director: James Gray)
  373. The Young Unknowns (Director: Catherine Jelski)
  374. Thomas In Love (Director: Pierre-Paul Renders)
  375. Tick Tock (Director: Kevin S. Tenney)
  376. Tiger Claws III (Director: J. Stephen Maunder)
  377. Tigerland (Director: Joel Schumacher)
  378. Time + Tide (Director: Hark Tsui)
  379. Time Of Her Time (Director: Francis Delia)
  380. Timecode (Director: Mike Figgis)
  381. Timequest (Director: Robert Dyke)
  382. Todo el poder (Director: Fernando Sariñana)
  383. Together (Director: Lukas Moodysson)
  384. Traffic (Director: Steven Soderbergh)
  385. Train Ride (Director: Rel Dowdell)
  386. Tripfall (Director: Serge Rodnunsky)
  387. Trixie (Director: Alan Rudolph)
  388. Trois (Director: Rob Hardy)
  389. Tully (Director: Hilary Birmingham)
  390. Turn It Up (Director: Robert Adetuyi)
  391. Two Family Home (Director: Raymond De Felitta)
  392. Under Hellgate Bridge (Director: Michael Sergio)
  393. Under Suspicion (Director: Stephen Hopkins)
  394. Up Against Amanda (Director: Michael Rissi)
  395. Urban Legends: Final Dut (Director: John Ottman)
  396. Urbania (Director: Jon Shear)
  397. Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust (Director: Yoshiaki Kawajiri)
  398. Versus (Director: Ryûhei Kitamura)
  399. Voyeur.com (Director: Serge Rodnunsky)
  400. Vulgar (Director: Bryan Johnson)
  401. Waiting For The Messiah (Director: Daniel Burman)
  402. Waking The Dead (Director: Keith Gordon)
  403. Wannabes (Directors: Charles A. Addessi + William DeMeo)
  404. Way Past Cool (Director: Adam Davidson)
  405. Waydowntown (Director: Gary Burns)
  406. What Planet Are You From? (Director: Mike Nichols)
  407. When The Sky Falls (Director: John Mackenzie)
  408. Whipped (Director: Peter M. Cohen)
  409. Wings Of The Crow (Director: Jack Williams)
  410. With A Friend Like Harry... (Director: Dominik Moll)
  411. Woman On Top (Director: Fina Torres)
  412. Woman’s Story (Director: Gary Conway)
  413. Wonder Boys (Director: Curtis Hanson)
  414. You Are Here (Director: Jeff Winner)
  415. You Can Count On Me (Director: Kenneth Lonergan)
  416. Zorrita: Passion’s Avenger (Director: Madison Monroe)
NC-17 (none)
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2016.10.10 16:17 ZappaOMatic From the Gridiron to the Grid: NFL Personnel in NASCAR

Football and NASCAR. Two of America's most popular sports. Since it's that time of year where football and NASCAR seasons overlap, it's only fitting for this edition of NASCAR Storytime: Crossover Edition to be about just that: NFL personnel living life at 200 miles an hour.
Owners/Executives
In the world of NASCAR, there's been plenty of cases where NFL figures try to break into the sport in various ways. Perhaps the most notable NFL/NASCAR crossover is former Washington Redskins head coach Joe Gibbs, who started up Joe Gibbs Racing in 1991 with Don Meredith (not the ex-Dallas Cowboys quarterback), the team making its debut in the 1992 Daytona 500 with Dale Jarrett as driver. A year later, the team won its first race at the 1993 Daytona 500 with Jarrett. In 2004, the team partnered with Hall of Fame defensive lineman Reggie White to form a driver development team and a diversity program, the latter becoming the foundation for NASCAR's Drive for Diversity. To support the D4D, former Oakland Raiders receiver Tim Brown established a team with support from Roush Fenway Racing. White also had plans to start a NASCAR team with his agent and Dale Earnhardt, Inc. executive Max Siegel, San Francisco 49ers owner Eddie DeBartolo and safety Ronnie Lott, but White passed away before the team could run a race. Today, JGR is among NASCAR's top teams.
Entering the 1993 season, Greg Pollex partnered with Redskins quarterback Mark Rypien in ppc Racing, one of the Busch Series' premiere organizations. He operated the team's Cup division, fielding the #97 for Chad Little from 1993 to 1997 until selling it to Roush Racing; the car subsequently evolved into the 2004 Nextel Cup-winning team of Kurt Busch. The team shut down in 2007 after funding dried up.
In 1998, Miami Dolphins quarterback and Team Cheever marketer Dan Marino teamed up with Bill Elliott to form Elliott-Marino Motorsports. While Elliott drove the #94 McDonald's car, Jerry Nadeau received sponsorship from FirstPlus Mortgage to drive the #13. In addition to having Marino's number, Nadeau's car was colored teal and orange, the colors of the Dolphins. However, Nadeau struggled and was subsequently released in favor or Wally Dallenbach Jr., Dennis Setzer, Tom Hubert and Ted Musgrave. Meanwhile, Elliott finished 18th in points and missed the fall Dover race; in his place, a 26-year old named Matt Kenseth drove the car in his Cup debut, finishing 6th. The team shut down after the 1998 season ended.
A year after Marino started his team, Cowboys owner Jerry Jones expressed interest in partnering with Jeff Gordon to form a Cup team. However, Jones/Gordon Motorsports never became a reality as Gordon eventually signed a lifetime contract with Hendrick Motorsports prior to the 2000 season.
A 1999 team that did manage to run a race was Jarrett/Favre Motorsports, co-owned by Dale Jarrett and Green Bay Packers quarterback Brett Favre. Fielding the #11 in the Busch Series, the team debuted on a strong note when Kenny Irwin Jr. finished 5th at Texas, followed by another 5th-place finish at Dover. Jarrett, his son Jason and Steve Grissom also made starts in the car that year. A year later, Jason attempted the full schedule, but struggled mightily with only one top-20 finish (Daytona) and failing to qualify for 11 races. The team shut down after the season ended.
At around the same time as Jarrett/Favre Motorsports, Redskins running back Joe Washington formed Washington-Erving Motorsports with Basketball Hall of Famer Julius Erving, the first NASCAR team to be exclusively owned by minorities. For the next three years, the team fielded the #50 for various drivers, Mark Green recording the team's lone top-10 finish at Atlanta in 1999. Like Jarrett/Favre, Washington-Erving closed shop after the 2000 season.
In 2002, former Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback and current Fox NFL analyst Terry Bradshaw partnered with HighLine Performance Group to form FitzBradshaw Racing, fielding the #12 for Kerry Earnhardt in the Busch Series. Though Earnhardt earned top top tens in the Busch Series that year, he missed every attempt in the team's #83 Cup Series team, with Ron Hornaday qualifying the #83 at Phoenix. The following year, they added the #14 for Casey Atwood and a part-time #82 car. In 2004, the team entered an alliance with Chip Ganassi Racing and switched to Dodge, though they partnered with Michael Waltrip Racing in 2006. Bradshaw left the team after the 2006 season.
During the 2003 season, Cowboys Hall of Fame quarterbacks Troy Aikman and Roger Staubach established Hall of Fame Racing, partnering with Trans-Am racer Bill Saunders and Hendrick in hopes of fielding a car in time for the 2005 Cup season. However, it was pushed to 2006, when they fielded the #96 for ex-Hendrick driver Terry Labonte. Tony Raines and Ron Fellows also ran races for the team in 2006 and 2007 with modest success. In September 2007, Aikman and Staubach became minority owners in the team as Arizona Diamondbacks executives Jeff Moorad and Tom Garfinkel purchased controlling stakes in HOF Racing. In 2008, however, the team's fortunes began to change when they switched to Toyota and hired J. J. Yeley, the former JGR driver failing to qualify for five races. By this point, Aikman and Staubach had already withdrawn from team ownership.
Besides Hall of Fame, 2003 saw Busch Series team Frank Cicci Racing forming a partnership with ex-Buffalo Bills quarterback Jim Kelly. Kelly's presence had been to help attract sponsorship, but the team could only gain LesCare Kitchens and, as a result, ran a part-time schedule with Mike McLaughlin. LesCare also struggled to provide support for the team and co-owner Jimmy Spencer ended the deal.
Atlanta Falcons receiver Terance Mathis started Victory Motorsports in 2005 with intentions of fielding the #04 car in the Cup Series for Carl Long and Morty Buckles on a 20-race schedule, with some ARCA races as well. However, the team did not attempt a race. One year later, he attempted to revive Victory by purchasing R&J Racing, but the deal fell apart. In 2013, he joined Leavine Family Racing as Vice President of Marketing.
In 2008, Patriots wide receiver Randy Moss purchased a stake in Truck team Morgan-Dollar Motorsports, renaming it to Randy Moss Motorsports and renumbering the #46 to Moss's number #81. A year later, Mike Skinner notched three wins for the team and finished 3rd in points. However, with new crew chiefs Gene Nead and eventually Stacy Johnson, Skinner struggled in 2010 and was replaced another former Truck champ in Travis Kvapil, who in turn was also released and was replaced by yet another Truck champ, Todd Bodine. He eventually left the team prior to the 2012 season and RMM shut down.
Four-time Super Bowl champion linebacker Bill Romanowski joined Swan Racing in 2013 as a minority owner. His company Nutrition53 served as a sponsor for ten races.
Drivers
It's not uncommon to hear people say NASCAR drivers aren't athletes, despite evidence stating otherwise. In cases where a "true" athlete has decided to give NASCAR a shot, particularly from the NFL, things did not go as well for them.
In the 1990s, Falcons head coach Jerry Glanville made his NASCAR debut in 1992. Although he missed his first attempt at Lanier, he successfully qualified for the next three races he ran that year, recording a best finish of 20th at Volusia. 1993 saw him attempt four races, making three and having a best run of 26th at the Milwaukee Mile. Two years later, he joined the new NASCAR SuperTruck Series, running the first 15 races (though he failed to qualify for the Mesa Marin round) and finishing in the top 20 in half of the events. He further scaled back his schedule over the next four seasons, never running more than five a year. In the next 17 attempts, he failed to qualify for three, missed one race (1998 at Phoenix) due to injury and had a best finish of 14th at Milwaukee in 1996. In 1999, he attempted five Busch races but did not qualify for any.
Around the same timespan as Glanville's run, former Super Bowl-winning kicker Mike Cofer started competing in the Featherlite Southwest Tour, running the full season in 1994. That year, he recorded three poles and a win at Stockton, earning Rookie of the Year honors. The next year, he declined an invitation to compete in the inaugural SuperTruck Series season to become the kickers coach for the expansion Carolina Panthers; seven years later, he officially ran in the now-Craftsman Truck Series. In three races that year, his best finish was 21st at Phoenix.
Pit Crew
NASCAR pit crews have to work under stressful conditions and it's not uncommon for teams to look to former football players to perform that role. Most come directly from college football, though there are cases of some spending time in the NFL before moving to NASCAR. In 2015, ESPN conducted a survey that revealed at least eight pit crewmen with NFL experience. To help such athletes transition into NASCAR, teams like Hendrick host NFL Combine-style workouts; in fact, HMS pit chief Chris Burkey was a Miami Dolphins scout under Nick Saban.
Two years after his retirement, former New England Patriots defensive tackle Tim Goad joined Wood Brothers Racing as a jackman, later serving at Petty Enterprises and Kevin Harvick Incorporated as the pit crew coach.
In 1999, Petty entered a charity partnership with the NFL Players Association, featuring partnerships with players Dick Butkus (Chicago Bears linebacker), Willie Lanier (Kansas City Chiefs linebacker), L.C. Greenwood (Steelers defensive end), Tony Dorsett (Cowboys running back), Charley Taylor (Redskins receiver) and Craig Heyward (New Orleans Saints/Falcons fullback). Through the program, former Dolphins defensive end and NFLPA president Trace Armstrong trained with Kyle Petty's pit crew.
Wake Forest linebacker Dion "Rocko" Williams was a Minnesota Viking in 2004 when his football career ended due to concussions. In the year, he met Ganassi pit development specialist Phil Horton, later becoming a tire carrier. In 2009, he joined Hendrick, where he currently works on Chase Elliott's team and JR Motorsports' #88 team. Many may probably know him from his participation in the NASCAR episode of Undercover Boss when he taught NASCAR Chief Marketing Officer Steve Phelps how pit stops work. "I am so glad that I am in NASCAR. I look at it as America’s best-kept secret," Williams stated in a 2015 interview. "It was a blessing to me just to get involved and being able to do it for 11 years competitively and foresee myself doing it for another 11 years — I love it."
Former Falcons and Seahawks long snapper Boone Stutz joined Stewart-Haas Racing's pit development team in 2014, moving up to becoming a full-time gasman for Danica Patrick in 2015.
After he was released by the Patriots and Cowboys in 2015, tight end Asa Watson was at a crossroads in life. When his workout with the Bears failed to result in a contract, Watson, who lived within a 175-mile radius of four NASCAR Cup tracks (Charlotte, Martinsville, Bristol and Darlington), began contacting various NASCAR teams for an opportunity. Roush Fenway Racing pit crew coach Rodney Fetters expressed interest in the tight end and hired him as a secondary gasman for Elliott Sadler's #1 car in the Xfinity Series. Watson also worked as the gasman for the #32 Go FAS Racing team in the Cup Series.
In total, there are 11 NFL figures who have become NASCAR team owners. Some turned out better than others, while some never even saw the track. As drivers, Glanville and Cofer were certainly not NASCAR stars. And who ever said NASCAR has no athletes whatsoever is certainly wrong when one were to look at a pit crew.
Overall, NASCAR and the NFL are two very different and very popular sports, but when they collide (in terms of personnel dabbling in the other), things can get very interesting.
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